US2963975A - Cloud seeding carbon dioxide bullet - Google Patents

Cloud seeding carbon dioxide bullet Download PDF

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US2963975A
US2963975A US73321558A US2963975A US 2963975 A US2963975 A US 2963975A US 73321558 A US73321558 A US 73321558A US 2963975 A US2963975 A US 2963975A
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bullet
carbon dioxide
chamber
cloud
cloud seeding
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Musser C Walton
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Musser C Walton
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/36Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information
    • F42B12/46Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information for dispensing gases, vapours, powders or chemically-reactive substances
    • F42B12/50Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information for dispensing gases, vapours, powders or chemically-reactive substances by dispersion

Description

Dec. 13, 1960 c w. MUSSER CLOUD srzsnmc CARBON DIOXIDE BULLET Filed May 5, 1958 [JG/I5 l4 FIG. I.

FIG-.2.

IN VEN TOR. C WALTON MUSSER CLOUD SEEDING CARBON DIOXIDE BULLET C'Walton Musser, Beverly, Mass., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army Filed May 5, 1958, Ser. No. 733,215

4 Claims. (Cl. 102-90) (Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), see. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to cloud seeding bullets, and more particularly to a cloud seeding bullet of the type wherein liquid carbon dioxide under pressure is released through one or more metering holes at some time after it leaves the gun from which it is fired.

In a cloud seeding operation of this character, it is desirable to know the location of the seeding material with respect to the cloud. The cloud seeding bullets heretofore available have not included any means for making such information available. The present invention overcomes this difliculty by the provision of a tracer compound seal which functions to visualize the course of the bullet and eventually to release the seeding material.

The invention will be better understood from the following description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings and its scope is indicated by the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 illustrates a preferred form of the invention, and

Fig. 2 illustrates a modification wherein a single metering aperture is provided for the exit of the seeding material.

The cloud seeding bullet of Fig. 1 includes a casing which has at one end a chamber 11 containing liquid carbon dioxide under a pressure of the order of 1000 pounds per square inch. At the other end of the casing 10 is a chamber 12 in the form of an annulus. Interconnecting these two chambers are a plurality of metering apertures 13. In the manufacture of the bullet, these apertures are closed by a seal which includes an annulus 14 of steel or other non-plastic material, an annulus 15 of an elastomer or plastic material, and an annulus 16 of a tracer compound compressed to a pressure of the order 80,000 pounds per square inch.

The modification of Fig. 2 is similar to that of Fig. 1 in several respects as is indicated by the reference numerals common to these two figures. It differs from that Patented Dec. 13, 1960 of Fig. 1 in that it includes a single metering aperture and certain elements of the seal are ditferent. Thus the seal of Fig. 2 includes a metallic member 17, a neoprene layer 18 and a plug 19 of tracer compound compressed as previously indicated.

Of the two above described forms of the invention, the first is to be preferred if the liquod carbon dioxide is to be sprayed into the cloud.

Both the described modifications have the advantage that the seeding material is released at a predetermined time after the bullet is fired and the course of the bullet is clearly indicated so that the position of this material with respect to the cloud is immediately known. The time delay between the firing of the bullet and the release of the liquid carbon dioxide is determined by (1) the axial length of the annular chamber 12, and (2) the pressure to which the tracer compound annulus 16 is subjected. The tracer compound starts to burn when the bullet is fired. As it burns, its pressure withstanding ability decreases. Finally its ability to withstand pressure is reduced to a point where the liquid carbon dioxide is ejected through the metering orifices 13.

I claim:

1. A cloud seeding bullet having in its front end a chamber and in its rear end a longitudinal recess, means forming a metering aperture between said chamber and said recess, liquid carbon dioxide compressed in said chamber at a relatively low pressure, and sealing means including a tracer compound compressed in said recess at a relatively high pressure, said tracer being ignitable upon the firing of said bullet and having a burning time dependent on a desired time delay between the firing of said bullet and the release of said liquid carbon dioxide.

2. A bullet according to claim 1 wherein the pressure of said liquid carbon dioxide is of the order of 1000 pounds per square inch and the pressure of said sealing means is of the order of 80,000 pounds per square inch.

3. A bullet according to claim 1 wherein said sealing means includes a metallic disk adjacent said aperture and a layer of neoprene between said disk and said tracer compound.

4. A bullet according to claim 1 wherein said sealing means includes an inner layer of non-plastic material and an intermediate layer of soft plastic material.

References Cited in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Sept. 26, 1951 OTHER REFERENCES

Claims (1)

1. A CLOUD SEEDING BULLET HAVING IN ITS FRONT END A CHAMBER AND IN ITS REAR END A LONGITUDINAL RECESS, MEANS FORMING A METERING APERTURE BETWEEN SAID CHAMBER AND SAID RECESS, LIQUID CARBON DIOXIDE COMPRESSED IN SAID CHAMBER AT A RELATIVELY LOW PRESSURE, AND SEALING MEANS INCLUDING A TRACER COMPOUND COMPRESSED IN SAID RECESS AT A RELATIVELY HIGH PRESSURE, SAID TRACER BEING IGNITABLE UPON THE FIRING OF SAID BULLET AND HAVING A BURNING TIME DEPENDENT ON A DESIRED TIME DELAY BETWEEN THE FIRING OF SAID BULLET AND THE RELEASE OF SAID LIQUID CARBON DIOXIDE.
US2963975A 1958-05-05 1958-05-05 Cloud seeding carbon dioxide bullet Expired - Lifetime US2963975A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5628455A (en) * 1992-12-31 1997-05-13 The University Of Utah Method and apparatus for modification of supercooled fog
US5631441A (en) * 1996-04-02 1997-05-20 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government XDM pyrophoric countermeasure flare
US6056203A (en) * 1996-12-15 2000-05-02 Fukuta; Norihiko Method and apparatus for modifying supercooled clouds
US6470805B1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2002-10-29 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Fire retardant bio-friendly practice munition
US8001903B1 (en) * 2007-09-05 2011-08-23 Quintana Mauricio F Liquid mist tracer for shotgun ammunition
US20130009364A1 (en) * 2011-07-05 2013-01-10 Pink Mist Tech, LLC Shooting target with annunciation of engagement of targeted regions of the target

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB657714A (en) * 1949-01-31 1951-09-26 Bofors Ab Improvements relating to artillery projectiles having a tracer device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB657714A (en) * 1949-01-31 1951-09-26 Bofors Ab Improvements relating to artillery projectiles having a tracer device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5628455A (en) * 1992-12-31 1997-05-13 The University Of Utah Method and apparatus for modification of supercooled fog
US5631441A (en) * 1996-04-02 1997-05-20 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government XDM pyrophoric countermeasure flare
US6056203A (en) * 1996-12-15 2000-05-02 Fukuta; Norihiko Method and apparatus for modifying supercooled clouds
US6470805B1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2002-10-29 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Fire retardant bio-friendly practice munition
US8001903B1 (en) * 2007-09-05 2011-08-23 Quintana Mauricio F Liquid mist tracer for shotgun ammunition
US20130009364A1 (en) * 2011-07-05 2013-01-10 Pink Mist Tech, LLC Shooting target with annunciation of engagement of targeted regions of the target

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