US2900045A - Movable hot meal assembly table - Google Patents

Movable hot meal assembly table Download PDF

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Publication number
US2900045A
US2900045A US720167A US72016758A US2900045A US 2900045 A US2900045 A US 2900045A US 720167 A US720167 A US 720167A US 72016758 A US72016758 A US 72016758A US 2900045 A US2900045 A US 2900045A
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United States
Prior art keywords
food
conveyor
assembly table
hot
pans
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Expired - Lifetime
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US720167A
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William R Conklin
Blair E Stentz
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Swartzbaugh Manuf Co
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Swartzbaugh Manuf Co
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Priority to US720167A priority Critical patent/US2900045A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/24Warming devices
    • A47J36/2483Warming devices with electrical heating means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/24Warming devices
    • A47J36/2483Warming devices with electrical heating means
    • A47J36/2488Warming devices with electrical heating means having infrared radiating elements

Description

8, 1959 w. R. CONKLIN ET AL 2,900,045
MOVABLE HOT MEAL ASSEMBLY TABLE Filed March 10, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet l OPERATOR B 4 INVENTOR. WILLIAM R. CONKLIN By BLAIR E. STENTZ ATTORNEYS j I INVENTOR? y WILUAM R. CONKLIN v BLAIR E. STENTZ ATTQIRNEYSM Aug. 18, 1959 w. R. CONKLIN- ETAL" ,900,045
MOVABLE HOT MEAL ASSEMBLY TABLE Filed March 10, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 1' l Hm" ms'i \PQ 9 7/0 I as A Q 0 INVENTORS WILLIAM R. CONKLIN BY BLAIR E; STENTZ ATTORNEYS MOVABLE nor MEAL ASSEMBLY TABLE William R. Conklin and Blair E. Stentz, Murfreesboro, Tenn., assignors to The Swartzbaugh Manufacturing Company, Murfreesboro, Tenn., a corporation of Ohio Application March 10, 1958, Serial No. 720,167
Claims. (Cl. 1861) This invention relates to a movable hot meal assembly table which is particularly designed for the assembly of hot meals in locations remote from a central kitchen.
In many large institutions, such as hospitals, it is necessary to distribute food through areas which are remote from the central food preparing kitchen. It has been customary to make up plates of food in the central kitchen and to transport the individual plates of food on trays, sometimes in heated carts or containers, to the patients rooms. This general system of distribution has a serious drawback. In large establishments it may be as long as thirty to forty minutes or more between the time when the individual plates of food are placed upon the trays and the plate is delivered to the patient. Even through the plate is kept in a hot container, the outer portions of many foods become chilled and the entire plate is much less appetizing than it would be if the food had been freshly placed upon it.
It is an object of the instant invention to provide a movable hot meal assembly table in which food in bulk nited States Patent 0 can be transported to distribution centers, for example to a wing of a single floor of a hospital, and at that location be assembled in individual meals for almost im mediate delivery to the particular patient in that location.
It is another object of this invention to provide a 7 hot meal assembly table which can be loaded with bulk quantities of hot foods, transported to an area for meal distribution, and, with utensils and service plates also brought to that area, be quickly assembled into meals for immediate delivery.
It is yet another object of this invention to provide a movable hot meal assembly table having provision for the transportation of bulk quantities of hot foods and provided with mechanisms facilitating the assembly of individual meals.
Other and more specific objects and advantages of the invention will be better understood from the specification which follows and from the drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a perspective view showing a hot meal assembly table embodying the invention arranged with other auxiliary equipment at a meal distribution point;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of a hot meal assembly table embodying the invention;
Fig. 3 is a vertical, sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a vertical, sectional view taken along the line 44 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal, vertical sectional view taken along the line 55 of Fig. 2.
A hot meal assembly table embodying the invention is generally indicated in the drawings by the reference number 10. The table 10 is provided with wheels 11 so that it can be rolled from floor to floor and into and out of elevators and from one meal distribution position to another on the same floor. The hot meal assembly table 10 is utilized in combination with an equipment 2,900,045 7 Patented Aug. 18, 1959 ICE The hot meal assembly table 10 (see also Fig. 2) has a pair of main heated compartments 14 and 15 which are provided with a number of individual doors 16 and 17 and which occupy the entire interior of a main body 18 of the table 10. Each of the compartments 14 and 15 in the embodiment of the invention shown includes three series of vertically spaced pan racks, for example the racks indicated at 19, for the reception of the edges of bulk food pans 20. The bulk food pans 20 are of standard width and modular lengths so that they all can be carried in the racks 19 regardless of their particular size. For example, with all of the pans 20 having the same width, their lengths may vary in multiples of one, two or three. The main body 18, and thus the length of the guides 19, is equal to the maximum length of any individual food pan 10 and also, therefore, to various arrangements of one, two 'or three of the shorter ones of the food pans 20. The food pans 20 are filled with bulk foods of the type to be assembled into individual meals at the central food preparation kitchen and are stored in the heated compartments 14 and 15 on the racks 19 for transportation to the several meal preparation centers.
The main body 18 of the cart 10 has a flat table-like top 21 which is generally divided into two areas. At the back of the top 21 there is located a longitudinally extending well, generally indicated at 22, of a width suit- 'able for the reception of the standard food pans and of a length equalto a multiplication of the length of several of the food pans, for example two or four of the largest sizes. The individual food pans 20 may be removed from the racks 19 and positioned in the well 22 and the actual service of portions of food from the pans 20 made from those' pans in the well 22 onto food service plates.
The interiors of the compartments 14 and 15 are heated by means of, for example, electrical heating elements 23 and 24 which are illustrated in the drawings as being of the Oalrod type. The individual heating elements 23 and 24 of the compartments 14 and 15 may be energized in any desired series to maintain heat in their respective compartments under, the control of suitable thermostats and switches located in a control panel 25 on one end-of the body 18. A, receptacle 26 in. the control panelg'25 is provided for connecting'the table 10 to the electrical outlet at the meal distribution center.
The compartments 14 and 15 are suitably insulated (see Figs. 3 and 4 for example) in order to prevent excessive heat loss from the compartments both during travel and during meal assembly. Heat Within the compartments 14 and 15 is also applied to the exposed under sides of the food pans 20, for example those pans indicated by the reference numbers 27 and 28 in Figs. 3 and 4, which are in the well 22 at any particular time.
The back half of the table top 21 is occupied by a horizontal, movable conveyor belt 29 which moves longitudinally along the cart 10 as indicated by the arrows in Figs. 1 and 2. An operator standing in the position designated by the x denominated operator A in Fig. 1 takes suitable plates and utensils from the supply cart 12 and places the food service plate on the end of the conveyor 29 (the left end Figs. 1 and 2; right end 3 Fig. 5). The operator A may also place a first individual portion of food, for example taken from the first food pan indicated by the reference number 30 in Figs. 1 and 2, on each of the plates as the plates are placed upon theconveyor 29. Each of theplates is moved along by the conveyor 29 past'the several food pans- 20 in the well 22. The operator A or a second operator B places individual portions of the several foods on each of theplates as it moves along the conveyor 29. A third operator standingin the position indicated by the x denominated operator C, for example, lifts the individually filled plates 01f of theend of the conveyor 29 and transfers them into individualdelivery trays in the beverage service and cold food cart 1 3, the cold foods in eachindividual meal having been placed in their respective trays and containers at the central food preparation kitchen before the cart 13 is carried upwardly into the individual meal distribution point. An attendant may then wheel the cart 1 3- with the cold foods and beverages and the individually assembled hot food plates to the respective rooms of the patients to beserved.
Theconveyor 29 is driven by a plurality of rollerswhich are located at the ends of the top'21 and bottom of the main body 18 of the cart 10, so that the con-- veyor runs around. the exterior of the body 18 and the interior of the body 18 is left open and unobstructed for the transportation andstorage of individual food pans 20. This construction is most readilyapparent in Figs. 3, 4 and 5'. The conveyor 29- is carried by two top rollers 31 each of which is rotatably mounted in bearings and extends transversely across the body 18 just below the level of its top 21. The conveyor 29 also extends around a drive roller 32 and return rollers 33, 34 and 35 located beneath the bottom of the compartments 14 and 15; and thence upwardly at the other end of the body 18 and back across the top 21 The drive roller 32 is driven by a belt 36 engaged with a drive motor 37 carried beneath the body 18. The drive roller 32, belt 36 and motor 37 are carried in a drive compartment 38 (Figs. 1- and 2). The motor 37 is under the control of a motor switch located in the control panel 25.
A'crumb tray 39 (Figs. 2 and 5-) is removably inserted into the drive housing 38 beneath the downwardly extending span of the. conveyor 29 at that end of the body 18, so that crumbs of food inadvertently spilled on the container 29 when assembled or lifting meals therefromwill drop off the conveyor 29 and be collected in the tray 39. The table may be provided with suitable bumpers 40 and handles 41 to facilitate its movement from position to position and to prevent damage to equipment and walls within the building.
In order to maintain the individual meals being assembled as explained above in edible condition as long as possible, the cart embodiment of the invention may be provided with a superstructure, generally indicated at 42 in Figs. 1 and 2, which serves both to transport utensils, condiments, etc., on a tray 43 carried by the superstructure 42 and also supports a plurality of heat lamps 44 whose heat rays are directed downwardly onto the area of the table 21 occupied by the conveyor 29 and thus onto individual meals being assembled as they move along the conveyor 29. The superstructure 42 preferably should have a swept back off corner post 45 at the delivery side of the conveyor 29 in order to facilitate removal of individual meals from the conveyor 29 by the operator C.
A limit switch generally indicated at 46 is mounted at the delivery end of the conveyor 29 in line to have its trip lever engaged by any plate being carried along on the conveyor 29. The limit switch 46 is in circuit with the conveyor drive motor 37 being normally in an on position and being actuated to stop the motor 37 only in the event that a plate is allowed to reach the end of the conveyor 29.
We claim:
1. A movable hot meal assembly table comprising, in combination, a main body that-is readily movable between feeding stations, said body having insulated walls, heating means in the interior of said. body, racks.
in said body for carrying modular size bulk food pans, said body having a length greaterthanits width and a generally flat top, an elongated opening in. said top extending along one side of said body for receiving a group of such food pans. therein incombinations of modular sizes, a. conveyor having a flat span. extending along the other side of said top. adjacent and parallel to the extent of said opening and the group of bulk food pans therein, means in said body for mounting said conveyor drive means for said conveyor, and a. superstructure extending along above the span of said. conveyor and mounting heating means for: applying: heat to the foods on service plateson said conveyor.
2. A hot food assembly table; according to claim 1 and a shelf carried by said. superstructure for utensils, condiments and other auxiliary supplies and equipment- 3. A hot food assembly table according toclaim 1 in which the means for mounting said conveyor includes rollers located at the. ends. of the top and bottom of said body whereby said conveyor runs around-i said body and the interior of'said body isopen for carrying of food pans.
4. A hot food assembly table according toclaim- 1 in which said conveyor runs along the top of said body, down one end, across beneath. said body and up the other end and the drive mechanism includes a. drive roller mounted. beneath and exterior of said body.
5. A hot food assembly table according to claim 4 and a crumb. tray mounted beneath the downwardly travelling portion of said conveyor atone end of said body.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STAT ES: PATENTS 1,624,267 Lyndon et al. Apr. 12, 1927 1,648,531- Bayley Nov. 8-, 1927 2,723,728 Crawford Nov. 15, 1955
US720167A 1958-03-10 1958-03-10 Movable hot meal assembly table Expired - Lifetime US2900045A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3237721A (en) * 1963-12-02 1966-03-01 Oliver H Thompson Milk handling system
US3338155A (en) * 1964-01-30 1967-08-29 Harald L Lindblad Apparatus for merchandizing hot sandwiches
US3343900A (en) * 1965-04-22 1967-09-26 Gary C Thompson Article display and transfer counter unit
US3748437A (en) * 1971-07-27 1973-07-24 Federated Department Stores In Mobile food concession cart
US3874479A (en) * 1972-11-01 1975-04-01 Said Meredith Luck To Said Bru Unitary food tray make-up conveyor table apparatus
US3926489A (en) * 1974-10-04 1975-12-16 Max Gerald Futch Apparatus for use in assembling food on trays
FR2637781A1 (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-04-20 Inoxyform Inox Equipement Sa Element for preparing and dispensing food products and articles of furniture incorporating such an element
US5163536A (en) * 1990-11-30 1992-11-17 Southern Equipment Company Modular foodservice equipment
US5413135A (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-05-09 Poole; Barry S. Apparatus for serving comestibles and method of erecting same
USD377429S (en) * 1995-02-28 1997-01-21 Metro Industries, Inc. Sneeze shield assembly
USD383016S (en) * 1994-07-25 1997-09-02 Mckee James C Overhead salad bar refrigerator unit
US5944143A (en) * 1995-09-01 1999-08-31 Choice Hotels International, Inc. Fast service food court systems and method of establishing variations thereof
US6123011A (en) * 1999-01-08 2000-09-26 C. Cretors And Company Mobile warming bin
US6561317B1 (en) * 2000-09-28 2003-05-13 Duke Manufacturing Company Foodservice system
WO2003096841A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-27 Aramark Corporation Dining unit
US20030233814A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-25 Ng Marting B.H. System and method for assembling trays and food on trays
US20040065313A1 (en) * 2002-07-11 2004-04-08 Thompson Arthur Charles Modular outdoor kitchen
US20050178762A1 (en) * 2004-01-22 2005-08-18 Duke Manufacturing Company Food merchandising system
US7219767B1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2007-05-22 Harry Steinbok Serving utensil on retractable tether
US20070221449A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2007-09-27 Alosenweg 69 Method and System for Portioning Meals on a Serving Tray and Work Station Therefor
US20110168035A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-07-14 Hatco Corporation Carving station assembly
US20130057133A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2013-03-07 Christiaan Kool Service trolley
US8561419B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2013-10-22 Hussmann Corporation Modular island merchandiser
USD752271S1 (en) 2009-07-15 2016-03-22 Hatco Corporation Carving station
US9635936B1 (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-05-02 Robert Swislow Food presentation system
GB2549189A (en) * 2016-03-06 2017-10-11 Dean Edward A modular temporary kitchen
US10136742B1 (en) * 2017-10-04 2018-11-27 Domino's Ip Holder Llc Food item assembly line
USD850174S1 (en) * 2015-10-14 2019-06-04 Robert Swislow Meal presentation and serving counter

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1624267A (en) * 1924-08-16 1927-04-12 Lyndon Lamar System and means for dispensing foods and commodities
US1648531A (en) * 1926-11-01 1927-11-08 Marcus L Bayley Restaurant equipment
US2723728A (en) * 1951-08-31 1955-11-15 Modern Village Stores Inc Check stand

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1624267A (en) * 1924-08-16 1927-04-12 Lyndon Lamar System and means for dispensing foods and commodities
US1648531A (en) * 1926-11-01 1927-11-08 Marcus L Bayley Restaurant equipment
US2723728A (en) * 1951-08-31 1955-11-15 Modern Village Stores Inc Check stand

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3237721A (en) * 1963-12-02 1966-03-01 Oliver H Thompson Milk handling system
US3338155A (en) * 1964-01-30 1967-08-29 Harald L Lindblad Apparatus for merchandizing hot sandwiches
US3343900A (en) * 1965-04-22 1967-09-26 Gary C Thompson Article display and transfer counter unit
US3748437A (en) * 1971-07-27 1973-07-24 Federated Department Stores In Mobile food concession cart
US3874479A (en) * 1972-11-01 1975-04-01 Said Meredith Luck To Said Bru Unitary food tray make-up conveyor table apparatus
USRE29767E (en) * 1974-10-04 1978-09-19 Apparatus and method for use in assembling food on trays
US3926489A (en) * 1974-10-04 1975-12-16 Max Gerald Futch Apparatus for use in assembling food on trays
FR2637781A1 (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-04-20 Inoxyform Inox Equipement Sa Element for preparing and dispensing food products and articles of furniture incorporating such an element
US5163536A (en) * 1990-11-30 1992-11-17 Southern Equipment Company Modular foodservice equipment
US5413135A (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-05-09 Poole; Barry S. Apparatus for serving comestibles and method of erecting same
USD383016S (en) * 1994-07-25 1997-09-02 Mckee James C Overhead salad bar refrigerator unit
USD377429S (en) * 1995-02-28 1997-01-21 Metro Industries, Inc. Sneeze shield assembly
US5944143A (en) * 1995-09-01 1999-08-31 Choice Hotels International, Inc. Fast service food court systems and method of establishing variations thereof
US6123011A (en) * 1999-01-08 2000-09-26 C. Cretors And Company Mobile warming bin
US6561317B1 (en) * 2000-09-28 2003-05-13 Duke Manufacturing Company Foodservice system
US20030221913A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-12-04 Muenzberg Daniel G. Dining unit
WO2003096841A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-27 Aramark Corporation Dining unit
US20030233814A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-25 Ng Marting B.H. System and method for assembling trays and food on trays
US20040065313A1 (en) * 2002-07-11 2004-04-08 Thompson Arthur Charles Modular outdoor kitchen
US8511293B2 (en) 2002-07-11 2013-08-20 Mediumrare, Inc. Modular outdoor kitchen
US7219767B1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2007-05-22 Harry Steinbok Serving utensil on retractable tether
US20050178762A1 (en) * 2004-01-22 2005-08-18 Duke Manufacturing Company Food merchandising system
US20070221449A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2007-09-27 Alosenweg 69 Method and System for Portioning Meals on a Serving Tray and Work Station Therefor
USD752271S1 (en) 2009-07-15 2016-03-22 Hatco Corporation Carving station
US20110168035A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-07-14 Hatco Corporation Carving station assembly
USD752270S1 (en) 2009-07-15 2016-03-22 Hatco Corporation Carving station
US20130057133A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2013-03-07 Christiaan Kool Service trolley
US9089210B2 (en) * 2010-05-10 2015-07-28 Christiaan Kool Service trolley
US8561419B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2013-10-22 Hussmann Corporation Modular island merchandiser
US10323873B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2019-06-18 Hussmann Corporation Modular island merchandiser
US9635936B1 (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-05-02 Robert Swislow Food presentation system
USD850174S1 (en) * 2015-10-14 2019-06-04 Robert Swislow Meal presentation and serving counter
GB2549189A (en) * 2016-03-06 2017-10-11 Dean Edward A modular temporary kitchen
GB2549189B (en) * 2016-03-06 2021-07-14 Dean Edward A modular temporary kitchen
US10136742B1 (en) * 2017-10-04 2018-11-27 Domino's Ip Holder Llc Food item assembly line

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