US2935562A - Teleprinter receiving apparatus - Google Patents

Teleprinter receiving apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US2935562A
US2935562A US616398A US61639856A US2935562A US 2935562 A US2935562 A US 2935562A US 616398 A US616398 A US 616398A US 61639856 A US61639856 A US 61639856A US 2935562 A US2935562 A US 2935562A
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United States
Prior art keywords
platen
type
operating
shift
spacer control
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Expired - Lifetime
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US616398A
Inventor
Punyaratband Smahn
Ogawa Shimeo
Fujio Bunzo
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TEIJI YAMURA
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TEIJI YAMURA
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Priority to JP2935562X priority Critical
Application filed by TEIJI YAMURA filed Critical TEIJI YAMURA
Priority claimed from US5850A external-priority patent/US2969429A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L17/00Apparatus or local circuits for transmitting or receiving codes wherein each character is represented by the same number of equal-length code elements, e.g. Baudot code
    • H04L17/16Apparatus or circuits at the receiving end

Description

May 3, 1960 sMAHN PUNYARATBAND Erm.
TELEPRINTER RECEIVING APPARATUS 2 Smits-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 17, 1956 INVENTORS ATTORNEYS BV kf BV ...I l.. li a 0 0G o. O G o ....0.000000000 0.000.0.0000.00 ....OOOO0.0...OO 0
0O..........0O ..0O0.000.0000
....OG ...00 00.00 0.... 00.0.G 00..0 00...
OOO..
May 3, 1960 Filed Oct. 17, 1956 sMAHN PUNYARATBAND ETAL 2,935,562
TELEPRINTER RECEIVING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS S. PUNYARATBAND S. OGAWA B. FUJIO United States Eatent iOl TELEPRINTER RECEIVING APPARATUS Smahn Punyaratband, Bangkok, Thailand, and Shimeo Ogawa and Bunzo Fujio, Hanamaki-shi, Iwate-ken, Japan, assignors to Teiji Yamura, Hanamaki-shi, Iwateken, Japan Application October 17, 1956, Serial No. '616,393 Claims priority, application Japan December 24, 1955 s Claims. (Cl. ris- 23) This invention relates to a teleprinter Lreceiving appara tus, and more particularly .to an apparatus in which the spacing function is eliminated at certain times in the operation ofthe apparatus.
with the English language, in that to obtain the second character on the key, a shift key is utilized which` adjusts the position of the carriage of the device, or alternatively the position of the type carrying bars, so that the second character strikes the platen of the machine rather than thefirst. In the Thai language, however, the second set of characters are not capitals, but are separate and different characters. The 42 keys have 16 Thai vowels, 54 Thai consonants, l numerals, parentheses and two punctuation marks. t
In the Thai language as in Burmese, Indian and Japanese, certain vowels and certain consonants are combined in one character to produce a complete letter. On the typewriters and Teletype machines for use exclusively with these languages, certain of the keysusing the combinable vowels are disconnected from the spacing mechanism so that a second key may be struck and a second character produced in the same space as the vowel to produce the complete letter. r
However, when a device for use with both English and one of the above languages is constructed, the keys with the combinable vowels for the Thai or like language cannot be completely disconnected fromv the spacing mechanism because the English letters on the same keys occur only one to a space. Therefore it is necessary that when the Thai vowel is to be reproduced on the platen, the machine must not space, whereas when the. English letter isf to be reproduced on the platen, the machine must space.
lt is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a teleprinter receiving apparatus for use with both English letters and letters in Thai or a like language, in which, when certain Thai letters are reproduced, the spacing function of the machine is eliminated, whereas when the English letter on the saine key is to be reproduced,
the machine will space normally. The preferred embodiments of a `device according to ,ice
cording to the invention. The upper characters on the keys correspond generally to the characters on a teleprinter or typewriter for use in the English language, while the characters in the middle and on the bottom ofv the keys are standard for a Teletype or typewriter for the Thai language. The eight keys outlined by the dotted lines at approximately the center of the keyboard contain the Thai vowels which occur in the same space as a consonant and combine with that consonant to form a complete letter. When striking one such key to reproduce either of the Thai vowels, it is desirable that the spacing function of the machine be eliminated, but when striking' the key to reproduce the English letter thereon it is de sirable that the machine space normally.
Fig. 2 shows a fully mechanical mechanism for incor-` poration in a teleprinter receiver for accomplishing this unusual spacing operation. A platen 30 is rotatably mounted on a rocker arm 31 pivoted at 32 to the frame of the machine. A type basket 4 comprised of'a pluralityof type bars 36 each having type 37 on the free endy thereof is slidable in the apparatus parallel to the platen 30 by means of a rack 27 actuated by a shaft 26 having a small gear 26a on one end thereof meshed with the rack and a large gear 26h on the other end meshed with a worm gear 25. The worm gear is turned by a mecha? nism to be described and rotates'the gears 26b and 26a4 to move the rack 27 thus spacing the type basket 4 withrespect to the platen 3i). The type bars 36, of which onlyY one is shown, are mounted to pivot upwardly so that the` side of the single pull bar 47 shown in the figure to move it in the direction of its length against the action`V of a spring da attached to the apparatus. VA series of sixA code bars 5 is positioned in the type basket in the path of t the movement of the pull bars 47, the machine being for A selector vane 1 is provided for each six unit codes. unit code and is connected with a selector part (not shown) .to rotate about a shaft 2. Each selector vane 1 by a bell crank 3 (only is connected with a code bar S one of which is shown).
A spacer control lever 6 is pivoted at its lower endl around a shaft S. on the apparatus, and a similar lever 7 is likewise pivoted around the shaft These two levers have one arm ila thereon with a series of notches therein i adjacent .the selector vanes 1 and a second arm 11 spaced .from and generally parallel to the said one arms to define a space between the arms. Each ofthe spacer control" levers 6 and 7 are urged toward the selector vanes by springs 9 connected between the levers and the apparatus.
Extending through the space ,defined between the arms` of the spacer control levers 6 and 7 is a lever control arm 10. A pair of operating arms 12 are mounted on an l operating shaft 21 which is generally parallel to the lever the invention are described in the following specification p and are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. l` shows a keyboard for use with a combined English-Thai' teleprinter machine;
Fig. 2 shows a perspective view `of the'essential parts t of a form offthe device according to the invention, in
which some of the parts are shown partially in section.
There is shown in Fig. l a keyboard whichwill be helpful in understanding the operation of the device accontrol arm 10, and the control arm is connected to oneA of these operating arms. The operating arms 12 have a levers 47 to pivot the type bars 36.
0n the other of the operating arms 12 is an arm 12a having a roller 12b on the end thereof. Beneath the roller 12b and contacted thereby is an operating cam 14.
Cam 14 is mounted on a shaft 13 which is rotated when,
the machine receives a signal to type a letter on the platen.
Worm gear 25 is mounted on a shaft 25a frictionally engaged with shaft 12 by a frictional connection 13a.
On the part of the shaft 13 between cam 14 and worm shaft 25a is a ratchet mechanism yfor spacing the type basket 4. It consists of a ratchet wheel 23 with three teeth thereon and it is fixed to the worm shaft 25a. The ratchet wheel 23 is rotated by the turning of shaft 13 through the frictional connection 13a. Two escapement pawls 17 and 20 are pivotally mounted on operating shaft 21 and have bent over end portions engaging two of the teeth on the ratchet wheel 23. The escapement pawls 17 and 20 are connected by a spring 24. Pivoted to the end of the escapement pawl 17 is a spacer control link 18, and the -free end of the spacer control link 18 is pivotally linked to the spacer control lever 6 by connecting link 19. A spacer bail 22 is connected to the operating shaft 21 for rota-tion therewith, and the end of the bail extends into the space between .the ends of the pawls 17 and 20 on the opposite side of the operating shaft 21 from the ratchet wheel 23.
On the end of the rocker arm 31 opposite the platen 30`is pivoted a connecting rod 3S which is pivoted at its lower end to a bell crank 34. Bell crank 34 is pivoted on the apparatus so that the free end thereof reciprocates in a horizontal plane. A shift lever 33 having a notch in the end thereof is engaged by means of the notch with the free end of the bell crank 34, and is pivoted for horizontal movement around the pivot 38. Engaged with the shift lever 33 are a series of push bars which are adapted to pivot the shift lever about the pivot 38. -Push bar 40 is adapted .to pivot lever 33 suiciently to lower the platen 30 an amount which enables the type 37 to strike the platen at the lowest point on the type (the position shown in dotted lines in the gure), while push bars 41 move the shift lever 33 sufficiently to enable the middle portion of the type 37 to strike the platen 30. The push bar 3S pivots the shift lever 33 in the opposite direction to lift the platen 3ft so that the upper portion of the type 37 strikes the platen. Pivoted to the shift lever 33 between the pivot point 38 and the push bar 39 is ya link 42 which is pivoted to a blocking bell crank 44 pivoted to the apparatus at 43. The blocking bell crank 44 has a blocking arm thereon which ezttends adjacent to the lower end of the spacer control lever 6. In the normal position of the shift lever 33 or in the position in which the push bar 39 has shifted the shift lever 33, Vthe blocking arm blocks pivotal movement ofl the spacercontrol lever 6. around the shaft 8.
In operation, when a signal is received by the device, Vthe code bars and the selector vanes 1 already having been set, the shaft 13 is turned thus turning the cam 14. The operating arms 12 `are turned counter-clockwise under :the effect of spring 46 thus turning the operating shaft 21 counter-clockwise. The bail 15 is thus pivoted around shaft b moving pull bar 47 and pulling the type bar 36 into the position where the type 37 strikes the platen (as shown in the dotted lines). When the letter on the type is an English letter and the machine is to space normally, the signal will also move push bar 39. to pivot shift lever33 around the pivot point 38. This will cause the blocking bell crank 44 to be positioned such lthat blocking arm 45 thereon blocks pivotal movement of the spacer control lever 6 about shaft 8. The platen 30 will be shifted through the bell crank 34, the connecting rod 35 and -the rocker arm 31 to the position where the upper letter on the type 37 will strike it. The counter-clockwise rotation of the operating shaft; 2,1` will rotate the spacer bail 22, and since the spacer control lever 6 cannot move because it is blocked by the blocking arm 45, the spacer control link 1S will be engaged by the bail 22 and urged upwardly. This movement of the spacer control link 18 will pivot the pawl 17 about the shaft 21 and free it from the tooth on the ratchet wheel 23. Up to this point the pawls have held the ratchet Wheel 23 from turning under the effect of the friction engagement with the shaft 13. The ratchet wheel thus freed, Aturns a little bit until another tooth comes against the pawl 2i). When the cam 14 starts the second part of its revolution which urges the operating arm in a clockwise direction and thus turning operating shaft 21 against the action of spring 46, Ithe bail 22 moves clockwise striking lthe end of pawl 20, thus freeing the ratchet wheel 23 again. The ratchet wheel thereupon rotates onethird of a revolution until another tooth thereon contacts the pawl 17. This rotary motion rotates the worm 25 which in turn `rotates the gears 26a and 2Gb, which in turn drives the rack 27 to move the type basket 4 a space.
When the letter on the type is a Thai letter with which another Thai letter is to be combined, and no spacing is desired, the signal for the letter moves either the push bar ti or one of the push `bars 41, thus pivoting shift lever 33 about pivot 38, which in turn properly positions the platen 30. At the same time the blocking bell crank 44 is pivoted, thus removing the blocking arm 4S from behind the lower end of the spacer control lever 6 and the spacer control lever is pivoted under the effect of the springs 9. The selector vanes 1 are positioned to let the spacer control lever shift. Pivoting of the spacer control lever 6 moves the spacer control link 18 out of the path of the bail 22, and thus when the bail ZZ moves upwardly when the operating shaft 21 pivots counterclockwise, the spacer control link will not be engaged and the pawl 17 will not be disengaged from ratchet wheel 23. The spacing mechanism will therefore not function.
It is thought that the invention and its advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it is apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing its .material advantages, the forms hereinbefore described and illustrated in the drawings being merely preferred embodiments thereof.
Having thus disclosed thefinvention, what is claimed is:
1. In a teleprinter receiving apparatus having a shiftable platen, a plurality of type bars forming a type basket, means for actuating the type bars for striking the platen, code bars for selecting which of the type bars are to be actuated, operating means operable in response to a received signal for operating the actuating means, means having a ratchet and pawls therein for spacing the type basket along yan axis parallel to the platen each time the operating means actuates the actuating means, a bail driven by the actuating means and acting on the pawls, and type mounted on the type bars having a plurality of characters thereon, at least one character of which is such as to require that the spacing means not space the type basket when said one character is struck on the platen, the combination of shift means operable in response to the received signal vfor shifting the platen into one of -three positions for being struck by one of the characters on said type, and a spacer control member pivoted -to one of the pawls, and means pivotally connected to said spacer control member and actuated by the shift means for pivoting said spacer control member out of the path of the bail, thereby preventing the operation of said ratchet and pawls when the shift means has shifted the platen to a position to be struck by said one character.
2. An improvement as claimed in claim 1 and selector means actuated by the means for actuating said type bars and by the shift means for controlling the operation of said means for pivoting said spacer control member.
3. In a teleprinter receiving apparatus having a platen mounted on a rocker arm for shifting movement to a plurality of shift positions, a plurality of type bars forming a type basket, means for actuating the type bars for striking the platen comprising an operating shaft with van operating bail thereon and pull levers actuated by the operating bail, code bars for selecting which of the type bars are to be actuated, operating. means operablein re- U sponse to a received signal for operating the operating shaft, means having a ratchet and pawls therein for spacing the type basket along an axis parallel to the platen each time the operating means actuates the operating shaft, a bail driven by the operating shaft and acting on the pawls, and type mounted on the type bars having a character thereon for each of the plurality of shift positions, at least one character of which is such as to require that the spacing means not space the type basket when said one character is struck on the platen, the combination of shift means operable in response to the received signal for pivoting the rocker arm on which the platen is mounted into one of the plurality of positions for being struck by one of the characters on said type, a spacer control link pivoted to one of the pawls, a spring loaded spacer control lever pivoted to the apparatus one n free end of which is linked to said spacer control lever with the spring loading tending to rotate said spacer control lever to a position in which it moves the spacer control link out of the path of the bail, the other free end of said spacer control lever being actuated by said shift means to prevent rotation of said spacer control lever under the action of the spring loading in the position of the shift means in which the platen is shifted to be struck by the characters which require the spacing function, and said shift means freeing said spacer control lever for rotation when said shift means is in the position in which said platen is shifted to be struck by said one character.
4. In a teleprinter receiving apparatus having a platen mounted on a rocker ari-n for shifting movement to a plurality of shift positions, a plurality of type bars forming a type basket, means for actuating the type bars for striking the platen comprising an operating shaft with an operating bail thereon and pull levers actuated by the operating bail, code bars for selecting which of the type bars are to be actuated, operating means operable in response to a received signal Afor operating the operating shaft, means having a ratchet and pawls therein for spacing the type basket along an axis parallel to the platen each time the operating means actuates the operating shaft, a bail driven by the operating shaft and acting on the pawls, and type mounted on the type bars having a character thereon for each of the plurality of shift positions, at least one character of which is such as to require that the spacing means not space the type basket when said one character is struck on the platen, the combination of a shift lever linked to the rocker arm for the platen, a plurality of push bars engaged with said shift lever, one for each position to which the platen is to be shifted, said push bars operable in response to the received signal for shifting the platen to one of the shift positions, a blocking bell crank linked to said shift lever and having a blocking arm thereon, a spacer control link pivoted to one of the pawls, a spring loaded spacer control lever pivoted to the apparatus, one free end of which is linked to said spacer control lever with the spring loading tending to rotate said lever to the position in which it moves the spacer control link out of `the path ofthe bail, the other free end of said spacer control lever being actuated by said blocking arm to prevent rotation of the spacer control lever under the action of the spring loading in the position of the shift lever in which the platen is shifted to be struck by characters which require the spacing function, and saidvblocking arm freeing said spacer control lever for rotation when said shift means is in the position in which said platen is shifted to be struck by said one character.
5. In a teleprinter receiving apparatus having a platen mounted on arocker arm for shifting movement to a plurality of shift positions, a plurality of type bars forming a type basket, means for actuating the type bars for striking the platen comprising an operating shaft with an operating bail thereon and pull levers actuated by the operating bail, code bars for selecting which of the type bars are to be actuated, operating means operable in response to a received signal for operating the operating shaft, means having a ratchet and pawls therein for spacing the type basket along an axis parallel to the platen each time the operating means actuates the operating shaft, a bail driven by the operating shaft and acting on the pawls, and type mounted on the type bars -having a character thereon for each of the plurality of shift positions, at least one character of which is such as to require that the spacing means not space the type basket when said one character is struck on the platen, the cornbination of a shift lever linked to the rocker arm for the platen, a plurality of push bars engaged with said shift lever, one for each position to which the platen is to be shifted, said push bars operable in response to the received signal for shifting the platen to one of the shift positions, a blocking bell crank linked to said shift lever and having a blocking arm thereon, a spacer control link pivoted to one of the pawls, a spring loaded spacer control lever pivoted to the apparatus, one free end of which is linked to said spacercontrol lever with the spring loading tending to rotate said lever to the position in which it moves the spacer control link out of the path of the bail, the other free end of said spacer control lever being actuated by said blocking arm to prevent rotation of the spacer control lever under the action of the spring loading in the position of the shift lever in which the platen is shifted to be struck by characters which require the spacing function, and said blocking arm freeing said spacer control lever for rotation when said shift means is vin the position in which said platen is shifted to be struck by said one character, and a plurality of selector vanes pivotally mounted on the apparatus adjacent said spacer control lever, one connected to and pivoted by each of the code bars, said spacer control lever having a plurality of notches in the edge thereof adjacent the selector vanes into which the edges of said selector vanes t when the selector vanes are in the horizontal position to permit the spacer control lever to pivot under the action of the spring loading thereof.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,169,739 Allard Jan. 25, 1916
US616398A 1955-12-24 1956-10-17 Teleprinter receiving apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2935562A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3273684A (en) * 1966-09-20 Input-output typewriter having double shift means

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1169739A (en) * 1913-04-12 1916-01-25 Underwood Typewriter Co Type-writing machine.

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1169739A (en) * 1913-04-12 1916-01-25 Underwood Typewriter Co Type-writing machine.

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3273684A (en) * 1966-09-20 Input-output typewriter having double shift means

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