US3011375A - Apparatus for the automatic control of machinery - Google Patents

Apparatus for the automatic control of machinery Download PDF

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US3011375A
US3011375A US57130856A US3011375A US 3011375 A US3011375 A US 3011375A US 57130856 A US57130856 A US 57130856A US 3011375 A US3011375 A US 3011375A
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Prior art keywords
veneer
band
cutter
contact
contacts
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Muller Carl-Heinz
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Muller Carl-Heinz
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Priority to DE1955M0026503 priority patent/DE1040113B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L5/00Manufacture of veneer ; Preparatory processing therefor
    • B27L5/08Severing sheets or segments from veneer strips; Shearing devices therefor; Making veneer blanks, e.g. trimming to size
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D33/00Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices
    • B23D33/006Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices for obtaining pieces of a predetermined length, e.g. control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D36/00Control arrangements specially adapted for machines for shearing or similar cutting, or for sawing, stock which the latter is travelling otherwise than in the direction of the cut
    • B23D36/0008Control arrangements specially adapted for machines for shearing or similar cutting, or for sawing, stock which the latter is travelling otherwise than in the direction of the cut for machines with only one cutting, sawing, or shearing devices
    • B23D36/0033Control arrangements specially adapted for machines for shearing or similar cutting, or for sawing, stock which the latter is travelling otherwise than in the direction of the cut for machines with only one cutting, sawing, or shearing devices for obtaining pieces of a predetermined length
    • B23D36/0041Control arrangements specially adapted for machines for shearing or similar cutting, or for sawing, stock which the latter is travelling otherwise than in the direction of the cut for machines with only one cutting, sawing, or shearing devices for obtaining pieces of a predetermined length the tool moving continuously
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/202With product handling means
    • Y10T83/2092Means to move, guide, or permit free fall or flight of product
    • Y10T83/2094Means to move product at speed different from work speed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/444Tool engages work during dwell of intermittent workfeed
    • Y10T83/4458Work-sensing means to control work-moving or work-stopping means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/485Cutter with timed stroke relative to moving work
    • Y10T83/492With means to vary timing of tool feed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/525Operation controlled by detector means responsive to work
    • Y10T83/531With plural work-sensing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/525Operation controlled by detector means responsive to work
    • Y10T83/536Movement of work controlled
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/525Operation controlled by detector means responsive to work
    • Y10T83/541Actuation of tool controlled in response to work-sensing means
    • Y10T83/544With trip-switch in work-sensing mechanism

Description

Dec. 5, 1961 CARL-HEINZ MULLER 3,011,375
APPARATUS FOR THE. AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF MACHINERY Filed March 13, 1956 United States 3,011,375 APPARATUS FOR THE AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF MACHINERY Carl-Heinz Miiller, Forst uber Holzminden, Germany Filed Mar. 13, 1956, Ser. No. 571,308 Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 18, 1955 4 Claims. (Cl. 83-410) The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for the automatic control of machinery and in particular of electrically driven machinery, such as veneer cutting machinery.
It is one object of the presentinvention to permit the repeated engagement of a work toolwith a work piece at accurately determined spaced positions on the work piece, while the work piece is rapidly advanced by a transport, the accuracy of the tool-engaging location on the work piece being independent of the speed of the transport. In a particular instance, this permits the automatic severance of veneer pieces from a veneer band, advanced by a conveyer belt, at accurately measured distances on the band, which accuracy is independent of the speed of the conveyer belt between the cutting operations. Thus predetermined lengths of the veneer band may be cut oif with an accuracy practically independent of the speed of operation of the machine.
According to the invention, the rapid advance of the work piece is automatically slowed down for a comparatively short period of time during which the engagement of the tool and the work piece take place. After completion of whatever operation the tool is to perform on 'the work piece, the speed of advance of the work piece is automatically increased.
In the case of the veneer cutter, the invention provides a control circuit which is operated automatically as soon as the work piece (veneer band) extends by a desired and predetermined length past the tool e.g. cutters. This con-' trol circuit is operated by any suitable device and preferably by the front edge of the work piece when it reaches a desired distance from the tool, whereby the length of the piece to be cut is measured. The control circuit not only actuates the tool for one operation thereof, but also reduces the speed with which the work piece such as a veneer bandtravels through the machine to a relatively slow speed at least for the duration of the operation, for instance a cutting operation; this slow speed may be the same during each operation.
The invention further suggests a device for the speed control of the conveyor band drive which advances the veneer band and the severed veneers through the machine and under the cutter.
This control is effected by means of contacts arranged in the path of the conveyor band and at a desired distance behind the cutter. The conveyor band is made of insulating material; it may be an endless rubber band. The contacts are intended to meet the front edge of the humid veneer band, which advances withthe conveyor band, thereby closing a control circuit containing the humid veneer band, which control circuit initiates the cutting operation by means of a relay circuit.
The contacts are tiltably arranged and maintained vertical by gravity or the like. By the passage of the veneer on the conveyor band, these contacts are tilted into a position in which they will not obstruct the further advancement of the veneer. When the veneer has passed the contacts, they will again resume their operative vertical position under the effect of gravity.
The severance of a veneer piece from the veneer band and the advance of the veneer piecevinterrupts the electric circuit which the veneer band established between the cutter and the contact.
. the cutter.
ice
It will be understood that the distance of the contact from the cutter determines the length of the veneer piece to be cut from the veneer band, and thus constitutes a measured distance.
This measured distance, and hence the length of the veneer piece to be cut from the band, can be adjusted, if the contacts are slidably mounted on a support. The contacts may be moved into position within the path of the conveyor band and then secured in position. Alternatively, a plurality of such tiltable contacts may be spacedly arranged, each having a different desired distance from the cutter Insertion of a selected one of these contacts into the electric control circuit will serve to automatically cut veneers of different lengths depending on the measured distance of the selected contact. Both embodiments of a variable measured distance may be simultaneously used.
In modern high efiiciency veneer cutting machines, the cutter is moved so rapidly down andback up (see my copending US. patent application, Ser.No. 455,995, filed Aug. 24, 1954), now abandoned, that the veneer band need not be at rest but may advance during the cutting operation. Since this advancement is rapid in the known machines, and the instance of cutting occurs after the signal, due to the contact meeting the front edge of the veneer band, has passed the control circuit and actuated the cutter drive, the veneer band has advanced somewhat past the contact, tilted by its passage, at the time the cutting operation takes place. Consequently the actual length of the veneer piece cut off from the veneer band deviates somewhat from the distances of the contact from Further the rate of advance of the veneer band under the cutter cannot be maintained constant, because the cutting out of defective pieces, the quality of the veneer band, or the like, make it necessary to increase or decrease the normally high rate of advance by means of a manually operated known switch on the driving motor.
Experience has shown that in modern high-efficiency veneer cutting machines with a cutting frequency of about 1000 cuts a minute, a time delay occurs between the meeting of the contacts with the veneer band and the actual cutter operation, even though electronic control is used for the cutter drive .(see the copending US. patent application, Ser. No. 457,150, filed Sept. 20, 1954, now Patent 2,918,971 issued Dec. 29, 1959 to Bertram, assigned to Carl-Heinz 'Miieller). Since all control and drive mechanisms exhibit a certainvariation in their timing, which may for instance be due to the frequency of the alternating current, the mentioned delay is not constant and can, therefore, not 'be taken into account when the measuring distance is set. This repeatedly resulted in undesirable deviations in the length of the cut veneer pieces.
It is the object of the present invention to overcome this drawback; essentially the invention is based on the two following discoveries: At the instant of each cutting operation the veneer band must move with a certain velocity, which should be the samefor all cutting operations; and this velocity must be so low that the effect, of the variations of the unavoidable time delay between the meeting of the contact with the veneer band and the cutting operation on the length of the veneer piece cut from the veneer band, is maintainedwithin admissible limits. A velocity of between 6 to 10 meters/min. for the advance of the veneer band during the cutting operation appears to be satisfactory. It was thus the problem to draw the practical conclusions from this knowledge without sacri ficing the advantages resulting from the normal average speed of approximately 60 meter/min. of theveneer band advance and the associated high efliciency of the veneer cutting machine.
Patented Dec. 5, 1961 According to the invention, this problem is solved, e.g. by arranging the contact feelers, which meet the veneer band after passing the cutter and the spacing of which from the cutter constitutes the measured distance for the veneer to be cut, as pairs of feelers, and by providing two alternately engageable drives for the conveyor band transporting the veneer band through the veneer cutting machine, one of the drives advancing the conveyor band with a high average velocity, and the other drive advancing the conveyor belt for the veneer band with the slow velocity intended for the cutting operation. The. two drives are alternately connected to advance the conveyor belt in the following manner: When the veneer band meets the first contact feeler of a pair positioned closer to-the cutter, the high-velocity drive is disconnected from the conveyor band and the low-velocity drive is connected instead; when the veneer band meets the second contact feeler of, the, same pair further removed from the cutterwhich second contact feeler determines. the measured distance-the drive for the cutter is actuated for one cutting operation and, after a suitable time-delay, the conveyor belt. for the veneeris disconnected from the low-velocity drive and connected to the high-velocity drive.
The invention will be best understood from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification and in which an embodiment of the invention has been shown by way of example. However, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawings, but may be changed or modified, as long as such changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient fea* tures of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a veneer cutting machine with two pairs of contact feelers behind the cutter;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a portion of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a diagram of the electronic control circuit; and
FIG. 4 is a graph of the veneer velocity vs. time curve in an automatic machine as shown in FIG. 1.
As illustrated in FIG. 1, a frame 6 supports a cutter 1 having a driving motor 2 and a cutter plate 12. The frame also carries reversal rollers 14 and 15 for the conveyor bands 3 and.4. The transmission of motion from the conveyor bands 4 to the conveyor bands 3 is effected by a chain or belt drive R, over rollers 14 and 15 which are of different diameter, whereby the bands 4 advance faster; by a predetermined amount, than the bands 3'. The driving motor 2 may be an electrically controlled hydraulic wing motor which carries out a reciprocating movement, such as described in my co-pending U.S. patent application SeryNo. 455,995. This motor 2 is connected by way of links 16, 19, to a holder 18 for the cutter, which holder may move up and down in a guide 17. Link 16' is mounted for reciprocating movement through an angle a. The conveyor bands 3 transport veneer band A, taken, e.g., from a roll (not shown) to the cutter 1, as described in the above mentioned copending US. patent application Ser. No. 457,150.
The veneer band A travels from the conveyor band 3 to the conveyor 4, which consists of a plurality of adjacent endless bands of insulating material, e.g. of rubber. The conveyor bands 3 and 4 are alternately driven by a known continuously-variable speed motor (FIGS. 1 and 2) for the high adjustable average velocity of the veneer band A, andv by a motor 7 withv constant loW velocity suitable for the cutting operation, by means of a double-action electromagnetic clutch 26, 27. The contact feelers arranged behind the cutter 1 in the path of the veneer band and between the conveyor bands 4 are, according to the invention, double contacts 8, 9 and 8, 9', respectively. The contacts 9 and 9, respectively, determine the measured distance for the desired length of the veneer piece B to be cut; they also actuate the switches for the motor 2 of the cutter. The other contact feelers 8, 8 of each double contact serve to switch by means of the magnetic clutch 26, 27 the drive of the conveyor bands 3, 4, carrying the veneer band A, from the motor 5 of high average velocity to the motor 7 of constant low velocity for the cutting operation. This will be described below.
The distance between the contacts 8 and '9, and that between 8' and 9", is so chosen that the veneer band A finds time on its way from the contact 8 (8') to the contact 9 (9) to reduce its velocity from its high value to the low value equal for all cutting operations of the cutter 1.
The electric control of the magnetic. clutch 26, 27 as well as that of the motor 2 for the cutter 1 is elfected by the electronic control circuit (FIG. 3), responsive to the contacts 8, 9 (8', 9).
It will be understood that if only one stationary contact pair is arranged behind the cutter 1, only one measured distance will be available. However, assuming a sufficient length of the conveyor band 4, a considerable number of such pairs of contacts may be arrangedv at varying distances from the cutter 1; as many measured distances as. there are pairs of. contacts. will be: available.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in, the drawing, the two contact pairs 8, 9 (8', 9') are arranged behind the cutter and at different desired distances from the cutter 1. The contact pair 8, 9 is stationary mounted on a fixed support T, while the contacts 8, 9 are slidable on a fixed support T of the machine frame and can be secured in position. It follows that the measured distance determined by the contact feelers 8, 9 is fixed, while the distance between the pair of contacts 8', 9 and the cutter 1, and thereby the associated measured distance, can be varied by shifting of these contacts. Of course, the measured distance formed by the contact feelers 8, 9 could be adjustable if these feelers weremade slidable on their fixed support T.
Depending on which measured distance is to be used, either the contact. pair 8, 9 or 8', 9' is inserted into the control circuit by means of a schematically shown selector switch 20.
The control of the transport and; cutting operations is accomplished by the electronic control circuit 10 (FIG. 3). This control circuit comprises triodes 30 and 31, batteries 32, 33 and 34, resistances 35 and 3.6, a capacitor 37; a relay 38 with contacts 39 and 40, and a relay 41 with contacts 42 and 43. Cathodes 44 and 45 of the triodes 30 and 31 are heated by battery 33 over wire 67. The grid 46 of the triode 30 receives, a negativebias from battery 34 via a wire 66 and a resistor 35. The triode 31 receives a grid bias for its grid 47 alsov from battery 34 via the wire 66 and a resistor 36.
The positive terminal of the battery 33 is connected by a wire 48 to a tap on the battery-34. A further tap on the battery 34 is connected bya wire 49 to the frame 6 of the cutter 1. The positive terminal of the battery 34 is connected by Wire 50 to the contact 42 of the relay 41 and to contact 39 of the relay 38. The capacitor 37 is connected in parallel to the winding of the relay 38.
Let us assume that, in the illustrated embodiment, the contact pair 8, 9 be connected by the selector switch 20 and contact pair 8, 9- thus inoperative. Under normal working conditions, both motors 5 and 7 are running.
At the beginning of an operating cycle, the clutch 26 (FIG. 2) receives its operating voltage from battery 32 through a wire 70, the contact 40 of the relay 38 and a wire 60. The motor, 5, coupled to the clutch 26 by the belt or chain drive 63, in turn drives the driving roller 21 for the conveyor bands 4 and 3 through a driving belt 22, whereby the conveyor bands 4 and 3 are driven at the speed of motor 5. 1
When the front edge of the veneer band A meets at this velocity the contact feeler 8, a current flows. from the battery 34 through the wire 49, the'frame 6, the cutter plate 12, the veneerband A, the contact feeler 8, the wire 64; the selector switch20 connected to wire 64, a wire 65 tothe grid,,46 of the triode30, and thus changes the negative bias supplied over resistance 35 and wire 66 by battery 34. This starts triode 30 to conduct, whereby a current flows from the battery 34 through the wire 50, the contact 42 of the relay 41, the wire 68, the winding of the relay 38 and the wire 69, the plate 51, the cathode 44 of the triode. 30., the wire 48 and back to battery 34.
This causes the relay 38 to attract, switching contact 40,
thereby interrupting the magnetic clutch 26 and connecting the magnetic clutch 27 to the battery 32 through wire 70, contact 40 and Wire 61. The magnetic clutch 27 now connects the motor 7, connected to the clutch 27 by the chain or belt drive 71, to the driving roller 21 of the conveyor bands 4 and 3, so that these are now driven by the constant low velocity of the motor 7. The veneer band A now tilts the contact feeler 8 downwards into a positionwhere it does not interfere with its advance and its front edge meets contact feeler 9 while progressing with this low velocity.
Meeting of the contact feeler 9 and the front edge of the veneer band A establishes a circuit from the battery 34 through the wire 49, the frame 6, the cutter plate 12, the veneer band A, the contact 9, the wire 72, the selector switch 20 and the wire 73 to the grid 47 of the triode 31.
The negative grid potential supplied through the resistor 36 and the wire 66 from the battery 34 is thus changed to cause the triode 31 to carry current. The plate current flows from the positive terminal of the battery 34 through wire 50, contact 39 of the relay 38, wire 74, the winding of the relay 41, wire 75, plate 52, cathode 45 f the triode 31 and wires 67 and 48 to the battery 34. relay 41 will now attract, closing contact 43 which supplies power from the supply N to the motor 2 of the vgeneer cutter 1 which now cuts the veneer band. Operation of relay 41 also opens the contact 42, cutting off the plate voltage for the plate 51 of the triode 30; the triode stops conducting. However, the capacitor 37, charged by the closing of the above circuit, prevents the relay 38 from releasing until discharged, so that the contacts 39 and 40 return to their initial position, as shown in FIG. 3, only after the discharge time of the capacitor has elapsed.
Until the release of the relay 38 into its initial condition, the motor 7 drives the conveyor bands 4 and 3 of. the veneer band A through the magnetic clutch 27 in the manner described above. Since the conveyor band 4 travels faster than the conveyor band 3, an air gap occurs between the front edge of the veneerband A and the veneer piece B cuts therefrom. This air gap interrupts the currents flowing until then from the battery 34, the wire 49, the frame 6, the cutter 1, the veneer band A, the contacts 8 and 9, the wires 64 and 72, the selector switch 20, the wires 65 and 73 to the grids 46 and 47 of the triodes 30 and 31, respectively, returning the circuits to their initial condition and disconnecting the motor 2 from the power supply. Now the relay 38, held by the capacitor 37, releases.
Release of the relay 38 operates contact 40 and thereby switches the battery 32 from the magnetic clutch 27 to the magnetic clutch 26 so that the drive of the con- The veyor bands 4, 3 is again taken over by motor 5 and the system operated as at the onset of the cycle of operation. The veneer band A now travels with the high velocity of the motor 5 until the front edge thereofv again meets the contact feeler 8 and the operation cycle is repeated. The veneer piece B, thus severed from the veneer band A, travel past the disconnected pair of contacts 8', 9' without any effect by tilting these contacts. The contact feelers 8, 9 (8', 9') reassume their upright position by the action of gravity, or by a spring action, or the like.
Since the cycle of operation initiated by the pair of contacts 8', 9' is the same as that initiated by the pair of this operathe veneer band, and the cutting operation, can be seen from the graph. ,v
What'I claim is:
1. In an apparatus for automatically cuttingveneer from a veneer band while the bandis in motion and having conveying means for moving the veneer band along a predetermined path and a cutter movable up and down with respect to said veneer band; and having first driving means for said conveying means comprising a manually controlled device of variable speed and a drive for constant speed; second driving means for said cutter, switching means actuating said second driving means; clutch means for connecting said conveying means with said manually controlled drive and with the drive of constant speed, respectively; a control device being responsive to electric feeler means arranged in the path of the moving veneer band in a preselected distance behind the cutter; said control device being adapted and connected so as to actuate said clutch means upon a signal from said feeler means for disconnecting said manually controlled speed drive from said conveyor means, and for connecting the constant speed drive with said conveying means and for subsequently closing said switching means for one cut of said cutter and then reconnecting said manually controlled drive with said conveying means; the improvement wherein said control device comprises a first electron tube and a second electron tube; a battery connected to provide cathode current, cut-off grid bias and plate voltage to both tubes; a first relay connected into the plate circuit of said first tube, a double switch and a single switch operated by said first relay, said double switch controlling the speed of said first drive, said single switch being connected in the plate voltage supply for the second tube; a time-delay capacitor, connected in parallel to the winding of said first relay; a second relay connected into the plate circuit of said second tube and operating said switching means, said switching means being normally set for highspeed operation of said first drive; a normally'closed switch, also operated by said second relay and being con- .nected into the plate supply for said first tube; two contacts spacedly arranged two predetermined distances from said cutter; said first contact being connected to the control grid of said firsttube; said second contact being connected tothe control grid of said second tube; auto,- matic means supplying a potential to each contact at predetermined positions of the work piece; said potential being of a value to overcome the negative grid bias of each tube; and means for re-establishing the initial negative grid bias after each operation of said cutter.
2. In an apparatus as claimed in claim 1, the further improvement comprising two pairs of contacts and a double-pole double-throw switch, the two pairs of contacts being arranged at different distances from said cutter,
.the center terminals of said switch being connected to the grids of said tubes, respectively, each pair of outside terminals being individually connected to one pair of said contacts.
3. In an apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first drive comprises a first motor running at said comparatively high speed, a second motor running at said comparatively low speed, a rotatably supported shaft, and a double-action electromagnetic clutch mounted on said shaft and having a first driven roller associated with a first clutching mechanism and a second driven roller associated with a second clutching mechanism, each of said clutching mechanisms when energized clasping said shaft, said shaft being connected to drive said conveying means, said first mot'or being connected. to drivesaidfirst' driven roller, said second motor beingconnected to drive said second driven roller, said switching means alternately supplyingenergizing current to said clutching mechanism and supplying saidfirstclu tching mechanism whenthe relay is'in' itsrest' position. 1
4. In an apparatus asclaimed in c1aim '3, wherein at least oneof saidmotors is a variable-speed motor, and a manual control for setting the speed.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED- STATES. PATENTS,
8, Wallenthin et a1. Ian. 25, 1-910 Foote Mar. 17 1914i Reed Nov. 2-1, 1922 Spire Oct. 18, 1932' Setoguchi et a1. Ian.- 2, 1-934 Valtat Feb. 8, 1-93.8- Polley Oct. 14, 1941 Colucci et a1. July 3, 1945} Schubert Jan.. 19, 1954 Myers Sept; 21, 1954 Ji Jar."
US57130856 1953-09-21 1956-03-13 Apparatus for the automatic control of machinery Expired - Lifetime US3011375A (en)

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DE322730X 1953-09-21
DE1955M0026503 DE1040113B (en) 1953-09-21 1955-03-18 Control for electromotive or electrically switched drives of machines for processing poorly conductive materials, especially veneer shears

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US45715054 Expired - Lifetime US2918971A (en) 1953-09-21 1954-09-20 Apparatus for the automatic control of working operations at moving platelike, sheet-like, or band-like electrically non-conductive material
US57130856 Expired - Lifetime US3011375A (en) 1953-09-21 1956-03-13 Apparatus for the automatic control of machinery

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US3142427A (en) * 1960-03-01 1964-07-28 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Glass snapping apparatus
US3233484A (en) * 1961-08-15 1966-02-08 Armour & Co Severing apparatus
US3477327A (en) * 1967-04-13 1969-11-11 Tadashi Aizawa Automatic veneer cutting apparatus
US3800647A (en) * 1972-12-18 1974-04-02 Kemlite Corp Machine for trimming the edges of panels
US4442741A (en) * 1982-09-07 1984-04-17 Whittingham Thomas D Meat log cutter
US4530132A (en) * 1982-03-11 1985-07-23 Hollymatic Corporation Meat loaf forming apparatus
US4594925A (en) * 1984-11-14 1986-06-17 Yoshida Kogyo K. K. Apparatus for cutting a slide fastener chain
US4840696A (en) * 1985-04-24 1989-06-20 Smh Alcatel Label dispenser and a franking machine equipped with said dispenser

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US3453915A (en) * 1966-12-29 1969-07-08 Sturtevant Ind Inc Material dispenser
CN102513594B (en) * 2011-12-31 2013-05-15 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Cross cut device with steel flying shear
CN108044740B (en) * 2017-12-27 2020-11-10 日照现代家具有限公司 Chain plate type automatic bamboo board processing device
CN110860729B (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-12-08 阳信东泰精密金属有限公司 Automatic machine tool and design method

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US3142427A (en) * 1960-03-01 1964-07-28 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Glass snapping apparatus
US3233484A (en) * 1961-08-15 1966-02-08 Armour & Co Severing apparatus
US3477327A (en) * 1967-04-13 1969-11-11 Tadashi Aizawa Automatic veneer cutting apparatus
US3800647A (en) * 1972-12-18 1974-04-02 Kemlite Corp Machine for trimming the edges of panels
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB767228A (en) 1957-01-30
GB799612A (en) 1958-08-13
US2918971A (en) 1959-12-29
FR1111268A (en) 1956-02-24
FR69909E (en) 1959-01-09
CH322730A (en) 1957-06-30
DE1040113B (en) 1958-10-02
CH346275A (en) 1960-05-15

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