US2936870A - Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith - Google Patents

Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2936870A
US2936870A US64130757A US2936870A US 2936870 A US2936870 A US 2936870A US 64130757 A US64130757 A US 64130757A US 2936870 A US2936870 A US 2936870A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sheet
account
means
magnetic
machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Schmidt Heinz
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAYLORIX ORGANISATION STIEGLER HAUSSER & CO
Original Assignee
TAYLORIX ORGANISATION STIEGLER HAUSSER & CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J11/00Devices or arrangements of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers, for supporting or handling copy material in sheet or web form
    • B41J11/36Blanking or long feeds; Feeding to a particular line, e.g. by rotation of platen or feed roller
    • B41J11/42Controlling printing material conveyance for accurate alignment of the printing material with the printhead; Print registering
    • B41J11/46Controlling printing material conveyance for accurate alignment of the printing material with the printhead; Print registering by marks or formations on the paper being fed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D12/00Book-keeping books, forms or arrangements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/08Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code using markings of different kinds or more than one marking of the same kind in the same record carrier, e.g. one marking being sensed by optical and the other by magnetic means

Description

May 17, 1960 H. SCHMIDT 2,936,870

ACCOUNT SHEET AND OFFICE MACHINE TO BE USED THEIREWITH Filed Feb. 20, 1957 United W6 Paten ACCOUNT SHEET MACHINE TO BE USED THEREWITH Application February 20, 1957, Serial No. 641,307

3 Claims. cum-121 The present invention relates to account sheets and office machines for posting information on account sheets.

In particular, the present invention relates to the automatic transporting of an account sheet to a desired position in an oiiice machine.

At the present time such automatic transportingof account sheets in oflice machines is carried out in a purely mechanical manner by mechanical feelers which feel cutouts, gaps, slits or the like which are Punched in the sheets. Such structure does not give satisfactory results in all respects. Thus, the provision of suitable cutouts, slit's or the like in the account sheet weakens the latter, deprives the latter of area capable of holding information, and renders the reading of information on the sheet more dilficult. Also, because of the relative weakness of such sheets they are easily torn by the feeling apparatus which usually is made of mechanical pins, or the like,

which are capable of exerting on the sheet forces which will tear the latter if, for example, the sheet is notaccurately placed in the machine. V

Furthermore, mechanical feeler structure of the above type becomes worn after a certain period of time and fails to provide accurate automatic location of punched or otherwise mechanically marked sheets in an office machine. I

One of the primary objects of the present invention is to overcome above drawbacks by providing means enabling a relatively thin, weak account sheet made of paper or the like to be accurately and automatically positioned in an ofiice machine without the use of mechanical feeling structure and without any perforations, slits, or cutouts of any type in the account sheet itself.

Another object of the present invention is to provide means capable of placing desired markings on an account sheet as well as capable of sensing markings previously located thereon. I

Theabove and other objects of the invention will become further apparent from the following detailed description, reference being made to the accompanying drawing, showing a preferref embodiment of the invention.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of an account sheet according to the invention, together with a ring gap magnet, the left marginal portion of the sheet of Fig. 1 being illustrated at an enlarged scale relative to the remainder of the sheet for the purpose of clearly illustrating the invention;

Fig. 2 is a side view of the structure of Fig. 1 as seen from the left side of Fig. 1', and

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along line IIl--III of Fig. 1.

As may be seen in the drawing, the account sheet 1, 2 includes a sheet 1 of paper or the like provided along its left edge, as viewed in Fig. 1, with a magnetizable strip 2 which forms a magnetizable portion of the account sheet and which extends in a direction perpendicular to the writing lines 7. The approximate thickness of the strip or tape 2 with respect to the remainder of the account sheet is apparent from Figs. 2 and 3. This magnetizable account sheet portion 2, in the illustrated example, is in the form of a conventional magnetic tape adapted to be used with conventional tape recorders. This tape 2 is glued onto the sheet 1 in the position indicated in Fig. 1.

A means for producing magnetic markings on portion 2 and for receiving electrical impulses from such markings is shown in the form of a ring gap magnet 3, whose supporting structure is not shown. Magnet 3 is so arranged that the magnetizable tape always moves past an end of the gap 4 of the magnet and is located very close to this gap during movement of the account sheet 1, 2 in the oflice machine in the direction in which the tape 2 extends. The ring gap magnet 3 includes a coil 5. When required, this coil 5 is supplied with current in order to make a magnetic mark on the tape 2, or, as the tape 2 moves past the ring gap magnet magnetic markings already on the tape 2 are sensed by the ring gap magnet which receives an induction impulse for example, from a marking 6, diagrammatically indicated in Fig. 1, as the marking moves past the air gap 4.

Such an impulse is transmitted through an amplifier or other intermediate devices to an unillustrated means which transport the sheet so as to stop the operation of the transporting means and thus stop the movement of the sheet in a position which is predetermined automatically by the position of the marking 6. In this way the transporting means is automatically controlled to determine the position of the account sheet. During return movement or removal of the sheet from the ofiice machine, the magnetic portion of the sheet is provided with a marking which will determine automatically the position of the sheet when it is again placed in the machine.

Thus, it will be apparent from the above description that there is provided, for use with an office machine having a transporting means for transporting an account sheet, an account sheet having a magnetizable portion, and means for producing magnetic markings on the sheet portion and for receiving electrical impulses from magnetic markings thereon, so that an electric impulse de'- rived from such a magnetic marking may be transmitted through an amplifier and/ or other intermediate device to a transporting means which transports theaccount sheet, so as to control the transporting means to determine auto matically the position of the account sheet.

With the above-described structure the disadvantage of the mechanical devices referred to above are avoided, and, moreover, the feeling and marking arrangement of the invention is relatively simple and may be compactly arranged so as to occupy a small amount of space, whereby the frequency of repairs is reduced and the cost of the device is also reduced.

The entire account sheet may be made of a magnetic material, so that it may be used with all types of systems. However, with conventional devices for inserting an account sheet into a machine it is desirable to have the magnetic portion of the account sheet extend in a predetermined direction which is preferably perpendicular to the direction of the lines written on the account sheet.

The transporting structure of an ofiice machine for an account sheet as described above can be made exactly like a conventional transporting structure used with a conventional mechanical feeling arrangement, the only difference being that the operation of the transporting structure is stopped by an electrical impulse which operates an electromagnet or the like for terminating the operation of the transporting structure.

Instead of providing magnetic markings, it is also possible to provide a fully magnetized portion of the account sheet which is then demagnetized at predetermined locations in order to provide the necessary markings. This is done where the entire account sheet is of a magnetic material.

Placing a magnetizable material on an account sheet is relatively inconvenient and expensive. The material which is to be applied to the sheet must be in a finely particulated form and must be presintered. Furthermore, it is necessary to polish or grind the layer of magnetic material after it is placed on the sheet. These same manufacturing steps are, in general, used for making conventional magnetic tapes for tape recorders and the like, but the quantity of magnetic tapes which are manufactured is so great that the relatively complex, expensive manufacturing process is economically feasible. How ever, the same process would not be economically feasible for the relatively small number of account sheets which would have to be provided with magnetizable portions.

Thus, in order to overcome this disadvantage of the great expense which would be required in depositing a magnetic layer on an account sheet, in accordance with the present invention, substantially the same results are obtained simply by taking a portion of a conventional magnetic tape, wire or the like and joining it to a sheet. Preferably such a tape, wire or the like is simply glued onto the sheet. However, it is also possible, of course, to provide sheets other than account sheets, such as paper webs, plastic foil and the like with magnetizable bands or the like.

The magnetizing of certain parts of the magnetic edge portion of the account sheet may be produced by a permanent magnet instead of a ring gap magnet, as described above. Such a permanent magnet may have a relatively large air gap which can be regulated as to size by adjusting means until, for example, blade-like, substantially pointed pole-shoe ends of the magnet come to lie either against or almost against the magnetic portion of the sheet.

With such a magnet there is produced between the pole shoe ends a densifying action of the lines of magnetic flux, these lines of flux passing through the magnetic edge portion of the sheet in order to produce magnetic markings thereon.

Magnet 3 and coil may form parts of a machine similar to that disclosed in copending application Serial No. 641,306 filed on even date in the name of Hermann Fleck entitled Account Sheets and Office Machine Structure for Cooperation Therewith, now abandoned, whereby contacts 3 and 4 are replaced by hereinabove described sensing means (magnet 3 and coil 5).

Various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and it is intended that such obvious changes and modifications be embraced by the annexed claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is:

1. An ofice machine having means for controlling the transport of an account sheet, said account sheet comprising an elongated strip of magnetizable material bonded to said sheet, first means for producing magnetic markings on said strip and for receiving electric impulses from magnetic markings produced on said strip, and second means connected to said first means for transmitting an electric impulse obtained from a magnetic marking on said strip for actuating said control means of said ofiice machine to determine the position to which the account sheet is transported in said machine, said first means for producing magnetic markings and receiving electric impulses therefrom being in the form of a ring magnet provided with an air gap.

2. The combination of an otfice machine having transporting means for moving an account sheet to a predetermined position with said account sheet provided with strip means of magnetizable material, with means for producing magnetic markings on said strip means and for receiving electric impulses from magnetic markings on said strip means, whereby an electric impulse may be obtained from a magnetic marking on said strip means for controlling said transporting means of the oflice machine to determine the position to which the account sheet is moved by said transporting means, said means for producing magnetic markings and receiving electric impulses therefrom being in the form of a ring gap magnet having an adjustable air gap, said strip means being in the form of a magnetic tape, said sheet having a plurality of spaced parallel writing lines thereon, said magnetic tape being bonded to said sheet normal to said writing lines.

3. In an office machine for feeding an element along a path and which element is provided with magnetizable strip means; first means for producing magnetic markings on said strip means and supported by said machine and for receiving impulses from said markings thus produced and arranged in the path of said magnetizable strip means, said element with said magnetizable strip means being movable past said first means, said first means including a ring magnet provided with an air gap, and means operatively connected with said ring magnet controlling the movement of said element dependent upon the magnetic marking produced thereon by said first means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,181,992 Ghertman Dec. 5, 1939 2,195,845 Wilson Apr. 2, 1940 2,258,106 Bryce Oct. 7, 1941 2,640,647 Rand June 2, 1953' 2,696,420 Roth Dec. 7, 1954

US2936870A 1954-09-22 1957-02-20 Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith Expired - Lifetime US2936870A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1954T0009995 DE1033682B (en) 1954-09-22 1954-09-22 Device for automatic line selection to account card feeding tidying writing, arithmetic and booking machine
US2936870A US2936870A (en) 1954-09-22 1957-02-20 Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1954T0009995 DE1033682B (en) 1954-09-22 1954-09-22 Device for automatic line selection to account card feeding tidying writing, arithmetic and booking machine
US2936870A US2936870A (en) 1954-09-22 1957-02-20 Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2936870A true US2936870A (en) 1960-05-17

Family

ID=25999197

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2936870A Expired - Lifetime US2936870A (en) 1954-09-22 1957-02-20 Account sheet and office machine to be used therewith

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US2936870A (en)
DE (1) DE1033682B (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3040860A (en) * 1960-10-13 1962-06-26 Ncr Co Record card feeding devices
US3508032A (en) * 1967-06-27 1970-04-21 Ibm Printer having combined data input and automatic document feed mechanism
US3951251A (en) * 1974-07-31 1976-04-20 Bunker Ramo Corporation Document positioning means for printing apparatus
US3978964A (en) * 1974-07-31 1976-09-07 Bunker Ramo Corporation Magnetic head control assembly for a magnetic passbook printing system
US4054198A (en) * 1974-07-31 1977-10-18 Bunker Ramo Corporation Magnetic head control assembly for a magnetic passbook printing system

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1151003B (en) * 1958-07-25 1963-07-04 Wilhelm Ritzerfeld Means at a Rotationsvervielfaeltiger corners to project a predetermined location of the sheet to be printed between the printing elements

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2181992A (en) * 1938-05-11 1939-12-05 Ibm Paper feeding device
US2195845A (en) * 1937-07-03 1940-04-02 Ibm Card selecting machine
US2258106A (en) * 1937-05-27 1941-10-07 Ibm Apparatus for preparing statistical records
US2640647A (en) * 1950-01-13 1953-06-02 Remington Rand Inc Magnetizable record element
US2696420A (en) * 1950-12-14 1954-12-07 Ibm Bipolar magnetic recorder

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2254931A (en) * 1937-05-27 1941-09-02 Ibm Control record for accounting machines
NL94964C (en) * 1950-04-07

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2258106A (en) * 1937-05-27 1941-10-07 Ibm Apparatus for preparing statistical records
US2195845A (en) * 1937-07-03 1940-04-02 Ibm Card selecting machine
US2181992A (en) * 1938-05-11 1939-12-05 Ibm Paper feeding device
US2640647A (en) * 1950-01-13 1953-06-02 Remington Rand Inc Magnetizable record element
US2696420A (en) * 1950-12-14 1954-12-07 Ibm Bipolar magnetic recorder

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3040860A (en) * 1960-10-13 1962-06-26 Ncr Co Record card feeding devices
US3508032A (en) * 1967-06-27 1970-04-21 Ibm Printer having combined data input and automatic document feed mechanism
US3951251A (en) * 1974-07-31 1976-04-20 Bunker Ramo Corporation Document positioning means for printing apparatus
US3978964A (en) * 1974-07-31 1976-09-07 Bunker Ramo Corporation Magnetic head control assembly for a magnetic passbook printing system
US4054198A (en) * 1974-07-31 1977-10-18 Bunker Ramo Corporation Magnetic head control assembly for a magnetic passbook printing system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE1033682B (en) 1958-07-10 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3436294A (en) Tape-mounted label dispensing and applying apparatus
US3054202A (en) Index guides and tabs
US4791283A (en) Transaction card magnetic stripe emulator
US5442865A (en) Passive magnetic position sensor
US2275396A (en) Record controlled perforating machine
US2784392A (en) Data recording system
US3693228A (en) Machine for assembling wire harness
US2770796A (en) Registering device for receiving and sending connecting orders, particularly for conveying plants
US4021728A (en) Magnetic field sensing apparatus for sensing the proximity of a member having high magnetic permeability without requiring an external field source
US6726423B2 (en) Method and apparatus for binding a plurality of sheets
US3962679A (en) Handwriting identification technique
US4038692A (en) Tape sensing device for magnetic tape recording and/or reproducing apparatus
US2254931A (en) Control record for accounting machines
US4222069A (en) Method of and apparatus for preselecting operation of television or radio receiving and recording apparatus
US4380734A (en) Measuring magnetic intensity independent of speed in a succession of moving magnetic strips
US2547838A (en) Record bearing medium and methods of preparation
US2512879A (en) Record sensing device of the capacitive type for use with business machines
US2610257A (en) Magnetic record volume control
FR2342531A1 (en) Programmable ticket dispensing machine - dispenses ticket printed with value of inserted coins
US2849916A (en) Card photographing machine
US4417138A (en) Credit card, process and marking appliance for manufacturing said credit card, and marking appliance for marking said credit card in order to effect deductions from a credit represented by the card
US4106972A (en) Velocity compensator and apparatus incorporating the same
US5873966A (en) Magnetic splice detection system
US2832840A (en) Means and techniques for visually indicating editing position on film
US2594716A (en) Electronic program controller