US2945613A - Method and apparatus for feeding elongated objects from a container - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for feeding elongated objects from a container Download PDF

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US2945613A
US2945613A US550549A US55054955A US2945613A US 2945613 A US2945613 A US 2945613A US 550549 A US550549 A US 550549A US 55054955 A US55054955 A US 55054955A US 2945613 A US2945613 A US 2945613A
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container
cover
holder
components
extending
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US550549A
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Benjamin F Gerding
Anthony F Labrozzi
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International Resistance Co
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International Resistance Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or adjusting assemblages of electric components
    • H05K13/02Feeding of components
    • H05K13/029Feeding axial lead components, e.g. using vibrating bowls, magnetic fields

Description

July 19, 1960 B. F. GERDING ETAL 2,945,613
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FEEDING ELONGATED OBJECTS FROM A CONTAINER 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 2. 1955 R. N EGERD ANTHONY F. LABROZZI ATTORNEY July 19, 1 960 2,945,613
B. F. GERDING ETAL METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FEEDING ELONGATED OBJECTS FROM A CONTAINER Filed Dec. 2, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 52 ll 70 I 20 22 INVENTOR. l BENJAMIN F. GERDING BY ANTHONY F. LABROZZI ATTORNEY.
July 19, 1960 B. F. GERDING EI'AL 2,945,613
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FEEDING ELONGATED OBJECTS FROM A CONTAINER Filed Dec. 2, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 6 66 10 4 7O 2 {Q 26 8O 74 260 I 26b a- 5- 7 Y8 INVEN TOR. BENJAMN F. GERDING BYANTHONY F. LABROZZI ATTORNEY atent Patented July 19, 1960 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FEEDING ELON- GATED OBJECTS FROM A CONTAINER Benjamin F. Gerding, Chalfont, and Anthony F. Labrozzi, Philadelphia, Pa, assignors to International Resistance Company, Philadelphia, Pa.
Filed Dec. 2, 1955, Ser. No. 550,549
12 Claims. or. 221-498 This invention relates to a method and apparatus for automatically feeding elongated objects from a container.
More particularly it relates to a method and apparatus for :feeding electronic components such as resistors from a rectangular box or container.
The present trend in the electronic industry is toward automation in the manufacture of various electronic equipment such as radio and television sets wherein the various electronic components, such as resistors, capacitors and rectifiers, that go into the electronic circuit making up the equipment are handled and assembled automatically by machines. The manufacturers receive the electronic components in packages or containers from which the components are fed into the machines.
Previously, the components were fed into the machines by hand. Such an operation is costly, since it requires a separate operator for each machine and is also time consuming. Another disadvantage of hand feedingthe components is that the operator must be very careful in removing the components from the containers. Most of the components are of the type having a rigid central body portion with a lead wire extending from each end thereof. The lead Wires are usually made of small diameter tin plated copper wire and are very flexible. Therefore, if the operator is not careful in removing the components from the container, the ends of the lead wires might brush against the sides of the container and there by bend the leads. With the leads of some of the components being bent, it is very diificult to perform any further operations on the components so that they may be automatically assembled in the desired electronic equipment.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a method of automatically feeding elongated objects from a container. Another object is to provide an apparatus for automatically feeding elongated objects from a container. Still another object is to provide an apparatus for automatically feeding from a container electronic components which are arranged in substantially parallel relationship in the container. A still further object is to provide an apparatus for automatically feeding from a container electronic components of the type comprising a central body portion with leads extending from the ends thereof without bending the leads. Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises. the several steps and the relation of one or more of such steps with respect to each of the others, and the apparatus embodying features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which are adapted to effect such steps, all as exemplified in the following detailed disclosure, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.
For a iuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be had to the followcompanying drawings in which:
Figure l is a perspective view of the apparatus;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the apparatus taken along lines 22 in Figure 4;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the apparatus;
Figure 4 is a top view of the apparatus; and
Figuire 5 is a front elevational view of the apparatus.
Referring to Figure 1 of the drawings, the feeding apparatus comprises in general, a base 10 having a tilted top 10a. A substantially rectangular container-holder 12 is mounted on the base It) in such a manner that the holder can be reoiprocated from side to side as indicated by arrow '14. The holder 12 is also tilted by resting on top 1011 so that its front end 12a is lower than its back end 12b. Holder 12; has a cover 18 and with this removed, a container filled with the articles is placed therein: the cover having a longitudinal slot 18a to expose .the articles is then put in position. The articles, here shown to be electrical components 16 are of the type having a rigid body portion 16a and a thin Wire lead 16b extending from each end of the body portion; they are arranged in the container so that they are substantially parallel to the front end of the holder '12.
at high frequency by mechanism which will be described in detail later, the agitation of the components 16 plus the force applied to the components toward the front end of the holder 12 by the weight 2.6 through the pusher plate 24 causes the components 16 to flow over the front end of the holder 12. As the components 16 flow out of the holder 12 the weight 26 slides down the tilted cover 1% to maintain pressure on the components. The components are guided over the edge of the front end of the holder 12 by the guide portion 22 of the cover and a hopper 28 is attached to the front end of the holder 12 to catch the components and guide them to a machine for further handling. To control the flow of the components, a gate mechanism 39 pivotally supported on the hopper 28 extends through the slot 18a in the cover 18 and spans the space beneath the guide portion 22. Mechanism which will be described in detail later is provided 'to intermittently swing the gate flow of the components.
Referring to Figures 2 through 5, the container holder 12 comprises in detail a substantially rectangular bottom plate 3-2, a pair of side walls 33 and 34 and a front wall 35. The holder 12 is mounted on a supporting plate 36 which extends beneath bottom plateGZ adjacent its front end and Well beyond the sides of the holder. A
pair of clamping arms 37 (Figure 5) extend down from shaft 38 between the clamping arms and the bearing block. The back end of the holder 12 is slidably held on an adjustable support generally'indicated at 42 in Figure 3. on top 10a of base iii beneath the back end of the a holder 12 and has a flange; 43a extending from one side 30 open to allow Support 4 2 comprises a block 4-3 mounted adjacent its top .edge. A pin 44 fits in .a hole 43b in the top of the flange 43a and a bolt 45 is threaded into a hole 43c in the bottom of the flange 43a and engages the bottom of the bearing pin 44. A locknut 46. is threaded on the bolt 45 to lock the positioning of the bolt. A bearing plate 47, mounted on the lower surface of the bottom plate 32, rides on bearing .pin 44. The bearing plate 47 is of a harder material than the hearing pin 44 so that any wear will be on the pin and such wear can be compensated for by means of bolt 45. Thus, the holder 12 is mounted on .the base 10 with its front end lower than its back end and it can be reciprocated from side to side as indicated by arrow 14 in Figures 1 and 5.
The cover 18 comprises a pair of plates 48 (Figures 1 and 2) secured together in spaced parallel relation by a connecting strip 49 (Figure 2). The plates 48 extend beyond the back end of holder 12 and the con; necting strip 49 is positioned at the back end of holder 12 leaving the slot 18a, formed therebetween opening at its front end into hopper 28. The front of plates 48 curve over the front wall 35 (Figure 2) to form the U shaped guide portion 22. Guide portion 22 is spaced from the front wall 35 a sufficient distance to provide a passage 57 (Figure 2) between the wall and guide portion preferably large enough to allow one component to pass therethrough. Each of the plates 48 has a longitudinal flange 48a (Figures 1 and 3) extending downwardly alongside side walls 33 and 34 of container 12 to prevent sidewise motion between the cover 18 and the holder 12. Flanges 48a extend throughout the length of the plates 48 and each has an extension 48b (Figures 1, 3 and 4) at its front end extending adjacent and spaced from the guide portions 22 to provide a slot 51 therebctween. A downwardly extending arm 480 (Figures 1 and 3) extends from each flange 48a at a point over the supporting plate 36 and has aflange 48d at its end extending substantially parallel to the supporting plate 36. Clamps 20, which as shown are preferably of the toggle type, are mounted on supporting plate 36 on each-side of the holder 12. The clamps 20 are positioned so that when the handles 20a thereof are pressed down, the clamping head 20b (Figure presses down on the hold down flange 48a to hold the cover 18 on the holder 12 firmly.
Pressure plate 24 comprises a substantially rectangular plate 24a (Figure 2) fitting in the holder 12 between side walls 33 and 34 with an angular extension 24b extending therefrom through slot 18a in the cover 18 and attached to weight 26. Weight 26 is a metal block resting on plates 48 to slide therealong and has downwardly extending side flanges 26a and 26b. -As best seen in Figure 4, the side flanges 26a and 26b of the weight 26 diverge slightly from front to rear, the distance between the flanges at the front being substantially as wide as the cover 18 (a little play being provided) while the corresponding distance at the rear being greater.
Turning now to Figures 1 and 2, the hopper 28 comprises sides 52 and 53 which are preferably integral extensions of holder side walls 33 and 34 respectively. Up; wardly and rearwardly extending sections 52a and 53a thereof (Figure l) are located above side walls 33 and 34 to fit into slots 51 (Figure 4) in the cover 18. As
shown in Figure 2, three baflle plates 54, 55 and 56 are secured to sides 52 and 53 to span the space therebetween thereby forming a downwardly extending labyrinth a plate 62 secured to baffle plate 55 forms a chute 64 extending downwardly and away from the labyrinth passage 58.
Referring to Figures 1 and 4, the gate mechanism 30 comprises a gate 66 secured to and extending from a shaft 68 which is pivotally supported in bearings 70 on sides 52 and 53 of hopper 28. Gate 66 extends into the slot 18a of cover 18 and is provided with a flexible tip 72 which may be made from rubber or leather; this tip 72 extends across the passage 57 between the guide portion 22 and the front wall 35 as can be seen best in Figure 2. Shaft 68 extends beyond side 53 of the hopper 28 (Figures 1 and 4) and an actuating arm 74 is secured thereto and connected by means of a rod 78 to the core 76a of a solenoid 76 mounted on the top 10a of base 10. An arm 80 also secured to the shaft 68 (Figure 1) extends therefrom oppositely from the actuating arm 74 and spring 82 anchored to holder 12 by bracket 84 is connected thereto. The circuit of the coil of solenoid 76 includes a switching mechanism (not shown) for intermittent energization thereof at a desired frequency. Preferably, this mechanism is a conventional type capable of varying the frequency of coil energization.
Referring to Figure 5, the mechanism for reciprocating the holder 12 comprises a motor 86 mounted beneath the base top 10a by brackets 88. A pulley 90 secured to the motor shaft 92 drives a second pulley 94 by way of a belt 96. Pulley 94 is secured to a shaft 98 which is supported beneath the base top 10a by bearings 100. The end of shaft 98 has mounted thereon an eccentric bearing member 102. One end of a drive rod 104 is rotatably mounted on this eccentric bearing member 102 andits other end is hingedly connected to a clevis 106 which is secured to shaft 38. Rotation of the eccentric bearing member 102 by shaft 98 causes the drive rod 104 to reciprocate shaft 38 and consequently the holder 12 which is secured thereto.
In operation, cover 18 is removed from the holder 12 and a box of the electrical components 16, with the components arranged in substantially parallel relation as shown in Figure 1, is placed in the holder with one end resting against the front wall 35. The top of the box is either removed or folded back so that the components 16 are exposed. The cover 18 is replaced on the holder 12 and extension 24a of pressure plate 24 is fitted in the box behind the components as shown in Figure 2. Since the holder 12 is tilted, the weight 26 riding on the cover 18 will cause the pressure plate 24 to urge the components 16 toward front wall 35. The handles 20a of clamps 20 are pressed down, forcing the clamping heads 20b (Figure 5) to engage hold down flanges 48d'to secure the cover 18 tightly on the holder 12. Motor 86 is started causing the holder 12 to reciprocate from side to side as indicated by arrows 14 in Figures 1 and 5. The combination of this reciprocating motion plus the force on the components applied by pressure plate 24 causes them to flow forward and over the front wall 35 through the passage 57 beneath guide portion 22. This flow of the components 16 is impeded by the lip 72 of gate 30 which, as previously described, extends across the passage 57. When the coil of solenoid 76 is energized intermittently, the core 76a is reciprocated, imparting like motion to shaft 68 and gate 66 via rod 78, arms 74 and 80 and spring 82 as best seen in Figure 1. This swings gate 66 open and closed and thereby controls the flow of components through passage 57. The frequency of gate oscillation controls the rate and character of the flow of components from the box and prevents jamming of the components in passage 57. If any jamming occurs in the passage 57, lip 72 will push back against the components as the gate 66 swings back across the passage and break the jam.
Upon leaving the passage 57, the components 16 drop into the hopper 28 and land first on the balfie 54. They then pass through labyrinth passage 58 by sliding from- & In"
baflie 54 to baffle 55 and then to baffle 56, after which they drop through chute 64- which can be placed to feed the components into a machine for further handling. The baffles maintain the components in a horizontal position so that they are fed from the apparatus in such a position. As the components 16 flow from the box, the weight 26 slides down cover :13 to maintain pressure on the components by the pressure plate 24. The diverging flanges 26a and 26b of the weight help the movement of the weight down the cover 18. Referring to Figure 4, as the holder moves in one direction, for instance, in the direction of arrow Hi), the weight will be thrown in the same direction causing it to pivot slightly about the point 114 and this edges the bottom side as viewed in Figure 4 forward. When the holder reverses its direction, the weight will pivot slightly about point 112 so that the upper side, as viewed therein, will move forward. Thus, the weight 26 tends to crawl forward as the holder 12 reciprocates from side to side. When the box is empty, the motor and solenoid are turned oif, the cover removed and the empty box is replaced.
It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above, among those made apparent from the preceding descriptron, are efiiciently attained and, since certain changes may be made in carrying out the above method and in the construction set forth without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanylng drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said. to fall therebetween.
Having described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. Apparatus for feeding elongated objects from a conrectangular bottom plate on which the container is adapted to sit and which is tilted so that its front end is lower than its other end, a pair of opposed substantially parallel side walls extending from the sides of the bottom, a front wall at the front end of the bottom, against which the one end of the container is adapted to rest, said front wall having an upper edge, and a cover extending over and between said side walls and being spaced from the upper edge of said front wall to provide an opening between said cover and the upper edge of said front wall, means for reciprocating said holding means from side to side and means for urging said objects toward the front wall whereby the objects will flow over the upper edge of said front wall.
2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which the cover has a longitudinal slot extending from its front edge and the means for urging the objects toward the front wall comprises a plate extending between said side walls and substantially parallel to said front wall, a weight slidably supported on said cover and an arm extending from the plate through the slot in the cover and connected to said weight.
3. The combination as set forth in claim 2 in which the front end portion of the cover is U-shaped and extends over the front wall to guide the objects thereover.
4. The combination as set forth in claim 3 including a gate mechanism extending across the space between the U-shaped end portion of the cover and the upper edge of the front wall and adapted to control the flow of objects over said front wall.
5. The combination as set forth in claim 4 in which the gate mechanism comprises an arm pivotally mounted over said front wall and having a lip extending through the slot in the cover and across the space between the 6. U-shaped end portion andrthe front wall and means for intermittently swinging said arm to open said space and allow the objects to flow therethrough.
6. The combination as set forth in claim 1 including a v hopper attached to the front wall to catch the objects as they -fiow thereover, said hopper having a downwardly extending labyrinth passageway ending in a downwardly extending chute.
7. Apparatus for feeding elongated objects from a container in which they are arranged substantially parallel to one end thereof comprising the combination of a supporting base having a tilted top so that the front end of the top is lower than the rear end, an elongated bearing mounted on said top adjacent and substantially parallel to the front edge thereof, a shaft slidably mounted in said bearing, a supporting plate mounted on and secured to said shaft, holding means for said container mounted on said supporting plate so that the container is tilted substantially parallel to said base top, means for reciprocating said shaft and means for urging said objects toward the front edge of said top.
8. The combination as set forth in claim 7 in which the holding means for the container comprises a bottom plate on which the container is adapted to sit mounted on the supporting plate substantially parallel to the top of said supporting base, a pair of opposed substantially parallel side walls extending from the sides of the bottom plate, a front wall at the front end of the bottom against which one end of the container is adapted to rest, and a cover extending over and between said side walls.
9. The combination as set forth in claim 8 in which said cover has a U-shaped portion extending over the top edge of said front wall and a longitudinal slot extending from its front edge, and the means for urging the objects toward the front wall comprises a plate extending between said side walls and substantially parallel to said front wall, a weight slidably supported on said cover and an arm extending from said plate through said slot in the cover and connected to said weight.
10. The combination as set forth in claim 9 in which said cover has hold down arms extending downwardly along the outside of the side walls and a flange extending outwardly from the end of each arm and clamping means mounted on the supporting plate to engage the flanges and hold the cover tightly on the side walls.
11. Apparatus for feeding elongated objects from an elongated container in which they are arranged substantially parallel to one end thereof comprising means for holding said container including a substantially rectangular bottom plate, a pair of opposed substantially parallel side walls extending from said bottom plate, a front wall at one end of said bottom plate, said front wall having an upper edge, and a cover extending over and between said side walls, said cover having a U-shaped front end portion which extends over and is spaced from the upper edge of said front Wall to provide a passageway between said cover and the upper edge of said front wall, means for reciprocating said holder and container from side to side, and means for urging said objects toward said front wall whereby the objects will flow over the upper edge of said front wall.
12. Apparatus for feeding elongated objects from an oblong container in which they are arranged substantially parallel to one end thereof comprising means for holding said container including a sub-stantially rectangular bottom plate, a pair of opposed substantially parallel side walls extending from the bottom plate, a front wall at one end of said bottom plate, said front wall having an upper edge, and a cover extending over and between said side walls and being spaced from the upper edge of said front wall to provide an opening between said cover and the upper edge of said front wall, means for reciprocating said holder and container from side to side, and
means between said side walls for engaging said objects 7 D 8 and urging said objects toward said front wall whereby 632,485 Cody Sept. 5, 1899 the objects will flow over the upper edge of said front 1,012,106 Seavey Dec. 19, 1911 wall. 1,095,277 Hermann et a1. May 5, 1914 References Cited in the file of this patent 5 gi g f UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,500,438 Tand1er et al Mar. 14', 1950 Re. 21,136 Davis July 4, 1939 2,635,753 McLean Apr. 21, 1953 81,404 Pierce Aug; 25, 1868 2,679,334 Brown et a1 May 25, 1954
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3930596A (en) * 1973-05-11 1976-01-06 Elite Engineering Limited Components feeding devices
US20050077259A1 (en) * 2003-10-13 2005-04-14 Albert Menz Weighted pusher

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US81404A (en) * 1868-08-25 pierce
US632485A (en) * 1899-05-19 1899-09-05 Miles S Cody Vending apparatus.
US1012106A (en) * 1910-06-25 1911-12-19 Arbuckle Brothers Feeding device.
US1095277A (en) * 1911-04-06 1914-05-05 Otto E Hermann Tablet-packaging machine.
US1694897A (en) * 1927-08-19 1928-12-11 Beech Nut Packing Co Distributing device
USRE21136E (en) * 1939-07-04 Process and mechanism fob dividing
US2275849A (en) * 1936-08-24 1942-03-10 Fraser Thomas Apparatus for separating mixed materials
US2500438A (en) * 1945-09-08 1950-03-14 Vendomatic Machine Corp Dispensing and vending machine
US2635753A (en) * 1948-06-01 1953-04-21 Lyle G Mclean Air stratifier
US2679334A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-05-25 Brown Maclean Counting device for tablets and the like

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US81404A (en) * 1868-08-25 pierce
USRE21136E (en) * 1939-07-04 Process and mechanism fob dividing
US632485A (en) * 1899-05-19 1899-09-05 Miles S Cody Vending apparatus.
US1012106A (en) * 1910-06-25 1911-12-19 Arbuckle Brothers Feeding device.
US1095277A (en) * 1911-04-06 1914-05-05 Otto E Hermann Tablet-packaging machine.
US1694897A (en) * 1927-08-19 1928-12-11 Beech Nut Packing Co Distributing device
US2275849A (en) * 1936-08-24 1942-03-10 Fraser Thomas Apparatus for separating mixed materials
US2500438A (en) * 1945-09-08 1950-03-14 Vendomatic Machine Corp Dispensing and vending machine
US2635753A (en) * 1948-06-01 1953-04-21 Lyle G Mclean Air stratifier
US2679334A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-05-25 Brown Maclean Counting device for tablets and the like

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3930596A (en) * 1973-05-11 1976-01-06 Elite Engineering Limited Components feeding devices
US20050077259A1 (en) * 2003-10-13 2005-04-14 Albert Menz Weighted pusher
US6955269B2 (en) 2003-10-13 2005-10-18 Display Technologies, Llc Weighted pusher

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