US2929843A - Process for the manufacture of methyl dichloro phosphine oxide - Google Patents

Process for the manufacture of methyl dichloro phosphine oxide Download PDF

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US2929843A
US2929843A US11686249A US2929843A US 2929843 A US2929843 A US 2929843A US 11686249 A US11686249 A US 11686249A US 2929843 A US2929843 A US 2929843A
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methyl
phosphine oxide
process
phosphonic acid
manufacture
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Thomas P Dawson
Chernack Jacob
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Thomas P Dawson
Chernack Jacob
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07FACYCLIC, CARBOCYCLIC OR HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON, HYDROGEN, HALOGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, SULFUR, SELENIUM OR TELLURIUM
    • C07F9/00Compounds containing elements of Groups 5 or 15 of the Periodic System
    • C07F9/02Phosphorus compounds
    • C07F9/28Phosphorus compounds with one or more P—C bonds
    • C07F9/38Phosphonic acids RP(=O)(OH)2; Thiophosphonic acids, i.e. RP(=X)(XH)2 (X = S, Se)
    • C07F9/42Halides thereof

Description

United States Patent C PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF METHYL DICHLORO PHOSPHINE OXIDE Thomas P. Dawson, Bel Air, and Jacob Chernaclr, Edgewood, Md., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army No Drawing. Application September 20, 1949 Serial No. 116,862

4 Claims. (Cl. 260-543) (Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), see. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured or used by or for the Government, for governmental purposes, without the payment to us of any royalties thereon.

This invention relates to a novel method of chlorinat- I ing various phosphite compounds.

This invention has as its object the preparation of methyl dichloro phosphine oxide.

A further object of this invention is to provide a method for the chlorination of phosphite compounds in which cm P01: omr-ona-z CHrfClri-CHaCl-l-HCl+2POCl:

Similarly, pyro methyl phosphonic acid has been chlorinated with phosphorous pentachloride to form methyl di' chloro phosphine oxide:

It should be emphasized that the foregoing method of chlorinating has certain acute difficulties; among the most serious being that the by-product phosphorous oxy-trichloride, (POCl is a fuming liquid having a boiling point of 107 C., and consequently cannot readily be separated from the remaining products of the reaction. As a result, the reaction products are contaminated, and the foregoing method is not particularly feasible in industrial practice. Furthermore, phosphorous pentachloride is an exceedingly diflicult compound to handle on an industrial scale, since it forms crystals of unpleasant smell, volatilizing at moderate temperatures without liquefying, and consequently presents formidable storage and handling problems.

Alkyl phosphites such as those formed from the pyrolyw sis of dimethyl hydrogen phosphite, namely, the methyl ester of methyl phosphonic acid and pyro methyl phosphonic acid, may readily be chlorinated with thionyl chloride to form methyl dichloro phosphine oxide. Thus,

2,929,843 Patented Mar. 22, 1960 for example, the alkyl phosphite mixture may be chlorinated along the following lines:

The application of the method of the present invention has the advantage that the by-products, such as sulfur dioxide, are all in gaseous form and hence may readily be separated from the phosphine oxide product. Furthermore, thionyl chloride, being a liquid, is far easier to store and manipulate than phosphorous pentachloride.

An example of this method is given below.

Example A convenient apparatus for the operation comprises a 3-necked flask equipped with a thermometer, brine-cooled scrubber, oil sealed mechanical stirrer, and an outlet for escape of the gaseous by-products.

The pyrolysis products of dimethyl hydrogen phosphite (a mixture of the methyl ester of methyl phosphonic acid and pyro methyl phosphonic acid) are introduced into the flask. The calculated thionyl chloride (SOCI charge,

which is based on a determination of the methoxyl groups present in the pyrolysis mixture, is then introduced in one portion. The reaction mixture is then heated, with constant stirring, to the reflux point of SOCl about 70 to 75 C., for 7 hours. The reaction product consisting of crude methyl dichloro phosphine oxide is then distilled directly from the reaction flask at a reduced pressure of 20-40 mm. The boiling point of the pure methyl dichloro phosphine oxide is 53 C. at 10 mm., 67 C. at 27 mm.,

and 85 C. at 47 mm. The yield of pure methyl dichloro phosphine oxide, based on dimethyl hydrogen phosphite, is 75-79% of the theoretical.

This method is applicable to all alkyl phosphite compounds, although the preferred starting components comprise the pyrolysis mixture mentioned above. While the preferred reaction temperature is the reflux temperature of the thionyl chloride, he, one of the order of 70-75 C., lower temperatures may be utilized although, of necessity, the time of reaction will be longer. In certain cases, such as by the utilization of super-atmospheric pressures, temperatures greater than the reflux temperature of the thionyl chloride may be utilized.

The foregoing example and detailed description have been given for the sake of clarity only and the scope of the invention is not to be construed as limited strictly thereto.

We claim:

1. A process which comprises chlorinating a member of the group consisting of the methyl ester of methyl phosphonic acid, pyromethyl phosphonic acid and the mixed methyl phosphonic acids produced as the pyrolysis products of dimethyl hydrogen phosphite with thionyl chloride at a temperature of about 70 to C. to form methyl dichlorophosphine oxide.

2. A process which comprises chlorinating the mixed methyl phosphonic acids produced as pyrolysis products of dimethyl hydrogen phosphite with thionyl chloride at a temperature of about 70 to 75 C. to form methyl dichlorophosphine oxide.

3. The process which comprises chlorinating the methyl ester of methyl phosphonic acid with thionyl chloride,

at a temperature of about 70 to 75 C., to form meth- 2,382,309 Hamilton ug. 14, 1945 yl dichloro phosphine oxide. 2,392,841 Detrick' Janl 15, 1946 4. The process which eomfirises chlorinating pyro methe yi phosphonic acid with thionyl chloride, at a tempera- FOREIGN PATENTS ture of about 70 to 75 C., to form methyl dichloro phosphine oxide.

414,572 Great Br'ifain Aug. 9, 1934 c h fil f V REFERENCES References lted mt e e o t 15 patent Richters Organic Chem. by Allott (194 Page 208.

UNITED STATES PATENTS f I I 2 2,365,466 Hamilton Dec. 19, 1934 10

Claims (1)

1. A PROCESS WHICH COMPRISES CHLORINATING A MEMBER OF THE GROUP CONSISTING OF THE METHYL ESTER OF METHYL PHOSPHONIC ACID, PYROMETHYL PHOSPHONIC ACID AND THE MIXED METHYL PHOSPHONIC ACIDS PRODUCES AS THE PYROLYSIS PRODUCTS OF DIMETHYL HYROGEN PHOSPHITE WITH THIONYL CHLORIDE AT A TEMPEATURE OF ABOUT 70* TO 75*C. TO FORM METHYL DICHLOROPHOSPHINE OXIDE.
US2929843A 1949-09-20 1949-09-20 Process for the manufacture of methyl dichloro phosphine oxide Expired - Lifetime US2929843A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3179695A (en) * 1953-03-06 1965-04-20 Olin Mathieson Production of methyl dichloro-phosphine oxide
US3179696A (en) * 1954-01-15 1965-04-20 Olin Mathieson Preparation of methane phosphonyl dichloride via phosgenation
US3950413A (en) * 1971-10-26 1976-04-13 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of phosphonic acid dihalides
US4252740A (en) * 1978-09-29 1981-02-24 Stauffer Chemical Company Oxidation of phenyl phosphonous dihalide
US4751028A (en) * 1986-08-09 1988-06-14 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of thiophosphinic chlorides

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB414572A (en) * 1933-12-19 1934-08-09 Monsanto Chemicals Manufacture of dicarboxylic acid chlorides
US2365466A (en) * 1942-10-23 1944-12-19 Du Pont Organic compounds
US2382309A (en) * 1942-10-23 1945-08-14 Du Pont Phosphonamide
US2392841A (en) * 1944-01-15 1946-01-15 Du Pont Preparation of sulphon chlorides

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB414572A (en) * 1933-12-19 1934-08-09 Monsanto Chemicals Manufacture of dicarboxylic acid chlorides
US2365466A (en) * 1942-10-23 1944-12-19 Du Pont Organic compounds
US2382309A (en) * 1942-10-23 1945-08-14 Du Pont Phosphonamide
US2392841A (en) * 1944-01-15 1946-01-15 Du Pont Preparation of sulphon chlorides

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3179695A (en) * 1953-03-06 1965-04-20 Olin Mathieson Production of methyl dichloro-phosphine oxide
US3179696A (en) * 1954-01-15 1965-04-20 Olin Mathieson Preparation of methane phosphonyl dichloride via phosgenation
US3950413A (en) * 1971-10-26 1976-04-13 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of phosphonic acid dihalides
US4252740A (en) * 1978-09-29 1981-02-24 Stauffer Chemical Company Oxidation of phenyl phosphonous dihalide
US4751028A (en) * 1986-08-09 1988-06-14 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of thiophosphinic chlorides

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