US2961827A - Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type - Google Patents

Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2961827A
US2961827A US736569A US73656958A US2961827A US 2961827 A US2961827 A US 2961827A US 736569 A US736569 A US 736569A US 73656958 A US73656958 A US 73656958A US 2961827 A US2961827 A US 2961827A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
actuator
thermal
thrust
another
electro
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US736569A
Inventor
Irvin W Cox
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Cutler Hammer Inc
Original Assignee
Cutler Hammer Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Cutler Hammer Inc filed Critical Cutler Hammer Inc
Priority to US736569A priority Critical patent/US2961827A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2961827A publication Critical patent/US2961827A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H71/00Details of the protective switches or relays covered by groups H01H73/00 - H01H83/00
    • H01H71/10Operating or release mechanisms
    • H01H71/12Automatic release mechanisms with or without manual release
    • H01H71/14Electrothermal mechanisms
    • H01H71/16Electrothermal mechanisms with bimetal element
    • H01H71/164Heating elements

Description

i. w. cox 2,961,822 ELECTED-THERMAL DEVICE OF THE THRUST ACTUATOR TYPE Nov. 29, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 20, 1958 S. W. CQX

ELECTRO-THERMAL DEVICE OF THE THRUST ACTUATOR TYPE Filed May 20, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ELECTRO-THERMAL DEVICE OF THE THRUST ACTUATOR TYPE Irvin W. Cox, West Allis,

Wis., assignor to Cutler-Hammer, Inc., Milwaukee,

This invention relates to control devices and more particularly to electro-thermal devices of the thrust actuator type.

While not limited thereto, the invention is especially applicable to control devices for the operation of electrical-contacts and the like.

A general object of the invention is to provide an improved thrust actuator.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide an improved actuator'of the electromagnetic-thermal type.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide such actuator having an improved work-to-weight ratio.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide such actuator having improved cantilever action affording a long operational life.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.

While the apparatus hereinafter described is effectively adapted to fulfill the objects stated, it is to be understood that I do not intend to confine my invention to the particular preferred embodiment of electro-thermal device disclosed, inasmuch as it is susceptible of various modifications without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is a top view of the deviceconstructed in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a vertical cross sectional view taken along lines 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a horizontal cross sectional view; taken along lines 3-3 of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 4 is a vertical cross sectional view of a detail of the device of Fig. 2.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown a thrust actuator 2 having the form of a toroid. The actuator is provided with a frame or bobbin 4 of non-magnetic material. Bobbin 4 may be formed of a pair of circular members 4a and 4b each having a generally L-shaped cross-section and telescoped within one another. The end of the hub portion of outer member 41) may be provided with an outwardly extending annular flange portion 4c to afford rigidity to the bobbin and to retain a primary winding 6 of a transformer which may be wound therearound before members 4a and 4b are assembled. Member 4a is provided with a plurality of angularly spaced apertures 8 for reasons hereinafter described. As shown schematically in Fig. 1, the primary winding 6 may be connected in any well known manner to an A.-C. electrical source by leads which pass through spaced circular openings 4d in circular member 4!; of frame 4.

The secondary winding of the transformer is comprised of an actuator member 10 surrounding primary winding 6. Actuator member 10 comprises a plurality of generally annular shaped completely enclosed cells or capsules 12, more clearly shown in Fig. 4, stacked upon one another. Each capsule 12 is formed of a pair of generally inverted U-shaped members 14 and 16 connected to one tates Patent fiice another to form an enclosed space therebetween. To this end, the upper member 14 of each capsule 12 is provided with a shoulder 18 intermediate its leg portions for abutting engagement with the peripheral portion 20 of the lower member 16. Member 16 is telescoped within member 14 into the aforementioned abutting engagement and the free ends of the leg portions beyond the shoulder may be welded together to form a hermetically sealed cavity between the members.

Each lower member 16 is provided with a circular groove 22 centrally of its annular face for receiving a circular projection 24 formed centrally of the annular face of member 14 of each adjacent capsule when the capsules are stacked upon one another. When so stacked, the welded leg portions of each capsule surround the enclosed cavity portion of each adjacent capsule to maintain the same in registration with one another. The annular faces of members 14 and 16 are normally mechanically biased toward one another and are formed of thin metallic material so that when a predetermined amount of pressure is produced within the cavity, members 14 and 16 quickly pop to an extended position.

The device is also provided with a thrust ring 26 of insulating material or the like having a circular groove,

28 at its lower portion for accommodating projection 24 of the uppermost capsule in the stack. Thrust ring 26 is also providedat its upper surface with a plurality of angularly spaced holes 30 for securing therein the reduced end portions 32 of a plurality of thrust rods 34 shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The aforementioned apertures 8 in bobbin 4a have secured thereto sleeves or tubular grommets 36 forslidably accommodating thrust rods 34. Thrust rods 34 may be provided with suitable semi-circular portions 38 at the driving ends thereof extending outside the device for engagement with the driven device (not shown).

Bobbin 4 has wound therearound a toroidal winding 40 of silicon iron wire or the like to form a core for the transformer.

The operation of the device will now be described. When an electrical power supply source is connected to primary winding 6, the transformer action produced by the presence of core winding 40 in the magnetic field induces a secondary current in capsules 12. Members 14 and 16 of capsules 12 being constructed of relatively thin conductivematerial having suitable electrical resistance, the heat produced by the flow of secondary current effects operation of the capsules to their extended positions. As a result, thrust rods 34 are moved outwardly to effect operation of contacts or the like. Conversely, disconnection of the primary winding from the power supply source effects cooling of capsules 12 to effect return thereof to their normal positions under the force of the mechanical bias therein. The return of thrust rods 34 to their normal positions may be aided by contact return springs or the like (not shown).

The enclosed space within each capsule may be provided with a suitable gas such as atmospheric air or a condensable gas for maximum thrust. Thus, the application of heat expandsthe gas within each endless hollow flat tube to snap the same to its extended position. The relatively large surface area of the capsule affords rapid radiation of heat to return the actuator to its normal position when the primary winding is deenergized.

The wound core 40 adapts the device for alternating current operation especially for the higher frequencies such as 400 cycles and the like and atfords an improved work-to-weight ratio for single cycle operation over traction type electromagnets, particularly at the higher frequencies.

A primary requisite for capsules 12 is low thermal capacity at a resistivity which will permit utilization of adequate wattage in the secondary winding of the small transformer. If it be assumed that many structural metals have adequate strength for the required pressure at the limited thinness which can be formed and welded, the figure of merit for the capsules becomes the product of density, specific heat and resistivity. Under these assumptions, titanium is superior, aluminum is next with copper, nickel, iron and steel following very close together thereafter. Silver plated stainless steel is also practicable but age hardened'aluminum alloy such as that which is employed in the diaphragms of sound powered telephones is preferable. Members 14 and 16 of the capsule may be formed and age hardened at moderate temperatures before welding.

Due to the annular shape affording improved cantilever action of capsules 12', the area distortion is negligible throughout a long life span of the actuator. Any desired number of capsules 12 may be stacked on one another to provide the amount of thrust desired.

I claim:

1. A thermo-responsive device for operating a driven element comprising a generally annular-shaped endless hollow completely sealed fiat tube having its opposing faces mechanically biased toward one another, said op posing faces being formed to converge from the inner and outer circular edges thereof toward one another at a point intermediate such edges to provide such mechanical bias, at least one actuator member extending from a face of said tube, heat responsive expansible gas in said tube, and means for selectively heating said tube to a predetermined temperature whereby expansion of said gas eifects snap-action operation of said tube to an extended position separating said opposing faces at said intermediate point and corresponding movement of said actuator member.

2. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said means for selectively heating said tube comprises an electrical power supply source, and a transformer having a primary winding connectable to said source, said annular-shaped tube forming the secondary winding for said transformer.

3. The invention defined in claim 2, wherein said transformer further comprises a core formed of magnetic wire wound around said primary winding and said tube.

4. In an actuator device operable to afford mechanical moving forces responsive to predetermined conditions, in combination, at least one actuator member, expansible chamber means having a cellular structure comprising a plurality of substantially annular-shaped cells stacked upon one another on a common axis to form a cylindrical structure having a bore along its axis, each cell having a pair of opposed walls formed of thin flexible metal hermetically sealing the space therein and both of the opposing walls of said cells being normally biased toward one another, and means for conductive heating of the walls of said expansible chamber means to actuate said member in a first direction as a function thereof, said member being actuated in another direction responsive to cooling of said expansible chamber means.

5. The invention defined in claim 4, wherein said heating means comprises a transformer, said expansible chamber means comprising the secondary winding of said transformer.

6. The invention defined in claim 5, wherein said transformer comprises a primary winding connectable to an alternating current power supply source, and a wire wound core of magnetic material coupling said primary winding to said expansible chamber means.

7. In an electro-thermal responsive device for operating a driven element, in combination, a plurality of generally annular-shaped endless hollow completely sealed flat tubes stacked upon one another to form a cellular structure, each of said tubes having its opposing faces normally biased toward one another at a point intermediate the inner and outer circular edges of such annularshaped tube, a plurality of angularly spaced actuator members extending from the face of the uppermost tube, and electromagnetic means for selectively heating said cellular structure to effect operation of said actuator members.

8. The invention defined in claim 7, wherein said electromagnetic means comprises a transformer having a primary winding and a magnetic coil coupling said primary winding to said cellular structure, each of said tubes being formed of electrical conducting material having electrical resistance to efiect heating thereof responsive to induced current flow.

9. In an actuator device operable to afford mechanical movement of a driven device responsive to electrical energy, in combination, expansible chamber means having a cellular structure comprising a plurality of substantially annular shaped cells stacked upon one another on a common axis to form a cylindrical structure having a bore along its axis, each said cell having a pair of opposed walls formed of thin flexible electrically conductive metal hermetically sealing the space therein and both of the opposing walls of said cells being normally biased toward one another, said cells having complementary engaging portions on abutting walls for registration with one another, an annular thrust ring secured to and overlying the uppermost cell, a plurality of symmetrically disposed actuator members extending from said thrust ring, and electrical induction means for selectively heating said cellular structure to operate said actuator members.

10. The invention defined in claim 9, together with a frame for supporting said actuator device, said frame having a plurality of apertures for slidably accommodating said actuator members.

11. The invention defined in claim 9, together with a frame comprising a non-magnetic spool, a primary winding wound on said spool, said cellular structure and said thrust ring surrounding said primary winding with said cellular structure constituting a secondary winding, a plurality of apertures in one side of said spool each having 7 a tubular bearing sleeve secured therein for slidably accommodating one of said actuator members, and a toroidal magnetic winding Wound on said spool afiording a path for the magnetic flux to induce a current in said cellular structure when said primary winding is energized.

12. The invention defined in claim 11, together with V expansible gas in each of said cells for operating the latter to their extended positions responsive to induction heating thereof.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,402,873 Ledwinka Jan. 10, 1922 1,445,207 Foltz Feb. 13, 1923 1,931,663 Larson Oct. 24, 1933 1,938,167 Baker Dec. 5, 1933 2,012,674 Schultz Aug. 27, 1935 2,487,947 Senn Nov. 15, 1949

US736569A 1958-05-20 1958-05-20 Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type Expired - Lifetime US2961827A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US736569A US2961827A (en) 1958-05-20 1958-05-20 Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US736569A US2961827A (en) 1958-05-20 1958-05-20 Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2961827A true US2961827A (en) 1960-11-29

Family

ID=24960389

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US736569A Expired - Lifetime US2961827A (en) 1958-05-20 1958-05-20 Electro-thermal device of the thrust actuator type

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2961827A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5822989A (en) * 1996-06-03 1998-10-20 Tcam Technologies, Inc. Thermochemical/mechanical brake and clutch unit

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1402873A (en) * 1919-04-17 1922-01-10 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Electric water heater
US1445207A (en) * 1920-02-25 1923-02-13 Vernon E Blake Automatic turn-off switch
US1931663A (en) * 1931-04-11 1933-10-24 Nat Regulator Company Regulator
US1938167A (en) * 1929-08-12 1933-12-05 Cook Electric Co Heat motor
US2012674A (en) * 1932-03-09 1935-08-27 Cook Electric Co Heat motor
US2487947A (en) * 1945-06-22 1949-11-15 Jurg A Senn Thin-walled diaphragm power unit

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1402873A (en) * 1919-04-17 1922-01-10 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Electric water heater
US1445207A (en) * 1920-02-25 1923-02-13 Vernon E Blake Automatic turn-off switch
US1938167A (en) * 1929-08-12 1933-12-05 Cook Electric Co Heat motor
US1931663A (en) * 1931-04-11 1933-10-24 Nat Regulator Company Regulator
US2012674A (en) * 1932-03-09 1935-08-27 Cook Electric Co Heat motor
US2487947A (en) * 1945-06-22 1949-11-15 Jurg A Senn Thin-walled diaphragm power unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5822989A (en) * 1996-06-03 1998-10-20 Tcam Technologies, Inc. Thermochemical/mechanical brake and clutch unit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2264746A (en) Electromagnetic switch
CA2569064C (en) Contact device
US3142029A (en) Shielding of foil wound electrical apparatus
US3824508A (en) Electromagnetic repulsion device actuating the movable contact member of a circuit interrupter
US2289830A (en) Circuit closing device
US6580345B2 (en) Switching device
KR20050033551A (en) Induction heating apparatus
JP6300157B2 (en) Electromagnetic relay
US3014102A (en) Electro magnetic switch apparatus
US3001049A (en) Magnetic latch
JP4405265B2 (en) Vacuum valve with contact for opening and closing
CA1077547A (en) Vacuum type circuit interrupter with a contact having integral axial magnetic field means
CN104221119A (en) Contact device spring load adjustment structure and contact device spring load adjustment method
US5495085A (en) Vacuum interrupter
US2824189A (en) Electro-magnetic switching device
JP6079225B2 (en) Trance
US5438174A (en) Vacuum interrupter with a radial magnetic field
US8263894B2 (en) Electrode for vacuum interrupter
JP2012243587A (en) Contact mechanism and electromagnetic contactor using the same
US2134448A (en) Electromagnetic relay
WO1988008635A1 (en) Eddy current brake
US4271340A (en) Electrical vacuum switch having means for generating an axial magnetic field between the contact faces
FR2573570A1 (en) Polarized electromagnetic relay with magnetic attachment for a trigger of an electric circuit breaker
US3405245A (en) Multiple-break vacuum-type circuit interrupters
US5777287A (en) Axial magnetic field coil for vacuum interrupter