US2994935A - Shoe closure - Google Patents

Shoe closure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2994935A
US2994935A US763884A US76388458A US2994935A US 2994935 A US2994935 A US 2994935A US 763884 A US763884 A US 763884A US 76388458 A US76388458 A US 76388458A US 2994935 A US2994935 A US 2994935A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
shoe
means
closure
pawl
body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US763884A
Inventor
Julian R Buchholz
Original Assignee
Julian R Buchholz
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Julian R Buchholz filed Critical Julian R Buchholz
Priority to US763884A priority Critical patent/US2994935A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2994935A publication Critical patent/US2994935A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C11/00Other fastenings specially adapted for shoes
    • A43C11/12Slide or glide fastenings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/10Miscellaneous
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/21Strap tighteners
    • Y10T24/2183Ski, boot, and shoe fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/37Drawstring, laced-fastener, or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/3703Includes separate device for holding drawn portion of lacing
    • Y10T24/3713Includes separate device for holding drawn portion of lacing having relatively movable holding components or surfaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/37Drawstring, laced-fastener, or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/375Drawstring, laced-fastener, or separate essential cooperating device therefor having hook shaped directing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/4588Means for mounting projection or cavity portion
    • Y10T24/45885Allows bodily movement facilitating interlock

Description

Aug. 8, 1961 J. R. BUCHHOLZ SHOE CLOSURE Filed Sept. 29, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 W W R 0% u m8 R m .m

Attorneys United States Patent 2,994,935 SHOE CLOSURE Julian R. Buchholz, San Francisco, Calif. (270 Polhemus Ave., Atherton, 'Calif.) Filed Sept. 29, 1958, Ser. No. 763,884 7 Claims. (Cl. 24-20517) This invention relates generally to a shoe closure. In general it is an object of the invention to improve upon the construction of such devices, particularly with respect to means by which the shoes can be quickly and easily loosened or tightened without the conventional tying and untying of knots.

It is another object of the invention to provide a shoe closure of the above type employing a single operating member that can be manipulated with one hand.

A further object of the invention is to provide a shoe closure that can be so adjusted to the wearers comfort and which will retain such adjustment throughout long periods of wear, in fact, until the shoe is removed.

Another object of the invention is to provide such a device capable of employing thin high-strength fishline, wire, etc., in place of conventional shoe laces.

Additional objects and features of the invention will appear from the following description and from the drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a view in perspective of an article of footwear embodying the invention, with the closure device shown in loosened position;

FIGURE 2 is a like view showing the closure device in tightened position;

FIGURE 3 is an isometric view of the closure device of FIGURE 2, taken from below;

FIGURE 4 is a view in longitudinal section thereof;

FIGURE 5 is a view in transverse section along the line 5-5 of FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged view in top plan of the shoe closure device, with parts broken away to show details of construction;

FIGURE 7 is a detail view partly in section of means for attaching the laces to the eyes of the shoe flaps.

FIGURE 8 is -a like view of a modified form of attachment means;

FIGURE 9 is a view in side elevation and section of a modified construction in accordance with the invention; and 7 FIGURE 10 is a schematic view of a modified arrangement for attaching the laces to the closure operating mechanism.

In the drawings, the closure device has been illustrated as primarily of metallic construction. It is to be understood however that other materials such as plastic, wood or combinations of such materials could be employed with equal success.

Generally stated, a shoe closure of the present invention comprises a substantially planar, elongate body having a slot to receive a single slidable operating device. Preferably the operating device includes a pivoted pawl normally biased into engagement with a ratchet provided on the under surface of the body. Lace means are attached to the operating device and extend through openings in the sides of the body for engagement with the eyes of the shoe flaps. By this general construction the wearer of the shoe is enabled to grasp the operating device, pivot it out of engagement with the ratchet and then slide the operating device to either tighten or loosen the laces. Upon release of the operating device, its pawl is again biased into engagement with the ratchet to retain the closure device in either a loosened or tightened position.

Referring to the drawings in detail, 20 indicates one Patented Aug. 8, 1961 ICE form of a closure device including the body portion 22, operating member 24 and lace means 26. As best seen in FIGURES 3 and 6, the body portion comprises a substantially planar upper plate 28 having downwardly extending side flanges 30 and a downwardly facing ratchet 32. An elongated slot 34 extending through both the plate and ratchet can receive the operating mechanism 24. Openings 36 in the sides of the body receive the laces 26. Preferably the lower edges 38 of the sides are crimped inwardly to receive a slide member 40. This slide member serves to close the slotted openings 36 and the end opening 37, holding the laces in place, yet is easily removable to permit replacement of the laces.

As shown in detail in FIGURES 4 and 5, the operating device 24 comprises the slide member 42 and a pawl mechanism including the operating button 44, pawl 46 and connecting shank 48. The latter is received in an aperture in the slide member and facilitates pivotal movement of the pawl 46 relative to the ratchet 32. The shank 48 also insures cooperative movement of the button and slide member in the longitudinal slot 34. A spring 50 between the button and slide member normally urges the pawl 46 into engagement with the ratchet, and retains the operating device in a particular position of adjustment. To obtain different positions of adjustment, as in loosening or tightening the shoe, the button 44 is depressed against the pressure of the spring 50 to disengage the pawl 46 for free sliding movements relative to the body 22. Upon releasing the button the pawl again engages the ratchet 32.

As is particularly shown in FIGURE 6, the bight 27 of each lace 26 is firmly held in an eye portion 52 of the slide member 42 so as to be movable therewith. Thus, downward movement of the operating device (FIGURE 6) will cause the laces to be pulled inwardly toward the body of the closure device. ment of the operating device will permit an outward or loosening movement of the laces. Preferably the ends of the laces are provided with rigid hook means 54 to permit a proper engagement of the laces with the eyes of the shoe flaps. It will be understood that various types of hooks can be employed as suggested in FIGURES 7 and 8, or, if desired, the laces can be permanently attached to the flaps, for example, by means of terminal loops secured in such eyes.

The operation of the device just described can be summarized as follows:

Assume that the closure device is in loosened position, as in FIGURE 1. To tighten the closure, it is only necessary to depress the operating button 44 to release the pawl 46 and to slide the operating device downwardly as in FIGURE 2. Downward movement of the operating device tends to tension the ends of the laces, so that the hooks 54 pull inwardly on the shoe flaps to tighten the shoe. To loosen the shoe a reverse procedure is followed, and the flaps grasped in the hands and pulled outwardly. Because all of the laces 26 are simultaneously loosened, the shoe can be opened completely to permit a ready removal or insertion of the foot without the use of a shoe horn. A further advantage is that the closure can be adjusted by the button 44 to any position desired for the wearers comfort, and the spring action of the pawl 46 will thereafter retain the closure'in such position of adjustment until a subsequent operation of the device for readjustment or to remove the shoe.

It will be observed that at no time during operation of the closure device it is necessary for the hands to come into contact with the laces 26. This fact makes possible the use of a variety of materials in place of the materials conventionally used for shoe laces. For example, the

Conversely upward move-' wire, or other suitable materials which heretofore have been unsuitable for the purpose.

To those skilled in this art many additional changes in n uc io nd w dely i i pp cat ns o t e inen n will g st t emse v s w ut d pa i from the spirit and scope of invention. For example, FIGURE ests a modifi form of a tachm nt at t e ces 2 to the slidable operating device 24, namely, a separate independent lace 57 having eyelets 29 to receive the bight of the individual lace members. FIGURE 10 illustrates a further modification by which the slide member 40 can be eliminated. In this embodiment the laces pass through apertures 56 in the sides of the body, and through a top aperture 58. It will be understood that each of these disclosures, as well as the description herein, is purely illustrative and is not intended to be in any sense limiting.

I claim:

1. A shoe closure for shoes of the type having flat eyelets therein capable of being easily operated by one hand, comprising: a substantially planar elongate body provided with a downwardly facing ratchet, said body also being provided with openings on the sides thereof and an elongated slot, a single pawl means slidable in said slot and having a downwardly extending portion normally biased into engagement with said ratchet, said pawl means having an operating portion slidably positioned above said slot, and a plurality of lace means each having a bight portion attached to said single pawl means, end portions extending through said openings in the sides of said body and an intermediate portion being disposed about a point at one end of said body, said end portions being adapted for engagement with the eyes of the shoe flaps whereby said operating portion of the pawl means can be manipulated to loosen and tighten the lace means.

2. The shoe closure of claim 1 wherein said body includes means mounted for sliding movements longitudinally of said body and adapted to cover and uncover said openings, to thereby permit replacement of the lace means.

3. The shoe closure of claim 1 wherein said single pawl means includes a separate slide portion and spring means between such slide portion and the operating portion of the pawl means to pivotally urge said pawl means into contact with the ratchet.

4. A shoe closure manipulable in one hand, comprising: a substantially planar elongate body having openings in the sides thereof and a downwardly facing ratchet on its under surface, elongated slot means extending through said body and ratchet, a slide member slidably positioned above said slot, operating means pivotally mounted in said slide member and including a button and a downwardly extending pawl, spring means between said slide member and button normally urging said pawl into engagement with the ratchet, and a plurality of lace means each having a bight portion looped through said slide member, free end portions extending through said openings in side portions of said body and an intermediate portion being disposed about a point at one end of said body, said end portions being adapted for engagement with eyes of a shoe flap whereby upon pivoting said operating means to disengage the pawl said slide member can be manipulated to loosen and tighten the lace means.

5. The shoe closure of claim 4 wherein each end of said plurality of lace means is provided with a rigid hook element adapted to engage the eye of a shoe flap.

6. The shoe closure of claim 4 wherein said lace means comp s h n h -s r n h se m n s o fi hl 7. A shoe closure manipulable in one hand, comprising: a substantially planar elongate body having openings o he de ere and a downwardly'facing ra ch t n its under surface, elongated slot means extending through said body and ratchet, a slide member slidably positioned above said slot, operating means pivotally mounted in said slide member and including a button and a downwardly extending pawl, spring means between said slide member and button normally urging said pawl into ense nt i t e tc t? a it of l c means, separate independent lace means attached to said slide member and having a plurality of eyelets, said plurality of lace means each having a bight portion looped through one of said eyelets so as to be movable with said slide member, free end portions of said plurality .of lace means extending through said openings in said side portions of said body for engagement with eyes of a shoe flap whereby upon pivoting said operating means to disengage the pawl said slide member can be manipulated to loosen and tighten the lace means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 707,497 Benn tt Aug. 19, 1902. 1,00 6,183 Davie Oct. 17, 1911 2,611,940 Cairns Sept. 30, 1.952

. 2,673,381 Ducker Mar. 30, 1954 OREIG PA EN S 199,766 Switzerland Sept. 15, 1938 604,118 France Jan. 13, 1-926

US763884A 1958-09-29 1958-09-29 Shoe closure Expired - Lifetime US2994935A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US763884A US2994935A (en) 1958-09-29 1958-09-29 Shoe closure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US763884A US2994935A (en) 1958-09-29 1958-09-29 Shoe closure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2994935A true US2994935A (en) 1961-08-08

Family

ID=25069075

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US763884A Expired - Lifetime US2994935A (en) 1958-09-29 1958-09-29 Shoe closure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2994935A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4157622A (en) * 1977-09-26 1979-06-12 Carlyle Lance J Fastener for footwear
US4175450A (en) * 1978-02-21 1979-11-27 Teleflex Incorporated Motion transmitting remote control assembly
US4817596A (en) * 1982-09-03 1989-04-04 Gallet S.A. Helmet for use with respirator mask
US5177882A (en) * 1989-06-03 1993-01-12 Puma Ag Rudolf Dassler Sport Shoe with a central fastener
US5319868A (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-06-14 Tretorn Ab Shoe, especially an athletic, leisure or rehabilitation shoe having a central closure
US5327662A (en) * 1992-07-13 1994-07-12 Tretorn Ab Shoe, especially an athletic, leisure or rehabilitation shoe having a central closure
US6049955A (en) * 1998-12-05 2000-04-18 Bowen; Richard Lace substitute shoe fastening mechanism II
US6267390B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2001-07-31 The Burton Corporation Strap for a snowboard boot, binding or interface
US6416074B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2002-07-09 The Burton Corporation Strap for a snowboard boot, binding or interface
US6588079B1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-07-08 Daniel Manzano Shoelace fastening assembly
US7036193B1 (en) * 2005-03-14 2006-05-02 Kun-Chung Liu Shoe tightening device
US20080235987A1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-02 Paul Kaufman Footwear Having Removable Attachment-Point Strip
WO2008116297A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-10-02 Pablo Hassid Garment opener/closer and fastener
US20090205221A1 (en) * 2008-02-19 2009-08-20 Howard Mitchell Tightening device for simplifying the tightening and loosening of shoe laces
JP5826423B1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-12-02 有限会社神永製作所 Tie fastener

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US707497A (en) * 1901-08-30 1902-08-19 Emmett G Bennett Hame-fastener.
US1006183A (en) * 1911-02-21 1911-10-17 Robert C Davie Adjustable curtain-hanging fixture.
FR604118A (en) * 1925-10-03 1926-04-29 New device for supporting or attaching the clothing
CH199766A (en) * 1937-08-06 1938-09-15 Ernst Blaser Shoe closure.
US2611940A (en) * 1950-04-20 1952-09-30 Thomas C Cairns Shoelace tightener
US2673381A (en) * 1951-12-13 1954-03-30 Fred E Dueker Quick lace shoelace tightener

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US707497A (en) * 1901-08-30 1902-08-19 Emmett G Bennett Hame-fastener.
US1006183A (en) * 1911-02-21 1911-10-17 Robert C Davie Adjustable curtain-hanging fixture.
FR604118A (en) * 1925-10-03 1926-04-29 New device for supporting or attaching the clothing
CH199766A (en) * 1937-08-06 1938-09-15 Ernst Blaser Shoe closure.
US2611940A (en) * 1950-04-20 1952-09-30 Thomas C Cairns Shoelace tightener
US2673381A (en) * 1951-12-13 1954-03-30 Fred E Dueker Quick lace shoelace tightener

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4157622A (en) * 1977-09-26 1979-06-12 Carlyle Lance J Fastener for footwear
US4175450A (en) * 1978-02-21 1979-11-27 Teleflex Incorporated Motion transmitting remote control assembly
US4817596A (en) * 1982-09-03 1989-04-04 Gallet S.A. Helmet for use with respirator mask
US5177882A (en) * 1989-06-03 1993-01-12 Puma Ag Rudolf Dassler Sport Shoe with a central fastener
US5327662A (en) * 1992-07-13 1994-07-12 Tretorn Ab Shoe, especially an athletic, leisure or rehabilitation shoe having a central closure
US5319868A (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-06-14 Tretorn Ab Shoe, especially an athletic, leisure or rehabilitation shoe having a central closure
US6049955A (en) * 1998-12-05 2000-04-18 Bowen; Richard Lace substitute shoe fastening mechanism II
US6267390B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2001-07-31 The Burton Corporation Strap for a snowboard boot, binding or interface
US6416074B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2002-07-09 The Burton Corporation Strap for a snowboard boot, binding or interface
US6588079B1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-07-08 Daniel Manzano Shoelace fastening assembly
US7036193B1 (en) * 2005-03-14 2006-05-02 Kun-Chung Liu Shoe tightening device
WO2008116297A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-10-02 Pablo Hassid Garment opener/closer and fastener
US20100071230A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2010-03-25 Hassid Pablo Laced garment closure
US20080235987A1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-02 Paul Kaufman Footwear Having Removable Attachment-Point Strip
US20090205221A1 (en) * 2008-02-19 2009-08-20 Howard Mitchell Tightening device for simplifying the tightening and loosening of shoe laces
JP5826423B1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-12-02 有限会社神永製作所 Tie fastener

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3491465A (en) Ski boot
US3289261A (en) Buckle with swinging clamp belt adjustment
US4790048A (en) Shoelace lock
US4029346A (en) Line threader device
US3845575A (en) Cord locking assembly
US7490458B2 (en) Horse boot with dual tongue entry system
US5845371A (en) Securing device for footwear
US3345707A (en) Decorative shoe lace keeper
US6594921B2 (en) Shoe with a pivotal counter portion
JP2006502797A (en) Automatic tightening shoes
KR20090036500A (en) Boot
US5657557A (en) Fastener which is attachable to a shoelace
US4485529A (en) Reusable tying device
US4680835A (en) Sport shoe lacing device
US20050284003A1 (en) Footwear variable tension lacing systems
US4130949A (en) Fastening means for sports shoes
US5170573A (en) Miniature pouch string lock device for laces and the like
EP0403944A2 (en) Securing and adjustment device particularly for ski boots
EP1304940B1 (en) Shoe, especially a sports shoe
US5467537A (en) Shoe with adjustable closure system
US20030000053A1 (en) Shoe clip
US5353483A (en) Method and apparatus for quickly securing a laced shoe
US7073279B2 (en) Shoelace tightening structure
US5903959A (en) Fastener for retaining shoe laces and drawstrings
US4182005A (en) Electrical cord holder