US298039A - Book-rack - Google Patents

Book-rack Download PDF

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US298039A
US298039A US298039DA US298039A US 298039 A US298039 A US 298039A US 298039D A US298039D A US 298039DA US 298039 A US298039 A US 298039A
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book
rack
fingers
legs
base
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B23/00Bed-tables; Trays; Reading-racks; Book-rests, i.e. items used in combination with something else
    • A47B23/04Bed-tables; Trays; Reading-racks; Book-rests, i.e. items used in combination with something else supported from table, floor or wall
    • A47B23/042Book-rests or note-book holders resting on tables

Definitions

  • My invention relates to a portable device for use on a desk' or table and the like in sup,- porting and retaining a book, pamphlet, or other publication inan open condition for use, to save manual fatigue and inconvenience in reading or consulting; and the invention consists in a book-rack composed of a base to receive the bottom edge of a book, an attached frame to support the back of the book, a selflocking hinged brace for the frame,to hold the rack in position, and spring-fingers to abut against the book to hold it open and prevent its leaves or pages from accidental turning, all substantially as hereinafter set forth and claimed.
  • Figure 1 shows the rack in front elevation
  • Fig. '2 in side elevation
  • a base 0, preferably of wood, fiat 9n its bottom side, and curved, hollowed out. or concaved at d on its upper side or face.
  • a rearwardly-inclined frame A, preferably of wire, having two uprights or legs, 6 6, provided with portions ee, by which latter the frame is secured to the base.
  • the upper ends of the legs are provided with eyes 6 e",connected by a cross-piece between them,
  • the whole frame' being most conveniently formed of a single .piece of wire bent to shape and constituting the back of the rack.
  • the base and frame are held upright and the book thereon supported against toppling over by a brace, b, hinged by loops 1) bv in the eyes e, e of the frame, outside the legs of said,
  • This brace is preferably V-shaped in outline, and the upper ends of its arms, which are the resilience of the arm will cause the crooks g h to bind on the legs 6 e, and result in the looking or retention of the brace in its extended position, thus rendering it self-locking, pre "enting the accidental displacement of itself and the collapse or over-toppling of the rack. Pressure toward the base exerted upon the brace will restore it to its position for disuse.
  • a wire which is bent verti cally at a a outside its staples m n, and then bent again horizontally to form fingers a a which overlie the base transversely, and which fingers preferably terminate in any suitable armament, as eyes or loopsn ad.
  • the wirea is drawn down into a curve by its center stathe resilience of which will tend to throw its fingers'down upon the base, as in Figs. 1 and 2.
  • the fingers When abook is to be placed upon the rack, the fingers can be lifted to admit it to the basecavity d; but they will tend to press toward the book; hence when the book is opened to the page to be consulted, and at which place it is desired to retain the book open, the fingers are released, and their armored ends, coming in contact with the book,will forcibly retain it open, the eyes, knobs, or loops at a on said fingers preventing the said fingers a a" from defacing the book.
  • This rack will also be found convenient for holding copy, reference-books, and other matter requiring frequent consultation.
  • the angular bends a a, in the spring fingers prevent the disturbance of the stability of the rack under the operations of such fingers, it being understood that the stapled portion of the wire a forms a curved axis or shaft, with which pie, 0, wherebyit is converted into a spring,
  • a book-rack composed of a supportingbase, a back having eyes outside of its legs, a brace hinged between said legs to said back by loops 1) b engaging its eyes, and having crooked or bent ends, substantially as described, so as to be sprung through the uprights thereof, and thereby be self-locking and adjustable, and spring-fingers made in one piece and moving with a curved shaft, substantially as shown and described.
  • the wire a curved as shown, and having the bends a a and fingers a a, combined with a book-support, and means to secure the wire in its curved form thereto, whereby the fingers I of said wire are retained in position to hold an open or other book in place upon the support, and also retained in a reverse position to free the book, substantially as set forth.

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  • Tables And Desks Characterized By Structural Shape (AREA)

Description

(ModeL) J. SWARTZ.
. BOOK RACK.
No. 298,039; Patented May 6,-.1884.' f I 475/ HO 6 Wmess' fmmtar N. PETERS. Pholo-Lhhoznphr. \Vllllhihn. DC-
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOEL SWARTZ, OF GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.
Book- RACK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters'Patent No, 298,039, dated May 6, 1884.
Application filed January 24, 1882. (ModeL) To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOEL SWARTZ, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Gettysburg, in the county of Adams, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Book-Backs, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompa-- nying drawings, illustrating the same.
My invention relates to a portable device for use on a desk' or table and the like in sup,- porting and retaining a book, pamphlet, or other publication inan open condition for use, to save manual fatigue and inconvenience in reading or consulting; and the invention consists in a book-rack composed of a base to receive the bottom edge of a book, an attached frame to support the back of the book, a selflocking hinged brace for the frame,to hold the rack in position, and spring-fingers to abut against the book to hold it open and prevent its leaves or pages from accidental turning, all substantially as hereinafter set forth and claimed.
In the drawings hereinbefore referred to, in the several figures of which like parts are similarly designated, Figure 1 shows the rack in front elevation; Fig. '2, in side elevation; and
Fig. 3 1s aperspective new of my rack 1n use,
an open book being in position thereon.
In constructing-my rack I provide a base, 0, preferably of wood, fiat 9n its bottom side, and curved, hollowed out. or concaved at d on its upper side or face. lo the rear edge of this base is affixed a rearwardly-inclined frame, A, preferably of wire, having two uprights or legs, 6 6, provided with portions ee, by which latter the frame is secured to the base. The upper ends of the legs are provided with eyes 6 e",connected by a cross-piece between them,
the whole frame' being most conveniently formed of a single .piece of wire bent to shape and constituting the back of the rack.
The base and frame are held upright and the book thereon supported against toppling over by a brace, b, hinged by loops 1) bv in the eyes e, e of the frame, outside the legs of said,
frame, and adapted to be swung out between the legs, as in Fig. 2, -for use, and to be laid up against the frame and base when not in use. This brace is preferably V-shaped in outline, and the upper ends of its arms, which are the resilience of the arm will cause the crooks g h to bind on the legs 6 e, and result in the looking or retention of the brace in its extended position, thus rendering it self-locking, pre "enting the accidental displacement of itself and the collapse or over-toppling of the rack. Pressure toward the base exerted upon the brace will restore it to its position for disuse.
To the front edge of the base is secured by staples m 0 n a wire, a, which is bent verti cally at a a outside its staples m n, and then bent again horizontally to form fingers a a which overlie the base transversely, and which fingers preferably terminate in any suitable armament, as eyes or loopsn ad. The wirea is drawn down into a curve by its center stathe resilience of which will tend to throw its fingers'down upon the base, as in Figs. 1 and 2.
When abook is to be placed upon the rack, the fingers can be lifted to admit it to the basecavity d; but they will tend to press toward the book; hence when the book is opened to the page to be consulted, and at which place it is desired to retain the book open, the fingers are released, and their armored ends, coming in contact with the book,will forcibly retain it open, the eyes, knobs, or loops at a on said fingers preventing the said fingers a a" from defacing the book.
\Vhen the rack is to be used solely as a rest for a'reader who will have to turn the leaves of his book often. the fingersmay be turned down in front the base, and thus become inoperative for the time being. I
This rack will also be found convenient for holding copy, reference-books, and other matter requiring frequent consultation. The angular bends a a, in the spring fingers prevent the disturbance of the stability of the rack under the operations of such fingers, it being understood that the stapled portion of the wire a forms a curved axis or shaft, with which pie, 0, wherebyit is converted into a spring,
the back, and having end crooks, g h, loosely hinged to the back by loops 1) b engaging eyes outside the legs of said back, whereby it is adapted to be sprung in between the legs of the back to lock it (the said bra ce) in position for use in sustaining the rack, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with the base, of the back provided with eyes projecting outside its legs, and the brace hinged in said eyes swung between the legs of the back, and provided with the bends or crooks g h below the hinging-points, whereby it is adapted to be sprung in between the uprights of said back when swung back from said eyes, to therebylock itself in position, substantially as described.
3. A book-rack composed of a supportingbase, a back having eyes outside of its legs, a brace hinged between said legs to said back by loops 1) b engaging its eyes, and having crooked or bent ends, substantially as described, so as to be sprung through the uprights thereof, and thereby be self-locking and adjustable, and spring-fingers made in one piece and moving with a curved shaft, substantially as shown and described.
4. In a book-rack having a support for the back and lower edge of a book, the wire a,secured to the support in a curved line, substantially as set forth, by staples m o n, to convert it into a spring, and having its ends bent to project over such support for holding the book in place thereon, all as and for the purpose described.
5. The wire a, curved as shown, and having the bends a a and fingers a a, combined with a book-support, and means to secure the wire in its curved form thereto, whereby the fingers I of said wire are retained in position to hold an open or other book in place upon the support, and also retained in a reverse position to free the book, substantially as set forth.
JOEL SWARTZ. Vitnesses:
UHAs. K. SWARTZ, T. A. BENNER.
US298039D Book-rack Expired - Lifetime US298039A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5067682A (en) * 1989-07-10 1991-11-26 Figaro Davy J Book holder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5067682A (en) * 1989-07-10 1991-11-26 Figaro Davy J Book holder

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