US2972139A - Back-up warning signal for automotive vehicles - Google Patents

Back-up warning signal for automotive vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
US2972139A
US2972139A US814731A US81473159A US2972139A US 2972139 A US2972139 A US 2972139A US 814731 A US814731 A US 814731A US 81473159 A US81473159 A US 81473159A US 2972139 A US2972139 A US 2972139A
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Prior art keywords
bell
mounting plate
warning signal
automotive vehicles
striker
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US814731A
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Knutson Merritt
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Knutson Merritt
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices
    • B60Q1/02Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments
    • B60Q1/22Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments for reverse drive

Description

M. KNUTSON Feb. 14, 1961 BACK-UP WARNING SIGNAL FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES Filed May 21, 1959 t/lll/l/l H INVENTOR.
Msnnrr'r KNU rsmv A T TORNEYS United States atent Ofifice 2,972,139 BACK-UP WARNING SIGNAL FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES Merritt Knutson, Wiiiiston, N. Dait. Filed May 21, 1959, Set. N0. 314,731 1 Claim, (Cl. 348392) My invention relates to and provides a novel warning signal mechanism for automotive vehicles having reversing mechanisms.
More specifically my invention relates to audible warning signals and provides means for automatically initiating said signal simultaneously with operation of the vehicles reversing mechanism.
The primary object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class above described which incorporates but a minimum of Working parts, is rugged and durable in construction, and relatively foolproof in its operation.
A further object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class described which may be used almost indefinitely without appreciable wear or service.
A still further object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class described which may be produced at a minimum of expense and which adds but a minimum of weight to the vehicle.
The above and still further objects of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed specification, appended claim and attached drawings.
Referring to the drawings wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views;
Fig. l is a view in side elevation of a conventional motor truck having my novel warning apparatus attached thereto;
Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation of my novel warning apparatus;
Fig. 3 is a sectional View taken on the line 3-4: of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3, some parts being broken away; and
Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic view of the electrical circuit utilized in my invention.
Referring with greater particularity to the drawings, the numeral 1 indicates in its entirety a mounting bracket adapted to be suitably secured to the chassis of a conventional motor vehicle identified by the letter A. As shown, the bracket 1 comprises a generally C-shaped element 2 formed from metal strap or the like and having a vertically extended portion 3 which is adapted to be secured to the vehicle A by any suitable means. A metal mounting plate 4 is welded or otherwise rigidly secured to the extended upper and lower end portions 5, 6 of the C-shaped bracket element 2 in a vertical plane.
A conventional hell 7 is rigidly secured to the outer surface 8 of the mounting plate 4 through the medium of a mounting post 9, the projected outer end of which engages the center of the hell 7 and holds the same in spaced relation to the mounting plate 4. A striker 10 has one end pivotally secured as at 11 to the outer surface 8 of the mounting plate 4 within the confines of the hell 7 for swinging movements of the free opposite end 12 thereof toward and away from the inner peripheral surface 13 of the hell 7. A coil tension spring 14 has one end anchored as at 15 remotely from the striker 10 and has its opposite end in engagement with the intermediate portion of the striker 10 as indicated at 16, whereby to yieldingly bias the free end 12 away from striking engagement with the hell 7.
For the purpose of imparting intermittent striking movements to the striker 1G, I provide an electric motor 17 which is rigidly secured to the inner face 18 of the mounting plate 4. The motor 17 has a drive shaft 19 which projects through the mounting plate 4 and terminates in a cam element 20. As shown particularly in Fig. 3, the spring 14 maintains the intermediate portion of the striker 10 in engagement with the cam 20 at all times, rotation of said cam 20 causing the intermittent engagement of the free end 12 with said bell 7. 7
As shown in Fig. 5, the motor 17 is interposed in an electrical circuit 21. The circuit 21 has a normally open switch 22 which is automatically closed, whereby to initiate audible warning signals from the bell 7, when the shifting lever 23 is moved from the neutral dotted line position to the reverse full line position thereof.
Under certain conditions, it may be desirable to render the signaling apparatus above described inoperative and for this purpose I provide a normally closed manual switch 24 in the circuit 21. As shown particularly in Fig. 2, the switch 24 is of conventional pull type and is secured to the inner surface 18 of the mounting plate 4.
For the purpose of deflecting sand or the like falling from the bed B of the vehicle A, I provide a generally semicylindrical guard plate 25. The guard plate 25 is formed from the upper portion of the mounting plate 4 and is in overlying spaced relationship to the beil 7. Ohviously this arrangement tends to keep the bell ringing mechanism free of sand or the like, which would otherwise fall from the bed B and enter through the space between the bell 7 and the surface 8 of the mounting plate 4.
My invention has been thoroughly tested and found to be completely satisfactory for the accomplishment of the above objects and while I have shown a preferred embodiment thereof, I wish it to be understood that same may be capable of modification without departure from the scope and spirit of the appended claim.
What I claim is:
In a device of the class described, a mounting plate, a bell, anchoring means extending between said mounting plate and the central portion of said bell and rigidly maintaining said bell in spaced overlying relationship to said mounting plate, a striker for said bell, means pivotally securing one end of said striker to said mounting plate within the confines of said bell for movements of the opposite end thereof toward and away from striking engagement with the periphery of said bell, an electric motor, means securing said electric motor to the opposite side of said mounting plate with its drive shaft projecting therethrough, cam means on the projected end of said drive shaft and engageable with the intermediate portion of said striker to move the free end thereof into hell striking engagement, and spring means yieldingly hiasin said striker in a direction away from striking engagement with said bell, said mounting plate projecting laterally outwardly in all directions from the perimeter of said bell, the upper end portion of said mounting plate defining a semi-cylindrical guard plate which overlies said bell in spaced concentric relationship to said bell and substantially covering said bell.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 539,431 lngersoll May 21, 1895 988,171 Bush May 28, 1911. 1,123,818 Tucker Jan. 5, 1915 1,254,265 Page Jan. 22, 1918 1,692,518 Sotak Nov. 20, 1928 1,958,028 Aymar May 8, 1934 2,580,677 Hadley Jan. 1, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 407,528 Great Britain Mar. 22, 1934
US814731A 1959-05-21 1959-05-21 Back-up warning signal for automotive vehicles Expired - Lifetime US2972139A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3230921A (en) * 1964-01-16 1966-01-25 Whirlpool Co Speed reduction indicator
US3346858A (en) * 1964-06-08 1967-10-10 Int Standard Electric Corp Telephone ringer
US4305066A (en) * 1979-07-31 1981-12-08 Kobishi Electric Co., Ltd. Motor driven bell sound generating system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US539431A (en) * 1895-05-21 ing-ersoll
US988171A (en) * 1909-05-25 1911-03-28 Hazel Burton Bush Fire-alarm system.
US1123818A (en) * 1914-02-06 1915-01-05 Edwin P Severance Electric bell.
US1254265A (en) * 1911-11-16 1918-01-22 New Departure Mfg Co Bell.
US1692518A (en) * 1925-11-18 1928-11-20 Jr Samuel Sotak Alarm
GB407528A (en) * 1932-03-09 1934-03-22 Gottlieb Steiner Fixing devices for vehicle horns
US1958028A (en) * 1933-02-15 1934-05-08 Eugene F Aymar Signal device
US2580677A (en) * 1945-10-13 1952-01-01 Benjamin H Hadley Vehicle switch for back-up warning

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US539431A (en) * 1895-05-21 ing-ersoll
US988171A (en) * 1909-05-25 1911-03-28 Hazel Burton Bush Fire-alarm system.
US1254265A (en) * 1911-11-16 1918-01-22 New Departure Mfg Co Bell.
US1123818A (en) * 1914-02-06 1915-01-05 Edwin P Severance Electric bell.
US1692518A (en) * 1925-11-18 1928-11-20 Jr Samuel Sotak Alarm
GB407528A (en) * 1932-03-09 1934-03-22 Gottlieb Steiner Fixing devices for vehicle horns
US1958028A (en) * 1933-02-15 1934-05-08 Eugene F Aymar Signal device
US2580677A (en) * 1945-10-13 1952-01-01 Benjamin H Hadley Vehicle switch for back-up warning

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3230921A (en) * 1964-01-16 1966-01-25 Whirlpool Co Speed reduction indicator
US3346858A (en) * 1964-06-08 1967-10-10 Int Standard Electric Corp Telephone ringer
US4305066A (en) * 1979-07-31 1981-12-08 Kobishi Electric Co., Ltd. Motor driven bell sound generating system

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