US3002218A - Folding door mounting - Google Patents

Folding door mounting Download PDF

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Publication number
US3002218A
US3002218A US4032A US403260A US3002218A US 3002218 A US3002218 A US 3002218A US 4032 A US4032 A US 4032A US 403260 A US403260 A US 403260A US 3002218 A US3002218 A US 3002218A
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United States
Prior art keywords
door
bearing
pin
collar
recess
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US4032A
Inventor
Hollansworth Mcferrell
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MCKINNEY Manufacturing Co
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MCKINNEY Manufacturing Co
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Publication date
Application filed by MCKINNEY Manufacturing Co filed Critical MCKINNEY Manufacturing Co
Priority to US4032A priority Critical patent/US3002218A/en
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Publication of US3002218A publication Critical patent/US3002218A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/26Suspension arrangements for wings for folding wings
    • E05D15/264Suspension arrangements for wings for folding wings for bi-fold wings
    • E05D15/266Suspension arrangements for wings for folding wings for bi-fold wings comprising two pivots placed at opposite edges of the wing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/552Hinge axis passes through hinged member [e.g., floor hinge]

Description

N M H N M FERRELL HOLLANSWORTH FOLDING DOOR MOUNTING Filed Jan. 22, 1960 Oct. 3, 1961 Unitfi QJ C Patent 3,002,218 FOLDING DOOR MOUNTING McFerrell Hollansworth, Pittsburgh, Pa., 'assignor to McKinney Manufacturing Company, a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Jan. 22, 1960, Ser. No. 4,032 Claims. (Cl. 16-151) This invention relates to. doors, and more particularly to those having pivot pins projecting from their tops and bottoms.
Door mountings of the type forming the subject matter of this invention are shown in Patent 2,882,962. By reference to FIG. 3 of that patent, it will be seen that the outer edge portion of one of the panels of a folding door is pivotally mounted in a doorway by means of pivot pins, which project from the topand bottom of the door into bearings mounted in the doorway above and below the door. In order to insert the pivot pins in the bearings, the door is moved into the doorway in a slightly tilted position so that the upper pin can be inserted in the upper hearing. The door then is raised far. enough for the lower pivot pin to clear the lower bearing and its support to permit the bottom of the door to be swung into a position where the lower pin will be directly above the lower hearing. The door is then lowered to insert the lower pin in its bearing. Of course, the upper pin is long enough to remain in the upper bearing. The only objection to such an arrangement is that a relatively largespace necessarily is formed between the top of the door and the guide track above it, this space being necessary in order to permit the door to be raised far enough for the bottom pivot pin to clear the lower bearing. Such a space is rather unsightly and therefore undesirable. It is among the objects of this invention to provide a door mounting, in which only a very narrow space remains between the top of the door and the overlying fixed door frame member above it after the door has been put in place, and in which the lower pivot pin is securely held in the lower bearing until it is desired to remove the pin therefrom.
In accordance with this invention, a door has pivot pins projecting ro-m its top and bottom near one edge. These pins project into bearings mounted in the doorway above and below the door so that the door can swing. The bottom bearing has a circular-recess in its top, which receives a thrust collar that encircles the bottom pin and takes the weight of the door. To permit the bottom pin to be moved laterally into and out of the lower bearing, rather than vertically as heretofore, the side wall of that bearing farthest from the adjacent side of the doorway is provided with a slot through it, through which the pin can pass. To mount the door in its bearings, its pivot pin is inserted in the upper bearing and then the door is raised just enough to allow the thrust collar to slide over the top of the bottom hearing as the bottom pin is pushed laterally through the slot in that bearing. Then the door is lowered to seat the thrust collar in the bearing recess. This positively prevents the bottom pin from acoidently slipping out through the slot in the bearing. It also is desirable to make the inner end of the slot slightly narrower than the pin and to make the bottom bearing resilient enough to permit the pin to be forced through the narrow inner end of the slot when desired.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a front view of a closed folding door;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary front view of the door construction, but with a lower corner broken away to show parts in sections;
FIG. 3 is a horizontal section on the line III-411 of FIG. 2; and
FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross section taken on the line IV-IV of FIG. 3.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, a folding door is shown that is formed from two rigid panels 1 and 2, although the invention also is applicable to ordinary swinging doors of the non-folding type. The panels are rather thick, in the neighborhoodof an inch, for example. Their adjacent edges are hinged together by any suitable form of hinges 3 secured to the back of the panels. Screwed into the top and bottom of panel 1 near its outer edge are upwardly and downwardly extending pivot pins 4 and 5 that project into horizontal hinge brackets 6 and 7, respectively, secured to the door frame 8. Since a folding door is illustrated, its opposite or free edge has an upwardly extending hanger or guide member 9 that is slidable back and forth in a horizontal track 10 secured to the top of the doorway along the top of the closed door. When the door is opened by pulling on a knob 11 or the like, or by pushing on its opposite side, the guide member will move along the track and compel the door to fold in a well-known manner.
The upper hinge bracket 6 may be the same as that shown in Patent 2,882,962. The bracket is made of a strip of sheet metal that has two upper horizontal portions 13 and 14 connected by a depending U-shaped portion '15 thatforms a recess between them. The opposite sides of the bottom wall of the recess are turned up to provide short ribs 16 that prevent the pin bearing 17, which is disposed on the recess, from sliding out sideways. Also, the bottom wall of the recess is slotted lengthwise so that the upper pivot pin 4 can extend up through it and into the bearing, which is urged away from the adjacent side of the doorway by a coil spring 18 compressed between the bearing and the outer end of the recess. The bracket is secured in place by Wood screws 19 screwed into the doorway above it. The bracket is concealed inside of track 10, which is an inverted channel shaped member. The bracket screws extend up through the top of the track and help hold it in place. The lower edges of the side flanges of the track are turned inward toward each other to form horizontal supports for the head of guide member 9, which is slidable length-wise of the track.
The lower pivot pin 5 projects down into a bearing 21 that may be slidably mounted in the sheet metal bracket '7. This bracket has a bottom with upwardly extending side flanges 22, as shown in FIGS. 2, 3, and 4. Extending upward from the outer end of the bracket is an extension strip 23, through which extend screws 24 that fasten the bracket to the door jamb. The bearing is prevented from sliding out of the inner end of the bracket by upwardly projecting lugs 25 that are spaced apart a distance greater than the diameter of the pivot pin. The bearing normally is held against these lugs by means of a coil spring 26 compressed between the bearing and extension strip 23. To hold the hearing in the bracket before installation, small portions 27 of the upper edges of the side flanges 22 are peened inward over the adjoining edges of the bearing.
As explained in the patent mentioned above, the coil springs in the hinge brackets hold the free edge of the door against one side of the doorway when the door is closed, but permit the pin bearings and therefore the door to move away from that side of the doorway sufficiently for the door to be opened. This is necessary because during initial pivoting of the door, its overall width will increase due to alignment of the diagonal dimensions of the panels, and therefore something has to giveif the free edge of the door was in engagement with the door jamb when the door was closed. Of course, if a crack exists between the free edge of the closed door and the adjacent side of the door frame, or if the door is not a folding door, the springs are unnecessary.
It is a feature of this invention, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, that there is only a small space between the top of the door and the bottom of guide track 10. Such a small space is possible because the lower pivot pin can be moved laterally into the bottom bearing instead of having to be inserted from above as heretofore. Accordingly, the side wall of bottom bearing 21, adjacent the inner end of its supporting bracket 7, is provided with a slot 36 through which the pin can be moved sideways into the open center of the bearing. Preferably, the outer end of the slot is wide to facilitate entrance of the pin from between lugs 25, and the slot then tapers inwardly and has an open inner end that is slightly narrower than the diameter of the pin. By making the bearing of slightly resilient material, such as nylon, it is possible to force the pin through the narrow inner end of the slot and snap it into the center of Lhe bearing. Although that will normally hold the pin in the bearing, it is desirable to provide a more positive look by providing the top of the bearing with a recess 31 concentric with its central pin-receiving opening for receiving a thrust collar 32 that encircles the pivot pin in engagement uith the bottom of the door. The collar generally is joined to the pin and limits the distance it can be screwed into the door. The thrust collar also usually takes the weight of the door and rotates against the bottom of the bearing recess when the door is pivoted.
Since the collar is quite thin, the door has to be raised only a very short distance in order to permit the collar to slide across the top of the hearing when the pivot pin is being swung into or out of the bearing. Therefore, the space or crack at the top of the door can be very narrow. When the pin is in place in its bearing, with the thrust collar fitting in the bearing recess, the pin cannot come out of the bearing unless the door is lifted far enough to remove the collar from the recess.
According to the provisions of the patent statutes, 1 have explained the principle of my invention and have illustrated and described what I now consider to represent its best embodiment. However, I desire to have it understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described.
I claim:
1. The combination with a door having a pivot pin projecting from its top and another pivot pin projecting from its bot-tom near one edge, of bearings mounted above and at the bottom of the door slidably and rotatably receiving said pins, the bottom bearing having a circular recess in its top, and a thrust collar encircling the bottom pin and carried thereby below the door, said collar fitting in said recess in engagement with the bottom thereof to support the door, the top of the door being 4 spaced from the top bearing a distance greater than the depth of said recess but less than the length of the bottom pin below the collar, whereby the collar can be lifted out of the recess, and the side wall of the bottom bearing farthest from said door edge being provided with a slot therethrough to permit the bottom pin to be moved laterally out of the hearing when the door raises the bottom pin in its bearings far enough to remove said collar from said recess.
2. The combination with a doorway containing a door, of a pair of vertically aligned pivot pins projecting from the top and bottom of the door near one edge, bearings mounted in the doorway above and at the bottom of the door slidably and rotatably receiving said pins, the bottom bearing having a circular recess in its top, and a thrust collar encircling the bottom pin and carried thereby below the door, said collar fitting in said recess in engagement with the bottom thereof to support the door, the top of the door being spaced from the top bearing a distance greater than the depth of said recess but less than the length of the bottom pin below the collar, whereby the collar can be lifted out of the recess, a metal bracket at the bottom of the doorway provided with a channel extending inwardly toward the opposite side of the doorway and having an inner end wall, the bottom bearing being slidably mounted in said channel, and a coil spring in the channel compressed between the bottom bearing and the adjacent side of the doorway normally holding the hear.- ing against said inner end wall of the channel, the side wall of the bottom bearing farthest from the adjacent side of the doorway being provided with a slot there through to permit the bottom pin to be moved laterally out of the bearing when the door is raised in its bear? ings far enough to remove said collar from said recess, and said channel end wall being provided with an opening therethrough permitting the bottom pin to pass through it.
3. A hinge bracket adapted to be mounted below one edge of a door that is provided with a downwardly projecting pivot pin encircled by a circular thrust collar, the bracket comprising a metal support, and a bearing carried by said support and provided with a vertical opening for snugly receiving said pin, the top of the bearing having a circular recess therein around said opening for receiving said collar, and the side wall of the bearing being provided with a slot therethrough to permit the pin to be moved laterally into and out of the bearing while said collar is above the level of the bearing.
4. A hinge bracket adapted to be mounted below one edge of a door that is provided with a downwardly projecting pivot pin encircled by a circular thrust collar, the bracket comprising a metal support, and a bearing carried by said support and provided with a vertical opening for snugly receiving said pin, the top of the bearing having a circular recess therein around said opening for receiving said collar, and the side wall of the bearing being provided with a slot therethrough to permit the pin to be moved laterally into and out of the bearing while said collar is above the level of the bearing, said slot tapering inward and having an open inner end slightly narrower than said opening, and the bearing being resilient enough to permit said pin to be forced laterally through the inner end of said slot and into said opening.
5. A hinge bracket adapted to be mounted below one edge of a door that is provided with a downwardly projecting pivot pin encircled by a circular thrust collar, the bracket comprising a metal channel having an outer end formed for attachment to the side of a doorway, the channel also having an inner end wall, a bearing slidably mounted in said channel and provided with a vertical opening for snugly receiving said pin, the top of the bearing around said opening having a circular recess therein for receiving said collar, and a coil spring in the channel compressed bemeen its outer end and said bearing normally holding the bearing against said inner end wall of the channel, the side wall of the hearing adjacent said inner end wall being provided with 5 a slot therethrough to permit the pin to be moved laterally into and out of the bearing while said collar is above the level of the bearing, said slot tapering inward and having an open inner end slightly narrower than said opening, and the bearing being resilient enough to 10 permit said pin to be forced laterally through the inner end of said slot and into said opening.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS
US4032A 1960-01-22 1960-01-22 Folding door mounting Expired - Lifetime US3002218A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3096539A (en) * 1962-04-11 1963-07-09 Mckinney Mfg Co Folding door hinge assembly
US3115665A (en) * 1961-12-21 1963-12-31 Oscar C Rixson Co Door-operating arm for center-hung doors
US3141190A (en) * 1961-03-31 1964-07-21 Stanley Works Separable hinge assembly with spacer
US3145414A (en) * 1961-10-27 1964-08-25 Republic Industries Lower pivot assembly for swinging doors
US3177882A (en) * 1962-01-08 1965-04-13 Finkel Umbrella Frame Company Plastic umbrella frames
US3178761A (en) * 1963-06-12 1965-04-20 Mercury Electric Products Mfg Hinge structure
US3222711A (en) * 1962-06-01 1965-12-14 Rixson Inc Pivot bracket for center-hung doors
US3251089A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-05-17 Ekco Products Company Hinge assembly
US3335785A (en) * 1965-08-24 1967-08-15 Nat Lock Co Bifold door hardware
US4773465A (en) * 1986-05-30 1988-09-27 Walter Hamacher Sliding door with folding panel
US4999876A (en) * 1989-02-10 1991-03-19 Richard Nass Door jamb mountable hinge
US11098511B2 (en) 2018-12-20 2021-08-24 Pgt Innovations, Inc. Sliding door system with dual track assemblies
US11098514B2 (en) 2018-12-20 2021-08-24 Pgt Innovations, Inc. Sliding door system with mono-track assemblies

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US992326A (en) * 1910-10-31 1911-05-16 Detroit Steel Products Co Sash-center.
US1610648A (en) * 1924-08-28 1926-12-14 Charles V Fisher Mounting for the lower ends of double-acting hinged doors
US2804136A (en) * 1956-08-13 1957-08-27 Ternes Door construction

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US992326A (en) * 1910-10-31 1911-05-16 Detroit Steel Products Co Sash-center.
US1610648A (en) * 1924-08-28 1926-12-14 Charles V Fisher Mounting for the lower ends of double-acting hinged doors
US2804136A (en) * 1956-08-13 1957-08-27 Ternes Door construction

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3141190A (en) * 1961-03-31 1964-07-21 Stanley Works Separable hinge assembly with spacer
US3145414A (en) * 1961-10-27 1964-08-25 Republic Industries Lower pivot assembly for swinging doors
US3115665A (en) * 1961-12-21 1963-12-31 Oscar C Rixson Co Door-operating arm for center-hung doors
US3177882A (en) * 1962-01-08 1965-04-13 Finkel Umbrella Frame Company Plastic umbrella frames
US3096539A (en) * 1962-04-11 1963-07-09 Mckinney Mfg Co Folding door hinge assembly
US3222711A (en) * 1962-06-01 1965-12-14 Rixson Inc Pivot bracket for center-hung doors
US3178761A (en) * 1963-06-12 1965-04-20 Mercury Electric Products Mfg Hinge structure
US3251089A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-05-17 Ekco Products Company Hinge assembly
US3335785A (en) * 1965-08-24 1967-08-15 Nat Lock Co Bifold door hardware
US4773465A (en) * 1986-05-30 1988-09-27 Walter Hamacher Sliding door with folding panel
US4999876A (en) * 1989-02-10 1991-03-19 Richard Nass Door jamb mountable hinge
US11098511B2 (en) 2018-12-20 2021-08-24 Pgt Innovations, Inc. Sliding door system with dual track assemblies
US11098514B2 (en) 2018-12-20 2021-08-24 Pgt Innovations, Inc. Sliding door system with mono-track assemblies

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