US2959658A - Sequence switch - Google Patents

Sequence switch Download PDF

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US2959658A
US2959658A US739827A US73982758A US2959658A US 2959658 A US2959658 A US 2959658A US 739827 A US739827 A US 739827A US 73982758 A US73982758 A US 73982758A US 2959658 A US2959658 A US 2959658A
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roller
band
contacts
hub
switch
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US739827A
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Charles A Parker
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Monroe Calculating Machine Co
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Monroe Calculating Machine Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/12Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage
    • H01H1/14Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting
    • H01H1/16Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting by rolling; by wrapping; Roller or ball contacts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H67/00Electrically-operated selector switches
    • H01H67/02Multi-position wiper switches
    • H01H67/04Multi-position wiper switches having wipers movable only in one direction for purpose of selection
    • H01H67/06Rotary switches, i.e. having angularly movable wipers

Description

Nov. 8, 1960 c. A. PARKE 2,959,658

SEQUENCE SWITCH Filed June 4, 1958 s Shets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. CHARLES APARKER MAW ATTORNEY C. A. PARKER SEQUENCE SWITCH Nov. 8, 1960 Filed June 4, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. CHARLES A.PARKER BY d 0%/( ATTORNEY Nov. 8, 1960 c. A. PARKER 2,959,658

SEQUENCE SWITCH Filed June 4, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIG.8

III'IlllllllllIlllllllllllIlllllllIlllllllIlllllllllllllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllll CHARLES A. PARKER ATTORNEY a 9 INVENTOR. Ll.

United States Patent Cfifice I 2,959,658 Patented Nov. 8, 1960 2,959,658 SEQUENCE SWITCH Charles A. Parker, East Orange, N.J., assignor to Monroe Calculating Machine Company, Orange, N.J., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 4, 1958, Ser. No. 739,827

17 Claims. (Cl. 200-4166) This invention relates to electrical switches. More particularly, the invention relates to a switch including means for sequentially closing and holding closed a series of contacts.

In certain apparatus, such as exemplified by the disclosure of applicants co-pending application Serial No. 730,094, filed on April 22, 1958, a plurality of electrical circuits respectively include a series of contacts. These contacts are included in a switch operating in accordance with the switch of the present invention. It will be understood, however, that this is only one utility of the invention and that its use is not restricted to such apparatus. To the contrary, the invention has equal utility in other apparatus wherein the operation requires the sequential closure of a series of circuit contacts and particularly where it is desirable to hold the contacts closed.

It is accordingly the primary object of the invention to provide a switch wherein a series of contacts are sequentially closed and held closed in a manner which causes minimum wear on the contact surfaces and yet which insures good electrical conduction.

Another object of the invention is to provide a switch wherein a common conductor is most efficiently adapted to sequentially close and hold closed a series of contacts.

Another and more specific object of the invention is to provide a switch wherein a common conductor is particularly adapted to sequentially close and hold closed a linear series of contacts.

Another more specific object of the invention is to provide a switch wherein a common conductor is particularly adapted to sequentially close and hold closed an arcuate series of contacts.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of the switch.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the switch with the parts in normal position.

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the switch with the parts in operated position.

Fig. 4 is a section taken of the line 44 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the switch.

Fig. 6 is a front view of a modified form of the switch with parts broken away and the parts in normal position.

Fig. 7 is a side elevation of the modified form of the switch with the parts in normal position.

Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the modified form of the switch with the parts in operated position.

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary bottom end view of the modified form of the switch.

in a preferred embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1-5, the various elements of the sequence switch are mounted on a baes plate 1 of insulating material. Any strong insulating material such as fiber filled phenolic may be employed for plate 1 and for other insulating members of the switch described later. A series of resilient conductive arms 2 (Figs. 1, 4, 5) in the form of flat strips are secured between a pair of clamping plates 3 and 4, also of insulating material and mounted longitudinally adjacent the rear of base plate 1. The rear ends of arms 2 extend through a vertical spacing plate 5 of insulating material mounted at the rear of plate 1 and each is connected with a lead 6. Resilient arms 2 extend forwardly and each engages the head of a contact pin 8 which extends upwardly through a suitable opening in a spacing plate 9 of insulating material which is raised from base plate 1 by a plate 10 also of insulating material.

A slide 13 is mounted in a pair of brackets 14 and 15 of insulating material above and adjacent the front edge of plate 1. To further secure slide 13, a guide roller 16 is mounted on a bracket 17 at the rear of plate 1 and extends forwardly above and in engagement with the upper edge of the slide. A roller 18 of insulating material, preferably nylon, is mounted intermediate the ends of slide 13 with its axis parallel to arms 2 and in the vertical plane of the series of contact pins 8.

A conductive band 19 of flexible material is attached to the periphery of roller 18 and, from the point of attachment, extends counterclockwise and to the right end' of plate 1 where it is secured to bracket 15. Attached at the right terminal end of band 19 is a lead 20.

Slide 13, as later described, is normally positioned toward the right (Figs. 1, 2, 5) with roller 18 and band 19 immediately to (the right of the rightmost contact pin 8. To prevent buckling of the rightward extension of band 1h, the lower edge of a pressure plate 22 of insulating material, which is attached to arm 13, engages the upper face of the band.

Roller 13 is provided with a hub 18. An operating band or cable 23 is attached at one end to the periphery of hub 1&1 and from the point of attachment extends clockwise and to the left of base plate 1. A spring 24 is attached to the left end of cable 23 and therefore urges roller 18 and slide 13 toward the left. Slide 13, however, is normally held toward the right by a rack 25 having a shoulder 25a which engages the left end of the slide.

As fully disclosed in applicants aforenoted co-pending application Serial No. 730,094, rack 25 is operated in unison with a segmental rack 26 (Fig. 2) of an accounting machine. Rack 26 is a replica of the differentially operable registering actuator racks of the machine but is non-registering. Upon each cycle of operation of the accounting machine, rack 26 is rocked counterclockwise a fixed distance and restored. Rack 26 engages an intermediate gear 27 which meshes with rack 25. Therefore, during each machine cycle, rack 25 will be moved toward the left and restored.

Upon leftward movement of rack 25, slide 13 and roller 13 will no longer be restrained in rightward position and spring 24 will therefore be rendered effective. Cable 23 is wound in such direction on hub 18a as to impart, by the leftward urge of spring 24, a clockwise torque to roller 18. Band 19 encircles roller 18 in the direction opposite to that of cable 23 on hub 18a, and therefore the torque will hold the roller clockwise to take up any slack between the band and the roller and to insure that the band will be held taut from its point of attachment at the right end of plate 1. With band 19 taut, the force of spring 24 will be transmitted to the periphery of roller 18. This force will be equal and opposite to the force transmitted to the periphery of hub 18a. However, because of the greater diameter of roller -13 with respect to hub 18a, the roller will be rotated counterclockwise, thereby moving toward the left and unrolling band 19 while at the same time cable 23 will be further wound upon hub 13a as shown in Fig. 3.

As roller 18 moves toward the left, hand 19 will successively engage pins 8- which will yield by the resiliency of arms 2. Thus a circuit connection will be made between each lead 6 andcornmon lead 20. It will be noted that as each pin 8 is engaged, there will be a slight wiping action with contact strip 19 thereby insuring a good conducting surface without causing undue wear as occurs in conventional sliding contacts. Further more, because of the rolling action, each engaged pin will be decelerated as it reaches its full depressed position thus eliminating the possibility of vibration and poor conduction. Also, it will be observed that the clockwise torque imparted to roller 13, as the force of spring 24 diminishes, will be constantly proportional to the force which rotates roller 18 counterclockwise. This insures maximum eiriciency of spring 24 to maintain the tautness of band 19 and to rotate roller 18 to engage the band with pins 8. Furthermore, pressure plate 22 engages the band above the engaged pins to the right of roller 13 (Fig. 3) preventing buckling of the band to further insure positive contact. As rack 25 is restored toward the right, slide 13 and roller 18 will be likewise restored to disengage pins 8 from band 19 in reverse sequence.

In the modified form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 6-9, the switch is adapted to be operated by direct connection with segmental rack 2a which, as before noted, is rocked a fixed distance during each cycle of the differentially operable actuator racks of an accounting machine. The operating principles of the modified form are substantially the same as those of the embodiment of Figs. 1-5 and corresponding parts will be identifled, where practical, by like numerals with the suffix (a).

The switch includes a segmental base plate in of insulating material which may be mounted on the machine frame (not shown) in any suitable manner such as by one or more studs 39. A series of radially extending resilient conductive arms 2a in the form of flat strips are secured at the outer edge of plate Ia between a pair of arcuate insulating clamping plates 3a and in (Fig. 9). The outer ends of arms 2a are each connected with a lead 6a. The inner ends of arms let each engage the head of a contact pin 8a which extends through one of an arcuate series of openings in a spacing plate 9a of insulating material spaced from base plate 1a by a plate 10a also of insulating material.

Pins 8a are located on the arc of a circle having its center at the axis of a shaft 31 on which segmental rack 26 is pivotally mounted. As described in the aforenoted application Serial No. 730,094, rack 26 is normally restrained in clockwise position (Fig. 7) by a dog 32 which engages a stud 33 on said rack.

Integral with rack 26 is a hub 26a, and mounted on a spindle 34 on hub 26a is a roller 18a of insulating material. The sides of roller llda are radial with respect to the axis of shaft 31 and is therefore so tapered that it is adapted for rolling movement along the arc of contact pins 8a. Spindle 34, which is fixed in hub 26a, is inclined outwardly from base plate 1a. The location of spindle 34 in hub 26a and its inclination is such that the peripheral surface of roller 18a is parallel to and immediately adjacent the face of plate 9a through which pins 8a extend.

An arcuate conductive band 19a of flexible material is attached to roller 18a and, from the point of attachment, extends clockwise around said roller and clockwise (Figs. 7, 8) along plate 9a to the edge of base plate 112 Where it is secured and attached to a lead 2011.

When rack 26 is in normal clockwise position (Fig. 7), roller 18a and band 19a will be located immediately clockwise of the clockwisemost pin 8a. To prevent buckling of the portion of band 10a which extends clockwise from roller 18a, an insulating pressure plate 22a mounted on an arm 26b of rack 26 is adapted to engage the face of that portion of the band.

Roller 18a is provided with a hub 1801. Hub 18a extends between roller 18a and hub 26a into which it is recessed. An operating cable 23a is attached at one end to the periphery of hub 18a and from the point of attachment extends counterclockwise and then counterclockwise a short distance around hub 26m. A spring 24a is attached to the end of cable 23a and continues counterclockwise around hub 26a to a straightened position where it is secured to the machine frame. Therefore, because of the attachment of spring 24a with hub 18a, hub 26a and rack 26 will be biased counterclockwise (Figs. 7, 8) on shaft 3-1.

Upon each machine cycle, as disclosed in application No. 730,094, a frame (not shown) upon which dog 32 is mounted, is rocked counterclockwise and restored. Rack 26 and hub 26a therefore will be released for like movement under the urge of spring 24a. Cable 23a is wound in such direction on hub 18a as to impart, by the counterclockwise urge of spring 24a, a counterclockwise torque to roller 18a. Band 19:: encircles roller 18a in the direction opposite to that of cable 230. on hub 13a, and therefore the torque will hold the roller counterclockwise to take up any slack between the band and the roller and to insure that the band will be held taut from its point of attachment on base plate in.

With band 19a taut, the force of spring 24a will be transmitted to the periphery of roller 18a. This force will be equal and opposite to the force transmitted to the periphery of hub 18a. However, because of the greater diameter of roller 18a with respect to hub 18a, the roller will be rotated clockwise on spindle 34 thereby rolling in counterclockwise direction (Figs. 7, 8) with hub 26a and rack 26 under the urge of spring 24a. Band 19a will therefore be unrolled while at the same time cable 23a will be further wound on hub 18a as shown in Fig. 8.

As roller 18a moves counterclockwise with hub 26a and rack 26, band 1% will successively engage pins 8a which will yield by the resiliency of arms 2a. Thus a circuit connection will be made between each lead 6:: and common lead 20a. During this operation, pressure plate 22a will engage band 19a above engaged pins 8a to prevent buckling of the band thereby insuring positive contact. As rack 26 is restored, roller 18a will be likewise restored and pins 8a will be disengaged from band 19:! in reverse sequence.

It will be obvious that both rollers 13 and 18a, of the two embodiments of the invention, may be controlled by suitable reciprocally operable means other than that herein disclosed. Such means may be either manually or automatically operable. It will be understood therefore that the aforedescribed controls of the switch by rack 26 are only illustrative of practical embodiments of the invention which therefore is to be restricted only as necessitated by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In an electrical switch: a series of contacts; a roller; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller and normally at least partially en circling said roller; means for restraining the other end of said band; and means for unrolling said band to successively engage and maintain engagement of said band with said contacts.

2. In an electrical switch: a linear row of contacts; a roller; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller and normally at least partially encircling said roller; means for restraining the other end of said band; and means for unrolling said band to successively engage and maintain engagement of said band with said contacts.

3. In an electrical switch: a series of contacts; a roller; means for locating said roller at one end of said series of contacts; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller and fixed at its other end at said one end of said series of contacts; and means for moving said roller along said contacts thereby unrolling said band to successively engage said band with said contacts.

4. In an electrical switch; a linear row of contacts;.a

roller; means for locating said roller linearly from one end of said row; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller and fixed at its other end linearly from said one end of said row; and means for moving said roller along said row thereby unrolling said band to successively engage said band with said contacts.

5. In an electrical switch: a linear row of contacts; a roller; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around Said roller and fixed at its other end linearly from one end of said row; resilient means operable to move said roller along said row from said fixed end of said band thereby unrolling said band to successively engage said contacts; and reciprocably operable control means for restoring said roller against the urge of said resilient means and for releasing said roller to permit operation of said resilient means.

6. In an electrical switch: a linear row of contacts; a roller; a flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller and fixed at its other end linearly from one end of said row; and means for transmitting a torque to said roller in the direction to hold said band tightly thereon and to rotate said roller in the opposite direction thereby engaging said band successively with said contacts.

7. The invention according to claim 6 wherein said means for transmitting said torque and for rotating said roller urges said roller linearly along said contacts away from said fixed end of said band.

8. The invention according to claim 6 wherein said means for transmitting said torque, for rotating and urging said roller includes resiliently operable means.

9. In an electrical switch: a linear row of contacts; a roller including a hub; a flexible band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller in a given direction and fixed at its other end linearly from one end of said row; a cable attached at one end to the periphery of said hub, passing around said hub in the opposite direction and extending linearly toward the other end of said row; and means for pulling said cable thereby moving said rol'ler along said row and unrolling said band to successively engage said contacts.

10. The invention according to claim 9; wherein said means for pulling said cable is resilient.

11. The invention according to claim 10; including means for restraining said roller in position adjacent said one end of said row and reciprocably operable to permit operation of said resilient means.

12. The invention according to claim 9; wherein said contacts are resiliently yieldable.

13. In an electrical switch: an arcuate series of contacts; a roller having its sides tapered to adapt it for rolling movement along the arc of said series of contacts; means for locating said roller at one end of said series of contacts; an arcuate and flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller and fixed at its other end at said one end of said series of contacts; and means for moving said roller along said contacts thereby unrolling said band to successively engage said band with said contacts.

14. In anelectrical switch: an arcuate series of contacts; a roller having its sides tapered to adapt it for rolling movement along the arc of said contacts; a support for said roller pivotally mounted at the center of the arc of said contacts for moving said roller along said arc; re-

silient means for rocking said support; means for remain ing said support against the urge of said resilient means to locate said roller at one end of said series of contacts; an arcuate and flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller and fixed at its other end at said one end of said series of contacts; and means for releasing said restraining means to permit said support to move said roller along said contacts thereby unrolling said band to successively engage said band with said contacts and for restoring said restraining means.

15. The invention according to claim 14; said resilient means for rocking said support being attached to said roller.

16. In an electrical switch: an arcuate series of contacts; a roller having its sides tapered to adapt it for rolling movement along the arc of said contacts and including a hub; a support for said roller pivotally mounted at the center of the arc of said contacts for moving said roller along said arc; an arcuate and flexible contact band attached at one end to the periphery of said roller, passing around said roller in a given direction and fixed at its other end at one end of said series of contacts; a cable attached at one end to the periphery of said hub, passing around said hub in the opposite direction and extending toward the other end of said series of contacts; and re silient means for pulling said cable thereby rocking said support and moving said roller along said contacts to unroll said band and successively engage said contacts therewith.

17. The invention according to claim 16; including means for restraining said support against the urge of said resilient means to locate said roller adjacent said one end of said series of contacts and reciprocably operable to permit operation of said resilient means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,651,275 Hirsch Nov. 29, 1927 1,677,288 Newman July 17, 1928 1,834,896 Bruno Dec. 1, 1931 2,134,323 Beach Oct. 25, 1938 2,341,931 Lloyd Feb. 14, 1945 2,384,652 Smith Sept. 11, 1945 2,407,509 Oetzel Sept. 10, 1946 2,467,758 Lindenbald Apr. 19, 1949 2,474,988 Sargrove July 5, 1949

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4121063A (en) * 1975-06-03 1978-10-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Limited Power transmission flat cable for remote-controlled electrical apparatus

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1651275A (en) * 1922-09-27 1927-11-29 Hirsch Henry Electric-sign controller
US1677288A (en) * 1926-12-27 1928-07-17 Newman William Edward Rheostat
US1834896A (en) * 1930-10-01 1931-12-01 Clarostat Mfg Co Inc Rheostat and potentiometer
US2134323A (en) * 1936-04-15 1938-10-25 Dumore Company Rheostat
US2341931A (en) * 1941-04-24 1944-02-15 Gen Electric Circuit maker and breaker
US2384652A (en) * 1943-07-21 1945-09-11 Erie Electric Company Inc Rotary electric switch
US2407509A (en) * 1943-10-25 1946-09-10 Warner Electric Brake Mfg Co Circuit controller
US2467758A (en) * 1944-09-22 1949-04-19 Rca Corp Movable circuit closure
US2474988A (en) * 1943-08-30 1949-07-05 Sargrove John Adolph Method of manufacturing electrical network circuits

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1651275A (en) * 1922-09-27 1927-11-29 Hirsch Henry Electric-sign controller
US1677288A (en) * 1926-12-27 1928-07-17 Newman William Edward Rheostat
US1834896A (en) * 1930-10-01 1931-12-01 Clarostat Mfg Co Inc Rheostat and potentiometer
US2134323A (en) * 1936-04-15 1938-10-25 Dumore Company Rheostat
US2341931A (en) * 1941-04-24 1944-02-15 Gen Electric Circuit maker and breaker
US2384652A (en) * 1943-07-21 1945-09-11 Erie Electric Company Inc Rotary electric switch
US2474988A (en) * 1943-08-30 1949-07-05 Sargrove John Adolph Method of manufacturing electrical network circuits
US2407509A (en) * 1943-10-25 1946-09-10 Warner Electric Brake Mfg Co Circuit controller
US2467758A (en) * 1944-09-22 1949-04-19 Rca Corp Movable circuit closure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4121063A (en) * 1975-06-03 1978-10-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Limited Power transmission flat cable for remote-controlled electrical apparatus

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