US2969451A - Hot water heaters - Google Patents

Hot water heaters Download PDF

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Publication number
US2969451A
US2969451A US73884758A US2969451A US 2969451 A US2969451 A US 2969451A US 73884758 A US73884758 A US 73884758A US 2969451 A US2969451 A US 2969451A
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Prior art keywords
tank
water
pipe
hot water
faucet
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John A Logan
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Ajax Magnethermic Corp
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Ajax Magnethermic Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D17/00Domestic hot-water supply systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D17/00Domestic hot-water supply systems
    • F24D17/0089Additional heating means, e.g. electric heated buffer tanks or electric continuous flow heaters, located close to the consumer, e.g. directly before the water taps in bathrooms, in domestic hot water lines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/6416With heating or cooling of the system
    • Y10T137/6497Hot and cold water system having a connection from the hot to the cold channel

Description

Jan. 24, 1961 J. A. LOGAN HOT WATER HEATERS Filed May 29, 1958 BEE United States Patent HOT WATER HEATERS John A. Logan, Canfleld, Ohio, assignor to Ajax Magnethermic Corporation, a corporation of Ohio Filed May 29, 1958, Ser. No. 738,847

6 Claims. (Cl. 219-38) My invention relates to improvements in hot water generating systems and particularly to a device for providing an immediate source of hot water to a faucet which is located a substantially remote distance from a hot water tank.

When the hot water tank is located a considerable distance from the hot water faucet, the water must be allowed to run for a period of time before hot water is available. This results in great inconvenience to the person using the hot water faucet as well as involving the waste of a substantial amount of water.

It is, therefore, an object of my invention to provide an immediately usable source of hot water at a hot water faucet which is located a substantial distance from the main hot water tank.

Another object of my invention is to provide such a device which is adaptable to all conditions of plumbing regardless of the distance from the main tank to the hot water faucet.

A further object of my invention is to provide such a device which is inexpensive to install and operate and highly durable in use.

A still further object of my invention is to provide a device of the above type which is compact and completely self-operating.

Other objects of my invention and the invention itself will be completely understood from the following description and the accompanying drawing in which said drawing:

The figure of the drawing is a semi-diagrammatic view of a hot water system incorporating the device of the present invention.

Referring now to the drawings, in all of which like parts are designated by like reference characters, at 10 I show a main hot water tank of relatively large capacity having a heating element 11, herein shown as a gas burner. Although the tank illustrated is of the wellknown under-fired type, it will be understood that any suitable method of heating hot water may be used. As herein shown and illustrated, the burner 11 is supplied with gas through a gas line 12. A thermostat 13 is interposed in the line 12 and projects into the main tank 10 whereby the heat from said burner is controlled by increasing or decreasing the supply of gas in a conventional manner.

Water is supplied to the main tank 10 by means of an intake pipe 9 and hot water from said tank is discharged through an outlet pipe indicated at 14. At 16 I show a typical wash basin installation having a hot water faucet supplied by a water pipe 14. The pipes 14-14' constitute the means by which hot water from the main tank 10 reaches the faucet 15.

A small supplemental hot water heater 17 is interposed between the pipe 14 and the pipe 14' and a portion of the water from the main tank 10 must pass through the said supplemental hot water heater before reaching,

the hot water faucet 15. A by-pass pipe 25 is also pro- "ice vided by which a portion of the water from the tank 10 by-passes the small supplemental heater 17 and proceeds to the pipe 14' and from thence to the faucet 15. The said by-pass pipe 25 is connected into the pipe 14 at a T fitting 25a interposed between the said main tank 10 and the supplemental heater 17, and is also connected to the pipe 14 as indicated at the T fitting 25b interposed between the said supplemental heater 17 and the faucet 15.

Although the hot water generating system of my invention as herein shown provides a supplemental heater 17 interposed in the pipes 14-14', it will be understood that said heater can alternatively be installed in the by-pass line 25 to obtain the same result which is that of having a supplemental heater connected in a parallel arrangement with the pipe leading from the main tank 10 to the faucet 15.

The small supplemental water heater 17 preferably comprises a small supplemental tank 18, an outer shell 19 spaced away from said supplemental tank, and heat insulation material indicated at 20 interposed between the tank 18 and the outer shell 19. A conventional, preferably immersion type electric heating unit 21 is mounted on top of the supplemental tank 18, said heating unit having an immersion type heating coil 22 projecting down into said tank. The heating unit 21 is also provided with a thermostat 23 electrically operated through the wiring as shown at 24 by which the water in the tank is maintained at a constant temperature, preferably substantially higher than the main tank 10.

It will be understood from the above description that a certain amount of water from the main tank 10 is caused to pass through the supplemental tank 18 by means of the pipe 14 and from there to an outlet as by pipe 14' which lead respectively into and out of said tank and that an additional amount of water from the tank 10 by-passes the supplemental tank 18 on its way to the faucet 15 by means of the by-pass pipe 25.

In operation, all of the pipes 14, 14, and 25, as well as the tank 18 are filled with water. The amount of water to be contained in the supplemental tank 18 can be varied by varying the size of said tank, but in a typical installation, a capacity of four to six quarts would probably be sufiicient. The water in the supplemental tank 18 is constantly maintained by the thermostat means at a relatively high temperature compared to that ordi narily desired at a hot water faucet, such as about F.

If the hot water faucet 15 has not been used for a considerable period of time, the water in the pipes 14 and 14 as well as the pipe 25 will be cold. Under these conditions, actuation of the water faucet 15 causes water to flow both from the supplemental tank 18 and the pipe 25, to be mixed at the T fitting 25b as it enters the pipe 14'. The result of the mixing of the extremely hot water from the tank 18 and the cold water from the pipe 25 is to provide a water of usable temperature almost immediately at the faucet l5. Experimentation has shown that under the above recited conditions, water will dis charge from the faucet 15 at a temperature of approximately 120 F. It will be understood, however, that the temperature of the water at the faucet 15 can be varied depending upon the setting of the thermostat 23, and the ratio of mixing at the T fitting 25b and any desired temperature can be provided.

In order to control the ratio of mixing between the hot water from the tank 18 and the cold water from the pipe 25, I provide a pair of valves 26 and 27 interthe flow of water through the by-pass 25. Flow through sad pipe 25 is separately controlled by the valve 27. By individual adjustments of the valves 26 and 27, the ratio of mixing at the T fitting 25b can be established to further aid in providing water of optimum temperature to the faucet 15. It will be noted that the valve 26 could just as effectively be located in the pipe 14' between the supplemental tank 18 and the T fitting 25b, as indicated in dot-dash line at 26'.

It will be readily seen that the size of the supplemental tank 18 and the ratio of mixing between the valves 26 and 27 will depend upon the length of the pipe 14, the temperature of the water in said pipe, and the desired temperature of the water at the faucet 15. Said supplemental tank must contain sufiicient hot water admixed with the cold water in the lines to supply the faucet 15 with water of the desired temperature until Water from the main tank reaches the supplemental tank 18 and the by-pass pipe 25 after which hot water will be supplied directly from the main tank. By restricting the flow at the valve 26, the supplemental supply of water can be made to last longer. If the water in the pipe 14 is unusually cold, this can be offset by restricting the flow at the valve 27 relative to the flow through the valve 26 to maintain proper water temperature at the faucet 15.

After said faucet has been open for a period of time, hot water from the tank 10 rather than the cold water from the line will, of course, pass through the supple-' mental heater 17, but it will flow so rapidly that very little heat will be picked up by the water from the heating unit 21. When the faucet 15 is turned off, the water present in the supplement heater 17 will be hot water from the tank 10, and it will, therefore, take very little time for said water to reheat to its preferably high temperature. Research shows that warm water remains in the pipes after the faucet has been turned off for a period of about 30 minutes on the average under the temperature condition recited herein. By the time the water in the pipes 14-14' and the by-pass 25 has had a chance to cool, the water in supplemental heater 17 will have fully recovered its predetermined temperature, the water in the supplemental tank 18 having been reheated to its predetermined temperature.

The supplemental heater 17 of my invention is small and compact and may be readily located either in the wall or under a sink or in any convenient place adjacent a hot water faucet. Once the thermostat 23 has been set for the desired temperature, and the ratio of mixing set for any particular installation, no further adjustment is necessary, and the heating device of my invention is thereafter completely self-operating.

The supplemental heater 17 is herein described and illustrated as having an electric, immersion type heating unit controlled by means of a thermostat, but any suitable regulating means may be used other than a thermostat, such as, for example, adjusting and controlling the amount of power input to the heating unit to hold the tank at a given temperature. Also, said heating unit could be heated by other controllable heating means, such as a gas burner. The only essential features of the supplemental heater are that it have sufficient capacity to provide hot water for mixing with the cold water until such time as hot water from the main tank reaches the faucet and that it be capable of rapid recovery.

It will be understood that many departures from the deails of my invention as it is herein described and illustrated may be made, such as changes in size and dimension, without, however, departing from the spirit of my inventon or the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

l. A hot water generating system comprising a main hot water tank of relatively large capacity, heating means for saidvmain tank, a supplemental hot water tank of relatively smaller capacity, heating means for said supplemental tank, a faucet, a first pipe connecting said main tank to said supplemental tank, a second pipe connecting said supplemental tank to said faucet, a bypass pipe connecting said first pipe to said second pipe whereby water from said main tank passes through both said supplemental tank and said by-pass pipe and is mixed at a junction of said second pipe and said by-pass pipe before discharge from said faucet.

2. A device for providing hot water immediately to a faucet positioned a remote distance from a main hot water tank connected by pipe means therewith wherein the water in said pipe means is cold, said device comprising a main hot water tank, heating means forsaid main tank, a faucet, a hot water heater of relatively small capacity adjacent said faucet, pipe means connecting said main tank to said hot water heater whereby a portion of the water from said main tank flows through said heater, means by which another portion of said water flows around said heater to re-enter said pipe means between said heater and said faucet whereby cold water from said pipe means is mixed with hot water from said heater to be discharged at said faucet.

3. A device for providing hot water immediately to a faucet positioned a remote distance from a main hot water tank connected by pipe means to said faucet when the water in the said pipe means is cold, said device comprising a main hot water tank, heating means for said main tank, a faucet, a hot water heater of relatively small capacity adjacent said faucet, pipe means connecting said main tank to said hot water heater whereby a portion of the water from said main tank flows through said heater, control means associated with said heater to maintain the water therein at a relatively higher temperature than that heated within the main tank, second pipe means connecting said heater to said faucet, means by which a portion of the water from the main tank bypasses said heater to re-enter the pipe means disposed between said heater and said faucet whereby cold water from said first pipe means is mixed in the second pipe means with hot water from said heater to be discharged at said faucet.

4. A hot water generating system for providing an immediate source of hot water to a faucet located a substanital distance from a main hot water tank and comprising a main hot water tank, heating means for said main tank, a faucet, a supplemental hot water tank of relatively small capacity located adjacent said faucet, an electric immersion type heater associated with said supplemental tank including thermostatic control means whereby water in said supplemental tank is maintained at a higher temperature than the water in said main tank, a first pipe connecting said main tank to said supplemental tank and a second pipe connecting said supplemental tank to said faucet, a by-pass pipe having a first connection means at one end thereof to said first pipe and a second connection means at the opposite end thereof to said second pipe whereby a portion of the water from said first pipe passes around said supplemental tank and is mixed with heated water from said supplemental tank in said second pipe to be discharged from said faucet, and valve means adapted to control the flow of water through said supplemental heater on y.

5. A hot water generating system for providing an immediate source of hot water to a faucet located a substantial distance from a main hot water tank and comprising a main hot water tank, heating means for said main tank, a faucet, a supplemental hot water tank of relatively small capacity, said supplemental tank being located adjacent said faucet, means for heating said supplemental tank and maintaining the water therein at a higher temperature than the water in said main tank, a first pipe connecting said main tank to said supplemental tank and a second pipe connecting said suppleaaeasst mental tank to said faucet, a by-pass pipe having a first connection means at one end thereof to said first pipe and a second connection means at the opposite end thereof to said second pipe whereby a portion of the water from said first pipe passes around said supplemental tank and is mixed with heated water from said supplemental tank in said second pipe to be discharged from said faucet, a first valve in said first pipe between said first connection means and said supplemental tank for controlling the flow of water through said supplemental tank and a second valve in said by-pass pipe between said first and second connection means for controlling the flow of water through said by-pass pipe.

6. A hot water generating system for providing an immediate source of hot water to a faucet located a substantial distance from a main hot water tank and comprising a main hot water tank, heating means for said main tank, a faucet, a supplemental hot water tank of relatively small capacity located adjacent saidfaucet, said supplemental tank being located adjacent said faucet, means for heating said supplemental tank and maintaining the water therein at a higher temperature than the water in said main tank, a first pipe connecting said main tank to said supplemental tank and a second pipe connecting said supplemental tank to said faucet, a bypass pipe having a first connection means at one end thereof to said first pipe and a second connection means at the opposite end thereof to said second pipe whereby a portion of the water from said first pipe passes around said supplemental tank and is mixed with heated water from said supplemental tank in said second pipe to be discharged from said faucet, a first valve in said second pipe between said supplemental tank and said second connection for controlling the flow of water through said supplemental tank and a second valve in said by-pass pipe between said first and second connection means for controlling the flow of water through said by-pass pipe.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 984,552 Gambati Feb. 21, 1911 1,029,870 Humphrey June 18, 1912 1,151,586 Herkenrath Aug. 21, 1915 1,396,121 Iacobsen Nov. 8, 1921 1,555,338 Vaughan Sept. 29, 1925 1,839,007 Antonini Dec. 29, 1931 2,729,158 Wilfert Jan. 3, 1956 2,924,697 Thomson Feb. 9, 1960

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3065473A (en) * 1961-06-29 1962-11-27 Lodge & Shipley Co Lavatory with built-in water heater
US3100434A (en) * 1960-01-08 1963-08-13 George R Bunn Coffee making machine
US3295998A (en) * 1962-05-28 1967-01-03 Vendcor Inc Apparatus for preparing and dispensing hot potables
US3337714A (en) * 1964-02-03 1967-08-22 Werner W Buechner Heating device
US3351130A (en) * 1965-12-22 1967-11-07 Patterson Kelley Co Dual temperature water heating and supply system
US3776261A (en) * 1972-05-15 1973-12-04 C Houghton Water conserving apparatus
US3795788A (en) * 1971-03-24 1974-03-05 Omre Constr Elettro Machine for brewing hot beverages, adapted to produce steam
US3799181A (en) * 1972-09-05 1974-03-26 H Maddren Hot water supply system and method
US4661684A (en) * 1978-10-16 1987-04-28 Sellers William W Asphalt heating system
US4680446A (en) * 1985-10-01 1987-07-14 Post Steven W Supplemental electric water heater unit for compensating cooling of a hot water supply line
US5806511A (en) * 1995-01-13 1998-09-15 Hart; Douglas Robinson Sanford Method and apparatus to provide freeze protection for solar water heating systems
NL1013603C2 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-21 Stichting Energie Hot water tap.
US20040237908A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 Neeser Timothy A. Supplemental water heater tank and system
NL1036866C2 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-10-19 Quantex Group B V Device and method for providing heated water at a tap.
US8739875B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2014-06-03 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
CN104566990A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-29 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Showering system
US9052121B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2015-06-09 Intelligent Energy, Llc Mobile water heating apparatus
US9328591B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2016-05-03 Enservco Corporation Air release assembly for use with providing heated water for well related activities
US20160282010A1 (en) * 2015-03-27 2016-09-29 James H. Irvin High pressure, high temperature, on demand water heater
US9683428B2 (en) 2012-04-13 2017-06-20 Enservco Corporation System and method for providing heated water for well related activities
US20180172315A1 (en) * 2015-07-20 2018-06-21 Zhaokeng Pan Small thermostatic electric storage water heater for water supply terminal
US10323200B2 (en) 2016-04-12 2019-06-18 Enservco Corporation System and method for providing separation of natural gas from oil and gas well fluids
US10458216B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2019-10-29 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US20200386416A1 (en) * 2019-06-06 2020-12-10 Rheem Manufacturing Company Instant Hot Water Delivery System

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US984552A (en) * 1911-02-21 Combined filtering and heating device
US1029870A (en) * 1912-06-18 S Humphrey Herbert Water-heater.
US1151586A (en) * 1914-03-21 1915-08-31 Metals Coating Company Of America Apparatus for melting and spraying fusible substances.
US1396121A (en) * 1921-11-08 Electric wateb-heateb
US1555338A (en) * 1923-08-18 1925-09-29 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Water-heater system
US1839007A (en) * 1929-12-26 1931-12-29 Edgar A Antonini Electric heater
US2729158A (en) * 1949-05-07 1956-01-03 Daimler Benz Ag Heating installation for motor vehicles
US2924697A (en) * 1958-05-27 1960-02-09 Wiegand Co Edwin L Control system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US984552A (en) * 1911-02-21 Combined filtering and heating device
US1029870A (en) * 1912-06-18 S Humphrey Herbert Water-heater.
US1396121A (en) * 1921-11-08 Electric wateb-heateb
US1151586A (en) * 1914-03-21 1915-08-31 Metals Coating Company Of America Apparatus for melting and spraying fusible substances.
US1555338A (en) * 1923-08-18 1925-09-29 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Water-heater system
US1839007A (en) * 1929-12-26 1931-12-29 Edgar A Antonini Electric heater
US2729158A (en) * 1949-05-07 1956-01-03 Daimler Benz Ag Heating installation for motor vehicles
US2924697A (en) * 1958-05-27 1960-02-09 Wiegand Co Edwin L Control system

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3100434A (en) * 1960-01-08 1963-08-13 George R Bunn Coffee making machine
US3065473A (en) * 1961-06-29 1962-11-27 Lodge & Shipley Co Lavatory with built-in water heater
US3295998A (en) * 1962-05-28 1967-01-03 Vendcor Inc Apparatus for preparing and dispensing hot potables
US3337714A (en) * 1964-02-03 1967-08-22 Werner W Buechner Heating device
US3351130A (en) * 1965-12-22 1967-11-07 Patterson Kelley Co Dual temperature water heating and supply system
US3795788A (en) * 1971-03-24 1974-03-05 Omre Constr Elettro Machine for brewing hot beverages, adapted to produce steam
US3776261A (en) * 1972-05-15 1973-12-04 C Houghton Water conserving apparatus
US3799181A (en) * 1972-09-05 1974-03-26 H Maddren Hot water supply system and method
US4661684A (en) * 1978-10-16 1987-04-28 Sellers William W Asphalt heating system
US4680446A (en) * 1985-10-01 1987-07-14 Post Steven W Supplemental electric water heater unit for compensating cooling of a hot water supply line
US5806511A (en) * 1995-01-13 1998-09-15 Hart; Douglas Robinson Sanford Method and apparatus to provide freeze protection for solar water heating systems
NL1013603C2 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-21 Stichting Energie Hot water tap.
WO2001036878A1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-25 Stichting Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland Draw-off conduit for hot-water
US20040237908A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 Neeser Timothy A. Supplemental water heater tank and system
US6938581B2 (en) 2003-05-30 2005-09-06 Chart Inc. Supplemental water heater tank and system
NL1036866C2 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-10-19 Quantex Group B V Device and method for providing heated water at a tap.
US9442498B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2016-09-13 Heat On-The-Fly L.L.C. Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US10851631B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2020-12-01 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US10458216B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2019-10-29 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US9575495B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2017-02-21 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US8739875B2 (en) 2009-09-18 2014-06-03 Heat On-The-Fly, Llc Water heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
US10451310B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2019-10-22 Intelligent Energy, Llc Mobile water heating apparatus
US9052121B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2015-06-09 Intelligent Energy, Llc Mobile water heating apparatus
US9683428B2 (en) 2012-04-13 2017-06-20 Enservco Corporation System and method for providing heated water for well related activities
US9328591B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2016-05-03 Enservco Corporation Air release assembly for use with providing heated water for well related activities
CN104566990A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-29 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Showering system
US20160282010A1 (en) * 2015-03-27 2016-09-29 James H. Irvin High pressure, high temperature, on demand water heater
US10151508B2 (en) * 2015-03-27 2018-12-11 Gas Technology Institute High pressure, high temperature, on demand water heater
US10254009B2 (en) * 2015-07-20 2019-04-09 Zhaokeng Pan Small thermostatic electric storage water heater for water supply terminal
US20180172315A1 (en) * 2015-07-20 2018-06-21 Zhaokeng Pan Small thermostatic electric storage water heater for water supply terminal
US10323200B2 (en) 2016-04-12 2019-06-18 Enservco Corporation System and method for providing separation of natural gas from oil and gas well fluids
US20200386416A1 (en) * 2019-06-06 2020-12-10 Rheem Manufacturing Company Instant Hot Water Delivery System

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