US2938566A - Apparatus for forming solid structural members of glass fiber reinforced resin - Google Patents

Apparatus for forming solid structural members of glass fiber reinforced resin Download PDF

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Publication number
US2938566A
US2938566A US58090056A US2938566A US 2938566 A US2938566 A US 2938566A US 58090056 A US58090056 A US 58090056A US 2938566 A US2938566 A US 2938566A
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Prior art keywords
mandrel
polyester
apparatus
rollers
beam
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Jr Harry A Toulmin
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Commonwealth Engineering Co of Ohio
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Commonwealth Engineering Co of Ohio
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • B29D99/0003Producing profiled members, e.g. beams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C41/00Shaping by coating a mould, core or other substrate, i.e. by depositing material and stripping-off the shaped article; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C41/24Shaping by coating a mould, core or other substrate, i.e. by depositing material and stripping-off the shaped article; Apparatus therefor for making articles of indefinite length
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C67/00Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00
    • B29C67/0014Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00 for shaping tubes or blown tubular films
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
    • B29K2105/06Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/001Profiled members, e.g. beams, sections
    • B29L2031/003Profiled members, e.g. beams, sections having a profiled transverse cross-section
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S138/00Pipes and tubular conduits
    • Y10S138/02Glass fiber

Description

ULMIN, JR 2,938,566 soun STRUCTURAL MEMBERS REINFORCED RESIN May 31, 1960 H. A. To

APPARATUS FOR FORMING OF GLASS FIBER Filed April 26, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

HARRY A. TOULM/MJI.

Aflarneys May 31, 1960 H. A. TOULMIN, JR 2,938,566

APPARATUS FOR FORMING SOLID STRUCTURAL MEMBERS OF GLASS FIBER REINFORCED RESIN Filed April 26, 1956 s Sheets-Sheet 2 I N V EN TOR.

HA RE) A TOUL MIN, Jn

mgw

A flomeys y 1950 H. A. TOULMIN, JR 2,938,

APPARATUS FOR FORMING SOLID STRUCTURAL MEMBERS OF GLASS FIBER REINFORCED RESIN Filed April 26, 1956 3 heetsheet 5 Ill/I INVENTOR HARRY A- TOULM/N, JK

ATTORNEYS APPARATUS FOR FORMING SOLID STRUCTURAL BTEBIQIEERS OF GLASS FIBER REINFORCED Harry A. Toulmin, Jr., Dayton, Ohio, assignor to The Commonwealth Engineering Company of Ohio, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Apr. 26, 1956, Ser. No. 580,900

3 Claims. (Cl. 154-13) The following invention relates to fabricating structural members, more particularly, to a method and apparatus for continuously molding a glass fiber reinforced polyester resin tube into a structural beam having a predetermined section.

It is the principal object of this invention to provide a novel method of forming structural beam members from polyester resins.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved method of forming polyester resin structural beams having a predetermined section.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a method of forming a polyester I-beam reinforced with fibrous glass.

It is an additional object of this invention to provide an apparatus for rapidly forming polyester resinous beams having predetermined sections.

Many other objects and advantages will become readily apparent upon reference to the accompanying description when taken in conjunction with the following drawings wherein:

Figure l is an overall perspective view of the beam forming apparatus of this invention from the tube molding end;

Figure 1A is also an overall perspective view of the beam forming apparatus but looking from the opposite or finishing roller die end of the apparatus;

Figure 2 is a sectional View along the lines 22 in Figure 1 showing in detail the polyester resinous apparatus and the reinforcing fiber winding device;

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the lines 33 of Figure 2 and showing the arrangement of the nozzles for spraying a polyester on the exterior of a mandrel;

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken along the lines 4-4 of Figure 1;

Figmre 5 is a sectional view taken along the lines 5-5 of Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a sectional view taken along the lines 66 of Figure 1;

Figure 7 is a sectional view taken along the lines 7--7 of Figure 1 and showing the finishing roller dies;

Figure 8 (A through D) are transverse sectional views showing the successive sections of the polyester tube as it is being formed into a beam of predetermined sections; and

Figure 9 is a vertical sectional view of a modified roller die arrangement which can be readily incorporated in the apparatus as disclosed in Figure l.

The process of forming a polyester structural beam as disclosed in this invention essentially comprises spraying a fluid polyester resin upon a metallic mandrel to form a tube. A suitable fibrous material is added to the polyester resin as a reinforcing agent. The reinforced polyester tube is then partially set and passed through a series of roller dies which successively form the polyester tube into a structural beam having a predetermined to States Patent 0 section. The apparatus which is used to accomplish this method shall next be described.

Returning now to the drawings and more particularly to Figure 1 wherein like reference symbols indicate the same parts throughout the various views, 1 indicates an elongated base or bed upon which the apparatus of this invention is mounted. Adjacent one end of the apparatus as indicated at 2 is a vertical support 3. A horizontally supported mandrel or core 4 has one end thereof mounted in the vertical support 3 so that the mandrel is supported as a cantilever beam. The mandrel is made of steel and is cylindrical. The free end of the mandrel is directed toward the opposite end of the base 2, as may be seen in Figure 1.

A plurality of spaced nozzles 5 are angularly spaced around the mandrel 4 at a point inwardly from the vertical support 3. The nozzles are positioned to direct a stream on the exterior face of the mandrel. The exact positioning of the nozzles is more readily seen in Figure 3.

The nozzles 5 are connected to a distributor box 6 by conduits 7. The distributor box 6 is connected by a conduit 8 to a tank 9 which represents a source of supply of the polyester resin which is to be used in the molding of the tubular member.

A plurality of interior nozzles 10 are placed at the free end of the mandrel 4. These nozzles are also connected to the distribution-box 6 and are aimed to direct a stream on the interior face of the plastic tube formed upon the mandrel.

Surrounding the exterior nozzles 5 is a winding drum indicated generally at 11 and journaled within bearings 12 mounted in a support 13. Peripherally arranged gear teeth 14 are adjacent one end of the drum 11. The gear teeth 14 drivingly engage a spur gear 15 which is driven by an electric motor 16 located in the base of the apparatus.

A plurality of spindles 17 are angularly spaced in the interior of the drum 11. A fibrous material in the form of a continuous filament is wound around each of the spindles 17 for winding in the polyester tube in a manner which is to be later described.

Mounted upon the base 1 at a point spaced from the winding drum 11 is a pair of spaced cooperating rollers 18 mounted upon vertical spindles 19. The arrangement of the rollers 18 will be more clearly seen in Figure 4. Gears 20 are mounted on the lower ends of the spindles 19 beneath the bed of the apparatus. The gears 20 are in driving engagement with each other. A bevel gear 21 is mounted on the extreme lower end of one of the spindles 19 and drivingly engages a second bevel gear 22 which is driven from a suitable source of power.

The rollers 18 are cylindrical and their precise function will be later explained in the description of the method of this invention.

While the apparatus of this invention may be used for fabricating structural beams of various shapes the apparatus is specifically illustrated as fabricating an l-beam.

In order to fabricate the I-beam, a second stand of roller dies 23 is spaced from the rollers 18. The roller die stand 23 comprises a pair of roller dies 24 which are mounted upon vertical spindles 25. The spindles 25 are journaled at 26 and said journals are mounted in the base of the apparatus. The rollers 24 are shown to be idlers but may be powered.

Also included in the stand 23 is a roller 27 which is mounted upon a horizontally disposed shaft 28. The ends of the shaft 28 are positioned in vertically depending supports 29. Slots 30 are provided in the lower ends of the supports 29 to receive the ends of the shaft 28. Consequently, the vertical position of the roller 27 with respect to the supports 29 may be readily varied.

Mounted on the apparatus base below the horizontal roller 27 and between the vertical rollers 24 is a block 27A which cooperates with the roller 27 in vertically compressing the strip. The block 27A has an inclinedface 27B (shown in Figure 1) which guides and compresses the bottom surface of the strip. The block 27A is more clearly shown in Figure 5.

A stand 31 of flange forming rollers 32 is mounted at a point spaced on the stand 23. The rollers 32, are mounted upon vertical spindles 33 the lower ends of which are journaled in bearings 34 supported in the base 1. The flange forming rollers 32 are similarly idlers'but may be powered.

A stand 35 of finishing rollers 36 is mounted adjacent the other end of the apparatus base 1. The stand 35 is illustrated in Figure 7 and the rollers therein have a configuration which imparts the final predetermined sectional shape to the beam being fabricated. The rollers 36 are mounted upon vertical spindles 37 the lower ends of which are drivingly connected through suitable gearing 38 to a drive motor 39.

A plurality of polyester sprays 40 are mounted upon the base 1 of the apparatus. The sprays 40 are mounted in pairs and are arranged to spray a polyester resinous material upon the beam immediately prior to the beam entering the set of forming rollers. This added coating of polyester resin lubricates the surface of the beam and enables the beam to pass freely through the forming dies. In addition, a coloring material may be added to the resin emitted from the sprays 40 upon the surface of the structuralmember for decorative purposes.

A curing oven 41 is located immediately beyond the finishing rollers 36. The length of the oven 41 is suflicient so that the completed structural beam will be cure during its passage through the oven. 7

In the fabrication of a structural beam in accordance with the method of this invention, a suitable polyester resin is sprayed upon the mandrel through the nozzles to become deposited as indicated at 42. This polyester resin is sprayed in fluid form and is potentially thermosetting. This spray comprises a polymerizable polyester composition which is partial condensation product of at least one unsaturated polyhydric alcohol and at least one polycarboxylic acid or anhydride. The polyester may be an ester of glycol with a dicarboxy alkene having four to five carbon atoms in which the carboxy radicals perature which is below the setting temperature of the polyester. This preheating partially condenses the polyester and imparts sufiicient strength to the polyester tube to result in the tube being self-supporting.

As an alternative to the heating coils 44 an infrared oven may be positioned at this point with respect to the mandrel 4 to partially condense the polyester tube.

As the preheated polyester tube emerges from the end of the mandrel 4 at 45, it has a cross sectional shape such as illustrated in Figure 8A which is essentially the shape of a cylinder. 7

As the tube emerges from the mandrel fiuidpolyester resin may 'be sprayed on the interior thereof. This will result in the inner surface'of theitube being pure resinous material. Consequently, when the walls of the tube are compressed together the inner surfaces of the tube, being resinous material, will readily adhere to each other and the resulting rod-like member will be solid and are attached to adjacent carbon atoms, i.e. maleic,

fumaric, itaconic, citraconic, or mesaconic acid, or with the corresponding anhydrides. The precise selection of the polyester will in large part depend upon the ultimate use of the completed structural beam.

Concurrently with the depositing of the polyester upon the mandrel a plurality of glass fiber filaments 43 are wound into the deposited polyester resin by the rotating winding drum 11. The reinforcing properties of glass fibers when imbedded in a polyester composition are well known and hence their use is preferable in the structural beam fabricated in this invention. However, textile, metallic, or any other nonmetallic filaments may be readily imbedded in the polyester composition as a reinforcing agent.

The reinforcing filament is in one length and is continuously wound into the deposited polyester resin. If desired, a plurality of short lengths of glass fiber filaments may be deposited by various means such as being blown by a jet of air into the deposited polyester resin. For

some purposes, the presence of a largequantity of short lengths of glass fibers may be preferable.

As an alternative, a tubular mat of glass fibers may be built upon the mandrel 4. The nozzles 5 are positioned to spray polyester resin on the complete fibrous mat to impregnate the mat and to bind the fibers together to form a plastic reinforced tube. 7

'Heating coils 44 are mounted in the mandrel 40 in order to preheat the reinforced polyester-tube to a tem= without a seam therein.

The polyester strip which-is indicated generally as 45 throughout its entire processing, is next passed through the rollers 18 where it is compressed into a solid rod-like member. The cross section of the rod-like member at this point is illustrated at Figure 8B and is substantially rectangular. The rollers 18 also move the polyester tube in an axial direction through the various roller dies and remove the polyester tube from the mandrel 4. The compressed polyester strip is then passed through the stand 23 where horizontal grooves 47 are formed in the vertical bases of the strip. The horizontally disposed roller 27 prevents bulging of the polyester strip as the grooves are being formed.

The cross section of the polyester strip at this point is shown in Figure 8C.

The groove in the polyester strip 45 is then passed through the flange forming rollers 32. These rollers roughly shape the flanges of the I-beam.

The shaped polyester strip is next passed through the finishing rollers 36 in which the final shape of the I-beam is formed into the polyester strip. The finished strip is then passed through a suitable heating means, such as an oven, Whose temperature is above the setting point of the resin. This is the final heating of the shaped strip and sets the complete I-beam into an infusible condition.

If not already done so during the processing of the I-beam, the beam may be colored or decorated by any suitable process.

Figure 9 illustrates a modification of the roller die structure which might be used in fabricating the I-beam of this invention. In this modification, all of the forming dies are mounted in a single stand 48 and comprise vertical roller dies 49 mounted on vertical spindles 50 driven from a suitable source of power. The roller dies 49 impart a predetermined configuration to the polyester strip.

Horizontally disposed rollers 51 and 52 compress the upper and lower bases, respectively, of the polyester strip concurrently with the action of the vertical rollers 49. Consequently, when the strip emerges from the modified stand of Figure 9 the beam is in its final shape.

Thus, it can be seen that an apparatus and method has been disclosed for continuously molding a polyester struc tural beam of a predetermined shape from a tube of a reinforced polyester resin. While the finished product is primarily intended for use as a structural member, it is readily apparent that strips of various sections may be formed by the process of this invention. These strips may be used in locations where no stress is intended to be imparted upon them.

It will be understood that this invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it to difierent usages and conditions, and, accordingly, it is desired to comprehend such modifications within this invention as may fall within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In an apparatus for forming a solid structural memher from a brittle substantially inextensible fibrous material such as glass the combination of an elongated base, a cylindrical mandrel mounted adjacent one end of said base, a plurality of nozzles spaced around said mandrel for spraying a resinous plastic material thereon, a winding rum surrounding said mandrel and having a plurality of spindles thereon for receiving rolls of filament material for winding the filaments on, said mandrel concurrently with the spraying of the resinous plastic material thereon, a pair of parallel rollers on said base spaced from said mandrel for deforming a tubular member formed of said filament and resinous plastic into a solid member, and a plurality of roller stands spaced from said parallel rollers and having die rollers thereon for shaping the solid member into a desired cross-section, said mandrel, parallel rollers and roller stands being aligned so that a tubular member which is being continuously formed on said mandrel will be continuously formed into a substantially straight structural member.

2. In an apparatus for forming a solid structural member from a brittle substantially inextensible fibrous material such as glass the combination of an elongated base, a cylindrical mandrel mounted adjacent one end of said base, a plurality of nozzles spaced around said mandrel for spraying a resinous plastic material thereon, means surrounding said mandrel for winding a plurality of filaments on said mandrel concurrently with the spraying of the resinous plastic material thereon, a pair of parallel rollers on said base spaced from said mandrel for deforming a tubular member formed of said filament and resinous plastic into a solid member, and a plurality of roller stands spaced from said parallel rollers and having die rollers thereon for shaping the solid member into a desired cross-section, said mandrel, parallel rollers and roller stands being aligned so that a tubular member which is being continuously formed on said mandrel will be continuously formed into a substantially straight structural member.

3. In an apparatus for forming a solid structural member from a brittle substantially inextensible fibrous material such as glass the combination of an elongated base, a cylindrical mandrel mounted adjacent one end of said base, a plurality of nozzles spaced around said mandrel for spraying a resinous plastic material thereon, means for partially setting the resinous plastic material as it emerges from the end of said mandrel, a winding drum surrounding said mandrel and having a plurality of spindles thereon for receiving rolls of filament material for winding the filaments on said mandrel concurrently with the spraying of the resinous plastic material thereon, a pair of parallel rollers on said base spaced from said mandrel for deforming a tubular member formed of said filament and resinous plastic into a solid member, and a plurality of roller stands spaced from said parallel rollers and having die rollers thereon for shaping the solid member into a desired cross-section, said mandrel, parallel rollers and roller stands being aligned so that a tubular member which is being continuously formed on said mandrel will be continuously formed into a substantially straight structural member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,421,306 Rawlings June 27, 1922 1,716,505 Robinson June 11, 1929 1,949,476 Kennedy Mar. 6, 1934 2,323,862 Zimmerman et a1. July 6, 1943 2,349,829 Nydegger et a1 May 30, 1944 2,413,551 Englund Dec. 31, 1946 2,437,884 Maynard Mar. 16,1948 2,582,294 Stober Jan. 15, 1952 2,614,058 Francis Oct. 14, 1952 2,620,513 Cryor et a1. Dec. 9, 1952 2,629,894 Boggs Mar. 3, 1953 2,682,292 Nagin June 29, 1954 2,770,007 Longstreth et al Nov. 13, 1956

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3194273A (en) * 1958-01-10 1965-07-13 Piastus Sa Plastic coated fabric tubes and belts and method of making same
US3328818A (en) * 1965-03-31 1967-07-04 Ruth J Melcher Reinforced walk ramp
US3455765A (en) * 1964-09-29 1969-07-15 Mancar Trust Apparatus for producing fiber-reinforced plastics sections,particularly longitudinally tapering sections,with the aid of a mandrel
US3549738A (en) * 1968-09-30 1970-12-22 Johns Manville Method for producing fibrous products having integral tongue and groove edges
US3627868A (en) * 1968-05-24 1971-12-14 Takaji Funahashi Method of producing nibs for writing instruments
US3661481A (en) * 1970-03-02 1972-05-09 Haviland Agricultural Chemical Mobile thermoforming apparatus
DE2361181A1 (en) * 1972-12-08 1974-06-12 Inst Francais Du Petrole Flexible elongate member having verstaerkungsbewehrung
DE2361162A1 (en) * 1972-12-08 1974-06-12 Inst Francais Du Petrole Density flexible circuit
US3874970A (en) * 1972-02-03 1975-04-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method and apparatus for producing flattened flexible tube stock
US4559005A (en) * 1984-12-24 1985-12-17 The Boeing Company Machine for forming composite material into fillets
US4720255A (en) * 1984-06-28 1988-01-19 The Boeing Company Apparatus for planar forming of zero degree composite tape
US4726924A (en) * 1984-06-28 1988-02-23 The Boeing Company Method of planar forming of zero degree composite tape
US4788088A (en) * 1985-10-04 1988-11-29 Kohl John O Apparatus and method of making a reinforced plastic laminate structure and products resulting therefrom
US4883552A (en) * 1986-12-05 1989-11-28 Phillips Petroleum Company Pultrusion process and apparatus
US5043128A (en) * 1987-06-27 1991-08-27 Shin Nihon Koku Seibi Kabushiki Kaisha Method of forming plastic composite material
US5182060A (en) * 1991-01-31 1993-01-26 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Continuous forming of composites
US20050023728A1 (en) * 2003-08-01 2005-02-03 Benson Vernon M. Apparatus and methods for forming composite stiffeners and reinforcing structures
US20100024971A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2010-02-04 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Stiffener tool positioning apparatus
US20110111148A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Radially extending composite structures
US20110108189A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Automated composite annular structure forming
DE102015206917A1 (en) * 2015-04-16 2016-10-20 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Pultrusion of continuous profiles with discontinuous cross-sectional profile

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US1421306A (en) * 1920-06-19 1922-06-27 Rawlplug Co Ltd Method for the manufacture of tubular wall plugs from string or like material
US1716505A (en) * 1926-04-14 1929-06-11 Lancaster Asphalt Inc Apparatus for making prepared roofing
US1949476A (en) * 1933-04-21 1934-03-06 Anaconda Wire & Cable Co Machine for making coated woven tubes
US2323862A (en) * 1941-06-30 1943-07-06 Plastex Trim Corp Means for producing formed strips of plastic materials
US2349829A (en) * 1942-08-15 1944-05-30 Du Pont Apparatus
US2413551A (en) * 1943-05-21 1946-12-31 James H Rhodes & Company Spongiform plastic abrasive pad and method of making it
US2437884A (en) * 1947-09-18 1948-03-16 Pro Phy Lac Tic Company Method for making plastic comb holders
US2582294A (en) * 1947-10-31 1952-01-15 Dow Chemical Co Continuous method for cooling and shaping thermoplastics
US2614058A (en) * 1948-06-03 1952-10-14 Richard J Francis Methods of forming reinforced hollow plastic articles
US2620513A (en) * 1950-03-08 1952-12-09 Union Asbestos & Rubber Co Method of and apparatus for forming pipe insulation
US2629894A (en) * 1949-09-27 1953-03-03 H D Boggs Company Ltd Apparatus and process for making molded fiber-filled plastic pipe threads
US2682292A (en) * 1950-08-29 1954-06-29 Reliance Steel Prod Co Continuous system for forming fiber and plastic shapes
US2770007A (en) * 1952-12-22 1956-11-13 Dow Chemical Co Film stretching device

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1421306A (en) * 1920-06-19 1922-06-27 Rawlplug Co Ltd Method for the manufacture of tubular wall plugs from string or like material
US1716505A (en) * 1926-04-14 1929-06-11 Lancaster Asphalt Inc Apparatus for making prepared roofing
US1949476A (en) * 1933-04-21 1934-03-06 Anaconda Wire & Cable Co Machine for making coated woven tubes
US2323862A (en) * 1941-06-30 1943-07-06 Plastex Trim Corp Means for producing formed strips of plastic materials
US2349829A (en) * 1942-08-15 1944-05-30 Du Pont Apparatus
US2413551A (en) * 1943-05-21 1946-12-31 James H Rhodes & Company Spongiform plastic abrasive pad and method of making it
US2437884A (en) * 1947-09-18 1948-03-16 Pro Phy Lac Tic Company Method for making plastic comb holders
US2582294A (en) * 1947-10-31 1952-01-15 Dow Chemical Co Continuous method for cooling and shaping thermoplastics
US2614058A (en) * 1948-06-03 1952-10-14 Richard J Francis Methods of forming reinforced hollow plastic articles
US2629894A (en) * 1949-09-27 1953-03-03 H D Boggs Company Ltd Apparatus and process for making molded fiber-filled plastic pipe threads
US2620513A (en) * 1950-03-08 1952-12-09 Union Asbestos & Rubber Co Method of and apparatus for forming pipe insulation
US2682292A (en) * 1950-08-29 1954-06-29 Reliance Steel Prod Co Continuous system for forming fiber and plastic shapes
US2770007A (en) * 1952-12-22 1956-11-13 Dow Chemical Co Film stretching device

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3194273A (en) * 1958-01-10 1965-07-13 Piastus Sa Plastic coated fabric tubes and belts and method of making same
US3455765A (en) * 1964-09-29 1969-07-15 Mancar Trust Apparatus for producing fiber-reinforced plastics sections,particularly longitudinally tapering sections,with the aid of a mandrel
US3328818A (en) * 1965-03-31 1967-07-04 Ruth J Melcher Reinforced walk ramp
US3627868A (en) * 1968-05-24 1971-12-14 Takaji Funahashi Method of producing nibs for writing instruments
US3549738A (en) * 1968-09-30 1970-12-22 Johns Manville Method for producing fibrous products having integral tongue and groove edges
US3661481A (en) * 1970-03-02 1972-05-09 Haviland Agricultural Chemical Mobile thermoforming apparatus
US3874970A (en) * 1972-02-03 1975-04-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method and apparatus for producing flattened flexible tube stock
DE2361162A1 (en) * 1972-12-08 1974-06-12 Inst Francais Du Petrole Density flexible circuit
DE2361181A1 (en) * 1972-12-08 1974-06-12 Inst Francais Du Petrole Flexible elongate member having verstaerkungsbewehrung
US4013100A (en) * 1972-12-08 1977-03-22 Institut Francais Du Petrole, Des Carburants Et Lubrifiants Et Entreprise De Recherches Et D'activities Petrolieres Elf Flexible elongated member comprising a reinforcing armouring
US4720255A (en) * 1984-06-28 1988-01-19 The Boeing Company Apparatus for planar forming of zero degree composite tape
US4726924A (en) * 1984-06-28 1988-02-23 The Boeing Company Method of planar forming of zero degree composite tape
US4559005A (en) * 1984-12-24 1985-12-17 The Boeing Company Machine for forming composite material into fillets
US4788088A (en) * 1985-10-04 1988-11-29 Kohl John O Apparatus and method of making a reinforced plastic laminate structure and products resulting therefrom
US4883552A (en) * 1986-12-05 1989-11-28 Phillips Petroleum Company Pultrusion process and apparatus
US5043128A (en) * 1987-06-27 1991-08-27 Shin Nihon Koku Seibi Kabushiki Kaisha Method of forming plastic composite material
US5182060A (en) * 1991-01-31 1993-01-26 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Continuous forming of composites
US20110003111A1 (en) * 2003-08-01 2011-01-06 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Apparatus and methods for forming composite stiffeners and reinforcing structures
US20050056362A1 (en) * 2003-08-01 2005-03-17 Benson Vernon M. Apparatus and methods for forming composite stiffeners and reinforcing structures
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