US2988820A - Apparatus for treating hops and the like - Google Patents

Apparatus for treating hops and the like Download PDF

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US2988820A
US2988820A US702429A US70242957A US2988820A US 2988820 A US2988820 A US 2988820A US 702429 A US702429 A US 702429A US 70242957 A US70242957 A US 70242957A US 2988820 A US2988820 A US 2988820A
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conveyor
hops
treating
chamber
switch
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Brookes Albert Edward
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12CBEER; PREPARATION OF BEER BY FERMENTATION; PREPARATION OF MALT FOR MAKING BEER; PREPARATION OF HOPS FOR MAKING BEER
    • C12C3/00Treatment of hops
    • C12C3/02Drying

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  • FIGURE 1i is a diagrammatic side view of the ⁇ apparatus with parts broken away.
  • FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic part sectional end view of FIGURE l as seen. from the left hand end of that figure, with some of the parts omitted.
  • FIGURES 3 ,and 4 respectively are enlarged end and plan views showing the reciprocable feed conveyor.
  • FIGURE 5 is an enlargedfpart-sectional side view ofthe final treating conveyor and its associated mechanism.
  • FIGURE 6 Ais an enlarged side view of an alternative construction to that shown in FIGURE 5, and
  • FIGURE 7 is .a wiringdiagramY of theautomaticcontrol apparatus.
  • the hops are delivered by a conveyor 10r andchutetll from picking apparatusA (not shown) to a -feed conveyor lgenerally designated 12.
  • this vfeed conveyor v,12 is in thefform of a4 horizontally extending endless belt '13 which is mounted4 von. a horizontally reciprocable frame 14.
  • 'l'he frame 14l has rollers 'l5-whereby it is supported upon tracks 16 extending parallel tof the runs of the feed' conveyor, and at one side of the frame 14 is ⁇ a vertically disposed ⁇ channel 17, in which is engaged a roller 18 extending from one side of an endless chain 19. This chain.
  • sprocket wheels which are carried lbyfiixed ⁇ supports on the frame of the apparatus, and one sprocket wheel is mounted on a shaft 20 driven from, any .convenient source.y 'Ilhus as the chain 19 is driventhe frame 14 together with the belt 13 will be reciprocated longitudinally by the interengagement of the roller 18 with the ychannel 17.
  • Beneath the discharge end ⁇ of the feed conveyor 412 is the charging, end ofthe iirst of a pluralityof endless and perforated conveyors 21, 22, 23 and 24 (herein termedtreating conveyors) which are arrangednline, and relative-to which the feedconveyor 12 is transversely disposed. Moreover, the-reciprocations imparted vto the feed conveyor 12 are such that its discharge end-moves backwards and forwards across the first treating conveyor 21 tolspread the ⁇ hopslevenly thereon.
  • the irst treating conveyor 21 extends through ka chamber 2'5 hay-ing -a closedltopand wherein the'hops uponit are treated ⁇ with sulphur dioxide.
  • the sulphur dioxide is admitted from. any-convenient source (not shown) through inlets ,26; above# the conveyor and is drawn downwardly through -thevhops by afan 27 ⁇ or fanslocatedwithin a duct 28 or ducts below the conveyor and through whichthesulphur dioxide is extracted.
  • the second treating conveyor ⁇ extends horizontally across the top of a chamber 32 to which heated air is admitted under pressure through an inlet 33 from an oil heater r(not shown).
  • the hops Whilst on the second ,treating conveyor are dried by the hot air being forced through them from below.
  • From the discharge end of the conveyor 22 the hops fall freely into the charging end of the third treating conveyor 23 which extends across the top of a chamber 34 -to which air is admitted under vpressure from a separate oil heater through an inlet- 35.
  • Thetemperature and pressure in the two chambers 32,234 can thus 'be varied independently to accord with a predetermined drying cycle.
  • the conveyor 24 extends across the upper side of a chamber 37 to which heated air is admitted' ⁇ under Apressure through ⁇ an inlet 38 from a separate oilheater.
  • AThe chamber37 is relatively long and (as shown by FIGURE by the eifective length of the chamber can be varied to ⁇ accord with the condition of the hops.
  • the inlet 38 is disposed nearer the charging end of the third treating conveyor, thus ⁇ by moving' the barrier 39 nearer to the charging end, the hops upon the 4conveyor are subjected to drying for a shorter time if the conveyor is moving at a constant speed. Conversely by moving the barrier on the opposite direction the hops on the conveyor are subjected to a drying treatment for a longer time.
  • the barrier 39 is connected tov-the one .run of an endless chain 40 which is driven by a reversible electric motor 41 through a chain 42.
  • the motor 41 also drives another endless chain 43, one run of which is connected to acarriage 44 mounted on tracks 45, and movable with -the barrier 39.
  • a resistance type thermom'eter 46 which is connected to a known piece of aptheLtemperature-is above a preset value and isjchanged 'automatically to the alternative position'when the tem- 3 perature falls below the preset value.
  • a time controlled switch 49 which is closed for a short time (for example, 2 seconds) at predetermined intervals.
  • the switch 48 controls the direction of rotation of the m'otor 41, and the arrangement is such that when the switch 49 is closed with the switch 48 in the position shown, the electromagnet 50 of the contactor 51 is energised to cause the motor to operate for a short time in a forward direction, and thereby move the barrier 39 and i carriage 44 a predetermined distance to the left as viewed in FIGURE 5.
  • This distance is equal Ito the distance between a pair of adjacent partitions dividing the area between the runs of the conveyor 24 into a plurality of cells. The effect of this will be to reduce the time for which the hops are subjected to a drying treatment.
  • the switch 48 will be moved automatically to the alternative position, so that when the switch 49 next closes the electromagnet 52 will be energised to cause the motor 41 to operate in the reverse-direction. and thereby move the barrier to the right as viewed in FIGURE by an equal distance.
  • a cable 46a for connecting the thermometer 46 to the apparatus to be controlled thereby is supported by insulators 4617 slidably mounted on another cable 46c, the latter being supported under tension above the chamber 37.
  • the barrier will actuate a limit switch 53 to break the circuit to the electromagnet 50 and make the circuit to a warning bell or lamp 54.
  • a limit switch 55 which will break the circuit of the electromagnet 52, complete the circuit of the warning device 54, and at the same time break the ⁇ circuit to the coil 56 of a contactor 57 controlling a motor 58 for driving the conveyors 21, 22, 23 and 24.
  • electromagnets 50 and 52 respectively may be energised independently of the position of the switches 48, 49.
  • the depth of the blanket of hops on these conveyors can be adjusted by means of the am 29 and the levelling device 30.
  • each valve 61 is mounted on a spindle to which is secured a radial arm 62, carrying a roller 63 at its outer end.
  • Alternate arms 62 are laterally offset from one another, and each arm is loaded by a spring 64 in a direction to hold its roller 63 against the under surface of abutment pieces 65 secured to an endless chain which is the equivalent to the chain 40 in the previously described construction, and the movement of which is controlled in a similar manner.
  • a relatively wide gap 66 into which the rollers 63 can enter.
  • each roller in turn will enter the gap, and its associated arm will be moved angularly to close the associated valve 61, whilst movement of the gap to the right will result in the opening of each valve 61 in turn.
  • the time switch 49 is so set in relation to the motor 41 that for each closing 'of the switch 49 actuation of one of the valves 61 will result.
  • the inlet 38 may have associated with it a valve 67.
  • This valve is operable by a cord 68 which is connected to a roller 69 on the spindle of one of the sprocket wheels of the chain carrying the abutment pieces 65, and the arrangement is such that as the chain is moved to close the valves 61, the cord 68 is wound into the drum 69 and serves to close the valve 67 proportionally, whilst movement of the chain in the opposite direction will have an opposite elect.
  • Apparatus lfor treating hops and the like comprising in combination a horizontally disposed perforated endless conveyor for carrying the hops or the like to be treated, an elongated chamber through the interior of which said conveyor extends longitudinally in spaced relationship to the top and bottom of said chamber, and which is provided adjacent one end with an inlet for admitting hot air under pressure to the part of said chamber beneath said conveyor, air-ilow obstructing means situated n in said chamber beneath a part of said conveyor and movable for varying the extent of said conveyor lthrough which hot air can iiow, a horizontal track mounted above and parallel with said conveyor, a carrier movable along said track, a temperature responsive device mounted on said conveyor and movable thereby along a path, situated above and extending in the same direction as said conveyor, for enabling said device to be constantly exposed to the 'heating effect of the hot air liowing through said conveyor, a reversible electric motor, means through the medium of which said motor is controllable by said
  • flow obstructing means is constituted by a plurality of valves having in combination therewith means dividing of the length of said conveyor, and through which hot chain which is disposed parallel with said conveyor, and
  • valves which is provided with abutment pieces, and said valves being provided with actuating members which are operable in sequence by said abutment pieces.
  • Apparatus according to claim l wherein said means through the medium of which said motor is controllable by said temperature responsive device, includes a first lswitch connected to, and operable under the control of, vthe temperature responsive device, and a time-controlled switch which is connected in series with said rst switch, and which closes automatically for short periods at predetermined intervals.
  • Apparatus according to claim l and comprising a .plurality of additional horizontally disposed perforated ⁇ endless conveyors for carrying the hops or the like to combination a plurality of additional horizontally disposed perforated endless conveyors for carrying the hops or the like to be treated, which additional conveyors, and the first mentioned conveyor, are arranged in stepped formation with the rst mentioned conveyor lowermost, and with a charging end of each successive conveyor disposed below a discharge end of the preceding conveyor to receive hops or the like therefrom, a horizontally disposed endless feed conveyor extending transversely over the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, mechanism whereby said feed conveyor is reciprocable longitudinally to cause a discharge end thereof to move backwards and forwards relative to the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, and a baffle which is situated at the charging end of said uppermost additional conveyor, and over which excess hops or the like can pass from the last mentioned conveyor.
  • Apparatus according to claim l and comprising in combination a plurality of additional ⁇ horizontally disposed endless conveyors for carrying lche hops or the like to be treated, which additional conveyors, and the first mentioned conveyor, are arranged in stepped formation with the first mentioned conveyor lowermost, and with a charging end of each successive conveyor disposed below a discharge end of the preceding conveyor to receive hops or the like therefrom, a horizontally disposed endless feed conveyor extending transversely over the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, mechanism whereby said feed conveyor is reciprocable longitudinally to cause a discharge end thereof to move backwards and forwards relative to the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, a rotary levelling device adjustably mounted above the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor to act on the hops or the like received by the last mentioned conveyor from said feed conveyor, a bale which is adjustably mounted at the charging end of said uppermost additional conveyor, and over which excess hops or the like can pass from the last mentioned conveyor, and a further conveyor for receiving the hops or

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Bioinformatics & Cheminformatics (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Genetics & Genomics (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Description

June 20, 1961 A. E. BRooKEs APPARATUS FOR TREATING Hops AND THE LIKE 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec.
a2 El IIL U 69127501 BPO 01166 June 20, 1961 A. E. BRooKEs APPARATUS FOR TREATING HoPs AND THE LIKE 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. l2. 1957 MAQ A. E. BRooKEs 2,988,820
5 Shee'ts-Sheet 5 APPARATUS FOR TREATING HOPS AND THE LIKE June 20 Filed Dec. 12. 1957 June 20, 1961 A. E. BRooKr-:s 2,988,820
APPARATUS FOR TREATING Hops AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 12. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 June Z0, 1961 A. E. BROOKES 2,988,820
APPARATUS FOR TREATING HOPS AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. l2. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 lIzU @ILL-01" d El Efo oke@ FOR TREATING HOPS AND THE LIKE A Albert Edward Brolokes, Bush Bank, Suckl'ey, Worcestershire, England FiledjDec. 12, 1957,.`Ser. No. 702,429 Claims priority, yapplication Great Britain Dec. 20, 1956 7 Claims. `(Cl. 34-54) chamber, and means responsive to the temperature -of the air above the conveyor for determining vthe setting of said adjustable means. l
An example Vof the invention as applied to apparatus for treating hops will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1i is a diagrammatic side view of the `apparatus with parts broken away.
FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic part sectional end view of FIGURE l as seen. from the left hand end of that figure, with some of the parts omitted.
FIGURES 3 ,and 4 respectively are enlarged end and plan views showing the reciprocable feed conveyor.
FIGURE 5 is an enlargedfpart-sectional side view ofthe final treating conveyor and its associated mechanism.
FIGURE 6 Ais an enlarged side view of an alternative construction to that shown in FIGURE 5, and
FIGURE 7 is .a wiringdiagramY of theautomaticcontrol apparatus.,
In the illustrated .example #of Ilthe invention the hops are delivered by a conveyor 10r andchutetll from picking apparatusA (not shown) to a -feed conveyor lgenerally designated 12.
Referring particularly to FIGURES 3 and 4 this vfeed conveyor v,12 is in thefform of a4 horizontally extending endless belt '13 which is mounted4 von. a horizontally reciprocable frame 14. 'l'he frame 14l has rollers 'l5-whereby it is supported upon tracks 16 extending parallel tof the runs of the feed' conveyor, and at one side of the frame 14 is `a vertically disposed` channel 17, in which is engaged a roller 18 extending from one side of an endless chain 19. This chain. is mounted on sprocket wheels which are carried lbyfiixed` supports on the frame of the apparatus, and one sprocket wheel is mounted on a shaft 20 driven from, any .convenient source.y 'Ilhus as the chain 19 is driventhe frame 14 together with the belt 13 will be reciprocated longitudinally by the interengagement of the roller 18 with the ychannel 17.
Beneath the discharge end `of the feed conveyor 412 is the charging, end ofthe iirst of a pluralityof endless and perforated conveyors 21, 22, 23 and 24 (herein termedtreating conveyors) which are arrangednline, and relative-to which the feedconveyor 12 is transversely disposed. Moreover, the-reciprocations imparted vto the feed conveyor 12 are such that its discharge end-moves backwards and forwards across the first treating conveyor 21 tolspread the `hopslevenly thereon.
The irst treating conveyor 21 extends through ka chamber 2'5 hay-ing -a closedltopand wherein the'hops uponit are treated` with sulphur dioxide. The sulphur dioxide is admitted from. any-convenient source (not shown) through inlets ,26; above# the conveyor and is drawn downwardly through -thevhops by afan 27` or fanslocatedwithin a duct 28 or ducts below the conveyor and through whichthesulphur dioxide is extracted.
United States Pater-lt' 2,988,820 Patented June 20, 1961 2 At the charging end of the rst treating conveyor 21 is an inclined bathe 29 the effective height of which can be adjusted. Also above this conveyor is a positively j driven rotary levelling device 30 under which the hops must pass, this device conveniently being `in the form of a roller having a plurality of angularly spaced and radially ing conveyor 21 tend to build up into a heap from which excess hops ilow over the upper edge of the baffle 29 and roll down its outer side on to a return conveyor 31 which delivers them back to the source from whence they came. The remainder are conveyed under the levelling device 30, which spreads them as an even blanket, and through the chamber 25 to the discharge end of the .tirst treating conveyor 21 from whence they fall freely on 4tothe charging end of the second treating conveyor 22 situated below.
'Ihe second treating conveyor `extends horizontally across the top of a chamber 32 to which heated air is admitted under pressure through an inlet 33 from an oil heater r(not shown). Thus the hops Whilst on the second ,treating conveyor are dried by the hot air being forced through them from below. From the discharge end of the conveyor 22 the hops fall freely into the charging end of the third treating conveyor 23 which extends across the top of a chamber 34 -to which air is admitted under vpressure from a separate oil heater through an inlet- 35. Thetemperature and pressure in the two chambers 32,234 can thus 'be varied independently to accord with a predetermined drying cycle.
From the discharge end of the conveyor 23 the hops fall freely on to the charging end of the fourth treating conveyor 24 from whence they are delivered on to a transversely extending delivery conveyor 36 for traversing them to a store or bagging apparatus.
The conveyor 24. extends across the upper side of a chamber 37 to which heated air is admitted'` under Apressure through `an inlet 38 from a separate oilheater. AThe chamber37 is relatively long and (as shown by FIGURE by the eifective length of the chamber can be varied to `accord with the condition of the hops. The inlet 38 is disposed nearer the charging end of the third treating conveyor, thus `by moving' the barrier 39 nearer to the charging end, the hops upon the 4conveyor are subjected to drying for a shorter time if the conveyor is moving at a constant speed. Conversely by moving the barrier on the opposite direction the hops on the conveyor are subjected to a drying treatment for a longer time.
.It will be appreciated that, if the speed of the conveyor 24 and the temperature and pressure in the chamber 37 are both constant, the temperature of theair immediately above the hops onV this conveyor will vary with the moisture content of the hops, and this fact is used to'eife'ct an automatic control of the setting of the barrier 39.
The barrier 39 is connected tov-the one .run of an endless chain 40 which is driven by a reversible electric motor 41 through a chain 42. The motor 41 also drives another endless chain 43, one run of which is connected to acarriage 44 mounted on tracks 45, and movable with -the barrier 39. 'Onl the carriage 44 is a resistance type thermom'eter 46 which is connected to a known piece of aptheLtemperature-is above a preset value and isjchanged 'automatically to the alternative position'when the tem- 3 perature falls below the preset value. In series with the switch 48 is a time controlled switch 49 which is closed for a short time (for example, 2 seconds) at predetermined intervals.
The switch 48 controls the direction of rotation of the m'otor 41, and the arrangement is such that when the switch 49 is closed with the switch 48 in the position shown, the electromagnet 50 of the contactor 51 is energised to cause the motor to operate for a short time in a forward direction, and thereby move the barrier 39 and i carriage 44 a predetermined distance to the left as viewed in FIGURE 5. This distance is equal Ito the distance between a pair of adjacent partitions dividing the area between the runs of the conveyor 24 into a plurality of cells. The effect of this will be to reduce the time for which the hops are subjected to a drying treatment. If the temperature above the hops now falls below the preset 'value the switch 48 will be moved automatically to the alternative position, so that when the switch 49 next closes the electromagnet 52 will be energised to cause the motor 41 to operate in the reverse-direction. and thereby move the barrier to the right as viewed in FIGURE by an equal distance.
As illustrated in FIGURE 5 a cable 46a for connecting the thermometer 46 to the apparatus to be controlled thereby is supported by insulators 4617 slidably mounted on another cable 46c, the latter being supported under tension above the chamber 37.
.I value, the barrier will actuate a limit switch 53 to break the circuit to the electromagnet 50 and make the circuit to a warning bell or lamp 54. Similarly, in the eventl that the barrier 39 is moved to the limit of its travel to the right it will actuate a limit switch 55 which will break the circuit of the electromagnet 52, complete the circuit of the warning device 54, and at the same time break the` circuit to the coil 56 of a contactor 57 controlling a motor 58 for driving the conveyors 21, 22, 23 and 24.
In addition a pair of manually operable switches 59,
460 are provided whereby the electromagnets 50 and 52 respectively may be energised independently of the position of the switches 48, 49.
In order to effect an overall control upon the apparatus to accord with hops of dilerent varieties the speed of the ` conveyors 21, 22, 23 and 24 can be adjusted. Moreover,
as previously described the depth of the blanket of hops on these conveyors can be adjusted by means of the baie 29 and the levelling device 30. v
In the modified construction illustrated in FIGURE 6, instead of using a barrier 39 the area between the runs of the conveyor 24 is divided into a plurality of separate cells each containing its own valve 61. Each valve 61 is mounted on a spindle to which is secured a radial arm 62, carrying a roller 63 at its outer end. Alternate arms 62 are laterally offset from one another, and each arm is loaded by a spring 64 in a direction to hold its roller 63 against the under surface of abutment pieces 65 secured to an endless chain which is the equivalent to the chain 40 in the previously described construction, and the movement of which is controlled in a similar manner. Between one pair of adjacent abutment pieces 65 is formed a relatively wide gap 66 into which the rollers 63 can enter.`
The arrangement is such that as the gap 66 is traversed 'to the left as viewed in FIGURE 6 each roller in turn will enter the gap, and its associated arm will be moved angularly to close the associated valve 61, whilst movement of the gap to the right will result in the opening of each valve 61 in turn. Moreover, the time switch 49 is so set in relation to the motor 41 that for each closing 'of the switch 49 actuation of one of the valves 61 will result.
In order to adjust the supply of hot air to accord with the area of the conveyor 24 through which the air 4 Y can escape, and thereby maintain a substantially constant air pressure in the chamber 37, the inlet 38 may have associated with it a valve 67. This valve is operable by a cord 68 which is connected to a roller 69 on the spindle of one of the sprocket wheels of the chain carrying the abutment pieces 65, and the arrangement is such that as the chain is moved to close the valves 61, the cord 68 is wound into the drum 69 and serves to close the valve 67 proportionally, whilst movement of the chain in the opposite direction will have an opposite elect.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. Apparatus lfor treating hops and the like, comprising in combination a horizontally disposed perforated endless conveyor for carrying the hops or the like to be treated, an elongated chamber through the interior of which said conveyor extends longitudinally in spaced relationship to the top and bottom of said chamber, and which is provided adjacent one end with an inlet for admitting hot air under pressure to the part of said chamber beneath said conveyor, air-ilow obstructing means situated n in said chamber beneath a part of said conveyor and movable for varying the extent of said conveyor lthrough which hot air can iiow, a horizontal track mounted above and parallel with said conveyor, a carrier movable along said track, a temperature responsive device mounted on said conveyor and movable thereby along a path, situated above and extending in the same direction as said conveyor, for enabling said device to be constantly exposed to the 'heating effect of the hot air liowing through said conveyor, a reversible electric motor, means through the medium of which said motor is controllable by said temperature responsive device, and transmission mechanism connected to and operable by said motor for actuating said air-ilow obstructing means and moving said carrier along said track.
flow obstructing means is constituted by a plurality of valves having in combination therewith means dividing of the length of said conveyor, and through which hot chain which is disposed parallel with said conveyor, and
which is provided with abutment pieces, and said valves being provided with actuating members which are operable in sequence by said abutment pieces.
` 4. Apparatus according to claim l, wherein said means through the medium of which said motor is controllable by said temperature responsive device, includes a first lswitch connected to, and operable under the control of, vthe temperature responsive device, and a time-controlled switch which is connected in series with said rst switch, and which closes automatically for short periods at predetermined intervals.
5. Apparatus according to claim l, and comprising a .plurality of additional horizontally disposed perforated `endless conveyors for carrying the hops or the like to combination a plurality of additional horizontally disposed perforated endless conveyors for carrying the hops or the like to be treated, which additional conveyors, and the first mentioned conveyor, are arranged in stepped formation with the rst mentioned conveyor lowermost, and with a charging end of each successive conveyor disposed below a discharge end of the preceding conveyor to receive hops or the like therefrom, a horizontally disposed endless feed conveyor extending transversely over the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, mechanism whereby said feed conveyor is reciprocable longitudinally to cause a discharge end thereof to move backwards and forwards relative to the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, and a baffle which is situated at the charging end of said uppermost additional conveyor, and over which excess hops or the like can pass from the last mentioned conveyor.
7. Apparatus according to claim l, and comprising in combination a plurality of additional `horizontally disposed endless conveyors for carrying lche hops or the like to be treated, which additional conveyors, and the first mentioned conveyor, are arranged in stepped formation with the first mentioned conveyor lowermost, and with a charging end of each successive conveyor disposed below a discharge end of the preceding conveyor to receive hops or the like therefrom, a horizontally disposed endless feed conveyor extending transversely over the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, mechanism whereby said feed conveyor is reciprocable longitudinally to cause a discharge end thereof to move backwards and forwards relative to the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor, a rotary levelling device adjustably mounted above the charging end of the uppermost additional conveyor to act on the hops or the like received by the last mentioned conveyor from said feed conveyor, a bale which is adjustably mounted at the charging end of said uppermost additional conveyor, and over which excess hops or the like can pass from the last mentioned conveyor, and a further conveyor for receiving the hops or lche like passing over said bale.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS
US702429A 1956-12-20 1957-12-12 Apparatus for treating hops and the like Expired - Lifetime US2988820A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3527643A (en) * 1968-01-10 1970-09-08 Vyzk Ustav Zemedelskych Stroju Method of treating herbaceous commodities
US20100007954A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2010-01-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Retroreflective articles comprising olefinic seal films

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1737015A (en) * 1928-04-30 1929-11-26 Carle J Merrill Machine for drying coated webs
US2275263A (en) * 1938-10-05 1942-03-03 Hartford Empire Co Apparatus for and method of controlling drift in lehrs
US2634117A (en) * 1950-01-28 1953-04-07 Verlin A Bloxham Apparatus for continuous drying of hops
US2671969A (en) * 1952-12-02 1954-03-16 Carl F Mayer Oven for drying or baking molds and cores

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1737015A (en) * 1928-04-30 1929-11-26 Carle J Merrill Machine for drying coated webs
US2275263A (en) * 1938-10-05 1942-03-03 Hartford Empire Co Apparatus for and method of controlling drift in lehrs
US2634117A (en) * 1950-01-28 1953-04-07 Verlin A Bloxham Apparatus for continuous drying of hops
US2671969A (en) * 1952-12-02 1954-03-16 Carl F Mayer Oven for drying or baking molds and cores

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3527643A (en) * 1968-01-10 1970-09-08 Vyzk Ustav Zemedelskych Stroju Method of treating herbaceous commodities
US20100007954A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2010-01-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Retroreflective articles comprising olefinic seal films

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