US2924949A - Plastic pile shells - Google Patents

Plastic pile shells Download PDF

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US2924949A
US2924949A US434141A US43414154A US2924949A US 2924949 A US2924949 A US 2924949A US 434141 A US434141 A US 434141A US 43414154 A US43414154 A US 43414154A US 2924949 A US2924949 A US 2924949A
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shell
sections
plastic
pile
core
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US434141A
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Edward A Smith
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Raymond International Inc
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Raymond International Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/28Placing of hollow pipes or mould pipes by means arranged inside the piles or pipes
    • E02D7/30Placing of hollow pipes or mould pipes by means arranged inside the piles or pipes by driving cores
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/52Piles composed of separable parts, e.g. telescopic tubes Piles composed of segments
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/66Mould-pipes or other moulds
    • E02D5/665Mould-pipes or other moulds for making piles

Description

E. A. SMITH PLASTIC FILE SHELLS Feb. 16, 1960 l 1 Z t 1 1 e wamnw e h s s t e e a o J 2 2 AT T OIFNE V5.

w nunmumnmu nlmwmmmmmmmummm Feb. 16, 1960 Filed June 3, 1954 E. A. SMITH PLASTIC PILE SHELLS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. EDWARD14.5MI TH.

United States Patent PLASTIC PILE SHELLS Edward A. Smith, Chatham, NJ., assignor to Raymond International Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application June 3, 1954, Serial No. 434,141

1 Claim. (Cl. 61-78) This invention relates to tubular pile shells made from plastic material for use in conjunction with the installation of piles and the like.

It is general practice to drive pile shells into the ground by delivering impact hammer blows to a core which is positioned within the shell and contacts the interior of the same at suitable impact receiving points. Such shells are, according to a common practice, made up of a plurality of sections of progressively increasing diameter with each section being provided with a step-ring at one end thereof so as to facilitate joining of adjacent sections having different diameters. These step-rings are moreover provided with circumferentially extending internal surfaces which are designed for receiving the driving hammer blows via the core. At the start of such a driving operation the shell sections as joined together are positioned around the core with the core extending into the lowermost section of the shell and then as the core is driven into the earth by the hammer, the same in turn drives the pile shell.

In the past pile shells have been formed of corrugated metal, and adjacent sections thereof have been joined together by providing an upstanding corrugated collar welded or otherwise secured to the step-ring of one section, which collar is adapted to be threaded into the adjacent corrugated shell section. However, since the dimensions of these shells are of relatively large magnitude the problem of providing accurate tolerances, while maintaining satisfactory economy of manufacture, is very difficult from a practical standpoint and therefore joints thus formed are ordinarily not watertight. Watertightness of such joints is most desirable since any seepage oftentimes causes harmful deterioration of the concrete pile structure itself. Various expedients have been employed in an attempt to overcome this problem: For example the collar of one section has been coated with a sealing compound, such as asphalt, and the mating section then threaded into position. Oftentimes burlap or other similar material has been wrapped around the collar, prior to threading the adjacent shell section thereon, in an effort to obtain a tight fit. None of these methods has proven entirely satisfactory but the alternative of precisely machining the collar and shell so as to insure a sealing fit would be so economically prohibitive that perfect results have necessarily been sacrificed in the interests of cost.

The present invention avoids these difficulties and involves novel constructions permitting shell sections to be joined together in watertight fashion at a relatively low cost. The invention contemplates forming corrugated pile shell sections from a plastic material such as any suitable known type of laminated synthetic resin, such as a phenol formaldehyde material laminated with paper orfabric, or reinforced by glass fiber materiala Since such plastic materials can be molded or postformed by known methods, regardless of size, to very accurate dimensions, the shell sections can be manufactured having a step-ring integrally formed at one end thereof, and moreover said step-ring can itself be pro vided with suitable joint means designed to coact directly with complementary joint means provided on the adjacent mating shell section in such manner as to insure a watertight fit. Moreover, the present invention makes possible, if desired, the complete elimination of the afore-. mentioned collars which are standard items on metal pile shells.

Further objects, features and advantages of the invention hereof will appear from the detailed description given below in conjunction with accompanying drawings which form a part of this specification and illustrate by way of example, preferred examples of the invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is an elevational view of a fully assembled plastic pile shell according to the invention.

Fig. 2 is an elevational view of a typical hollow 'pile core alone, of the type designed to be inserted within the pile shell of Fig. 1 during driving of the latter.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view, showin a pile core inserted within the plastic pile shell of the invention.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical, half-sectional view simia lar to Fig. 3, but showing an alternative embodiment of the invention, and

Fi 5 is an enlarged vertical, half-sectional view similar to Fig. 4 but showing a further modified form ofthe invention.

Referring now in more detail to the drawings and more particularly to the pile shell as shown in Fig. 1, it will be noted that said shell 9 is comprised of a plurality of tubular shell sections 10, which are joined together so as to form a step-tapered shell having a diameter which diminishes gradually from its uppermost to its lowermost section. As shown in Fig. 3 each of said shell sections 10 is formed in one piece, preferably by molding, of a plastic material and is provided with circumferential corrugations for structural rigidity. Formed integrally at the lower end of each of said sections, with the exception of the lowermost one, is an annular step-ring 11 which is provided with a downwardly extending circumferential skirt portion 13 having an inwardly tapered external surface 13'. The shell sections are also provided at their upper ends with an upstanding annular lip 14, formed integrally therewith and having an inwardly tapered internal surface 15 designed to receive in close fitting relationship the downwardly extending skirt of the adjacent shell section. The dimensions and degree of taper of these skirt portions and annular lips are of course precisely controlled during the molding of the shell sections in order that the external taper of the skirt will closely conform to the internal taper of the annular lip of the next succeeding section.

The step-rings and lips are provided respectively with opposed external shoulders 19 and 28 and when it is desired to secure two mating shell sections together, a suitable tool is employed to apply pressure to said shoulders whereby the skirt portion of the upper section is forced downwardly into the tapered lip portion of the lower section thereby accomplishing a simple jam fit which is substantially watertight due to the conformance of the dimensions of the respective parts. An inwardly extending circular bead 14 may be provided at the upper extremity of the internal surface of lip 14 which snaps Patented Feb. 16, 1960 into 'acircular groove29 formed in the external surfaceof the step-ring skirt so as to lock the joint after the sections have been thus forced together.

In order to further insure the watertightness of such a joint a circumferentially extending groove 16 is provided in the outer surface of skirt 13 and is designed to receive an O-ring rubber sealing means 17, the diameter of which is sufficiently large to causethe same to be compressed by tapered surface 15 of the lip portion of the lower section when the mating sections are joined. If'desired, prior'to such joining'thelip surface and the outer surface ,of complementary skirt portionlit may be coated with a' quick setting plastic cement, so that once the sections are telescoped together a permanent, completely Watertight seal is eifected.

Each step ring is provided with an internal circumferential shoulder 12 which is designed to receive the impact blows from core member 20, which latter as shown isprovided with a plurality of circumferentially extending flanges or shoulders 21, dimensioned so as to contact the internal shoulders of the step-rings. A reinforcing steel ring- 18 of angular cross section may be molded in'position at each step-ring shoulder 12 so as to give added strength to withstand the stress during the pounding of the core against the pile shell.

As mentioned above during the pile driving action, hammer blows are directed to the upper end of the core member and the impacts therefrom are transmitted via the circumferentially extending shoulders '21 of the core to the internal shoulders 12 of'the step-rings of the shell. Sinceduring this driving action the shell itself is forced into the earth, the external shoulders 19 may suffer abrasion from contact with the earth or rocks and are therefore provided with similar steel reinforcing rings 23 to help withstand such abrasion. It should be noted that the upper internal surface 30 of the step-rings is molded so asto be closely spaced from core 29. Thus if the rings should tend to be canted over due to the reaction of' the ground on shoulders 19, the internal surface of the same will come in contact with the core thereby preventing such canting. As shown the upper portions 32 of the step-rings are molded so as to be slightly tapered as they lead into the relatively thin portion of the shell sections thereby eliminating any concentration of stress at one point.

As mentioned above the lower end of the lowermost shell section is not provided with a step-ring but rather is formed with an integral boot portion 24 which closes off the bottom of the shell and is provided with an inner impact receivingsurface or area 25, designed directly to receive driving blows from the lower or impact end 26 of core'20. As shown this boot portion 24 may be molded integrally with the lower'pile shell section and be provided with a steel reinforcing ring 27 designed to aid the shell member in withstanding stress as the latter is forced into the earth.

Referring now to the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 4, it will be seen that mating plastic pile shellsections'40, of design generally similar to the sections discussed above in connection with Figs. 1-3, are directly joined together by a screw-threaded connection 41. These shell sections 40 are molded in one piece from a plastic material so as to be provided at one end with a step-ring-42 having a downwardly extending skirt portion 43 and at the other end' with an upstanding annular lip portion 44. Lip portions 44 are provided with internal threads 45 and skirt portions 43 are provided with external threads 46. Since the plastic material can be molded to precise tolerances, these threads, even though formed on members'of relatively large diameter, may be accurately conformed so as to matingly engage one another and thereby form a watertight fit. insure the watertightnessof such a joint the threads can be 'tapered-in-well' known fashion so as to permit a more facile threa'di-ng action between thetwo sections..-

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 5

To further plastic pile shell sections 50 are shown which are generally similar in overall design to those shown in Figs. 1-3, except in that they are provided at their ends with complementary means to form a bayonet loc'k type joint 51 between mating sections. Each section '50 is molded in one piece and comprises astep-ring portion 52 at one end thereof and an annular lip 53 at the other end. The step-rings 52 have a downwardly extending skirt portion 54 which has formed integrally therewith a plurality of radially protruding and circumferentially extending lugs 56 which are designed to pass vertically through guideways '57 formed on the inner surface of each lip 53 and past a plurality of spaced, radially. protruding and circumferentially extending ribs Sit-provided on the inner surfaces of the lips 53. When it is desired to join mating shell sections, the upper section is positioned above the lower one sothat its lugs 56 are aligned with guideways 5''] thereof. Thereupon the upper section is telescoped into the lower one and then rotated relative thereto so that lugs 56 pass under ribs 58 as shown. It should be noted that said lugs and ribs are provided respectively with oppositely inclined helical-like bearing surfaces 61 and 62 respectively which, uponsuchrelative rotation between shell sections, frictionally engage each other to form a tight joint. Once again since the respective dimensions of the complementary plastic shell sections can be controlled to close tolerances during their molding, a watertig t join can be accomplished. To further insure such watertightness a hat, annular rubber gasket 63 may be inserted, as shown between the mating shell sections.

It should'be further understood in connection with each of the aforesaid embodimentsof the invention that, if desired, some suitable organic plastic cement may be positioned on the cooperating, locking portions of adjacent shell sections prior to joining thereof and then after joining by applying heat to the area of'the joints, the complementary sections can be heat sealed together so as to form in effect a unitary shell thereby giving added insurance against water seepage. In the alternative by proper selection of a suitable plastic material for the shell sections themselves, after assembly said sections can be heat sealed directly one to the other Without the necessity of such a cement.

Although certain particular embodiments ofthe invention are herein disclosed for purposes of explanation, various further modifications thereof, after study of this specification, will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains. Reference should accordingly be had to the appended claim in determining the scope of the invention.

What is claimed and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is:

A plastic pile shell comprising a plurality of one piece, tubular plastic shell sections having integral annular steprings formed at one end thereof and integral annular lipsformed at the other end, said sections being disposed in axial alignment with adjacent step-rings and lips secured together, each of said step-rings and lips having an external shoulder providing means for forcing the shell sections together to form connecting joints, said steprings being formed with a downwardly extending integral skirt portion with a circular groove in the external surface thereof, said annular lips including an upstanding portion into which extends the skirt portion of the next adjacent shell section, said'upstanding portions formed with an inwardly extending annular bead of sufiicient diameter relative "to the outer diameter of the skirt portion that it is adapted to snap into the circular groove when the sections are forced together, one of said portions having an annular recess therein facing the other of said portions, an O-ring in said annular recess, whereby said step-rings and lips cooperate to form watertight joints between said tubular plastic pile. sections, said step-rings also beingrformed-with aninternalsurface for accepting driving forces from a'driving core, and a member molded in position at each of said internal surfaces for reinforcing the same against such driving forces.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS ,6 Titcomb et a1 June 30, 1942 Ferrel Jan. 1, 1946 Smith May 26, 1953 Florman Mar. 15, 1955 Stone Apr. 12, 1955 Strom Sept. 27, 1955 Holt Oct. 11, 1955 Chadbourne Feb. 21, 1956

US434141A 1954-06-03 1954-06-03 Plastic pile shells Expired - Lifetime US2924949A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3131543A (en) * 1960-12-05 1964-05-05 John J Dougherty Collapsible piling
US3171259A (en) * 1960-09-30 1965-03-02 Universal Drilling Company Inc Offshore drilling barge
US3326006A (en) * 1964-05-01 1967-06-20 Tecon Corp Pile shells and couplings
FR2441785A2 (en) * 1978-11-10 1980-06-13 Hunting Oilfield Services Ltd Tube connection
US6468003B2 (en) * 1998-05-27 2002-10-22 Stanley Merjan Composite pile with tapering lower portion and method for driving pile into granular soil
US20040115008A1 (en) * 1998-05-27 2004-06-17 Stanley Merjan Piling
DE102009024889A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-02 Peter Kellner Foundation driller for anchoring of components in soil, has cylindrical base body, on which drift generating element is fitted, where base body consists of pipe that is open on earth-sided end
US9334995B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-05-10 Campbell Fittings, Inc. Single lock and double lock couplings having a locking ring with identifying indicia and methods of use and assembly
US10676888B1 (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-06-09 William Jordan LLC Corrugated shell bearing piles and installation methods

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US777351A (en) * 1904-10-03 1904-12-13 Raymond Concrete Pile Co Pile-core for concrete-pile forming.
US1867430A (en) * 1931-10-03 1932-07-12 Josiah B Wisner Lockable joint for hose sections
US1936541A (en) * 1932-07-28 1933-11-21 Ernest F Mechlin Apparatus for forming concrete piles
US2288576A (en) * 1940-04-27 1942-06-30 New England Foundation Company Sectional pile shell
US2392085A (en) * 1944-07-29 1946-01-01 Clyde B Ferrel Spray nozzle
US2639589A (en) * 1952-02-28 1953-05-26 Raymond Concrete Pile Co Method and apparatus for driving pile shells
US2704153A (en) * 1952-08-26 1955-03-15 Florman Irving Receptacle for dispensing cosmetics and the like
US2706065A (en) * 1953-04-03 1955-04-12 Stone Saul Closure connection
US2718980A (en) * 1951-10-02 1955-09-27 Robinson William H Container seal
US2720332A (en) * 1952-04-04 1955-10-11 Danielson Mfg Company Plastic hollow housing construction
US2735699A (en) * 1956-02-21 chadbourne

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735699A (en) * 1956-02-21 chadbourne
US777351A (en) * 1904-10-03 1904-12-13 Raymond Concrete Pile Co Pile-core for concrete-pile forming.
US1867430A (en) * 1931-10-03 1932-07-12 Josiah B Wisner Lockable joint for hose sections
US1936541A (en) * 1932-07-28 1933-11-21 Ernest F Mechlin Apparatus for forming concrete piles
US2288576A (en) * 1940-04-27 1942-06-30 New England Foundation Company Sectional pile shell
US2392085A (en) * 1944-07-29 1946-01-01 Clyde B Ferrel Spray nozzle
US2718980A (en) * 1951-10-02 1955-09-27 Robinson William H Container seal
US2639589A (en) * 1952-02-28 1953-05-26 Raymond Concrete Pile Co Method and apparatus for driving pile shells
US2720332A (en) * 1952-04-04 1955-10-11 Danielson Mfg Company Plastic hollow housing construction
US2704153A (en) * 1952-08-26 1955-03-15 Florman Irving Receptacle for dispensing cosmetics and the like
US2706065A (en) * 1953-04-03 1955-04-12 Stone Saul Closure connection

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3171259A (en) * 1960-09-30 1965-03-02 Universal Drilling Company Inc Offshore drilling barge
US3131543A (en) * 1960-12-05 1964-05-05 John J Dougherty Collapsible piling
US3326006A (en) * 1964-05-01 1967-06-20 Tecon Corp Pile shells and couplings
FR2441785A2 (en) * 1978-11-10 1980-06-13 Hunting Oilfield Services Ltd Tube connection
US6468003B2 (en) * 1998-05-27 2002-10-22 Stanley Merjan Composite pile with tapering lower portion and method for driving pile into granular soil
US20040115008A1 (en) * 1998-05-27 2004-06-17 Stanley Merjan Piling
US7073980B2 (en) 1998-05-27 2006-07-11 Stanley Merjan Piling
DE102009024889A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-02 Peter Kellner Foundation driller for anchoring of components in soil, has cylindrical base body, on which drift generating element is fitted, where base body consists of pipe that is open on earth-sided end
US9334995B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-05-10 Campbell Fittings, Inc. Single lock and double lock couplings having a locking ring with identifying indicia and methods of use and assembly
US10676888B1 (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-06-09 William Jordan LLC Corrugated shell bearing piles and installation methods

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