US29562A - Boot and shoe - Google Patents

Boot and shoe Download PDF

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Publication number
US29562A
US29562A US29562DA US29562A US 29562 A US29562 A US 29562A US 29562D A US29562D A US 29562DA US 29562 A US29562 A US 29562A
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thread
sole
shoe
vamp
sewing
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B9/00Footwear characterised by the assembling of the individual parts
    • A43B9/02Footwear stitched or nailed through
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3632Link
    • Y10T24/3647Integral piece

Description

UNITED STATES PATEN OFFICE.

LYMAN H. BLAKE, OF ABINGTON, MASS'YXCHUSETTS.

BOOT AND SHOE.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 29,562, dated August 14, 1860.

To all whom 'it may concern.'

Be it known that I, LYMAN R. BLAKE, of Abington, in the county of Plymouth and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the Construction of Boots and Shoes, Rendering Them, Then Made in Accordance Nith My Invention, New Articles of Manufacture; and I do hereby declare that the following, taken in connection with the drawings which accompany and form a part of this specification, and in which similar let-ters refer to similar parts, is a description of my invention so full and exact as to enable those skilled in the art to practice it.

My invention relates to the manufacture of boots and shoes. A

It has for its object the production of these articles in a cheaper and more expeditious manner than has hitherto been accomplished.

Y The invention is limited to the part of the said manufacture in which the sole is sewn to the vamp in a way not hitherto practiced in the uniting of the soles and vamps. The vamps and soles of boots and shoes have been sewn together, prior to my invent-ion, first, by sewing to the vamps what is well known as a welt, and then by sewing the sole to the welt; second, by sewing through both sole and vamp by hand with a single thread, so used as to be the equivalent of two threads, for each end of the thread is used, being passed through both sole and vamp from opposite sides in the hole previously made by an awl. This latter process of uniting the soles and vamps, is not perhaps so commonly practiced as that first mentioned, which is too well known to need particular description here. It is a difficult and tedious process to pass both ends of the thread through the sole and vamp all around the ball and toe of the article, and part of this process has to be accomplished as follows.

The thread on the outer side of the sole is passed into the awl hole made through the vamp and sole for that purpose. Its end is then caught by the fingers of the operative, or by pincers, and drawn far enough through to permit the end of the other thread to be caught in an opening then made in the rst thread; by pulling this back through the hole, the inner thread is drawn with it, so that it can be seized upon the outside of the sole when it is disengaged from the other thread, and then by pulling upon each thread the stitchis completed. It is also common to sew the soles and vamps of shoes together' in such a manner that the stitches do not pass through the entire thickness of the sole. In this description of work a channel is cut `on the inner side of the sole near its edge, it is then lasted with its face side (or side which will be outermost when the shoe is finished) to the last, and the vamp, being drawn over the last with its face surface. neXt to the last, is united to the sole by stitches which pass through the vamp and into the sole coming out in the channel mentioned. This sewing is done by hand (as are the kinds just mentioned) a curved awl being used to pierce the holes for the thread, which is double; that is, both ends of the thread are used. All work put together, in this last mentioned manner, is turned after being sewed, the last (of course) being withdrawn. The shoe is again placed upon the last and is finished in the usual manner.

It is not practicable to turn heavy boots and shoes. The turning process is usually confined to light low shoes, slippers, and wolnens and childrens work My process consists in uniting the soles of boots and shoes with their Vamps by the act-ion of a mechanism which forms a sea-m or succession of stitches by the interlocking of one loop with another, without necessitating the passing of the end of the thread through the material at each successive stitch, and passing t-he entire length of unused thread through the Vamps and sole. I prepare the parts for sewing as follows. The inner sole is secured to the last, and then the vamp is drawn over the last and inner sole and the parts secured together, as is usual in preparing pegged work If the last is faced with metal, small tacks may be used for lasting the vamp or upper, but these or pegs should be inserted in the parts inside and clear of the line of the seam to be made. If desired the vamp or upper may be cemented to the inner sole, or hand stitched roughly thereto. The outer sole is next temporarily secured to the inner sole by two or three nails or pegs, and the last withdrawn from the boot or shoe, which is then ready to be sewed.

The mechanism which I employ to effect the sewing, I have already described in the patent granted to me July sixth, 1858, numbered 207 7 5. The number of parts of which the sole is formed, and their relative disposition with regard to the vamp, may be varied. The sole may be channeled upon the outside, so that in sewing, the chain, or interlocking of the loops, can fall within the groove, and be covered from sight; the pla-in or single side of the seam comes within the shoe against the foot. rl`he tension which can be obtained upon the thread, in practice by the use of mechanism, is such that the parts through which the thread passes may be drawn closely together.

When the sewing is completed, the boot or shoe is placed upon the last, the channel closed, and the article finished in the usual manner.

In lined work, which is turned after being sewn, the lining being outside when aiixed to the other parts of the shoe, is larger than the vamp, and when the shoe is turned it will be loose, and will form wrinkles next the foot, thus the lining in a measure fails to take its part of the strain upon the shoe and to strengthen it, makes it faulty in the fit, and uncomfortable in wearing, all of which failings my invention avoids.

In sewing soles to the vamps it has, prior to my invention, always been necessary to draw the entire length of the thread between its end or ends and the stitch last formed entirely through the material, thus removing a portion of the wax upon the thread at each stitch and necessitating frequent waXing. In sewing soles to boots and shoes, it is a matter of importance to have the thread well, and uniformly waxed, for when the outside portion of the sole is worn ofi', and with it a portion of the stitches, so that the continuity of the thread is destroyed, the sole is only held in its place by what may be termed staples of thread acting to hold the parts together like pegs, as is the case in hand sewed welted work, or through and through hand sewing. The waX in this case aids the holding power of the stitches. In my process of sewing together the soles and Vamps, the lthread may be uniformly waxed before it is used by the machine, and each successive stitch will be uniformly waxed.

In the drawings Figure 1, represents in elevation, one of my new. articles of manufacture as it appears after the sole (a) has been sewed to the vamp (b) and the channel closed over the stitching as is represented at the left of Fig. 2, which is a cross section through Fig. l. In. Fig. 2, the inner sole is represented by (c) and the lining, by a line in red. Fig. 3, is a longitudinal vertical section through the seam, showing the stitch which is known as the chain or tambour stitch.

I am aware, that it is not new, to sew two or more pieces of leather together by a chain stitch; but I am not aware, that prior to my invention, the bottoms and vamps of shoes or boots were directly united by stitches, formed from one thread by the interlocking of one loop thereof with another, and with such stitches passing through and through the bottoms, and Vamps, or uppers.

I am enabled by my invention, to make a saving in the time required in sewing the soles to the uppers, which time for shoes, may be stated as from one half a minute, to a minute and one half each.

I claim- As a new article of manufacture a boot or a shoe in which the bottoms and uppers are united with stitches made, without passing the length and end of the unused thread through the parts united, by interlocking one loop of the thread with another', and eX- tending through the said parts.

LYMAN R. BLAKE.

Witnesses:

W. I. POINTS, L. W. HERMANS.

US29562D Boot and shoe Expired - Lifetime US29562A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4444268A (en) * 1982-03-04 1984-04-24 Halliburton Company Tester valve with silicone liquid spring
US4448254A (en) * 1982-03-04 1984-05-15 Halliburton Company Tester valve with silicone liquid spring
US4458762A (en) * 1982-04-21 1984-07-10 Halliburton Company Recloseable auxiliary valve
US4489786A (en) * 1983-09-19 1984-12-25 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with differential pressure holding means
US4515219A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-05-07 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with floating shoe retarding means
US4537258A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-08-27 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool
US4557333A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-12-10 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with cam actuated relief valve
US4573535A (en) * 1984-11-02 1986-03-04 Halliburton Company Sleeve-type low pressure responsive APR tester valve
US4589485A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-05-20 Halliburton Company Downhole tool utilizing well fluid compression
US4595060A (en) * 1984-11-28 1986-06-17 Halliburton Company Downhole tool with compressible well fluid chamber
US4617999A (en) * 1984-11-28 1986-10-21 Halliburton Company Downhole tool with compression chamber
US4633952A (en) * 1984-04-03 1987-01-06 Halliburton Company Multi-mode testing tool and method of use
US4655288A (en) * 1985-07-03 1987-04-07 Halliburton Company Lost-motion valve actuator
US4665983A (en) * 1986-04-03 1987-05-19 Halliburton Company Full bore sampler valve with time delay
US4753292A (en) * 1985-07-03 1988-06-28 Halliburton Company Method of well testing
US4856585A (en) * 1988-06-16 1989-08-15 Halliburton Company Tubing conveyed sampler

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4448254A (en) * 1982-03-04 1984-05-15 Halliburton Company Tester valve with silicone liquid spring
US4444268A (en) * 1982-03-04 1984-04-24 Halliburton Company Tester valve with silicone liquid spring
US4458762A (en) * 1982-04-21 1984-07-10 Halliburton Company Recloseable auxiliary valve
US4557333A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-12-10 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with cam actuated relief valve
US4489786A (en) * 1983-09-19 1984-12-25 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with differential pressure holding means
US4515219A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-05-07 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool with floating shoe retarding means
US4537258A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-08-27 Halliburton Company Low pressure responsive downhole tool
US4633952A (en) * 1984-04-03 1987-01-06 Halliburton Company Multi-mode testing tool and method of use
US4711305A (en) * 1984-04-03 1987-12-08 Halliburton Company Multi-mode testing tool and method of testing
US4589485A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-05-20 Halliburton Company Downhole tool utilizing well fluid compression
US4573535A (en) * 1984-11-02 1986-03-04 Halliburton Company Sleeve-type low pressure responsive APR tester valve
US4617999A (en) * 1984-11-28 1986-10-21 Halliburton Company Downhole tool with compression chamber
US4595060A (en) * 1984-11-28 1986-06-17 Halliburton Company Downhole tool with compressible well fluid chamber
US4655288A (en) * 1985-07-03 1987-04-07 Halliburton Company Lost-motion valve actuator
US4753292A (en) * 1985-07-03 1988-06-28 Halliburton Company Method of well testing
US4665983A (en) * 1986-04-03 1987-05-19 Halliburton Company Full bore sampler valve with time delay
US4856585A (en) * 1988-06-16 1989-08-15 Halliburton Company Tubing conveyed sampler

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