US2996981A - Wetting device for offset printing machines - Google Patents

Wetting device for offset printing machines Download PDF

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Publication number
US2996981A
US2996981A US880960A US2996981A US 2996981 A US2996981 A US 2996981A US 880960 A US880960 A US 880960A US 2996981 A US2996981 A US 2996981A
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Prior art keywords
roller
ductor
rings
roll
moisture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Reinartz Robert
Fischer Hermann
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg AG
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Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg AG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F7/00Rotary lithographic machines
    • B41F7/20Details
    • B41F7/24Damping devices
    • B41F7/26Damping devices using transfer rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41NPRINTING PLATES OR FOILS; MATERIALS FOR SURFACES USED IN PRINTING MACHINES FOR PRINTING, INKING, DAMPING, OR THE LIKE; PREPARING SUCH SURFACES FOR USE AND CONSERVING THEM In this subclass the COPES System is used
    • B41N7/00Shells for rollers of printing machines
    • B41N7/04Shells for rollers of printing machines for damping rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41NPRINTING PLATES OR FOILS; MATERIALS FOR SURFACES USED IN PRINTING MACHINES FOR PRINTING, INKING, DAMPING, OR THE LIKE; PREPARING SUCH SURFACES FOR USE AND CONSERVING THEM In this subclass the COPES System is used
    • B41N2207/00Location or type of the layers in shells for rollers of printing machines
    • B41N2207/02Top layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7018Interfitted members including separably interposed key
    • Y10T403/7021Axially extending

Description

Aug. 22, 1961 R. REINARTZ ETAL 2,996,981

WETTING DEVICE FOR OFFSET PRINTING MACHINES Filed Feb. 15, 1960 INVENTORS HRMANK FI'sc her;

United States Patent 2,996,981 WETTING DEVICE FOR OFFSET PRINTING MACHINES Robert Reinartz and Hermann Fischer, Augsburg, Germany, assignors to Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Numberg, A.G., Augsburg, Germany Filed Feb. 15, 1960, Ser. No. 8,809 Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 5, 1959 7 Claims. (Cl. 101-148) This invention relates to a wetting device for offset printing machines. In particular, the invention is directed to a ductor roller which is immersed in a water tank, with moisture being taken from the ductor roller by intermittent contact with a swinging roller and passed to the distributing and inking rollers. The moisture applying surface of the ductor roller is composed of a number of independently movable and/or spaced rings.

In offset printing, the need for moisture varies factual- 1y with the difference in size of the inking surfaces. The control of the moisture is, on one hand, achieved by a smooth or stepless shifting forward of the ductor roller in a peripheral direction and, on the other hand, by a variation in the quantity of moisture along the longitudinal length of the ductor roller. In the latter case, squeezing rollers of different widths and in different numbers have been used to squeeze off the water at the places in whose area there are larger inking surfaces on the offset plate which require less water. This is an expensive and time-consuming method and does not permit an accurate regulation of the moisture so that excess water enters the inking apparatus, combines with the ink to form an emulsion, and thus results in a poor print. Also, narrow felt rings or leaf springs have been applied against the ductor roller or air blast nozzles located closely side by side were mounted along the ductor roller, with the individual nozzles being opened where necessary to blow off excess wetting water. Again, ductor rollers have been used which are composed of series of brushes which are divided along the longitudinal length of the roller into individual brush sections which can be arranged as desired. Furthermore, wetting devices exist in which nozzles are used to spray a wet mist, with the individual nozzles being opened and closed in the desired positions. Another conventional wetting device is a distributing roller having its liquid applying surface divided into ring-shaped zones extending perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the roller. All of these known devices do not give a practically satisfactory application of the moisture.

The object of this invention is to produce a ductor roller which will accurately apply the quantity of moisture desired on certain areas of the printing plate.

According to this invention, the disadvantages of the prior art are overcome by using a ductor roller immersed in a water tank with the roller having a moisture applying surface composed of a number of independent movable or exchangeable spaced rings whose circumferential surfaces lie in planes which are inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of the shaft of the ductor roller. The adjacent rings are spaced from each other a distance, at most, such that a continuous film of liquid is drawn off the swinging transfer roller during one revolution of the ductor roller. By this means, a locally concentrated or small quantity of water can be applied by means of a simple lateral displacement of the rings on the ductor roller, with the small width of the rings permitting a precise gradation of the water transferred from the roller. The inclination of the ring surfaces achieves simultaneously a laterally displaced application of the strip of moisture so that the annular concentration of the liquid produced by ring surfaces perpendicular to the axis of the roller is avoided. The invention also makes it possible to obtain a more uniform distribution of the moisture over the whole length of the roller by spacing the inclined rings more closely toward the ends of the roller. As the area of the moisture applying surface of the roller can be varied, squeezing becomes unnecessary so that the considerable wear and tear on the ductor cylinder linings is reduced. This invention also has the advantage in that the position of the rings can be correctly adjusted as determined by the variation in the quantity of wetting liquid required in proportion to the size of the applying surface, whereas in air blast regulation, the moisture quantity depends, not only upon the number of the nozzles, but also upon the intensity of the air blast and the speed of the printing press.

A washing device for cleaning ductor rollers is known which has inclined groves in a roller in order to produce a squeezing effect on the ductor roller. However, these grooves are out so as to be chevron-shaped or arrowpointed. Grooves of this kind do not permit a proportioned distribution of moisture taken from the ductor roller.

The means by which the objects of the invention are obtained are disclosed more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a front view of the ductor roller partly shown in section;

FIGURE 2. is a cross-sectional view on the line 22 of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 3 is a front view of a wetting ring partially broken away.

Ductor roller 1 is mounted in the press frames 2 and 3 and partially immersed in a water tank 4. Water picked up by the ductor roller is transferred by a swinging roll 5 in a conventional manner to the distributing roll 6 and so on to the printing plate. Roller 1 is formed as a hollow cylinder upon which are slide rings 8 whose surfaces are inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of roller ll. These rings may be of different widths and are spaced from one another in such a manner that their surf-ace areas overlap longitudinally of the roller. Rings 8 are keyed against turning on roller 1 by means of spline '9. A spindle it is mounted in a groove in the surface of roller 1 on an eccentric axis and, in turn, contains a dove-tail slot holding a strip of resilient material 11, such as rubber, which projects slightly out of the dovetail slot. Spindle it) has a square bolt head end 12 projecting through the flange plates 13 which are secured to the ends of roller 1 by means of bolts .14. As spindle 10 is turned by bolt head 12, the resilient material 11 is brought into 'wedging engagement with the rings 8 to secure them against longitudinal movement along the roller 1.

End rings 8a have their outer end side perpendicular to the axis of roller 1. Rings of small width can be mounted close together adjacent the end rings 8a in order to obtain a better transfer of moisture in these end areas. When spindle 10 is loosened, the rings can be distributed along the length of the roller 1 in accordance with the moisture requirements of the press and then secured against longitudinal movement by the turning of spindle It In order to ensure a good transfer of liquid, each ring 8 has a roughened surface and is coated with a nettle-like cloth as shown at 81). Due to the inclined surfaces of the rings, the surface of the swinging transfer roll 5 is appropriately wetted during each revolution of roller 1 so that the required distribution of the moisture on the printing plate is assured.

Having now described the means by which the objects of the invention are obtained,

We claim:

1. A ductor roll for transferring moisture in an offset printing press comprising a cylindrical roll, a plurality of rings concentrically mounted on said cylindrical roll and having their circumferential surfaces inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of said cylindrical roll, said rings being spaced from each other a distance such that the surface of one ring laps the surface of an adjacent ring during one revolution of said cylindrical roll, and spindle means eccentrically mounted on said cylindrical roll for adjustably securing said rings to said cylindrical roll.

2. A ductor roll as in claim 1, further comprising spline means for keying said rings to said cylindrical roll.

3. A ductor roll as in claim 2, further comprising a strip of resilient material joined to said spindle means and extending outwardly of the surface of said spindle means for engagement with said rings.

4. A ductor roll as in claim 1, further comprising a longitudinal groove in the surface of said cylindrical roll, flanged plates secured to the ends of said cylindrical roll,

4 said spindle being mounted in said groove and iournalled in said flanged plates, and a square end on said spindle for turning said spindle.

5. A ductor roll as in claim 1, said rings each having a roughened outer circumferential surface.

6. A ductor roll as in claim 1, said rings each being covered with an adhesive nettle cloth.

7. A ductor roll as in claim 1, further comprising end rings on said cylindrical roll with each end ring having its outer side edge extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said cylindrical roll.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 958,440 Sackman May 17, 1910 FOREIGN PATENTS 601,883 Great Britain May 13, 1948 731,530 Great Britain June 8, 1955

US2996981A 1959-03-05 1960-02-15 Wetting device for offset printing machines Expired - Lifetime US2996981A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1959M0040705 DE1082275B (en) 1959-03-05 1959-03-05 Damping unit for offset printing machines

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2996981A true US2996981A (en) 1961-08-22

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ID=7303782

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2996981A Expired - Lifetime US2996981A (en) 1959-03-05 1960-02-15 Wetting device for offset printing machines

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US (1) US2996981A (en)
DE (1) DE1082275B (en)
FR (1) FR1248828A (en)
GB (1) GB901549A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3590452A (en) * 1969-01-09 1971-07-06 Dayco Corp Roller applicator device
US3877368A (en) * 1972-12-08 1975-04-15 Itek Corp Ink transfer roller for printing presses
US4110152A (en) * 1975-06-20 1978-08-29 Avery International Corporation Embossing roller and method
US4682543A (en) * 1985-12-09 1987-07-28 Am International, Inc. Ink or moisture roller for duplicating machines
US5329850A (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-07-19 Eduardo Duarte Metering roller for a lithographic printing press
US5657691A (en) * 1994-11-18 1997-08-19 Riso Kagaku Corporation Ink supply device for printing apparatus
US20070113747A1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2007-05-24 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Slip roller or ductor roller for a printing machine

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2849096C2 (en) * 1978-11-11 1983-12-08 M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuernberg Ag, 8900 Augsburg, De
EP0615555B1 (en) * 1992-10-02 2001-03-21 Cargill, Incorporated A melt-stable lactide polymer fabric and process for manufacture thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US958440A (en) * 1908-06-11 1910-05-17 Pennsylvania Specialty Mfg Co Detachable and portable light-holder.
GB601883A (en) * 1941-09-27 1948-05-13 Carl Ejner Larsen Improvements in and relating to dampening devices for printing machines
GB731530A (en) * 1950-08-17 1955-06-08 Winkler Fallert & Co Maschf Ink transfer roller for continuous inking mechanisms of book printing presses, offset presses and like printing presses

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB770358A (en) * 1954-02-08 1957-03-20 Karel Hendrik Sauerbier Improvements in apparatus for washing dampening rollers

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US958440A (en) * 1908-06-11 1910-05-17 Pennsylvania Specialty Mfg Co Detachable and portable light-holder.
GB601883A (en) * 1941-09-27 1948-05-13 Carl Ejner Larsen Improvements in and relating to dampening devices for printing machines
GB731530A (en) * 1950-08-17 1955-06-08 Winkler Fallert & Co Maschf Ink transfer roller for continuous inking mechanisms of book printing presses, offset presses and like printing presses

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3590452A (en) * 1969-01-09 1971-07-06 Dayco Corp Roller applicator device
US3877368A (en) * 1972-12-08 1975-04-15 Itek Corp Ink transfer roller for printing presses
US4110152A (en) * 1975-06-20 1978-08-29 Avery International Corporation Embossing roller and method
US4682543A (en) * 1985-12-09 1987-07-28 Am International, Inc. Ink or moisture roller for duplicating machines
US5329850A (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-07-19 Eduardo Duarte Metering roller for a lithographic printing press
US5657691A (en) * 1994-11-18 1997-08-19 Riso Kagaku Corporation Ink supply device for printing apparatus
US20070113747A1 (en) * 1999-09-09 2007-05-24 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Slip roller or ductor roller for a printing machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR1248828A (en) 1960-12-23 grant
DE1082275B (en) 1960-05-25 application
GB901549A (en) 1962-07-18 application

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