US2978703A - Folded dipole antenna fabricated from a single metallic sheet - Google Patents

Folded dipole antenna fabricated from a single metallic sheet Download PDF

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Publication number
US2978703A
US2978703A US1352260A US2978703A US 2978703 A US2978703 A US 2978703A US 1352260 A US1352260 A US 1352260A US 2978703 A US2978703 A US 2978703A
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antenna
dipole
folded
ground
invention
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John A Kuecken
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Avco Corp
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Avco Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • H01Q9/16Resonant antennas with feed intermediate between the extremities of the antenna, e.g. centre-fed dipole
    • H01Q9/26Resonant antennas with feed intermediate between the extremities of the antenna, e.g. centre-fed dipole with folded element or elements, the folded parts being spaced apart a small fraction of operating wavelength

Description

April 4, 1961 J. A. KUECKEN FOLDED DIPOLE ANTENNA FABRICATED FROM A SINGLE METALLIC SHEET Filed March 8, 1960 INVENTOR.

JOHN A. KUECK EN. QM 7%,

ATTORNEYS.

FOLDED DIPOLE ANTENNA FABRICATED FROM A SINGLE METALLIC SHEET John A. Kuecken, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignor to Avco Corporation, Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 8, 1960, Ser. No. 13,522

3 Claims. (Cl. 343-803) The present invention relates to antennas and specifically to center-fed folded dipole antennas. The electrical characteristics of antennas of this general type are described in the literature, as for example, in Electronic and Radio Engineering, Terman, page 900, Fourth Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955; Antennas, Kraus, pages 415-418, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950; Principles of Radar, M.I.T. Radar School Staff, pages 9-76 and 9-77, McGraw-Hill, 1946.

An object of the invention is to provide an extremely simple folded dipole antenna which is characterized by a manufacturing cost of a radically low order of magnitude.

Another object of the invention is to provide a folded dipole antenna having a radiator which may beshaped with facility to optimize the impedance characteristics of the antenna for maximum band width.

Another object of the invention is to provide a dipole antenna which may be manufactured in quantity by high speed sheet metal fabrication techniques.

For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects, advantages and capabilities thereof, reference is made to the appended description of the following drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a ground plane reflecting folded dipole in accordance with the invention; and

Fig. 2 is a plan view of a development of the radiator member of Fig. 1.

The radiator comprises a single piece of normally flat sheet metal 10, fabricated as by stamping techniques, in a cruciform configuration, comprising legs 11 and 12, and arms 13 and 14. Leg 11 terminates in an integral ground plane member 15 of elliptical form and elliptically apertured at 16 as shown. Leg 12 terminates in a portion 17.

The first step in the manufacture of this antenna is to stamp out a fiat sheet metal conductive radiator member in accordance with Fig. 2, shaped and dimensioned to satisfy the electrical requirements of the particular application for which the antenna is to be employed. Then the legs 11 and 12 are bent downwardly into positions where those legs are in parallel but are perpendicular to arms 13 and 14. Then portions 15 and 17 of the legs are bent inwardly toward each other and into horizontal planes so that flange 17 overlaps ground plane portion 15. Flange 17 is then secured to ground plane 15. Arms 13 and 14 are bent at their mid portions through 180-degree loops and their extremities are secured at 19 and 20 respectively to the conductive mem- States atent bers 21 and 22 of a transmission line. These conductive members are secured in position by an insulator 23 through which they project and to which they are secured. This insulator is press-fitted into elliptical aperture 16.

It will be seen that, upon final assembly, this antenna consists of two closely spaced half wave length elements connected together at the outer ends and the antenna is directly connected to a two-wire line 21, 22 having a characteristic impedance on the order of the antenna impedance, approximating 300 ohms.

Since the radiator is a stamped element any desired radiation properties Within the capabilities of a folded dipole antenna are predetermined by design of the forming elements at the factory. By the use of a simple flat metal development, suitably shaped, the invention accomplishes broad band performance, mechanical stability, radical economy, and the protective advantages of the grounded construction. A folded dipole in conjunction with the reflecting ground plane 15 affords a range of desired radiation pattern (Terman, Electronic and Radio Engineering, pages 886-888, Fourth Edition, McGraw- Hill, New York, 1955). The fabrication of this antenna involves only punching, forming and welding operations. In the particular example, the arms 13 and 14 are conical in general outline but they may be formed in any manner appropriate to the application required.

While the invention is not limited to specific parameters, I have found the following dimensions to be suitable for operation in the 425 megacycle region:

Span of members 13, 14 after folding 12.3" Mean distance of the two dipole members from ground made therein without departing from the proper scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Having described my invention, I claim: 1. A folded dipole antenna comprising a sheet metal cruciform body member having integral vertically extending legs and integral radiating arms of ribbon-like section extending transversely of said legs, said arms comprising two closely spaced half-wave length elements looped together at the outer ends.

2. A folded dipole antenna in accordance with claim 1 in which the extremity of one leg includes a horizontally extending ground plane portion, and in which the other leg is secured to said ground plane portion.

'3. A folded dipole antenna construction in accordance with claim 2, in which the ground plane portion is provided with an aperture, an insulator mounted in said aperture and secured to said ground plane portion, and a transmission line comprising two conductors projecting through said insulator and secured to the extremities of said arms.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,563,243 Hills Aug. 7, 1951

US2978703A 1960-03-08 1960-03-08 Folded dipole antenna fabricated from a single metallic sheet Expired - Lifetime US2978703A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4498085A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-02-05 Rca Corporation Folded dipole radiating element
US4513292A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-04-23 Rca Corporation Dipole radiating element
WO1997023019A1 (en) * 1995-12-19 1997-06-26 Allen Telecom Group, Inc. Antenna assembly
US5644321A (en) * 1993-01-12 1997-07-01 Benham; Glynda O. Multi-element antenna with tapered resistive loading in each element
US5936590A (en) * 1992-04-15 1999-08-10 Radio Frequency Systems, Inc. Antenna system having a plurality of dipole antennas configured from one piece of material
US5943025A (en) * 1995-02-06 1999-08-24 Megawave Corporation Television antennas
US5959586A (en) * 1995-02-06 1999-09-28 Megawave Corporation Sheet antenna with tapered resistivity
US6005522A (en) * 1995-05-16 1999-12-21 Allgon Ab Antenna device with two radiating elements having an adjustable phase difference between the radiating elements
US6229496B1 (en) 2000-05-05 2001-05-08 Radiovector U.S.A., Llc Multiple element antenna from a single piece
EP1098391A2 (en) * 1999-11-03 2001-05-09 Andrew A.G. Folded dipole antenna
US6346922B1 (en) * 1999-02-01 2002-02-12 Supersensor (Proprietary) Limited Hybrid antenna arrangement for use with electronic identification systems
US6597324B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2003-07-22 Radiovector U.S.A. Llc Single piece element for a dual polarized antenna
US6608600B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2003-08-19 Radiovector U.S.A., Llc Single piece element for a dual polarized antenna
US20040145531A1 (en) * 2002-03-29 2004-07-29 Godard Jeffrey A. Microstrip fed log periodic antenna
EP1615290A1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2006-01-11 LG Electronics, Inc. Internal antenna of wireless communication terminal
US20060202900A1 (en) * 2005-03-08 2006-09-14 Ems Technologies, Inc. Capacitively coupled log periodic dipole antenna
US20100039331A1 (en) * 2008-08-18 2010-02-18 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Low-profile three-dimensional antenna
US20150263427A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2015-09-17 Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited Antenna

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2563243A (en) * 1949-05-10 1951-08-07 Joseph N Marks Indoor television antenna

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2563243A (en) * 1949-05-10 1951-08-07 Joseph N Marks Indoor television antenna

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4513292A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-04-23 Rca Corporation Dipole radiating element
US4498085A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-02-05 Rca Corporation Folded dipole radiating element
US5936590A (en) * 1992-04-15 1999-08-10 Radio Frequency Systems, Inc. Antenna system having a plurality of dipole antennas configured from one piece of material
US5644321A (en) * 1993-01-12 1997-07-01 Benham; Glynda O. Multi-element antenna with tapered resistive loading in each element
US5943025A (en) * 1995-02-06 1999-08-24 Megawave Corporation Television antennas
US5959586A (en) * 1995-02-06 1999-09-28 Megawave Corporation Sheet antenna with tapered resistivity
US6005522A (en) * 1995-05-16 1999-12-21 Allgon Ab Antenna device with two radiating elements having an adjustable phase difference between the radiating elements
US5724051A (en) * 1995-12-19 1998-03-03 Allen Telecom Inc. Antenna assembly
WO1997023019A1 (en) * 1995-12-19 1997-06-26 Allen Telecom Group, Inc. Antenna assembly
US6346922B1 (en) * 1999-02-01 2002-02-12 Supersensor (Proprietary) Limited Hybrid antenna arrangement for use with electronic identification systems
EP1098391A2 (en) * 1999-11-03 2001-05-09 Andrew A.G. Folded dipole antenna
EP1098391A3 (en) * 1999-11-03 2003-05-14 Andrew A.G. Folded dipole antenna
US6229496B1 (en) 2000-05-05 2001-05-08 Radiovector U.S.A., Llc Multiple element antenna from a single piece
US6597324B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2003-07-22 Radiovector U.S.A. Llc Single piece element for a dual polarized antenna
US6608600B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2003-08-19 Radiovector U.S.A., Llc Single piece element for a dual polarized antenna
US20040145531A1 (en) * 2002-03-29 2004-07-29 Godard Jeffrey A. Microstrip fed log periodic antenna
US6885350B2 (en) 2002-03-29 2005-04-26 Arc Wireless Solutions, Inc. Microstrip fed log periodic antenna
US20060017629A1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2006-01-26 Lg Electronics Inc. Internal antenna of wireless communication terminal
EP1615290A1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2006-01-11 LG Electronics, Inc. Internal antenna of wireless communication terminal
US20080100520A1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2008-05-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Internal antenna of wireless communication terminal
US7312755B2 (en) 2004-07-06 2007-12-25 Lg Electronics Inc. Internal antenna of wireless communication terminal
US20060202900A1 (en) * 2005-03-08 2006-09-14 Ems Technologies, Inc. Capacitively coupled log periodic dipole antenna
US20100039331A1 (en) * 2008-08-18 2010-02-18 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Low-profile three-dimensional antenna
US8354963B2 (en) * 2008-08-18 2013-01-15 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd Low-profile three-dimensional antenna
US20150263427A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2015-09-17 Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited Antenna

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