US2975053A - Reproduction material - Google Patents

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US2975053A
US2975053A US76534058A US2975053A US 2975053 A US2975053 A US 2975053A US 76534058 A US76534058 A US 76534058A US 2975053 A US2975053 A US 2975053A
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formula
layer
water
compound
solution
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Maximilian P Schmidt
Sus Oskar
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Azoplate Corp
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Azoplate Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03FPHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • G03F7/00Photomechanical, e.g. photolithographic, production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. printing surfaces; Materials therefor, e.g. comprising photoresists; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
    • G03F7/004Photosensitive materials
    • G03F7/022Quinonediazides
    • G03F7/0223Iminoquinonediazides; Para-quinonediazides

Description

REPRODUCTION MATERIAL Maximilian P. Schmidt and Oskar Siis, Wiesbadeu- 'Biebrich, Germany, assignors, by mesne assignments, to Azoplate Corporation, Murray Hill, N.J., a corporation of New Jersey No Drawing FiledOct. 6, 1958, Ser. No. 765,340

20 Claims. (Cl. 9633) The present invention concerns the production of copies from originals. More particularly, it is concerned with the production of a material comprising a support layer .coated with a light sensitive-water soluble or water swell- ,able colloid layer.

For several decades, papers and foils which were light sensitized by means of diazo compounds have been in use in the graphic arts. They are widely used for the reproduction of drawings and other transparent originals.

Many atempts have been made in the photo-reproduction field to replace the chromates, which in combination with water soluble colloids, are used in a series of technically important processes, e.g. in copper intaglio printing, zinc plate printing, oifset printing, photo-lithographic processes, and in the production of pigment papers. Recently,

suggestions have been made to replace the chromates used in offset printing, by higher molecular diazo compounds.

However, in those diazotype processes in which water soluble colloids must be used for the production of tanned images, e.g. for making collotypes or for the copper intaglio printing process, chromates are still used, in spite of their being poisonous and having other disadvantages.

It is one object of the present invention to provide a novel reproduction material consisting of a layer support quinone diazides in a colloid layer coated on a base material to produce tanned images upon exposure to a light image.

The light sensitive substances to be used according to this invention in the colloid layer are sulfonic acids, and the salts of such sulfonic acids, of p-quinone-diazide sulfonic acid derivatives, which are sulfo esters as well as sulfon amides, said derivatives containing two or more p-quinone-diazide sulfonyl groups in their molecules. The colloid being the most important component of the novel reproduction material, these light sensitive substances are mostly used in a minor amount as compared with the amount of colloid in the colloid layer. The major portion of the layer is in general the colloid. Layers containing more than 60 percent of the light sensitive substance are not Within the scope of this invention.

The reproduction material prepared according to the present invention, after it is exposed under a transparent original and developed by treatment with water, results in tanned images which are very suitable for numerous purposes in the reproduction field.

Heretofore it was known that neither the orthoand para-benzoquinone-diazide sulfonic acids and paranaphthquinone-diazide sulfonic acids, nor the sulfonic acids of o-quinone-diazide esters or o-quinone-diazide sulfonic Unimd QPatent O t Patented Mar. 14, 1961 acid amides (even if they contained several light sensitive o-quinone diazide residues in their molecules) were capable of hardening water soluble colloids to such a degree that suitable tanned images are obtained by light exposure and subsequent development with water. It was, therefore, very surprising to determine that the specific group of bis-compounds of the invention could accomplish the purpose.

The compounds, which must be present as the light sensitive substance in the colloidal layer, can be mixed with various water soluble or water swellable colloids and then be used for the production of light sensitive layers, by coating the solution onto a suitable support, in a manner similar to the way known chromate layers are made. Colloids suitable for use in accordance with the present invention are either natural colloids, such as gelatine or casein; or synthetic colloids, e.g. high viscous polyvinylpyrrolidones, acrylic acid amides, polyvinyl alcohol, or similar Water soluble or water swellable substances. Dyestuffs, sensitizers, pigments or plasticizers, e.g. glycerine, may be added to the colloid layers, as well as other additives customarily used in diazotype processes.

According to one method of the present invention, a water swellable colloid layer, e.g. a gelatine or cellulose hydrate layer, is sensitized by coating itwith a solution of the compound to be used as the light sensitive substance.

One method of producing the light sensitive substance in the colloid layer is, for example, by causing p-quinonediazide sulfonic acid chlorides to react with aromatic sulfonic acids or aromatic carboxylic acids containing at least one amino group as well as at least one hydroxy group in their aromatic nucleus.

If the visibility of the tanned images of the invention, obtained after exposure to light, should not be good enough, they can be colored before or after development with water by using dyestuif solutions of, e.g., basic dyestuffs, such as methylene blue or methyl violet. Frequently, a further hardening of the images results from such coloration. However, such hardening eifect may also be obtained by an after-treatment with a tanning agent, e.g. formaldehyde.

Suitable base materials or supports for the light sensitive colloid layers may be: Paper, films, plastic foils, metal foils, metal plates and metal cylinders, e.g. of aluminum, zinc, copper or brass, or they may be of glass or textile fabrics.

The light sensitive reproduction material according to the present invention may be used for all processes in which chromates were hitherto used for sensitization, especially for intaglio and ofiset printing. It is also of practical importance in obtaining pigment images, copying originals, or for the production of stencils.

The light sensitive layers according to the present invention have an excellent shelf life. As compared with the diazo and nitro compounds previously proposed for.

the production of tanned images, the new material has the advantage that it bleaches out more strongly, and thus avoids weakness in contrast of the images obtained.

The following compounds are discussed in further detail in the examples: 1)

SOT-NH I-sota 7 N2 o -s r SOaH OzS-O II N:

l O l H033 NIT-SO:

Example I A solution containing 0.3% of the compound corresponding to Formula 1 (condensation product of 1 mol of Z-amino--hydroxy-naphthalene-7-sulfonic acid with 2 moles of naphthoquinone-(1,4)-diazide(4)-2-sulfochloride), 0.15% of erythrosin, and 3% of gelatine in aqueous alcohol (80% is coated onto a brushed or superficially oxidized aluminum foil and dried. The layer is then exposed under a transparent original, using, a closed carbon arc lamp of 18 amp. as the light source, and then rinsed with water of 40 C. A vividly violet colored image is obtained, which adheres very firmly to the plate even after an exposure of only 15-20 seconds.

Instead of erythrosin, eosin may be used. If erythrosin is not contained in the coating solution, and the plate is exposed for 1 /2 minutes to the light of an open carbon arc lamp at a distance of 1 m., the image adheres very firmly to the support, when being rinsed with water.

In order to prepare the compound corresponding to Formula 1, 2.4 g. of Z-amino-S-hydroxy-naphthalene-7- sulfonic acid are dissolved in 25 cc. of water and 2.5 cc. of caustic soda solution, to form the sodium salt of the acid. To this solution there is added first a suspension of 5.4 g. of naphthoquinone-(l,4)-diazide-(4)- Z-sulfochloride in 25 cc. of dioxane and, subsequently, at a temperature of about 40 C. and with agitation, as much of a 10% sodium carbonate solution as is necessary to obtain a clear solution. The solution is cooled down, poured into 300 cc. of a saturated sodium chloride solution, and slightly heated again. A dark green product precipitates which is drawn ofi. It is dissolved in a little water, and the solution is first mixed with animal charcoal and then filtered. Hydrochloric acid is added to the filtrate until an acid reaction is obtained, whereupon the condensation product separates, which is then drawn otf. It is dissolved in hot alcohol (90%) and the solution is filtered ofi from the deposit. The product corresponding to Formula 1 crystallizes from the filtrate in the form of brownish-yellow crystals. Upon dissolving this product in dilute sodium carbonate solution, it forms a yellow solution. It does not couple with other diazo compounds.

Example II 0.3 g. of the sodium salt of the N,O-bis [naphthoquinone (l,4) diazide (4') 2' sulfonyl -1- amino-5-hydroxy-naphthalene-7-sulfonic acid, corresponding to Formula 2 are dissolved in 100 ml. of a 3% aqueous solution of gelatin. An aluminum foil, the surface of which has been roughened by means of brushing, is coated with the solution mentioned above by means of whirlcoating and is subsequently dried with warm air. The dried and sensitized foil is then exposed under a transparent negative, e.g. at a closed arc lamp of 18 amp./ v. and at a distance of about 70 cm. and is then inked with a 1% aqueous solution of Victoria Blue B (see Schultz Farbstofitabellen, 7th edition, volume 1 (1931), No. 822, page 347). Development of the image thus formed on the foil is effected by rinsing or bathing the exposed foil with water having a temperature of 40 C. Thus, a colored positive image remains on the foil. After drying, the foil can be used for the production of stencils or as a printing plate in a conventional printing apparatus.

The sodium salt of the diazo compound corresponding to Formula 2 is prepared as follows:

2.4 g. of 1-amino-5-hydroxy-naphthalene-7-sulfonic acid are suspended in 25 ml. of water and neutralized by adding a 10% solution of caustic soda. A suspension of 5.4 g. of naphthoquinone-(1,4)-diazide-(4)-2-sulfochloride in 25 ml. of dioxane is added to the obtained solution and, at a temperature of 40 C., 20 ml. of a 10% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate are added, drop by drop, to the mixture, while stirring. At a temperature of 40 C., the reaction mixture is again stirred for 15 minutes, poured into 300 ml. of a saturated sodium chloride solution and separated from the liquid. The filter cake is first washed with 50 ml. of alcohol and then with ether. The raw reaction product is purified by reprecipitation from ethylene glycolmonomethylether. The sodium salt of the diazo compound corresponding to Formula 2 is a greenish-yellow substance.

Example III A solution, prepared using 50% aqueous alcohol as a solvent and containing 1.5% of highly viscous polyvinylpyrrolidone and 0.15% of the sodium salt of the N,O bis [naphthoquinone (l',4') diazide (4) 2'- sulfonyl-]-2-amino-8-hydroxy-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid corresponding to Formula 3, is coated onto an aluminum foil, the surface of which was previously roughtened by means of brushing. After drying the foil with warm air, it is exposed under a transparent negative and developed as described in Example 2. After development, the foil shows a blue colored positive image and can be used for the production of stencils or as a printing plate in a conventional printing apparatus.

The sodium salt of the diazo compound corresponding to Formula 3 is prepared as follows:

2.4 g. of 2-amino-8-hydroxy-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid are suspended in 25 ml. of water and neutralized by adding a 10% solution of caustic soda. A suspension of 5.4 g. of naphthoquinone-(1,4)-diaZide-(4) 2- sulfochloride in 25 ml. of dioxane is added to the resulting solution and, at a temperature of 40 C., 20 ml. of 10% aqueous solution 0t sodium carbonate are added, drop by drop, to the mixture, While heating. At a tem perature of 40 C., the reaction mixture is again stirred for 15 minutes, poured into 300 ml. of a saturated sodium chloride solution and separated from the liquid. The filter cake is first washed with 50 ml. of alcohol and then with ether. The raw reaction product is purified by reprecipitating it from ethylene glycolmonomethylether. The sodium salt of the diazo compound corresponding to Formula 3 is a greenish-yellow substance.

Example I V A commercial gelatin paper the gelatin layer of which may be colored by a pigment is bathed in a 5% aqueous solution of the sodium salt of the N,O-bis-[naphthoquinone (1',4) diazide (4) 2' sulfonyl] 2- amino-8-hydroxy-naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid corresponding to Formula 3 at a temperature of 5 C. and is thereby sensitized. The paper being still wet is pressed with its layer side onto a glass plate which has been cleaned by means of ox gall. By applying a felt onto the back side of the paper and loading with another glass plate, the paper is dried at room temperature until it is lifted 7 off by itself. The paper thus dried is then exposed for 6 5 minutes under a transparent positive pattern, wetted with water and subsequently transferred onto a copper plate or a copper cylinder. When bathing in water which has a temperature from between 35 to 40 0., the paper support and the gelatin which has not been 10 hardened by light are detached from the surface of the metal and a negative gelatin relief image of the .pattern which can be etched according to the intaglio printing process, remains on the copper.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit thereof, and the invention includes all such modifications.

This application is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 725,801, filed April 2, 1958, which in turn is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 566,093, filed February 17, 1956, and now abandoned.

What is claimed is:

1. A compound having the formula R-SOFNH o-em-R in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-diazide radicals, and X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a metal cation.

2. A compound having the formula .35

in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation;

3. A compound having the formula SOs-NHU I in which X is selected from the group consisting of in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

4. A compound having the formula SO2-NH in which X is selected from the group consisting-of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

5'. Light sensitive material comprising a base material n 6 t coated with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula SOsX in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-diazide radicals,

and X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a metal cation.

6. Light sensitive material comprising a base material coated with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

7. Light sensitive material comprising a base material coated with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid anda compound having the formula sol-mew in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

8. Light'sensitive material comprising a base material coated with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

9. A method of making light sensitive material which comprises coating a base material with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula SOaX ' a-soi-rm O-SOr-iRi in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-diazide radicals, and X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a metal cation. 10. A method of making light sensitive material which comprises coating a base material with a layer-comprising 7 a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula SOaNH 803K 0 I II N: 0

0 O-S0 II SO1NH in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

12. A method of making light sensitive material which comprises coating a base material with a layer comprising a water-soluble organic colloid and a compound having the formula II I sloping W in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-1-diazide radicals, drogen and an alkali metal cation.

.13. A presensitized gelatin paper comprising paper stock coated with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula SOrX W in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-1-diazide radicals, and X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a metal cation.

14. A presensitized gelatin paper comprising paper stock coated with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula SOz-NH U 503 0 J II N:

It, in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

15. A presensitized gelatin paper comp-rising paper g stock coated with a layer comprising gelatin and a com pound having the formula SOJX 0 I1 IOl O-SO l SO -NH- in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

16. A presensitized gelatin paper comprising paper stock coated with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula OSO II I

SO2NH SO X N;

in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

17. A method of making a presensitized gelatin paper comprising coating paper stock with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula SOsX in which R and R are quinone-(1,4)-diazide radicals, and X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a metal cation.

18. A method of making a presensitized gelatin paper comprising coating paper stock with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

19. A method of making a presensitized gelatin paper comprising coating paper stock with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula O O--SO SO NH in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and an alkali metal cation.

20. A method of making a presensitized gelatin paper SOzNH 9 10 comprising coating papcr stock with a layer comprising gelatin and a compound having the formula in which X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogcn and an alkali metal cation.

1? References Cited in the file of this patent 0-80 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,754,209 Schmidt et a1. July 10, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 50; N 10 706,028 Great Britain Mar. 24, 1954

Claims (1)

  1. 5. LIGHT SENSITIVE MATERIAL COMPRISING A BASE MATERIAL COATED WITH A LAYER COMPRISING A WATER-SOLUBLE ORGANIC COLLOID AND A COMPOUND HAVING THE FORMULA
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3173787A (en) * 1959-03-24 1965-03-16 Eastman Kodak Co Photosensitive element comprising a hydrophobic support, a hydrophilic layer thereonand a light-sensitive resin overcoat layer and photomechanical processes therewith
US4005437A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-01-25 Rca Corporation Method of recording information in which the electron beam sensitive material contains 4,4'-bis(3-diazo-3-4-oxo-1-naphthalene sulfonyloxy)benzil
US4126460A (en) * 1975-08-28 1978-11-21 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Light sensitive printing plate comprising a matted overlayer
US4279982A (en) * 1978-12-08 1981-07-21 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Photosensitive compositions
EP0684521A1 (en) * 1994-05-25 1995-11-29 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Positive working photosensitive compositions
EP2250995A2 (en) 2009-05-15 2010-11-17 Merck Patent GmbH Pigment mixtures
DE102009025293A1 (en) 2009-06-15 2010-12-16 Adolf Pfaff & Dr. Karl-Friedrich Reichenbach GbR (vertretungsberechtigter Gesellschafter: Adolf Pfaff, 79183 Waldkirch) Radiopaque shape memory polymers

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB706028A (en) * 1949-07-23 1954-03-24 Kalle & Co Ag Improvements relating to diazotype processes and materials for producing photo-mechanical printing plates
US2754209A (en) * 1952-06-10 1956-07-10 Azoplate Corp Light-sensitive para quinone diazides for making printing plates

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB706028A (en) * 1949-07-23 1954-03-24 Kalle & Co Ag Improvements relating to diazotype processes and materials for producing photo-mechanical printing plates
US2754209A (en) * 1952-06-10 1956-07-10 Azoplate Corp Light-sensitive para quinone diazides for making printing plates

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3173787A (en) * 1959-03-24 1965-03-16 Eastman Kodak Co Photosensitive element comprising a hydrophobic support, a hydrophilic layer thereonand a light-sensitive resin overcoat layer and photomechanical processes therewith
US4005437A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-01-25 Rca Corporation Method of recording information in which the electron beam sensitive material contains 4,4'-bis(3-diazo-3-4-oxo-1-naphthalene sulfonyloxy)benzil
US4065306A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-12-27 Rca Corporation Electron beam recording media containing 4,4'-bis(3-diazo-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1-naphthalene-sulfonyloxy)benzil
US4126460A (en) * 1975-08-28 1978-11-21 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Light sensitive printing plate comprising a matted overlayer
US4279982A (en) * 1978-12-08 1981-07-21 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Photosensitive compositions
EP0684521A1 (en) * 1994-05-25 1995-11-29 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Positive working photosensitive compositions
US5609983A (en) * 1994-05-25 1997-03-11 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Positive working photosensitive compositions
EP2250995A2 (en) 2009-05-15 2010-11-17 Merck Patent GmbH Pigment mixtures
DE102009025293A1 (en) 2009-06-15 2010-12-16 Adolf Pfaff & Dr. Karl-Friedrich Reichenbach GbR (vertretungsberechtigter Gesellschafter: Adolf Pfaff, 79183 Waldkirch) Radiopaque shape memory polymers

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