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US2949663A - Method of assembly of a loud speaker - Google Patents

Method of assembly of a loud speaker Download PDF

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Publication number
US2949663A
US2949663A US70155757A US2949663A US 2949663 A US2949663 A US 2949663A US 70155757 A US70155757 A US 70155757A US 2949663 A US2949663 A US 2949663A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
plate
front
centering
tip
member
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Charles A Perry
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ROLA Co Inc
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ROLA Co Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/02Details
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49075Electromagnet, transformer or inductor including permanent magnet or core
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/4957Sound device making
    • Y10T29/49575Sound device making including diaphragm or support therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49833Punching, piercing or reaming part by surface of second part
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49915Overedge assembling of seated part

Description

Aug. 23, 1960 C. A. PERRY METHOD OF ASSEMBLY OF A LOUD SPEAKER Original Filed Oct. 1, 1956 INVENTOR. CHARLES A. PERRY BY Arron/v05 ted States Patent 915 2,949,663 Patented Aug. 23, 1960 2,949,663 WTHOD F ASSEMBLY OF LOUD SPEAKER harles A. Perry, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to The Rola Company Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Original application Oct. 1, 1956, Ser. No. 613,187. Divided and this application Dec. 9, 1957, Ser. N0.

1 Claim. (Cl. 29-45559) supporting structure in the form of a housing and a mag-- netic field structure for energizing the diaphragm voice coil. In a permanent magnet type loud speaker, the field structure may include a yoke, a magnet mounted thereon, a pole ti a front plate and some arrangement for protecting the air gap from the accumulation of foreign particles. An inherent problem in the assembly of permanent magnet type loud speakers is the excessive labor and cost involved in the multiple handling of the component parts. There are also additional supplemental operations required to adjust the magnet and to insure that the diaphragm voice coil is properly centered in the air gap formed by the field structure.

It is a principal object of this invention to provide a simplified and improved method for assembling and mounting a permanent magnet field structure on the diaphragm housing of a loud speaker without the need for cement, soldering or threaded fasteners of any kind.

A further object of this invention relates to the provision of an improved method of assembling and mounting a permanent magnet field structure-on the-diaphragm housing of a loudspeaker which automatically and per manently centers the pole tip in the air gap during such assembly and mounting.

Briefly, the foregoing objectives are attained in accordance with this invention by providing a U-shaped yoke with projecting guides that are adapted-to pass through properly located apertures in a front plate which are in turn aligned with similarly located apertures on a diaphragm supporting housing. The diaphragm housing and front plate include central bores for receiving the voice coil which are adapted to be axially aligned by virtue of the alignment of the foregoing apertures on the projecting guides. The front plate has projecting pins spaced circumferentially about the central bore on its rear face which are adapted to engage similarly located apertures on a mating flange of a magnet centering member. The centering member is made of non-magnetic resiliently flexible material and is cup-shaped with a depressed central portion that is adapted to overlie the central bore in the front plate when mounted thereon. The front plate and centering member are first assembled as a sub-assembly by staking them together and at the same time piercing a bore through the depressed portion of the centering member which will be concentric with the bore in the front plate so that a core tip projecting through the centering member bore will be concentric with the front plate bore. This is accomplished by piloting the piercing operation through the bore in the front plate. A permanent magnet is supported within the yoke with its projected axis extending through the concentric bores and a pole tip is mounted on the projected extremity of the magnet and secured in centered position within the concentric bores by means of the non-magnetic centering member. The yoke, magnet, pole tip and the centering member and front plate sub-assembly are then assembled on the diaphragm housing with the yoke guides extending through the apertures in the front plate and diaphragm housing. Pressure is then applied to deform the projecting extremities of the guides and thereby fasten the component parts together. The depth of the depressed portion of the centering member is such that the pressure will collapse the depressed portion slightly and the resiliency of the centering member will hold the pole tip in centered relation within the front plate bore.

In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a loud speaker having the field structure partially cut away to illustrate the interior;

Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the subassembly of a front plate and core tip dust cup at an intermediate stage of assembly;

Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the field structure in relation to the diaphragm housing; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the centering portion of the assembly.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawings, there is shown a preferred form of the loud speaker assembly of this invention having a permanent magnetic field structure which includes a yoke, indicated generally at 10, which is formed from a metal blank bent in the form of an open U-frame having a back plate 11 and sides 12 and 13. The field structure also includes a magnet 15, and a pole tip 16 and a subassembly which includes a front plate 18 and a centering member 19 which is fastened thereto by projecting nubbins 32.

The sides 12 and 13 of the yoke 10 are provided with outwardly projecting tangs 21 and 22 at their extremities so devised as to project through spaced apertures 23 and 24 respectively in the front plate 18 and subsequently through similarly located apertures 26 and 27 in the rear of the diaphragm housing 20. The apertures in the front plate and diaphragm housing are located so that when they are aligned with each other along the tangs 21 and 22, the housing 17 will be aligned axially with a central bore 28 in the front plate 18. The magnet 15 is supported on the back plate 11 of the yoke and in turn is extended axially by the pole tip 16 which extends through axially aligned bores 29, 28 and 17 in the centering member 19, the front plate 18 and diaphragm housing 20 in such manner as to define a concentric air gap surrounding the pole tip, which is adapted to receive in centered relation a voice coil 30 carried by the throat of the diaphragm. 7

Referring now more particularly to Fig. 2 of the draw ings, the front plate 18 and centering member 19 are shown disassembled in the exploded view to expose the projecting nubbins 32 on the rear face of the front plate, which are spaced from each other circumferentially about the central bore 28. The centering member 19 is composed of a resiliently flexible and non-magnetic cupshaped member having a planular flanged portion 33 with apertures 34 through the respective corners for receiving the nubbin-like projections 32 on the rear face of the front plate. The central portion 35 of the centering member is depressed to form a dust cup which is adapted when assembled to surround the pole tip 16. In the preferred form shown, the centering member is staked to the front plate 18 and the depressed dust cup 3 portion 35 is pierced by asuitable die which is piloted through the bore 28 in the front plate 18 to make the bore 29 concentric with the bore 28. In assembly the bore 29, which is of substantially the same or slightly greater diameter than that of the pole tip 16, automatically guides the pole tip into centered relationship, is'

maintained fixed without fear of distortion from bumps that normally occur in the rough handling incident to the packing and shipment of loud speakers from the place of production to the set manufacturer and ultimate user, as will be hereinafter more fully described.

The form and structure of the limited number of parts of the loud speaker field structure is such as to simplify the assembly and reduce the amount of handling necessary in producing the loud speaker. The method of assembly contemplates that the yoke is first placed open end up with its back plate resting on the stationary head of a press. The magnet 15 is then located in a slight recess 36 which is provided on the inner face of the back plate 11 to insure that the magnet will not slide out of the yoke. The pole tip 16, which is provided with a flange 37 on one extremity, is inserted into the bore of the centering member 19, and the pole tip and sub-assembly of the front plate 18 and centering member '19 are then placed as a unit upon the yoke with the tangs 21 and 22 projecting through apertures 23 and 24 in the front plate 18. This operates to position the magnet and pole tip 16 in centered alignment and at the same time brings the flanged end 37 of the pole tip into abutting engagement against the adjacent end of the magnet.

Thereafter, the diaphragm housing is placed over the front plate 18 with the apertures 26 and 27 in registration with the apertures 23 and 24, at which time the tangs 21 and 22 project through the apertures. While. the assembly is so held on the stationary head of the press, the movable head of the press is brought down so as to swage the tangs 21 and 22 against the front face of the diaphragm housing 20. The depth of the central depressed portion 35 of the centering; member 19 is such that the press initially collapses the portion 35 slightly against the flange 37 and causes the wall of the portion 35 to deform inwardly to insure a tightly centered assembly of the component parts. The position of the portion 35 before and after the application of pressure by the press is illustrated in Fig. 4 of the drawings, wherein the broken line represents the position before deformation and the full line represents the position after deformation. Further pressure from the press following the collapsing of the central portion 35 swages the tangs 21 and 22 against the front face of the diaphragm housing to permanently secure the component parts together in centered relation.

It will be readily apparent that the automatic and permanent centering which results from the construction and method of assembly hereinbefore described-eliminates the necessity for the use of centering gauges and also. reduces the number of parts and major handling operations as well as those additional supplemental operations ordinarily required to center the core tip and voice coil within the air gap.

' ing the diaphragm housing on I have shown and described what I consider to be the preferred embodiment of my invention, and it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that other changes and modifications may be made both in the construction and in the method of assembly of the loud speaker without departing from the scope of my invention as defined by the appended claim:

I claim:

In aloud speaker assembly having a diaphragm housing with a central voice coil opening and with apertures on either side thereof and having a magnetic field structure including a U-shaped yoke having side plates each with a projection, extending therefrom and having a back plate joining said side plates, said back plate having a centered depressed portion adapted to receive a magnet, and a magnet and a flanged pole. tip therefor, a front plate for the yoke having a central bore adapted to surround the pole tip and form a voice coil air gap and having apertures on either side thereof for receiving the side plate projections therethrough, and a non-magnetic re siliently flexible, pole tip centering member having a depressed portion adapted to. have formed therein a central bore of substantially the same diameter as the pole tip, the method of assembly consisting of, fixing the centering member over the bore in the front plate by deforming coacting portions of the plate. and centering members, then piercing to, form a central bore through the depressed portion of the centering member in concentric relation to the front plate bore, placing and resiliently retaining the pole tip in the centering member bore thus formed with itsv flanged extremity disposed external thereto, placing the yoke back plate on a horizontal surface, placing the magnet on the back plate of the yoke in the centered depressed portion thereof with its axis parallel to and between the side plates, then mounting the front plate, the centering member and the pole tip as a subassembly on the yoke side plates by passing the side plate projections through the front plate apertures, then mountthe front plate with the yoke side. plate projections passing through the housing apertures, then axially pressing the housing against the front plate. and yoke side plates to compress the depressed portion of the centering member against the pole tip flange and magnet, and thereafter deforming the side plate projections to secure the loud speaker assembly together with the pole tip accurately centered within the air p- References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,404,456 Pierce July 23, 1946 2,501,031 Cunningham Mar. 21, 1950 12,663,270. Friedly. Dec. 22, 1953 2,666,980 Russell Jan. 26, 1954 2,697,873 Cook Dec. 28, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 521,809 Great Britain May 31, 1940

US2949663A 1956-10-01 1957-12-09 Method of assembly of a loud speaker Expired - Lifetime US2949663A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2950359A US2950359A (en) 1956-10-01 1956-10-01 Loud speaker assembly
US2949663A US2949663A (en) 1956-10-01 1957-12-09 Method of assembly of a loud speaker

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189981A (en) * 1961-05-25 1965-06-22 Child Guidance Toys Inc Method of assembling magnetized rubber-like strips in plastic configurations
DE1226645B (en) * 1962-10-01 1966-10-13 Electro Voice dynamic microphone
US4555837A (en) * 1982-09-29 1985-12-03 Rheem Manufacturing Company Method of making an improved water heater tank assembly
FR2651951A1 (en) * 1989-09-14 1991-03-15 Pioneer Electronic Corp Arrangement for mounting a network of division and frequencies of switching in a loudspeaker of the coaxial type.
US5499440A (en) * 1992-08-21 1996-03-19 Pioneer Electric Corporation Staking method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB521809A (en) * 1937-12-15 1940-05-31 Philco Radio & Television Corp Method of assembling and welding loud speaker parts
US2404456A (en) * 1944-06-30 1946-07-23 United Aircraft Corp Alignment tool
US2501031A (en) * 1945-11-30 1950-03-21 Rca Corp Magnetic field structure for dynamic loud-speakers and the like
US2663270A (en) * 1949-05-25 1953-12-22 Gregory Ind Inc Composite stud
US2666980A (en) * 1947-04-02 1954-01-26 Rola Company Inc Method of making loud-speakers
US2697873A (en) * 1949-07-08 1954-12-28 Jr James N Cooke Elimination of squeaks in fabricated metal products

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB521809A (en) * 1937-12-15 1940-05-31 Philco Radio & Television Corp Method of assembling and welding loud speaker parts
US2404456A (en) * 1944-06-30 1946-07-23 United Aircraft Corp Alignment tool
US2501031A (en) * 1945-11-30 1950-03-21 Rca Corp Magnetic field structure for dynamic loud-speakers and the like
US2666980A (en) * 1947-04-02 1954-01-26 Rola Company Inc Method of making loud-speakers
US2663270A (en) * 1949-05-25 1953-12-22 Gregory Ind Inc Composite stud
US2697873A (en) * 1949-07-08 1954-12-28 Jr James N Cooke Elimination of squeaks in fabricated metal products

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189981A (en) * 1961-05-25 1965-06-22 Child Guidance Toys Inc Method of assembling magnetized rubber-like strips in plastic configurations
DE1226645B (en) * 1962-10-01 1966-10-13 Electro Voice dynamic microphone
US4555837A (en) * 1982-09-29 1985-12-03 Rheem Manufacturing Company Method of making an improved water heater tank assembly
FR2651951A1 (en) * 1989-09-14 1991-03-15 Pioneer Electronic Corp Arrangement for mounting a network of division and frequencies of switching in a loudspeaker of the coaxial type.
US5018206A (en) * 1989-09-14 1991-05-21 Pioneer Electronic Corp. Network mounting device for coaxial type speaker
US5499440A (en) * 1992-08-21 1996-03-19 Pioneer Electric Corporation Staking method

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