US2933756A - Pivot assembly for doors - Google Patents

Pivot assembly for doors Download PDF

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Publication number
US2933756A
US2933756A US669779A US66977957A US2933756A US 2933756 A US2933756 A US 2933756A US 669779 A US669779 A US 669779A US 66977957 A US66977957 A US 66977957A US 2933756 A US2933756 A US 2933756A
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United States
Prior art keywords
spindle
cam
door
pivot assembly
follower
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Expired - Lifetime
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US669779A
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Dan C Muessel
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Kawneer Co Inc
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Kawneer Co Inc
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Priority to US669779A priority Critical patent/US2933756A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/08Hinges or pivots of special construction for use in suspensions comprising two spigots placed at opposite edges of the wing, especially at the top and the bottom, e.g. trunnions
    • E05D7/081Hinges or pivots of special construction for use in suspensions comprising two spigots placed at opposite edges of the wing, especially at the top and the bottom, e.g. trunnions the pivot axis of the wing being situated near one edge of the wing, especially at the top and bottom, e.g. trunnions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/10Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis
    • E05D7/1005Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis by axially moving free pins, balls or sockets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/527Retractable pintle

Description

April ze, 1960 D. C. MUESSEL PIVOT ASSEMBLY FOR DOORS Filed July 3, 1957 Draw nite
PIVOT ASSEMBLY FOR DOORS Application July 3, 1957, Serial No. 669,779
4 Claims. (Cl. 16-176) The present invention relates generally to improvements in hinge or pivot assemblies for doors or other panel type closures and, more particularly, to a novel arrangement for projecting a hinge pin or spindle outwardly from a swing type door.
The invention has for its principal object the provisio of a new and limproved pivot assembly adapted to project a door spindle outwardly from the door and into engagement with a spindle receiving bearing in the door frame by easy and convenient manipulation of structure which is accessible from the exterior of the door, thereby hingedly to mount the door, which assembly may Yalso be manipulated to retract the spindle Ain order to remove the door from the frame.
Another object of the invention is toprovide a pivot assembly of the character indicated above in which the adjusting mechanism is accessible from a side edge of the door, and hence, is substantially hidden from view so as not to mar the appearance of the door.
A further object of the invention is the provision of an improved hinge assembly for swing type doors which is extremely simple to install and may be readily adjusted following installation.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a pivot assembly of the character indicated above which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and is yet rugged and foolproof in operation.
The foregoing and other objects are realized, in accordance with the present invention, by the provision of a pivot assembly including a spindle receiving socket member secured in iixed position on a door and mounting a spindle for movement from a retracted position within the door to an extended position in engagement with a bearing located in the door frame surrounding the opening in which the door is to be installed. A cam member movable along a guide channel in the door engages the spindle in order to move it with respect to the socket member between its retracted and extended positions. For the purpose of moving the cam member, an adjustable vmember extends from the side edge of the door and threadedly engages the cam member.
Other objects and advantages of the persent invention will become apparent from the ensuing description in the course of which reference is had to the accompanying drawing wherein;
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary, front elevational view, partially broken away and in section illustrating a door equipped with the pivot assembly of the present invention and showing the spindle in extended position as employed to mount the door within a door frame;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along a line substantially corresponding to the line 2-2 in Fig. 1 assuming, of course, that the entire door structure had been shown in Fig. 1; and
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating the spindle in partially retracted position.
A typical installation of the hinge or pivot assembly of the present invention as illustrated in Fig. 1 wherein States Patent@ F ICC this assembly is indicated generally by the reference numeral 10 and is shown installed on a panel type closure in the form of a door 11. The door 11 is mounted for swinging movement in a door frame 12 which includes a oor or bottom portion 12a, a header or top portion 12b and a vertical door jamb not shown. The door includes the usual top and bottom rails 13 and 14 and vertical side rails 1S, only one of which is shown in Fig. 1. The rails support one or more center panels 16 which may be made of glass or other panel material and may be mounted upon the rails in any suitable manner.
The lower end of the door is mounted for rotation about a vertical pin or spindle 17 extending between the bottom rail 14 and the oor 12a. The lower pivot assembly is of conventional construction and since it forms no part of the present invention it will not be described in detail.
The assembly 10 as illustrated in Fig. l is mounted in the upper corner of the door near the junction between the top rail 13 and the side rail 15. As is best shown in Fig. 2, the upper rail 13 provides a guide channel 20 defined between top and bottom walls 21 and 22 and side walls 23 and 24. The top wall 22 is suitably apertured, as indicated at 22a, in order to receive a spindle guiding socket member 25 which yforms a part of the assembly 10. Specifically, the socket member 2S is preferably formed of metal and includes a flat base plate 26 secured to the wall 22 by means of machine screws 27 and further includes a spindle guiding portion 28 extending through the aperture 22a. The spindle guiding portion comprises a hollow cylindrical boss depending downwardly from the baseplate 26. The spindle guiding portion 2S is provided with diametrically opposed, axial, elongated slots or openings 29 and 30 extending parallel to each other. The portion of the cylindrical boss 28 which lies to the left of the slots 29 and 3i) as viewed in Figs. l and 3, is somewhat shorter than the portion 2819 which lies to the right of these slots for a purpose which will become evident as theV description proceeds.
The socket member 25 accommodates a vertical spindle or hinge pin 32 extending into the boss 28 and having a cam follower 33 in the form of a hollow cylindrical roll or pin which is drive fitted within a transverse opening 32a in the spindle. The follower 33 includes opposed end portions 33a and 33h which protrude beyond the cylindrical surface of the spindle 32 and are respectively seated within the openings 29 and 30 in the spindle guiding boss 28. Y
To mount the door 11 within the frame 12, the spindle 32 is adapted to be extended outwardly and upwardly from the socket member-25 so that its extreme upper end portion is received within a sui-table spindle receiving bearing 34 mounted in iixed position in the header 12b of the door frame. To etect the described extension of the spindle, the follower 33 is engaged by a cam member 35 which is mounted for movement longitudinally of the channel 20. Cam member 35 includes a hat base portion 36 resting upon the bottom wall 21 of the top rail, a pair of vertically extending parallel side walls 37 and 3S and a vertical front wall 39. The side walls 37 and 3d are provided with elongated camming slots di) and 4l., respectively, which extend parallel to each other and receive the end portions 33a and 33h, respectively, of the cam follower 33. lEach of the slots 40 and il includes an elongated portion which is inclined with respect to the base 36 and an upper dwell portion extending substantially parallel to the base 36. The dwell portion of the camming slot 40 is indicated at 40a in Fig. l and the dwell portion of the slot 41 is indicated at 41a in Fig. 3.
For the purpose of moving the cam member 35 within the guide channel 20, there isprovided an adjusting means 42 in the form of a lead screw having a threaded end Patented Apr. ze, 196el portion 42a threadedly engaging a tapped opening 39a in the front wall 39 of the cam member. The adjusting screw 42 includes a flat head which is seated within a chamfered opening 15a in the side rail i5. The head 42a is, of course, accessible from the side edge of the door but is substantially hidden from view so that-it does not mar the external appearance of the door.
Considering now the manner in which the spindle 32 is extended and assuming that the spindle is in retracted position in which case the cam member 35 will be located somewhat to the right of the position shown in 3, the adjusting screw 42 may be turned by means of a screw driver to move the cam member to the left as viewed in both Figs. l and 3. The described movement'of the cam member causes the ends 33a and 3312 of rthe follower to ride within the slots 40 and 4i thereby projecting the spindle 32 outwardly and into engagement with the bearing 3.4. The length of portion 28a of the boss is such that the front wall 39 of the cam may pass thereunder in order to permit the described movement of the cam member. rthe length of portion 28b of the boss is such that at no time does the bottom 35 of the cam member engage the portion 28h of the boss and, accordingly, the spindle is moved solely as a result of the coaction between the follower pin 33 and the slots 40 and 4l. When the spindle 32 has reached its fully extended position shown in Fig. 1, the lfront wall 39 of the cam member engages the side rail 15, thus preventing further movement of the cam member. At Athis time the follower elements 33a and 33b are respectively seated within the dwell portions 40a and 41a of the camming slots 4t) and 41 and, the spindle 32 is, therefore, locked in its extended position. To retract the spindle 32. within the socket member for the purpose of removing the door from the frame, the adjusting screw 42 is rotated in the opposite direction in order to move the cam member 35 toward the right as viewed in Figs. 1 and 3.
ln view of the foregoing description it will be recognized that the pivot assembly ofthe present invention permits a swing type door to be initially installed in place or, alternatively, to be removed from its frame. Thus, in order to install the door, the spindle 17 at the lower end of the door is first placed in proper position. The upper end of the door is then manipulated until the retracted spindie 32 is approximately aligned with the bearing 34 and, with the door swung slightly so that the adjusting screw 42 is accessible, tiie spindle 32 is projected Aoutwardly in the mannerdescribe'd above until it is properly seated within thebearing 31S.'k Obviously, to remove Vthe door from its frame, the above described procedure isreversed, that is, the spindle 32 is retracted by turning the adjusting screw 42 and the door is then removed from the frame. Thus, it will be observed from the foregoing description that the present invention provides a pivot assembly which is both eiiicient and foolproof in operation and yet is relatively simple in construction. in addition, the upper spindle is locked in its fully extended position to prevent its inadvertent retraction.
While the present invention has been shown and described in conjunction with an illustrative embodiment thereof, many modifications will occur to those skilled in this art, and it is therefore contemplated by the appended claims to cover any such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
l. A pivot assembly adapted to be mounted on a panel type closure, said assembly comprising a spindle movable between a retracted position and an extended position; a socket member including a flat plate secured to the closure, a hollow cylindrical spindle guiding portion extending transversely of the plate for vaccommodating said spindle, and means defining opposed elongated openings in said spindle guiding portion; follower elements Asecured to and extending transversely of the spindle and respecessere@ i A A tively accommodated within said openings; a cam member comprising a at base portion lying in a plane extending normal to the axis of the spindle, spaced apart, parallel side walls extending transversely of the base portion, a wall portion interconnecting said side walls and having a tapped opening therein, and said side walls being provided with elongated cam slots for respectively receiving said follower elements, said slots being inclined with respect to said base portion and including a dwell portion for retaining said spindle in said extended position; a guide channei in said closure extending transversely of the axis of said spindle and receiving said cam member for movement therealong; and an adjusting screw mounted on the closure engaging said tapped opening, whereby when the screw is turned in a first direction the cam member is moved along said guide channel in one direction so that the follower elementsride within the cam slots in order to extend the spindle from the socket member, said screw being effective, when turned in a direction opposite to said first direction, to move the cam member along the guide channel in a direction opposite to said onev direction, thereby to retract the spindle within the socket member.
2. A pivot assembly adapted to be mounted on a panel type closure, said assembly comprising a spindle movable between a retracted position and an extended position; a socket member inciuding a iiat plate secured to the closure and a hollow cylindrical spindle guiding portion extending transversely of the plate for accommodating said spindle; follower elements secured to and extending transversely of the spindle; a cam member comprising a flat base portion lying in a plane extending normal to the axis of the spindle, spaced apart, parallel side walls extending transversely of the base portion, a wall portion interconnecting said side walls and having a tapped opening thereiin-and said side walls -beingprovided with elongated cam slots for respectively receiving said follower elements, said slots being inclined with respect to said base portion and including a dwell portionV for retaining said spindle in said extendi position; a guide channel in'said closure extending 'transversely of the axis of said spindle and receiving said cam member for movement therealong; and an adjusting screw mounted on the closure engaging said tapped opening, whereby when the screw is turned in a r'irstdirection the cam member is moved along said guide channel in none direction so that the follower elements ride within the cam slots in order to extend the spindle from the vsocket member, 'said screw being effective, when turned-in a direction opposite to said' iirst direction, to move the cam'member'along the guide channelin a clirection opposite .to 'said one direction, thereby to retract the-spindle within the socket member.
3."'A pivot assembly adapted to be mounted ona panel type closure, said assembly comprising a spindle; a socket member including a at plate securedgto the closure and a hollow cylindrical spindle guiding portion extending transversely of the platejfor accommodating said spindle; cam follower means carried by the spindle; a cam member comprising a at base portion lying in a plane extending normal to the axis of the spindle, at least one side wall extending transversely of the base portion, and at least said one side wall being provided with an elongatedfcam slot for receiving said follower means, a first portion of said slot Vbeing inclined with `respect to said base portion and a second portion of ysaid slot defining a dwell portion; a guide channel in -said closure extending transverselyv of the axis of said spindle and receiving/said cam member for movement therealong; an adjusting screw mounted on the closure and in threaded engagement with said'cam member, whereby when the screw 'is turned in therst direction thecam member is moved along said guide channel in one direction so that the follower' means ridewithin the cam slots yin order to extend the Yspindle ,'fromf'the socket member, said screw being effective, when turned in a direction opposite to said ii'rst direction, to move the cam member along the guidechannel in a ,direction op- 5 poste to said one direction, thereby to retract the spindle within the socket member.
4. A pivot assembly adapted to be mounted on a panel type closure, said assembly comprising a spindle; a spindle guide, cam follower means carried by the spindle; a cam member comprising a flat base portion lying in a plane extending normal to the axis of ythe spindle, at least one side wall extending transversely of the base portion, and at least said one side wall being provided with an elongated cam slot for receiving said follower means, a rst portion of said slot being inclined with respect to said base portion and a second portion of said slot dening a dwelling portion; a guide channel in said closure extending transversely of the axis of said spindle and receiving said cam member for movement therealong; an adjusting screw 15 2,657,421
10 spindle within the spindle guide.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Seaman July 22, 1952 Polson Nov. 3, 1953
US669779A 1957-07-03 1957-07-03 Pivot assembly for doors Expired - Lifetime US2933756A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3114942A (en) * 1961-01-04 1963-12-24 Engineering Products & Special Adjustable pivot for door construction
US5031274A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-07-16 Dorma - Glas Gesellschaft Fuer Glastuer Floor door lock
EP0438740A1 (en) * 1990-01-20 1991-07-31 Gretsch-Unitas GmbH Baubeschläge Fitting for a wing of a window, door or similar which at least pivots
US5426892A (en) * 1992-09-10 1995-06-27 Haab; Karl Sliding element
US5483770A (en) * 1993-11-29 1996-01-16 Societa Italiana Progetti S.R.L. Door or window mountings
US20060265837A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2006-11-30 Hubert Elmer Hardware for a fully-glazed door
JP2017210861A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-11-30 株式会社八木 Opening and closing door fitting structure

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2603825A (en) * 1948-08-07 1952-07-22 Seaman David Joseph Door pivot
US2657421A (en) * 1950-10-10 1953-11-03 Robert G Polson Adjustable hinge

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2603825A (en) * 1948-08-07 1952-07-22 Seaman David Joseph Door pivot
US2657421A (en) * 1950-10-10 1953-11-03 Robert G Polson Adjustable hinge

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3114942A (en) * 1961-01-04 1963-12-24 Engineering Products & Special Adjustable pivot for door construction
US5031274A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-07-16 Dorma - Glas Gesellschaft Fuer Glastuer Floor door lock
EP0438740A1 (en) * 1990-01-20 1991-07-31 Gretsch-Unitas GmbH Baubeschläge Fitting for a wing of a window, door or similar which at least pivots
US5426892A (en) * 1992-09-10 1995-06-27 Haab; Karl Sliding element
US5483770A (en) * 1993-11-29 1996-01-16 Societa Italiana Progetti S.R.L. Door or window mountings
US20060265837A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2006-11-30 Hubert Elmer Hardware for a fully-glazed door
US7343644B2 (en) * 2003-10-20 2008-03-18 Dorma Gmbh + Co. Kg Hardware for a fully-glazed door
JP2017210861A (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-11-30 株式会社八木 Opening and closing door fitting structure

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