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US2916956A - Pivotally mounted reciprocating cutter for a continuously moving suctionally held web - Google Patents

Pivotally mounted reciprocating cutter for a continuously moving suctionally held web Download PDF

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Publication number
US2916956A
US2916956A US59147956A US2916956A US 2916956 A US2916956 A US 2916956A US 59147956 A US59147956 A US 59147956A US 2916956 A US2916956 A US 2916956A
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Prior art keywords
drum
knife
means
web
holder
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Salomon Jacob
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JACOB SALOMON
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JACOB SALOMON
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/56Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which travels with the work otherwise than in the direction of the cut, i.e. flying cutter
    • B26D1/62Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which travels with the work otherwise than in the direction of the cut, i.e. flying cutter and is rotating about an axis parallel to the line of cut, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder
    • B26D1/626Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which travels with the work otherwise than in the direction of the cut, i.e. flying cutter and is rotating about an axis parallel to the line of cut, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/202With product handling means
    • Y10T83/2092Means to move, guide, or permit free fall or flight of product
    • Y10T83/2209Guide
    • Y10T83/2211Abutment in path of product being moved by work feeder
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/465Cutting motion of tool has component in direction of moving work
    • Y10T83/4734Flying support or guide for work
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/465Cutting motion of tool has component in direction of moving work
    • Y10T83/4766Orbital motion of cutting blade
    • Y10T83/4795Rotary tool
    • Y10T83/4812Compound movement of tool during tool cycle
    • Y10T83/4815Axial reciprocation of tool

Description

Dec. 15, 1959 J. SALOMON 2,916,956

PIVOTALLY MOUNTED RECIPROCATING CUTTER FOR A CONTINUOUSLY MOVING SUCTIONALLY HELD WEB Filed June 14, 1956 5 Sheets-Sheet l 22 INVENTOR $4 05 J/ma/m/v BY ATTORNEY Dec. 15, 1959 J. SALOMON 2,916,956

. PIVOTALLY MOUNTED RECIPRDCATING CUTTER FOR A CONTINUOUSLY MOVING SUCTIONALLY HELD WEB Filed June 14, 1956 V 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 m/ VENTOR IA C05 5A 4 ONO/V ATTORNEY Dec, 15, 1959 J. SALOMON 2,916,956

PIVOTALLY MOUNTED RECIPROCATING CUTTER FOR A CONTINUOUSLY MOVING SUCTIONALLY HELD WEB Filed June 14, 1956 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 F/G/O. 'F/GS.

, F/G.//. 43M /645 A /l 43 44 f 1 INVE/VTC'R fhf SALOMON ATTORNEY Unite PIVOTALLY MOUNTED RECIPROCATING CUTTER FOR A CONTINUOUSLY MOV- DJG SUCTIUNALLY HELD WEB This invention relates to an apparatus for cutting a web of material, e.g. a web of paper, transversely. Although it is not restricted to this use, the invention is of particular value for the transverse cutting of a web of material which has been printed in a rotary printing machine.

The speed with which printed sheets of material may be obtained by transverse division of a web of material printed in a rotary printing machine is largely dependent upon the speed with which such transverse division can be effected. It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an apparatus for cutting a web transversely at a speed equal to that at which the web may be printed. It is a further object of the invention to provide a webcutting apparatus such that the web is held firmly in a desired position during the said transverse division.

According to the invention there is provided web-cutting apparatus comprising a hollow rotatable drum provided with an axially extending slot, means for rotating the drum, a rotatably mounted knife holder mounted for axial reciprocating motion within said drum and adapted to present a knife through said slot, means for reciprocating the knife holder axially, means for feeding a web of material around the drum, means for holding the web of material by suction against the drum in the neighbourhood of said slot, and means for stripping a cut portion of the web from the drum.

The means for reciprocating the knife may be a crank mechanism. Thus the knife holder may be connected by flexible means to a point on a rotary member remote from the centre of rotation thereof. Alternatively the knife holder may be connected by flexible means to a point on an endless belt adapted to be entrained around a pair of spaced rollers. In either case, the said flexible means may be a rope whose opposite ends are connected to the said point, the rope passing along the axis of the drum and being entrained over rollers.

The drum is preferably provided with at least one aperture therethrough to either side of the said slot, each aperture communicating with a duct adapted to be connected to a suction apparatus.

The knife holder may be pivotally mounted, means being provided for pivoting the knife holder so that, in operation, it is always inclined in the direction in which it is moving. Thus means may be provided adjacent each end of the drum for varying the inclination of the knife holder and these means may be abutments which are adapted to be struck by the knife holder. Preferably, the cylindrical wall of the drum is provided internally with a raised axially extending track which stops short of either end of the drum. the knife holder being provided with a roller movable over said track, the track and roller being so disposed with respect to the pivot point of the knife holder that the knife holder is maintained in an inclined position so long as the roller is on the track.

The invention is illustrated, merely by way of example, in the accompanying drawings in which:

States Patent Fig. 1 is a side elevatiompartly in section, of a webcutting apparatus according to the invention,

Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation on the line IIII of Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 is a broken away plan view of a drum constituting part of the web-cutting apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2,

Figs. 4 and 5 are diagrammatic views illustrating alternative means for reciprocating the knife of the web-cutting apparatus shown in Figs. 1-3,

Figs. 6 and 7 are respectively a side view, partly in section, and a broken away plan View of a modified drum,

Fig. 8 is a side view, partly in section, of a further modified drum,

Figs. 9 and 10 illustrate two alternative forms of knife,

Fig. 11 is a sectional elevation of a drum provided with means for varying the inclination of the knife holder, and

Figs. 12 is a cross section taken on the line XIIXII of Fig. 11.

Referring to the drawings, a web-cutting apparatus comprises a rotatable hollow drum 1 one end of which is carried by a flange 2 of a driving shaft 3, the drum being secured to the flange 2 by a key 4. The opposite end of the drum 1 is carried by a flanged plate 5 which is mounted on a bronze bush 6 on a hollow shaft 7. will be appreciated that by interposing suitable spacing rings between the drum and the members 2, 5 the apparatus may readily be adapted to take drums of different sizes.

The shaft 7 is mounted on a side frame 8 of the apparatus and is provided with an attachment 9 to which may be secured a vacuum hose (not shown). The shaft 3, which is journalled in a bronze bushing 10 mounted in a side frame 11 of the apparatus, is keyed to a helical gear 12 which is in mesh with a driven helical gear 13.

The cylindrical wall of the drum 1 is provided with an axially extending slot 14 in which is movably mounted a knife 15. The knife 15 may, as shown in Fig. 2, be constituted by a two-edged razor blade or, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10 respectively, it may be triangular or circular. The knife 15, whose width is small in relation to the length of the slot 14, extends outwardly of the drum 1 and extends into the interior of the drum where it is carried by a knife holder 16. The knife holder 16 is rotatably mounted on a member 16 by means of which it is secured to a flexible steel wire rope 17. The rope 17, which extends along the axis of the drum 1 and passes through the shafts 3, 7 and through stufling boxes 18, 19 carried thereby, is entrained over idler rolls 20. In the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 4, one end of the rope 17 is secured to a peg 21 mounted on a rotary disc 22 remote from the centre thereof, the other end of the rope 17 being connected to the peg 21 through the intermediary of a spring 23. It will be appreciated that rotation of the disc 22 (by means not shown) will cause the knife 15 to be reciprocated in the slot 14. it is arranged that the disc 22 makes one revolution to two revolutions of the drum 1 so that the knife 15 is moved throughout the length of the slot 14 in one direction only at each revolution of the drum 1. The distance through which the knife is reciprocated may be varied by securing the ends of the rope 17 to one of the pegs 21 which are disposed at varying distances from the centre of the disc 22.

Alternatively the peg 21 and disc 22 may be dispensed with and, (as shown in Fig. 5) the ends of the rope 17 may be secured to a peg 24 on an endless belt 25 entrained around a driving roller 26 and an idler roller 27, whereby rotation of the driving roller 26 effects reciprocation of the knife 15 in the slot 14.

A rubber covered bottom backing or feed roller 28 is mounted on an arm 29 of a bell crank lever 30. The lever 30 is pivoted at 31 and may be fixed in a desired position by means of a bolt 32 movable in a slotted member 33. The bottom backing roller 28 is maintained in contact with and driven by the drum 1 but, as will be noted. from Fig; 2, the drum 1 projects outwardly of the bottom backing roller 28 at either end thereof.

Mounted above the bottom backingroller 28 is a stripper finger 34 carried by a bell crank lever 35. The lever 35 is provided with a bolt 36 pasing through a slotted member 37 to which the lever 35 may thus be clamped in a number of different positions. Adjacent to but mountedabove the stripper finger 3 is an upper backing roller 38 carried by a lever 39.

Longitudinally spaced along the drum 1 and to either side of the slot 14 are a plurality of apertures 40 which extend through the cylindrical wall of the drum ll. In the arrangement shown in Fig. l, the apertures i-fi communicate with the whole interior of the drum 1 which is subjected to suction through the said vacuum hosc. The apertures 40 may, however, have the form shown in Figs. 6 and 7 in which they communicate with restricted areas (defined by wails 43) of the interior of the drum 1 the said areas being subjected to suction. Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 8, each aperture 44? may communicate with a tube 42 which is connected to suction means (not shown).

if desired it may be arranged that the knife 15 is moved angularly in the slot 14 when it reaches an end of its stroke so that the knife is always inclined in the direction in which it is being moved and its cutting action is thereby improved. One means of effecting this is illustrated in Figs. 11 and 12 in which the lower end of the knife holder 16 is provided with a centrally disposed'roller 45 adapted to roll ona raised axially extending'track 44 mounted within the cylindrical wall of the drum 1 but not extending to either end thereof. The knife holder 16 is pivotally mounted in a fastener 45 adapted to be rotatably secured to a flexible rope or other member (not shown) by means of which it may be reciprocated. The drum 1 is provided internally, adjacent either end thereof, with a pin or other abutment 46. The construction is such that when the knife holder 16 reaches the end of its stroke it hits a pin46 which reverses its inclination with respect to the fastener 5, such reversal of inclination being possible since the roller 4-3 will, at this moment, be off the track' i The new inclination of the knife holder ismaintained during its travel through the drum 1 from one end to the other by the roller 43 and the track 44-. Thus it will be noted that the distance between the. roller 43 and the pivot point 16" of the knife holder is greater than the distance between the surface of the track 44 and the said pivot point. This ensures that so long as the roller is on the. track the knife holder will be maintained in aninclined position.

In operation, a web W of paper or other material, which is to be cut transversely, is entrained around the bottom backing roller 28 so as to pass through the nip between the bottom backing roller and the drum 1. The Web is entrained around the drum against which it is held tight in the region of the slot 14 by the suction at the apertures 40. The web is cut transversely by the knife 15 reciprocating in the slot 14 so as to move from. one side of the web to the other, the cut length of web being stripped from the drum 1 by the stripper finger 34. It is arranged that cutting takes place while the drum 1 is rotated through approximately 270, and that the remaining 90 of movement of the drum occurs while the knife 15 is adjacent one end of the slot 14, so that the knife is allowed to clear the backing rollersand stripper finger, which are disposed about approximately 90 of the 'circumference of the drum. It will be appreciated that the knife follows a spiral path during the cutting operation since it is simultaneously rotated and moved axially of the: drum.

The apparatus illustrated in the drawings may be used in conjunction with a rotary printing machine, the drum 1 being rotated at the same speed as the printing cylinder of the printing machine. Thus the cutting of the web may be effected at the same speed as the web is printed.

I claim:

1. Web-cutting apparatus comprising a hollow rotatable drum provided with an axially extending slot, means for rotating the drum, a knife holder carrier mounted for axial reciprocating motion within said drum, a rotary member, flexible means for continuously reciprocating the knife holder carrier axially, said flexible means being connected to a point on said rotary member remote from the centre of rotation thereof, a knife holder rotatably mounted on said carrier and adapted to present a knife through said slot, means for feeding a web of material around the drum, means for holding the web of material by suction against the drum in the neighbourhood of said slot, whereby atmospheric pressure forces the web against the knife and means for stripping a cut portion of the web from the drum. I

2. Web-cutting apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which the flexible means is a rope whose opposite ends are connected to the said point, the rope passing along the axis of the drum and being entrained over rollers. V

3. Web-cutting apparatus comprising a hollow rotatable drumprovided with an axially extending slot, means for rotating the drum, a knife holder carrier mounted for axial reciprocating motion within said drum, an endless belt, flexible means for continuously reciprocating the knife holder carrier axially, said flexible means being connected to a point on said endless belt, a knife holder rotatably mounted on said carrier and adapted to present a knife'through said slot, means for feeding a web of material around'the drum, means for holding the web of" rotating said drum, a rotatably and pivotally. mounted knife holder mounted for axial reciprocating motion within said drum and adapted to present a knife through saidslot, means for reciprocating said knife holder axially,

means adjacent each end of said drum for varying the inclination of said knife holder so that it is always inclined in the direction in which it is moving, means for feeding a web of material around said drum, means for holding said web of material by suction against said drum in the neighbourhood of said slot, whereby atmospheric pressure forces said web against said drum and means for stripping a cut portion of said web from said drum.

5. Webcutting apparatus as claimed in claim 4 in which said means for varying the inclination of said knife holder are abutments which are adapted to be struck by said knife holder.

6. W eb-cutting apparatus comprising a hollow, rotatable drum having an axially-extending slot, an axially-extending track within the drum which stops short of both ends of said drum, means for rotating said drum, a rotatable and pivotally mounted knife holder adapted to present a knife through said slot, a roller on the knife holder and movable over said track, said track and roller being so disposed with respect to the pivot of saidknife holder that the knife holder is maintained in an inclined position while said roller ison the track, means for reciprocating said knife holder axially within the drum,.means for-feeding a web of material around the drum, means for drawing said web of material by suction against said drum in the neighbourhood of said slot whereby atmospheric pressure holds said web against the drum and means for stripping a cut portion of said web from the drum.

7. Web-cutting apparatus comprising a hollow, rotatable drum provided with an axially-extending slot, a flexible,

non-rotary cord-like member disposed along the of said drum for reciprocation along the drum, a knife holder rotatably carried by the cord-like member, a knife mounted in said holder and projecting through said slot, guide means for the cable-like member, a rotary member having anchoring means eccentric with respect of the axis of rotation, resilient means attached to said anchoring means, said cord-like member passing around the guiding means with one of its ends secured to said anchoring means and with its other end secured to the resilient means whereby rotation of said rotary member causes reciprocation of said cord-like member and said knife holder, means to rotate said drum about said axis, means for holding a web of material against said drum in the neighbourhood of said slot and means for stripping a cut portion of the web from said drum.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,421,969 Loeb July 4, 1922 1,983,326 Taylor Dec. 4, 1934 2,010,308 Leonard Aug. 6, 1935 2,105,707 Stancliff Ian. 18, 1938 2,585,250 Jones et a1 n- Feb. 12, 1952 Balsam May 1, 1956

US2916956A 1956-06-14 1956-06-14 Pivotally mounted reciprocating cutter for a continuously moving suctionally held web Expired - Lifetime US2916956A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3149517A (en) * 1959-02-12 1964-09-22 Johnson & Johnson Automatic web cutting machine with clamp means for holding cut web portions
US4122738A (en) * 1975-11-19 1978-10-31 Maurice Granger Apparatus for the cutting and simultaneous dispensing of a web of roll material
US4213363A (en) * 1975-11-19 1980-07-22 Maurice Granger Apparatus for the cutting and simultaneous dispensing of a web of roll material
US4593589A (en) * 1982-03-23 1986-06-10 Sasib S.P.A. Web cutting device
US4916989A (en) * 1988-11-03 1990-04-17 The Gillette Company Strip tensioning system for a strip peeling machine
US4934224A (en) * 1989-04-28 1990-06-19 The Gillette Company Strip threading tension monitoring system
EP0698571A3 (en) * 1994-08-17 1998-01-28 Klaus Reinhold Cutting and transport cylinder for webs
EP1190821A2 (en) * 2000-09-22 2002-03-27 Windmöller & Hölscher KG Oscillating single bladed knives and method of cutting with such knives
US6581500B1 (en) 1997-10-21 2003-06-24 Englewood Ventures Inc. Paper towel dispensing apparatus
US20080223975A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Miroslav Planeta Reversible surface winder
US20110098747A1 (en) * 2009-04-15 2011-04-28 Synthes Usa, Llc Arcuate fixation member
US20110230971A1 (en) * 2009-04-15 2011-09-22 Synthes Usa, Llc Arcuate fixation member

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1421969A (en) * 1920-09-01 1922-07-04 Loeb Rudolf Means for cutting fabrics
US1983326A (en) * 1931-02-04 1934-12-04 Celanese Corp Manufacture of artificial staple fiber
US2010308A (en) * 1934-04-19 1935-08-06 Orenda Corp Apparatus for making ply-board
US2105707A (en) * 1936-07-28 1938-01-18 Louis G Stancliff Device for winding and cutting cellophane
US2585250A (en) * 1950-05-24 1952-02-12 Eastman Kodak Co Machine for applying tape to cylindrical containers
US2743777A (en) * 1953-03-09 1956-05-01 Maurice M Balsam Apparatus for cutting a strip into portions of a predetermined length

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1421969A (en) * 1920-09-01 1922-07-04 Loeb Rudolf Means for cutting fabrics
US1983326A (en) * 1931-02-04 1934-12-04 Celanese Corp Manufacture of artificial staple fiber
US2010308A (en) * 1934-04-19 1935-08-06 Orenda Corp Apparatus for making ply-board
US2105707A (en) * 1936-07-28 1938-01-18 Louis G Stancliff Device for winding and cutting cellophane
US2585250A (en) * 1950-05-24 1952-02-12 Eastman Kodak Co Machine for applying tape to cylindrical containers
US2743777A (en) * 1953-03-09 1956-05-01 Maurice M Balsam Apparatus for cutting a strip into portions of a predetermined length

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3149517A (en) * 1959-02-12 1964-09-22 Johnson & Johnson Automatic web cutting machine with clamp means for holding cut web portions
US4122738A (en) * 1975-11-19 1978-10-31 Maurice Granger Apparatus for the cutting and simultaneous dispensing of a web of roll material
US4213363A (en) * 1975-11-19 1980-07-22 Maurice Granger Apparatus for the cutting and simultaneous dispensing of a web of roll material
US4593589A (en) * 1982-03-23 1986-06-10 Sasib S.P.A. Web cutting device
US4916989A (en) * 1988-11-03 1990-04-17 The Gillette Company Strip tensioning system for a strip peeling machine
US4934224A (en) * 1989-04-28 1990-06-19 The Gillette Company Strip threading tension monitoring system
EP0698571A3 (en) * 1994-08-17 1998-01-28 Klaus Reinhold Cutting and transport cylinder for webs
US6581500B1 (en) 1997-10-21 2003-06-24 Englewood Ventures Inc. Paper towel dispensing apparatus
DE10047545A1 (en) * 2000-09-22 2002-05-02 Windmoeller & Hoelscher Cutting and transport roller with integrated cutting device having rotating cutting surfaces
EP1190821A2 (en) * 2000-09-22 2002-03-27 Windmöller & Hölscher KG Oscillating single bladed knives and method of cutting with such knives
US6766722B2 (en) 2000-09-22 2004-07-27 Windmoeller & Hoelscher Cutting and transport roller with integrated cutter with rotating cutting surfaces
EP1190821A3 (en) * 2000-09-22 2004-11-03 Windmöller & Hölscher KG Oscillating single bladed knives and method of cutting with such knives
DE10047545B4 (en) * 2000-09-22 2007-12-27 Windmöller & Hölscher Kg Cutting and transport roller with integrated cutting device with pivoting cutting surfaces and methods for cutting webs of material by means of such a roller
US20080223975A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Miroslav Planeta Reversible surface winder
US20110098747A1 (en) * 2009-04-15 2011-04-28 Synthes Usa, Llc Arcuate fixation member
US20110230971A1 (en) * 2009-04-15 2011-09-22 Synthes Usa, Llc Arcuate fixation member
US9925056B2 (en) 2009-04-15 2018-03-27 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Arcuate fixation member

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