US2924392A - Hot spray gun - Google Patents

Hot spray gun Download PDF

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Publication number
US2924392A
US2924392A US632137A US63213757A US2924392A US 2924392 A US2924392 A US 2924392A US 632137 A US632137 A US 632137A US 63213757 A US63213757 A US 63213757A US 2924392 A US2924392 A US 2924392A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
air
spray gun
double
casing
spray
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US632137A
Inventor
Ruling Felix Ritter Von
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
COLARIT KORROSIONS GmbH
Colarit Korrosions-Gesellschaft Mbh
Original Assignee
COLARIT KORROSIONS GmbH
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE1956C0003826 priority Critical patent/DE1790752U/en
Application filed by COLARIT KORROSIONS GmbH filed Critical COLARIT KORROSIONS GmbH
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2924392A publication Critical patent/US2924392A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/16Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed
    • B05B7/20Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed by flame or combustion
    • B05B7/201Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed by flame or combustion downstream of the nozzle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/16Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed
    • B05B7/1606Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air
    • B05B7/1613Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas incorporating means for heating or cooling the material to be sprayed the spraying of the material involving the use of an atomising fluid, e.g. air comprising means for heating the atomising fluid before mixing with the material to be sprayed

Description

F 9, 1960 F'.. R. you RULING,

HOT- SPRAY GUNi 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 2, 1957 I NVE NTOR Rah/Ne 9, 1 960 ?R VON U HOT SPRAY GUN Filed Jan. 2, I957 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

PEA/x @TTEE vm Rduwe 1360 F. R. VON RUL'ING 2,924,392

HOT SPRAY GUN Filed Jan. 2, 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 l lnited States Patent "ice 92439? iat'ented Feb. 9, 1960 according to the size of its aperture, more or less hot air passes into the combustion chamber. 2,924,392 In order to attain very high outputs, it is advisable to HOT SPRAY GUN arrange two or more frustoconical burners in series, so

Felix Ritter von Riiling, KolmMtiliiim, Gm-1. 5m.- signor to Colarit Korrosions-Gesellschaft m.b.H., Dusseldorf, Germany Application January 2, 1957, Serial No. 632,137

Claims priority, application Germany January 3, 1956 7 Claims. (Cl. 239133) The invention relates to a hot spray gun with the aid of which materials, preferably in the form of dispersions or emulsions, are applied to surfaces of any kind with the object of forming a coating thereon. The known hot spray guns used for this purpose are only suitable for limited outputs, particularly as regards the quantity of the material to be sprayed. The spraying of large quantities of a dispersion presents no difiiculties, but when spraying, for example, aqueous dispersions, large quantities of heat must be used to vaporize the water, on account of the high latent heat of evaporization of water. The burners hitherto used for hot spray guns are not capable of evaporating large quantities of water; moreover there is a danger of these being interrupted or extinguished by the air sucked in by the spray jet; and this danger increases as the air suction becomes greater, which in turn is determined by the strength of the spray jet. For these reasons the efi'iciency of the known hot spray guns is kept within relatively narrow limits. The hot spray gun, constituting the subject matter of the present invention, does not possess these disadvantages.

In the hot spray gun according to the invention a frustoconical burner surface is arranged coaxial with and in front of the gun; the burner surface is preferably formed by an inner wall provided with gas passages of a frustoconical double-walled casing connected to a gas feed pipe.

In the case of the gun according to the invention the burner surface is not, as in the known guns, directed perpendicularly to the axis to the spray jet, but forms an angle therewith, widening in the direction of the spray. The angle of inclination of the burner surface to the axis of the spray jet which is most advantageous for obtaining the best output of any gun, can be determined without difiiculty by experiment, so that even in the case of the strongest suction produced on the burner surface by the spray jet, an interruption of the gas flame by the sucked-in air does not occur.

To prevent the loss of combustion heat by the heating of the outer air, it is advisable to fit a cylindrical screen on the outer edge of the frustoconical doublewalled casing, which screen may, if desired, be also constructed as a double wall and provided with an inlet and outlet for air, so that the compressed air necessary for operating the spray gun is pre-heated in this double wall. However, the compressed air can likewise be preheated by providing around the frustoconical combustion chamber arranged in front of the spray nozzle a double-walled casing with inlet and outlet for air which is also preheated in this casing. Finally it is also possible for preheating the air to fit on the combustion surface a frustoconical casing projecting into the combustion chamber and provided with inlet and outlet for the air.

To control the quantity of air sucked into the combustion chamber by the spray jet, a diaphragm is, according to the invention, arranged on the rear wall of the frustoconical double-walled casing, through which diaphragm,

,as to heat the spray jet along a longer path of travel,v In this manner it is possible to avoid the necessitybf" making the combustion chamber too large in diameter.

Several embodiments of the invention are illustrated in longitudinal section by way of example in Figs. 1 to 4 of the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 5 shows a hot spray gun in side elevation.

Figure 6 shows a modification of the hot spray gun in a longitudinal sectional view.

To avoid repetitions similar parts are designated by the same reference numerals in the different figures of the drawings.

According to Fig. 1 a frustoconical burner is arranged in front of a spray nozzle 1 in the axis thereof and consists substantially of a double-walled casing 2, the inner surface or wall of which is pierced by holes for the passage of combustion gas. A gas conduit 3 communicates with the space enclosed in the double-walled casing. On the front edge of the burner a cylindrical screen 4 is arranged which prevents the formation of eddy currents which might easily be produced if the hot burner air were to come directly into contact with the surrounding atmospheric air.

At the rear end of the burner chamber a diaphragm 5 is provided, by which the quantity of air sucked into.

cording to Fig. 2 provided with a double-walled casing 6 which is provided with an air inlet 7 and an air outlet 8. The air entering the space enclosed by the double-walled casing 6 through the inlet 7 is heated by the heat prevailing in the combustion chamber and imparted to the walls of the double-walled casing 2.

According to Fig. 3 the cylindrical screen provided on the front edge of the combustion chamber is constructed as a double-walled casing 9. The air to be preheated passes through the conduit 10 into the air space enclosed by the double-walled casing. The heated air again passes out through the conduit 11.

Fig. 4 shows a further possibility of heating the compressed air by arranging the frustoconical double-walled casing 12 within the combustion chamber. The conduits for feeding and leading 05 the air are designated by 13 and 14 respectively.

The connection of the combustion chamber, according to the invention, with the gun itself, and in particular the feed and exhaust conduits of the pre-heated air, are illustrated in Fig. 5.

What I claim is:

1. A flame spray gun comprising a nozzle having an axial discharge port for fluid to be sprayed, a hollow casing defining a chamber and having a perforated frustoconical internal wall coaxial with said port providing a burner surface, means supporting said casing with respect to said nozzle, said wall having a smaller end adjacent said nozzle and open to atmosphere and a larger end remote from said nozzle, and a gas supply conduit connected to said chamber.

2. A flame spray gun as set forth in claim 1 wherein said smaller end is axially spaced from said nozzle.

3. A flame spray gun as set forth in claim l'wherein a cylindrical screen extends forwardly from said larger end.

4. A flame spray gun as set forth in claim 1 wherein said casing supports a seconddouble walled casing'haw ing air inlet and outlet ports.

5. A flame spray gun as set forthvin claim 4 wherein said second casing surrounds the first.

6. A flame. spray un s se fo h i la 1 he e said smaller end is p biidd' with d aphra m fo h regulation of air passing therethrough.

7 A m p ay n' et fort n i 1 ere n a plurality of similar hollow casings are disposed in senes.

References (ii ted-in-the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Russell Mar. 3, 1936 Moore Mar. 25, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Germany May 22, 1942 Germany Aug. 6, 1953

US632137A 1956-01-03 1957-01-02 Hot spray gun Expired - Lifetime US2924392A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1956C0003826 DE1790752U (en) 1956-01-03 1956-01-03 FLAME SPRAY GUN.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2924392A true US2924392A (en) 1960-02-09

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ID=32877876

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US632137A Expired - Lifetime US2924392A (en) 1956-01-03 1957-01-02 Hot spray gun

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US2924392A (en)
AT (1) AT210042B (en)
CH (1) CH348342A (en)
DE (1) DE1790752U (en)
DK (1) DK87354C (en)
FR (1) FR1163599A (en)
GB (1) GB814566A (en)
NL (2) NL102122C (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4149453A (en) * 1977-04-19 1979-04-17 John Zink Company No-plume device
US20090230215A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Microjet Gmbh Apparatus for generating and spraying an aerosol

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL250963A (en) * 1959-04-29

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2033010A (en) * 1930-02-04 1936-03-03 Gas Fuel Corp Process of burning emulsified compounds
DE721025C (en) * 1939-02-23 1942-05-22 Erwin Reutter Process for the production of rigid bodies to be applied to the human skin
US2417835A (en) * 1936-09-25 1947-03-25 Harry H Moore Combustion device
DE885534C (en) * 1951-05-20 1953-08-06 Briem Hengler & Cronemeyer K G Device for finishing webs of fabric

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2033010A (en) * 1930-02-04 1936-03-03 Gas Fuel Corp Process of burning emulsified compounds
US2417835A (en) * 1936-09-25 1947-03-25 Harry H Moore Combustion device
DE721025C (en) * 1939-02-23 1942-05-22 Erwin Reutter Process for the production of rigid bodies to be applied to the human skin
DE885534C (en) * 1951-05-20 1953-08-06 Briem Hengler & Cronemeyer K G Device for finishing webs of fabric

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4149453A (en) * 1977-04-19 1979-04-17 John Zink Company No-plume device
US20090230215A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Microjet Gmbh Apparatus for generating and spraying an aerosol

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DK87354C (en) 1959-05-25
FR1163599A (en) 1958-09-29
NL102122C (en)
GB814566A (en) 1959-06-10
DE1790752U (en) 1959-06-18
AT210042B (en) 1960-07-11
CH348342A (en) 1960-08-15
NL213399A (en)

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