US3000344A - Power horn - Google Patents

Power horn Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3000344A
US3000344A US642006A US64200657A US3000344A US 3000344 A US3000344 A US 3000344A US 642006 A US642006 A US 642006A US 64200657 A US64200657 A US 64200657A US 3000344 A US3000344 A US 3000344A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
rod
sound producing
producing unit
diaphragm
control valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US642006A
Inventor
Ferrell Donald
Original Assignee
Ferrell Donald
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ferrell Donald filed Critical Ferrell Donald
Priority to US642006A priority Critical patent/US3000344A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3000344A publication Critical patent/US3000344A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10KSOUND-PRODUCING DEVICES; METHODS OR DEVICES FOR PROTECTING AGAINST, OR FOR DAMPING, NOISE OR OTHER ACOUSTIC WAVES IN GENERAL; ACOUSTICS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10K9/00Devices in which sound is produced by vibrating a diaphragm or analogous element, e.g. fog horns, vehicle hooter, buzzer
    • G10K9/02Devices in which sound is produced by vibrating a diaphragm or analogous element, e.g. fog horns, vehicle hooter, buzzer driven by gas; e.g. suction operated
    • G10K9/04Devices in which sound is produced by vibrating a diaphragm or analogous element, e.g. fog horns, vehicle hooter, buzzer driven by gas; e.g. suction operated by compressed gases, e.g. compressed air

Description

D. FERRELL Sept. 19, 1961 POWER HORN Filed Feb. 25, 1957 INVENTOR. W FERRELL FIG. 1

ATTORNEY United States Patent '0 Filed Feb. 25, 1957, Ser. No. 642,006 3 Claims. (Cl. 116-112) This invention relates to a sound producing unit, and in particular to a device having a tensioned diaphragm supported for vibration and adapted to be actuated by fluid under pressure.

Heretofore various types of sound producing devices have been presented, in which fluid under pressure has been used to actuate the device. However, the requirement of an external source of fluid under pressure has resulted in the use of many units to make up the whole of the device. As will be noted, a device, a separate source of fluid under pressure, and a control valve of suitable type for admitting fluid to the device, and necessary means of connecting fluid supply, control valve, and a sound producing unit to form a working unit will comprise a considerable amount of apparatus.

It is the prime object of the invention herein described to provide an improved self-contained sound producing unit which is highly eflicient in operation and can be adapted easily to a wide variety of applications.

A further object of this invention is to employ a simplified, novel construction which is reliable, rugged and economical to manufacture, as will be described in detail.

Another important object of this invention is the manner in which the diaphragm is disposed within the device, wherein the diaphragm serves a secondary purpose as well as a primary purpose, both being pertinent to the construction and operation of the device.

A still further advantage is the usage of a disposable or throw-away type container of fluid under pressure as a source of power, and the manner in which said container may be attached and detached with speed, ease, and efliciency without otherwise disturbing the arrangement of the self-contained sound producing unit.

Another object of the self-contained sound producing unit is the unique and novel construction and disposition of a control valve to be integral with a main portion of the unit, and be of a design permitting its use in direct conjunction with the type of power source to be de scribed in detail.

The novel'features .whichl believe to be characteristic ofmy invention are settorth with particularity in the appended, claims... My invention, itself, however, both as to its organization, manner of construction, and method of operation, .togetherHwit-h further objects and advantages thereof, may best be. understood by reference to the following description takenin connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal cross section of the selfcontained sound producing unit, including the control valve and the disposable container of fluid under pressure, the control valve being shown in closed position.

FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal cross section of the valve and disposable container, showing the valve in open position.

Referring now to FIGURE 1, a self-contained sound producing unit is disclosed comprising a disposable container 40 of fluid under pressure, herein designated at 41, a control valve 50, a connecting member 30, and a casing which houses the sound producing elements.

A tensioned diaphragm 13 is seated in stressed relationship with the pressure outlet tube 18 at a point 20, herein called a seat. This seat 20 is the termination of the walls 19 of the pressure outlet tube 18. The diaphragm 13 is tensioned by the method of attachment at "ice point 21. A forward member 12, of casing 10, and a rearward member 11, of casing 10, having annular openings, are threaded at certain portions, and, when screwed together, form a rigid joint 21. Adjacent to the annular opening of the rearward member 11, is a lip 26. Adjacent to the annular opening of the forward member 12 is a shoulder having a groove. This shoulder is designated at 25. Reference figure 27 is herein termed a seat, so formed by the groove at seat 27 on shoulder 25. The diaphragm 13 is crimped about a certain portion of its periphery, this crimped portion illustrated at 28. In assembly of casing 10, the crimped portion 28 of diaphragm 13 is placed over and covering the lip 26 of the rearward member 11 of casing 10. The thread@ ed portion of the annular opening of the forward member 12 of casing 10 engages the threaded portion'of the rearward member 11. The above members of casing 10 being screwed tightly together forming joint 21, the crimped portion 28 of diaphragm 13 is clamped between the lip 26 of rearward member 11, and the seat 27 of the forward member 12. The diaphragm 13, being of substantially flexible material thus assumes the form or shape of the seat 27. In this manner the rearward pressure chamber 14 is sealed airtight, and the forward pressure chamber 15 is sealed airtight.

It will be readily noted by those skilled in the art, that the diaphragm 13 is tensioned across the seat 20 of the pressure outlet tube 18 effectively and economically by the method of assembly and construction hereinbefore described. Seat 20 lies in a plane substantially parallel to, and diflerent from the plane of shoulder 25, thus tensioning the diaphragm.

The connecting member 30 of the sound producing unit contains an inlet tube 31 communicating with the forward pressure chamber 15 through an inlet passage 23, and the connecting member 30 being attached to the forward member 12 by a rigid press fit at joint 24.

A control valve, the whole structure of which is herein designated by the reference figure 50, is incorporated as an integral part of the connecting member 30. The control valve 50 includes a rod with a cam surface thereon, the rod and cam being designated at 35, and slidably mounted within a suitable fitting 33, and spring loaded by a spring 32. A slotted rod 36, with an enlarged, pointed end is slidably mounted within a suitable retainer 37. The retainer 37 is threaded about its periphery and attached to the connecting member 30 at point 38. The other end of the slotted rod 36 engages a bicycle valve stem 43, the operation of which later who described in detail. A handle 34 is fastened to the rod and cam 35 by a pin 29, and adjacent to the fitting33.

As illustrated in FIGURE 2, when the handle 34 is ;lifted,in the fashion indicated by reference figure 44, the

rod and cam 35 is pulled outwardly in fitting 33, the cam 35 engaging the enlarged pointed end of the slotted rod 36, the slotted rod 36 then operating in cooperation with rod and cam 35. The slotted rod 36 thus moves in a downwardly manner in the retainer 37, the slotted rod 35 engaging the bicycle valve stem 43, and permits the flow of fluid under pressure through the slotted rod 36 and upwardly into the inlet tube 31 through the inlet passage 23 and into the forward pressure chamber 15, actuating the tensioned diaphragm 13. The increased pressure in the forward pressure chamber 15 momentarily lifts the tensioned diaphragm 13 from its seat 20, allowing the pressure to escape through the pressure outlet tube 18, and through the trumpet device 16, herein attached to the forward member 12 at point 17. The tensioned diaphragm 13 being lifted from its seat 20, the increased pressure in the rearward pressure chamber 14, in part, and the tension of the diaphragm 13, in

part, and the release of pressure in the forward pressure chamber 15, in part, return the diaphragm 13 to its seat 20, the above cycle being repeated in a rapid fashion, as is well known by those well skilled in the art.

When the handle 34 is released in the fashion indicated by the reference figure 44 in FIGURE 2, so that control valve 50 is returned to the position illustrated in FIGURE 1, spring 32 acts upon rod and cam 35, moving and cam 35 in an inwardly manner in fitting 33, allowing slotted rod 36 to move inan upwardly manner in retainer 37, disengaging bicycle valve stem 43, thus retaining the fluid under pressure 41 in the disposable container '40, thus withholding any pressure from inlet tube 31 and forward pressure chamber 15. The tensioned diaphragm 13 is no longer actuated. V

The disposable container 40, containing fluid under pressure 41, is characterized by having an exterior member 45, which is threaded about its periphery and attaches to the connecting member 30 thereby. Connecting member 30 has, in its lower extremity, 'a circular opening, threaded, so as to engage exterior member 45 at point 42 rigidly and in an airtight manner. A bicycle valve stem 43, of conventional type, is secured airtight within an opening in exterior member 45.and is in communication with the source of fluid under pressure 41 As hereinbefore described, bicycle valve stem 43 is engaged and actuated by slotted rod 36, of valve 50, in

a manner as to permit fluid under pressure 41 to escape into the sound producing unit.

Due to the arrangement of the valve 50, the flow of fluid under pressure from disposable container ultimately into the sound producing unit allows the unit hereinbefore described, to start substantially immediately.

While I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, it will of course be understood, that I do not wish to be limited thereto, since modifications may be .made, and I therefore, contemplate by the appended claims to cover all such modifications as. fall within the true spirit and scope of my invention.

I claim:

1. .A' self-contained sound producing unit comprising; a sound producing unit having a tensioned diaphragm,

a disposable container of fluid under pressure,a control valve connecting said sound producing unit and said disposable container, said valve forming means for controlling the operation of the said sound producing unit, said sound producing unit comprising acasing having a forward member and a rearward member, said tensioned diaphragm dividing said casing into a forward pressure chamber in said forward member and a rearward pressure chamber in said rearward member, said diaphragm being crimpe'd about its periphery, a rigid joint being formed between said forward member'and said rearward member, a shoulder and groove onsaid forward member crimped peripheral portion by said shoulder and groove and said lip at said joint.

2. A self-contained sound producing unit comprising; a sound producing unit having a tensioned diaphragm, a disposable container of fluidv under pressure, a control valve connecting said sound. producing unit and said disposable container, said valve. forming means for controlling the operation of the said sound producing unit, said control valve including a rod and a cam surface formed thereon, said rod being slidably mounted in said control valve, a handle pivotally attached to said rod, a slotted rod having an enlarged end thereon mounted in said control valve at an angle to said rod and cam,

said rod and cam engaging thev enlarged end of said 7 slotted. rod, the other end of said slotted rod being adapted to engage a fluid retaining means in said disposable container; whereby in response to movementof said handle, said rod, and cam will operatively engage said slotted rod and move said slotted rod agains said fluid retaining means for permitting fluid under pressure to flow from said disposable container, through said control valve to actuate said sound producing unit.

3. A self-contained sound producing unit comprising, a sound producing unit having a tensioned diaphragm, a disposable container of fluid under pressure, a. control valve connecting said sound producing unit. and said container, a connecting member attached at one,v end to said sound producing unit and attached at the other end to said container; said tensioned diaphragm being crimped about its periphery, said sound producing unit comprising a casing having aforward member and a, rearward member and having a rigid joint with a shoulder and groove and a lip, said diaphragm being retained along its. erimped portion by said shoulder and groove and said lip, said control valve including a rod and, cam thereonbeing slidably mounted in said control valve, a handle pivotally attached to said rod, a slotted rod having an enlarged end mounted at an angle to said rod and. cam, said rod and cam engaging the end of said slotted rod, the other end of said slotted rod being adapted to engage the fluid retaining means in said disposable container; whereby said rod and cam will engage said slotted rod. and move said slotted rod against said fluid retaining means in response to movement of said handle for Permitting fluid under pressure to flow from said disposable container to actuate said sound producing unit.

References Cited in the file' of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,281,877 Teste Oct. 15, 1918 1,692,942 Kubli Nov. 27, 1928 1,760,295 Aufiero May 27, 1930 1,898,546 Kelley Feb. 21, 1933 2,671,426 Woody Mar. 9, 1954 2,777,416 Messick Ian. 15, 1957 2,793,651 Gomez May 28, 1957

US642006A 1957-02-25 1957-02-25 Power horn Expired - Lifetime US3000344A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US642006A US3000344A (en) 1957-02-25 1957-02-25 Power horn

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US642006A US3000344A (en) 1957-02-25 1957-02-25 Power horn

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3000344A true US3000344A (en) 1961-09-19

Family

ID=24574768

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US642006A Expired - Lifetime US3000344A (en) 1957-02-25 1957-02-25 Power horn

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3000344A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3168886A (en) * 1961-05-03 1965-02-09 Falcon Alarm Company Audible time-controlled alarm device
US3420207A (en) * 1965-10-27 1969-01-07 Kockums Mekaniska Verkstads Ab Pneumatic diaphragm oscillators
US3780694A (en) * 1972-05-05 1973-12-25 Eastern Co Valve structure for gas operated horn
US3957012A (en) * 1974-12-06 1976-05-18 Fegley Charles R Anti-burglary sound emitting device
US4024830A (en) * 1975-12-15 1977-05-24 Fegley Charles R Anti-burglar sound emitting device
US4044712A (en) * 1976-05-07 1977-08-30 Manuel Goodman Pressurized fluid powered horn
US4829930A (en) * 1985-09-11 1989-05-16 Fischer Joerg Pneumatic horn
US4970983A (en) * 1988-09-28 1990-11-20 Rule Industries, Inc. Multitone horn
US5136964A (en) * 1989-01-19 1992-08-11 Arnold J. Cook Warning device for windsurfing craft
US5662064A (en) * 1991-10-30 1997-09-02 Gyoergy; Laszlo High acoustic output horn
US20060065475A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 David Wishinsky Acoustic device
US20080047777A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-02-28 Wen-Kuan Chang Cheering stick
US20090250015A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Canine Innovations, Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus
US7793607B1 (en) * 2008-05-06 2010-09-14 Deney James Geist Air powered civil defense siren
US20110017149A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2011-01-27 Canine Innovations, Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1281877A (en) * 1913-08-19 1918-10-15 Etienne Teste Automobile-horn.
US1692942A (en) * 1924-04-26 1928-11-27 Kubli John Traffic-signal apparatus
US1760295A (en) * 1929-08-03 1930-05-27 E A Lab Inc Pneumatic horn
US1898546A (en) * 1931-05-08 1933-02-21 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Signal controlling device
US2671426A (en) * 1951-05-31 1954-03-09 George D Woody Dual-chamber, diaphragm type air horn
US2777416A (en) * 1953-11-13 1957-01-15 Fyr Larm Co Inc Fire alarm device
US2793651A (en) * 1953-12-14 1957-05-28 Grover Products Company Combined air valve and horn support

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1281877A (en) * 1913-08-19 1918-10-15 Etienne Teste Automobile-horn.
US1692942A (en) * 1924-04-26 1928-11-27 Kubli John Traffic-signal apparatus
US1760295A (en) * 1929-08-03 1930-05-27 E A Lab Inc Pneumatic horn
US1898546A (en) * 1931-05-08 1933-02-21 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Signal controlling device
US2671426A (en) * 1951-05-31 1954-03-09 George D Woody Dual-chamber, diaphragm type air horn
US2777416A (en) * 1953-11-13 1957-01-15 Fyr Larm Co Inc Fire alarm device
US2793651A (en) * 1953-12-14 1957-05-28 Grover Products Company Combined air valve and horn support

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3168886A (en) * 1961-05-03 1965-02-09 Falcon Alarm Company Audible time-controlled alarm device
US3420207A (en) * 1965-10-27 1969-01-07 Kockums Mekaniska Verkstads Ab Pneumatic diaphragm oscillators
US3780694A (en) * 1972-05-05 1973-12-25 Eastern Co Valve structure for gas operated horn
US3957012A (en) * 1974-12-06 1976-05-18 Fegley Charles R Anti-burglary sound emitting device
US4024830A (en) * 1975-12-15 1977-05-24 Fegley Charles R Anti-burglar sound emitting device
US4044712A (en) * 1976-05-07 1977-08-30 Manuel Goodman Pressurized fluid powered horn
US4829930A (en) * 1985-09-11 1989-05-16 Fischer Joerg Pneumatic horn
US4970983A (en) * 1988-09-28 1990-11-20 Rule Industries, Inc. Multitone horn
US5136964A (en) * 1989-01-19 1992-08-11 Arnold J. Cook Warning device for windsurfing craft
US5662064A (en) * 1991-10-30 1997-09-02 Gyoergy; Laszlo High acoustic output horn
US20060065475A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 David Wishinsky Acoustic device
US7389740B2 (en) 2004-09-24 2008-06-24 David Wishinsky Acoustic device
US20080047777A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-02-28 Wen-Kuan Chang Cheering stick
US20090250015A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Canine Innovations, Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus
US20110017149A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2011-01-27 Canine Innovations, Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus
US8037848B2 (en) * 2008-04-03 2011-10-18 Canine Innovations Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus
US8051806B2 (en) * 2008-04-03 2011-11-08 Canine Innovations, Inc. Animal behavioral control apparatus
US7793607B1 (en) * 2008-05-06 2010-09-14 Deney James Geist Air powered civil defense siren

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3644943A (en) Device for clearing blockages in the outlets of sinks, baths or the like
US2715980A (en) Liquid handling dispenser
US2518625A (en) Flow bean
US2619122A (en) Flow regulator and float valve assembly
US3451421A (en) Convertible modulating pressure regulator
US4787560A (en) Portable liquid sprayer
US2575124A (en) Handle-mounted floor waxer having liquid dispenser with valve operable from upper end of handle
US3756558A (en) Fluid control valve
US4134570A (en) Two volume flush valve
US2458120A (en) Corn buttering device
ES267920U (en) Automatically adjustable shower head
OA314A (en) Device regulating a gas flow.
US2156823A (en) Gas pressure regulator
US4031930A (en) Automatic shut-off nozzle with lockable vapor relief valve
US2311110A (en) Valve
US4624662A (en) Catheter flushing systems
US4227878A (en) Dental handpiece
US2571435A (en) Gas fueled cigar lighter
US3146916A (en) Valve control head
US3785335A (en) Air horn
US2521882A (en) Automatic dispensing means for shaving brushes
US2364812A (en) Poppet valve
GB1505661A (en) Air discharge valves in diving apparatus
US4275764A (en) Combination pressure regulator and manual on-off valve
JPS58156783A (en) Check valve