US3013420A - Elastic fabric for a stocking top - Google Patents

Elastic fabric for a stocking top Download PDF

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Publication number
US3013420A
US3013420A US700355A US70035557A US3013420A US 3013420 A US3013420 A US 3013420A US 700355 A US700355 A US 700355A US 70035557 A US70035557 A US 70035557A US 3013420 A US3013420 A US 3013420A
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United States
Prior art keywords
courses
fabric
wales
stitches
elastic
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Expired - Lifetime
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US700355A
Inventor
Alcide O Cormier
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CORMIER HOSIERY MILLS Inc
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CORMIER HOSIERY MILLS Inc
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Priority to US700355A priority Critical patent/US3013420A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/22Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration
    • D04B1/24Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration wearing apparel
    • D04B1/26Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration wearing apparel stockings
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B9/00Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles
    • D04B9/42Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles specially adapted for producing goods of particular configuration
    • D04B9/46Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles specially adapted for producing goods of particular configuration stockings, or portions thereof
    • D04B9/54Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles specially adapted for producing goods of particular configuration stockings, or portions thereof welts, e.g. double or turned welts
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/02Cross-sectional features
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/03Shape features
    • D10B2403/033Three dimensional fabric, e.g. forming or comprising cavities in or protrusions from the basic planar configuration, or deviations from the cylindrical shape as generally imposed by the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/0331Three dimensional fabric, e.g. forming or comprising cavities in or protrusions from the basic planar configuration, or deviations from the cylindrical shape as generally imposed by the fabric forming process with one or more convex or concave portions of limited extension, e.g. domes or pouches

Description

8 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec- 19, 1961 A. o. CORMIER ELASTICI FABRIC FOR II sTocKING TOP Filed Deo. s, 1957 FIG. 2
INVENTOR. Alcide 0. Cormier ATTORNEY I /WNEv/.
FIG 3 I9 II II DIRECTION oF KNITTING Dec. 19, 1961 A. o. CORMIER 3,013,420
ELASTIC FABRIC FOR A STOCKING TOP Filed Dec. 3, 1957 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIG. 4
DIRECTION 30 15 40 30 oF KNITTING Alcide O. Cormier BY ATTO RNEY A. o. CORMIER 3,013,420 ELASTIC FABRIC FOR A STOCKING rOP Y 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.
Alcide O. Cormier Dec. 19, 1961 Filed Dec. 5, 1957 ATTORNEY Dec. 19, 1961 FIG.9
1 l W/k u u//u ll O 121/567811 wccmcccc/c Alcide O. Cormier Dec. 19, 1961 A. o. CORMIER 3,013,420
ELASTIC FABRIC FOR A sTocKING TOP ATTORNEY Dec. 19, 1961 A. o. CORMIER ELASTIC FABRIC FOR A sTocxING TOP 8 Sheets-Sheet 8 Filed Dec. 3, 1957 INVENTOR. Alclde O. Cormier ATTORNEY nited States Patent Cfice 3,013,420 ELASTIC FABRIC vFOR A STOCKING TGP Alcide O. Cormier, Laconia, N.H., assignor to Cormier Hosiery Mills, Inc., Laconia, N.H., a corporation Filed Dec. 3, 1,957, Ser. No. 700,355 6 Claims. (CJ- S6-1970 This invention relates to elastic knit fabrics, such as used in the tops of hosiery, and, more particularly, to a novel knit fabric characterized by longitudinally alternating short and long raised effects or protuberances providing effects or protuberances of substantially differing shapes or forms, with laterally adjacent series of the alternating short and long protuberances being staggered relative to each other, and to la method of making such fabric.
In accordance with the invention, a novel fabric of this type is knit by forming equal number groups of tuck stitches at longitudinally aligned locations in each of two or more successive courses, the tuck stitches within each group being separated by at least one non-tucked wale and the groups of tuck stitches being separated along the courses by a number of wales greater than the number of tuck stitch separating wales within each group. This sequence is repeated in the same locations around further courses after a pre-set number of immediately succeeding courses are knit with tuck stitches formed at locations corresponding to the group-separating wales of the initial sequence. This provides an alternating tuck stitch effect.
An elastic thread is interlaced into either plain courses separating and bounding the groups of courses containing alternating groups of tuck stitches or into the beginning or ending courses in which the alternating groups of tuck stitches -are formed. Clearing courses may be used or not, as desired.
4For an understanding of the invention principles, reference is made to the following descriptions of typical embodiments thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:
PIG. l is a diagram illustrating the stitch formation looking at the face of a first fabric embodying the invention;
FIG, 2 is a reproduction of an enlarged photograph of the unstretched face of such first fabric;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are similar reproductions illustrating, respectively, the stretched front and back faces of such first fabric;
FIG. 5 is a diagram, similar to FIG. 1, of a second fabric embodying the invention;
FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 are views, corresponding, respectively, to FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, of such second fabric;
FIG. 9 is a diagram, similar to FIG. l, of a third fabric embodying the invention; and
IFIGS. 10, 11 and 12 are views, corresponding, tively, to FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, of such third fabric.
In U. S. Patent No. 2,765,643 issued Oct. 9, 1956 to R. G. Marquis, there is described a fabric having staggered raised effects provided by tucking at alternate needles for a pre-set number of course, clearing at a boundary course, tucking at intermediate needles for a pre-set number of courses, and again clearing at a boundary course,
respecwith an elastic yarn being interlaced into the boundary courses between groups of tuck stitches.
ln making the fabric of the present invention, a Somewhat related technique is used, but the elastic yarn or thread either is interlaced into plain knit courses separating and 4bounding the courses containing tuck stitches, or
it is interlaced into one of the beginning or ending courses including those in which tuck stitches are formed. The clearing courses may be retained or not, as desired. The result is a fabric having novel raised effects of quite different shapes or forms due to the knitting sequence and through C12. lIn course C13, the held loops of all the previous courses are cleared, or cast off.
Next, starting in course C14, the stitches in wales-W1 andk W3 are tucked through and including course C24, while complete stitches are formed in wales W2 and W4 through W8. In course C1, following course C24, the held loops of the previous courses are cast off, or cleared.
An elastic yarn or thread 15 is illustrated as interlaced between the stitches forming courses C23 and C24 and between those forming courses C11 and C12. This interlacing may be effected by the known technique of feeding elastic yarn to the hooks of alternate uncleared needles (such as to the needles forming wales W2, W4, W6 and WS), lowering these to bring elastic yarn 15 into the sinker throats with the sinkers withdrawn for this purpose, projecting the sinkers inwardly while the heads of the needles are below the sinker ledges to assure the elastic yarn getting to Ithe back of the intermediate needles, raising all needles to the clear level, and knitting.
Iwf'elastic yarn 15 is thus fed to alternate needles while the loops of `course C24 or C12 are around the Shanks of the needles, the yarn 15 will join the inelastic or regular yarn of course C24 or C12 below the latches of such alternate needles as the regular yarn forming course C1 or C13 is drawn through the loops of course 24 or coursel Elastic yarn 15 inwback of the intermediateneedles (suchasthose forming wales W1, W3, W5, W7) will be associated with the stitchesV of course C23 ror course C11. This technique is described inPage Patent No. 2,117,208.
The clearing courses may be omitted since the tucked stitches are staggered. Tests show that, if elastic yarn 15 is interlaced into the first or last tuck stitch containing courses, a fabric having protuberances will be formed. It is only when elastic yarn is interlaced into the intermediate tuck stitch containing courses that the fabric becomes substantially flat and loses its protuberances.
Referring to FIGS.' 3 and 4, it will be noted that the held loops 30 are relatively short, causing the courses to curve instead of lying in a straight line as diagrammatically shown in FIG. l. The resulting strain on elastic yarn 15 not only causes the fabric to narrow but also to shorten to make the relatively long protuberances 35 of FIG. 2. The excess of stitches in wales W2 and W6 between the held stitches bulge outwardly to form the Short and differently `formed protuberances shown at 40 in FIG. 2.
From the foregoing, it will be clear that a relatively complicated novel pattern is obtained by rearranging the tucking needles so that, instead of being staggered after a pre-set number of tucks, they are arranged in pairs or groups around the stocking top. The number of courses over which the tuck stitches are held determines the height as well as the length of the raised protuberances.
The tucking needles may be grouped in various ways to produce different effects. Thus, in the fabric 10' of FIGS. 5 to 8, tuck stitches are formed at wales W1', W3 and W5. The tuck loops of wales W1 and W3 extend over courses C1 through C8', and the tuck loops of wale W5 extend over courses C9 through C16. The alternating long and short protuberances 35 and 40 will occur in wales W1', W2', W3', while in wales W4', W5' and W6 -there will be only substantially uniform length Patented Dec. 19, 1961 l protuberances 45. The appearance of the unstretched fabric is shown in FIG. 6, while FIGS. 7 and 8 show the stretched fabric.
Another variation of the fabric is shown in FIGS. 9-12. In these figures, fabric 10 comprises tuck stitches in wales W1, W3, W5 extending over courses C1" through C8". The tuck stitch wales are separated, within each group, by plain stitches in wales W2" and W4", and the groups are separated by wales W6" through W10". In the next sequence, tuck stitches are formed in wales W7 and W9" and extended over courses C9" through C16. These tuck stitches are separated, within each group, by plain stitches in wale W8, and between groups by plain stitches in wales W10" and Wl" through W6".
As shown in FIG. 10, this produces a fabric 10 in which, in one group of wales, long prtuberances 35" alternate with laterally adjacent pairs of short protuberances 40". In the intervening groups of wales, long protuberances 35 alternate with single short protuberances 40, these protuberances being staggered relative to those in the first group of wales.
While specific embodiments of the invention have been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the invention principles, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
What is claimed is:
1. An elastic knit fabric for use in hosiery comprising laterally spaced groups of at least two multi-course neighboring tuck stitches, the tuck stitches within each group being separated laterally by at least one wale of plain stitches, and the groups being Separated laterally by a number of plain stitch wales greater than the number of plain stitch wales within each group; followed, in staggered relation, by multi-course tuck stitches in the Wales formed of plain stitches separating such groups; and an elastic yarn interlaced in the bordering courses between the staggered multi-course groups of tuck stitches; the fabric being characterized by raised protuberances of differing lengths in staggered relation.
2. An elastic knit fabric, for use in hosiery, comprising bands of several contiguous inelastic courses separated by at least one interlaced elastic course, alternate of said bands of inelastic courses containing groups of single Wale tucks involving sequentially the courses between the interlaced elastic courses, the tuck wales having plain wales therebetween; and intervening bands of inelastic courses containing groups of single Wale tucks involving sequentially the courses between the interlaced elastic courses, the tuck wales in the intervening bands being in substantial staggered relationship to the tuck wales in the alternate bands of courses; whereby staggered protuberances of different forms are made.
3. An inelastic knit fabric as claimed in claim 2, wherein the elastic is interlaced into the last of the contiguous courses containing the tucks.
4. An elastic knit fabric as claimed in claim 2, wherein certain of the single Wale tucks are separated by a single plain wale, thus to form a group of tucks; there being plural plain wales between the groups of tucks.
5. An elastic knit fabric as claimed in claim 2, having groups of tucks in alternate bands of contiguous inelastic courses in staggered relation to group of tucks in intervening bands of contiguous inelastic courses.
6. An elastic knit fabric as claimed in claim 2, wherein the groups of tucks in alternate bands of the contiguous inelastic courses contain a number of single wale tucks differing from the number thereof in the staggered groups in the intervening bands of contiguous elastic courses.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,002,271 Lombardi May 21, 1935 2,266,678 Krasnov et al Dec. 16, 1941 2,286,171 Krasnov et al. June 9, 1942 2,324,036 Smith July 13, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS 533,105 Great Britain Feb. 6, 1941
US700355A 1957-12-03 1957-12-03 Elastic fabric for a stocking top Expired - Lifetime US3013420A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3094856A (en) * 1960-12-08 1963-06-25 Stretch Corp U Knitted stocking top
US3107508A (en) * 1958-10-24 1963-10-22 Browns Hosiery Mills Inc Method of forming a knit article
US3159990A (en) * 1961-10-18 1964-12-08 Stretch Corp U Elastic bobby sock top
US3392552A (en) * 1964-11-13 1968-07-16 Munsingwear Inc Stretchable fabric
US3425246A (en) * 1966-09-22 1969-02-04 Kendall & Co Protuberance covering tubular elastic garments
US4282726A (en) * 1979-10-31 1981-08-11 Wayne Gossard, Inc. Anti-slip footlet sock
US4513589A (en) * 1983-12-19 1985-04-30 Montgomery Hosiery Mill, Inc. Sock with simulated lace edge and method
US4702091A (en) * 1985-09-30 1987-10-27 Good David S Cuff member and sock
EP2113593A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-04 Julius Zorn GmbH Circular knitted fabric for compression therapy
US20090282604A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Raised Course Crease
DE102016119052A1 (en) * 2016-10-07 2018-04-12 Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (Rwth) Aachen Method for knitting a three-dimensional knitted fabric
US10779586B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2020-09-22 Falke Kgaa Leg apparel

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2002271A (en) * 1933-10-18 1935-05-21 Lombardi Vincent Knitted fabric
GB533105A (en) * 1939-10-09 1941-02-06 I And R Morley Ltd Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of elastic knitted fabrics
US2266678A (en) * 1941-07-03 1941-12-16 Sure Fit Products Company Self-conforming, surface-gripping, ready-made knitted slip cover for overstuffed upholstered furniture
US2286171A (en) * 1941-11-27 1942-06-09 George S Krasnov Slip cover for furniture
US2324036A (en) * 1942-03-11 1943-07-13 Hemphill Co Knitted fabric and method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2002271A (en) * 1933-10-18 1935-05-21 Lombardi Vincent Knitted fabric
GB533105A (en) * 1939-10-09 1941-02-06 I And R Morley Ltd Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of elastic knitted fabrics
US2266678A (en) * 1941-07-03 1941-12-16 Sure Fit Products Company Self-conforming, surface-gripping, ready-made knitted slip cover for overstuffed upholstered furniture
US2286171A (en) * 1941-11-27 1942-06-09 George S Krasnov Slip cover for furniture
US2324036A (en) * 1942-03-11 1943-07-13 Hemphill Co Knitted fabric and method

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3107508A (en) * 1958-10-24 1963-10-22 Browns Hosiery Mills Inc Method of forming a knit article
US3094856A (en) * 1960-12-08 1963-06-25 Stretch Corp U Knitted stocking top
US3159990A (en) * 1961-10-18 1964-12-08 Stretch Corp U Elastic bobby sock top
US3392552A (en) * 1964-11-13 1968-07-16 Munsingwear Inc Stretchable fabric
US3425246A (en) * 1966-09-22 1969-02-04 Kendall & Co Protuberance covering tubular elastic garments
US4282726A (en) * 1979-10-31 1981-08-11 Wayne Gossard, Inc. Anti-slip footlet sock
US4513589A (en) * 1983-12-19 1985-04-30 Montgomery Hosiery Mill, Inc. Sock with simulated lace edge and method
US4702091A (en) * 1985-09-30 1987-10-27 Good David S Cuff member and sock
EP2113593B1 (en) 2008-05-02 2016-03-16 Julius Zorn GmbH Circular knitted fabric for compression therapy
EP2113593A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-04 Julius Zorn GmbH Circular knitted fabric for compression therapy
DE102008021998B4 (en) 2008-05-02 2019-05-09 Julius Zorn Gmbh Use of a circular knit for the compression therapy of lymphoedema
US20090275873A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-05 Julius Zorn Gmbh Circular knit fabric for use in compression therapy
US8161574B2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2012-04-24 Nike, Inc. Apparel with raised course crease
US20090282604A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Raised Course Crease
US10779586B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2020-09-22 Falke Kgaa Leg apparel
US10905174B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2021-02-02 Falke Kgaa Upper body article of apparel
EP2895020B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2021-03-17 FALKE KGaA Leg covering item
EP2895021B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2021-03-31 FALKE KGaA Upper body covering item
DE102016119052A1 (en) * 2016-10-07 2018-04-12 Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (Rwth) Aachen Method for knitting a three-dimensional knitted fabric

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