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Control device

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Publication number
US2917939A
US2917939A US72222658A US2917939A US 2917939 A US2917939 A US 2917939A US 72222658 A US72222658 A US 72222658A US 2917939 A US2917939 A US 2917939A
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Prior art keywords
gear
pinion
cam
tooth
follower
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John L Harris
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John L Harris
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04FTIME-INTERVAL MEASURING
    • G04F3/00Apparatus which can be set and started to measure-off predetermined or adjustably-fixed time intervals with driving mechanisms, e.g. dosimeter with clockwork
    • G04F3/06Apparatus which can be set and started to measure-off predetermined or adjustably-fixed time intervals with driving mechanisms, e.g. dosimeter with clockwork with electric driving mechanisms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G21/00Mechanical apparatus for control of a series of operations, i.e. programme control, e.g. involving a set of cams
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19614Disconnecting means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19623Backlash take-up
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/1987Rotary bodies
    • Y10T74/19874Mutilated

Description

Dec. 22, 1959 HARRIS 2,917,939

CONTROL DEVICE Filed March 18, 1958 TIMER M0 TOR FRlCT/ON 6 I CLUTCH 23 GEAR TEETH OMITTED lllillllllllllllll 13 A 4 25 2 7 C21.

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/ IV VEN TOR .y/MM

United States Patent CONTROL DEVICE John L. Harris, Whitefish Bay, Wis.

Application March 18, 1958, Serial No. 722,226

6 Claims. (Cl. 74-435) This invention relates generally to timing devices.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a repeat cycle timer capable of giving an accurate short control cycle at infrequent intervals.

A further object is the provision of a timer which is driven through a cycle by a timer motor, and then disengaged from the timer motor so that a new cycle is delayed even though the timer motor continues to operate.

Other objects will appear from the following description and appended claims.

For a full description of the invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates schematically one form of the invention, and

Figure 2 is a view taken from line 22 of Figure 1.

Referring to Figure 1, reference character 1 indicates a timer motor unit which drives a pinion 2. This pinion drives a gear 3 which is carried by a cam shaft 4 which is freely supported in hearings in plates 5 and 6 (Fig. 2). This cam shaft carries a cam 7 upon which rides a cam follower 8, which is pivoted at 9, and operates a switch generally indicated as 10.

The switch 10 for illustrative purposes is shown as including cantilever spring blades 11, 12 and 13, sets of contacts 14, 15 and 16, and a spacer 17 between blades 12 and 13.

The pinion 2 also drives a gear train consisting of gears 18, 19, 20 and 21. The final gear 21 is rigidly supported on a shaft 22 which is freely supported between plates 5 and 6 (Fig. 2). Preferably a friction clutch is provided between gear 20 and its pinion 23, so that gear 21 may be turned manually by shaft 22.

The final gear 21 overlaps the gear 3, and causes a rearwardly extending pin 24 adapted to engage a forwardly extending pin 25 on gear 3. The gear 3 is also formed with a segment 26 in which the gear teeth have been omited. 1

Operation The parts are shown in the position assumed at the end of a cycle. The pinion has driven the gear 3 in a clockwise direction to the point where the teeth have disengaged, so that gear 3 and cam 7 are now stationary even though pinion 2 continues to rotate. The cam follower 8 is now on the top level of cam 7, and has closed switch contacts 11 and opened contacts 15 and 16.

The gear 21 is now being driven in a counterclockwise direction and eventually the pin 24 on this gear will come behind the pin 25 on gear 3, causing clockwise rotation of gear 3 and cam 7. This action will continue until the sloping portion 26 of cam 7 passes under the cam follower. At this time, the biasing action of spring switch blade 11 on the cam follower will cause the cam 7 and gear 3 to advance clockwise with snap action, thus operating the switch 10 and bringing the first tooth of the gear 3 into engagement with the pinion.

The sloping portion 27 of the cam, and the engaging POrtion 28 of the cam follower are proportioned relative to the first tooth of gear 3, to cause travel of this tooth far enough into the pinion as to be picked up by the pinion. In other words, this tooth is fed into the pinion far enough so that a tooth on the pinion comes in behind this first tooth and thus starts driving the gear.

The gear and cam now make a partial revolution in a clockwise direction. The first action of the cam on the follower is to close contacts 14 and open contacts 15. Later on in the cycle, the cam follower is raised more for opening contacts 16. Later the segment of omitted teeth 26 returns to the pinion thus causing the gear 3 and cam 7 to stop. The segment 26 is made wide enough so that gear 3 stops before pin 25 of the high speed gear 3 catches up with the pin 24 on the slow speed gear 21.

The shaft 22 may be used for rotating gear 21 independently of the timer motor 1. When this arrangement is used, it is recommended that pins 24 and 25 be arranged so that they cannot drive gear 3 far enough to re-engage the teeth. Thus, pins 24 and 25 should disengage before this happens, leaving it up to the cam follower to advance the cam and gear into engage ient.

In some cases in which the drive pinion is operating at relatively high speed, or is mounted in precision bearings, it is necessary to provide a strain relief between the pinion and gear to prevent possible jamming on engagement. In the present embodiment of the invention, this is accomplished by an elongated bearing hole 28 in back plate 5 through which shaft 4 extends. The cam follower 8 biases the cam downwardly, which in turn presses the gear 3 downwardly, toward the pinion 2. If the first tooth on gear 3 strikes a tooth on the pinion with a wedging action, the tooth on the pinion displaces the gear far enough to pass under. This displacement is permitted by the enlarged bearing hole.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the present invention provides a simple and positive cycling timer for obtaining extremely short and accurate cycles at times spaced far apart. This is achieved by the combination of a high speed cam which is stopped when its work is done, and restarted when the next cycle is desired.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention is disclosed, it will be apparent that many modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as expressed in the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a timing device, a pinion, a timing motor for rotating said pinion, a gear arranged to mesh with said pinion for being driven thereby, said gear having a seg ment without teeth so that the gear disengages from the pinion at a predetermined point causing the gear to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point through said segment to cause re-engagement of the gear with said pinion, and spring loaded means for pressing said gear into engagement with said pinion until a tooth on the pinion is behind a tooth of the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear.

2. In a timing device, a pinion, a timing motor for rotating said pinion, a gear arranged to mesh with said pinion for being driven thereby, said gear having a segment without teeth so that the gear disengages from the pinion at a predetermined point causing the gear to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point through said segment to cause re-engagement of the gear with said pinion, spring loaded means for pressing said gear into engagement with said pinion until a tooth on the pinion is behind a tooth of the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear, and strain relief means between said gear and pinion for allowing an increased distance between centers thereof to prevent jamming of the gear and pinion on re-engagement.

3. In a timing device, a pinion, a timing motor for rotating said pinion, a gear arranged to mesh with said pinion for-being driven thereby, said gear having a segment without teeth so that the gear disengages from the pinion at a predetermined point causing the gear to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point through said segment to cause re-eri'gagernent of the gear with said pinion, spring loaded rneaiisffor pressing saidgear into engagement with said pinion until a'tooth on the pinion is b ehind a tooth of the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear, and strain relief means between said gear and pinion for allowing an increased riistancebetween centers thereof to prevent jamming of the gear and pinion on re -engagernent. i 4. In a timing device a cam, a gear for rotating said canna pinion "for driving said gear, a timing motor for rotating the pinion, a cam follower biased against said c a mIs aidgear having a segment without teeth so that the gear disengages from the pinion at at predetermined point causing the geararid cam to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point for restarting the gear, said earn and follower being constructed and arranged to cause rotation of the gear and press the gear into en gagement with the pinion until a tooth on the pinion is behind a tooth on the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear. 5. ,In a timing device, a cam, a gear for rotating said cam, a pinion for driving said gear, a timin g rno tor for rotating the pinion, a cam follower biased against said carn, said gear having a segment without teeth so t hat the gear disengages from the pinion at a predetermined point causing the gear and cam to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point for restarting the gear, said cam and follower being constructed and arranged to cause rotation of the gear and press the gear into engagement with the pinion until a tooth on the pinion is behind a tooth on the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear, and strain relief means between said gear and pinion for allowing an increased distance be tween centers thereof to prevent jamming of the gear and pinion on re-eng agement.

6. In a timing device, a switch, a cam, a cam follower arranged to ride said cam and operate said switch, a gear for rotating said cam, a pinion for driving said gear, a timer motordriving said pinion, said gear having a segment without teeth so that the gear disengages the pinion at a predetermined point causing the gear and cam to stop, means for advancing the gear from said point, for restarting the gear, said cam and follower being constructed and arranged to cause rotation of the gear and press the gear into engagement with the pinion until a tooth on the pinion is behind a tooth on the gear, so that the pinion resumes driving the gear.

References Cited in the file of this patent UN E S AT S P E T$ 1,937,326 Pick Nov. 28, 1933 1,974,054 Popp Sept. 18, 1934 2,397,777 Colman Apr. 2, 1946 2,449,852 Jones Sept. 21, 1948

US2917939A 1958-03-18 1958-03-18 Control device Expired - Lifetime US2917939A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3065314A (en) * 1959-10-08 1962-11-20 Gen Motors Corp Timed control mechanism
US3075394A (en) * 1960-11-23 1963-01-29 Gen Electric Hermetically-sealed timed actuator
US3091673A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-05-28 Kingston Products Corp Cycle timer
US3094593A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-06-18 Kiagston Products Corp Interval timer
US3118421A (en) * 1960-11-23 1964-01-21 Gen Electric Timed actuator synchronous speed checker
US3190977A (en) * 1963-03-19 1965-06-22 John L Harris Motor driven adjustable rotary-cam actuated multi-switch sequence timer
DE1200924B (en) * 1961-12-18 1965-09-16 Schleicher G M B H & Co Komman equipped with self-latching, at variable intervals adjustable switching program switch
US3258552A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-06-28 Miller Harris Instr Company Combined time-temperature switch device
DE1224818B (en) * 1960-11-01 1966-09-15 Licentia Gmbh Time switch, particularly staircase timer
US3281548A (en) * 1964-05-08 1966-10-25 Gen Electric Interval timer
US3284588A (en) * 1962-08-17 1966-11-08 Miller Harris Instr Company Appliance timer
US3332303A (en) * 1965-01-04 1967-07-25 Ametek Inc Rotary actuator
US3589600A (en) * 1970-03-27 1971-06-29 Tesla Np Electromagnetic counter with switching means
US3684845A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-08-15 Charles G Palmer Article counting sensor apparatus
US3941000A (en) * 1975-01-30 1976-03-02 General Electric Company Expanded scale timer and method of operating such
US4178809A (en) * 1977-03-17 1979-12-18 Sony Corporation Mode change-over device for recording and/or reproducing apparatus
US4203014A (en) * 1978-05-19 1980-05-13 Deltrol Corp. Adjustable interval cycle timer
US4466310A (en) * 1981-02-17 1984-08-21 Amf Incorporated Timing mechanism with two independent rotary outputs
US4572013A (en) * 1982-10-15 1986-02-25 Clarion Co., Ltd. Intermittent link mechanism
US5042311A (en) * 1988-06-06 1991-08-27 Eaton Corporation Secondary timer for program timer
US5284064A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-02-08 Lexmark International, Inc. Quiet, single-cycle mechanism

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1937326A (en) * 1931-08-21 1933-11-28 Permutit Co Intermittent gear drive and means of controlling same
US1974054A (en) * 1933-01-21 1934-09-18 Mc Gill Mfg Co Switch mechanism
US2397777A (en) * 1942-11-02 1946-04-02 Harry A Severson Gearing
US2449852A (en) * 1943-08-16 1948-09-21 Warner Jones And Company Ltd K Gear drive for printing and other machines

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1937326A (en) * 1931-08-21 1933-11-28 Permutit Co Intermittent gear drive and means of controlling same
US1974054A (en) * 1933-01-21 1934-09-18 Mc Gill Mfg Co Switch mechanism
US2397777A (en) * 1942-11-02 1946-04-02 Harry A Severson Gearing
US2449852A (en) * 1943-08-16 1948-09-21 Warner Jones And Company Ltd K Gear drive for printing and other machines

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3065314A (en) * 1959-10-08 1962-11-20 Gen Motors Corp Timed control mechanism
US3091673A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-05-28 Kingston Products Corp Cycle timer
US3094593A (en) * 1960-06-08 1963-06-18 Kiagston Products Corp Interval timer
DE1224818B (en) * 1960-11-01 1966-09-15 Licentia Gmbh Time switch, particularly staircase timer
US3075394A (en) * 1960-11-23 1963-01-29 Gen Electric Hermetically-sealed timed actuator
US3118421A (en) * 1960-11-23 1964-01-21 Gen Electric Timed actuator synchronous speed checker
DE1200924B (en) * 1961-12-18 1965-09-16 Schleicher G M B H & Co Komman equipped with self-latching, at variable intervals adjustable switching program switch
US3284588A (en) * 1962-08-17 1966-11-08 Miller Harris Instr Company Appliance timer
US3258552A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-06-28 Miller Harris Instr Company Combined time-temperature switch device
US3190977A (en) * 1963-03-19 1965-06-22 John L Harris Motor driven adjustable rotary-cam actuated multi-switch sequence timer
US3281548A (en) * 1964-05-08 1966-10-25 Gen Electric Interval timer
US3332303A (en) * 1965-01-04 1967-07-25 Ametek Inc Rotary actuator
US3589600A (en) * 1970-03-27 1971-06-29 Tesla Np Electromagnetic counter with switching means
US3684845A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-08-15 Charles G Palmer Article counting sensor apparatus
US3941000A (en) * 1975-01-30 1976-03-02 General Electric Company Expanded scale timer and method of operating such
US4178809A (en) * 1977-03-17 1979-12-18 Sony Corporation Mode change-over device for recording and/or reproducing apparatus
US4203014A (en) * 1978-05-19 1980-05-13 Deltrol Corp. Adjustable interval cycle timer
US4466310A (en) * 1981-02-17 1984-08-21 Amf Incorporated Timing mechanism with two independent rotary outputs
US4572013A (en) * 1982-10-15 1986-02-25 Clarion Co., Ltd. Intermittent link mechanism
US5042311A (en) * 1988-06-06 1991-08-27 Eaton Corporation Secondary timer for program timer
US5284064A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-02-08 Lexmark International, Inc. Quiet, single-cycle mechanism

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