US2893453A - Log handling arrangement for debarking machines - Google Patents

Log handling arrangement for debarking machines Download PDF

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US2893453A
US2893453A US571740A US57174056A US2893453A US 2893453 A US2893453 A US 2893453A US 571740 A US571740 A US 571740A US 57174056 A US57174056 A US 57174056A US 2893453 A US2893453 A US 2893453A
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Prior art keywords
log
feed
arm
debarking
line
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US571740A
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Brundell Per Gunnar
Jonsson Karl-Erik Arnold
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SODERHAMNS VERKSTADER AB
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SODERHAMNS VERKSTADER AB
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L1/00Debarking or removing vestiges of branches from trees or logs; Machines therefor
    • B27L1/04Debarking or removing vestiges of branches from trees or logs; Machines therefor by rubbing the trunks in rotating drums
    • B27L1/045Feeding devices therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/141With means to monitor and control operation [e.g., self-regulating means]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/647With means to convey work relative to tool station
    • Y10T83/6572With additional mans to engage work and orient it relative to tool station

Description

July 7, 1959 P. G. BRUNDELL ET AL LOG HANDLING ARRANGEMENT FOR DEBARKING MACHINES Filed March l5, 1956 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Ila; 612250 1'6 P G Ep und 6 L KT' July 7, 1959 P. G. BRUNDELL ErAL I 2,893,453
LOG HANDLING ARRANGEMENT FOR DEBARKING MACHINES Y lrzuazzinps Z3. G Bfulzae L `E- .Jolzolv Loc. HANDLING ARRANGEMENT FOR DEBARKING MACHINES Filed March 15, 1956 July 7, 19.59 P. G. BRUNDELL ErAL 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 llzuenaaz@ 1 13. G. Eran/Z6 if rE L .dans 6012/ J: ff
United States Patent O LOGHANDLING AJRRANGEMEN FOR Y DEBARKING'TNIACHINES,A
Perce Gunnar Brundell? anda KarlfErik Arnoldv Jonsson," Gavle, Sweden, assignors t f to: Soderhamnsf.; Verkstader A.B., Soderhamn, vSwedenv Application March 15,1 1956;'*Se'rial No: 571,740" Claims priority; applicatiom Swedenlvlarchl;11955? '12 Claims.v (Cl."144&242)f Thempresent invention relates broad1y;tot.theart.oidef barking logs.A Moreeparticularly, this invention.` relates to a longhandling arrangement .fordebarkingmachinest Specificially, the inventionrrelates toa loghandlingarf rangement combined with' a debarkings machine incorpo.-u rating, the features described andaclaimed. in,our prior` led. applications certaintones of Whichfarenot patented;
and identified as follows:
Patent No. 2,785,715, ldated 4March.,l9, 1957, entitled An uArrangement' for FeedingfForward of.Logsnandtvthe Like-3; Patent No. .2,786,499 dated l March 26s,. 1957, entitled Rotary Debarker.HavingfgP-ivotaliBark Removing Tools Biased. by Elastic.Rubber, andaPatent.. Noi.
The. invention therefore isidirectedzto the artfofhandling timber, particularly to` removing bark. fnon1-logs .V and .corporatesvmechanism to. properlylpresentilogs .to. bei. debarked to a .rotary hollow-headtype debarking.r machine asdisclosed in ythe above referred ;to. applications.,
Inthe art of debarking logs varioustype feed mechaf nisms. are associated with the. bark.. removing means.r-
Whenthe debarkingmachineisf thee hollow-head-type,. thatris includes .a rotor, carrying-barkwemovingwtoolsi. and through.` which thelogs to .be debarked arerfedavvith, their axes substantially coincidingwithfthe; axis. ofthe. rotor, ,various type feediconstructionsnsuch as xedn resilient rollerways, belt or chain feeds have been used..f
The feed constructions thus .provide a feeding patl1' or line .of feed: When this vline ofjfe'ed 'relative to the. axis of'therotor `of thedebarking machine is disposed above the rlevel from which the logs to VVbede'bark'edare 'removedand when'J such* logs have e to be movedl` longitudinally suchas-fr'om a storagepondfor river; conventionaldog hauls have been used: When-applying thelogs-to the feed pathefrom the sideth'ereof- 4the samehave A'tobe-lifted up manually. In other words', in-known=utiliz-ations 4of 1101- low-head'4l type debarking machines f the a feedy Works 1 for feeding the logs to-fthel debarkingfmeans iand iwhidhfeedworksris usually closely: adjacent the nfeedvsidecoifthef: debarkingymachine'f it z has.y been' f necessary rtos provide 'a a u separatey Vcomplicated :conveyingfmechanismzsuch ,Lass that f referred to asfa timberhorse or av"loghaul.?,"
Thus, in manipulating; logs relativento, anotary, defbarker of the type intk question Vmeanssmust be-incorfporated with; the arrangementto feed the-:logs ,axiallyllofr thetrotonwhereas othermechanisms ;arereq1,1ired,topre:`
sent the logs to a. position to. be fed.,
1 The, present invention therefore` has lfor an object to,
provide mechanism forhandlinglogsy and presentingthem to a debarkingpmachine .of -the rotary hollow-head'type which 'is economical toprodce and"`wl1ich"incorporates Zt means to elevate logs torbe-debarkedito 'ar feedingspath anni1 means to displace thelogsrlongitudinallyvalong said; pat
It 'is a furtherparticularnobject offtheV inventiontfto; provide-log handling meanswhichiliftslogs fromyazilower; levely up4 to a 'feeding path ,withoutany substantial. longi-L` ,tudinal displacement and While :maintaining :the: logs .e at.; least in approximate parallelism: with ;thezaxisfoffrthef rotor of-the debarking machine:y
It is anl additional ,object to provide 1a: log :handlingknrf: rangement including the afo'redescribed: means for lifting;- up' the :logs associated Withzmeans..forffhorizontallydisel placing;v the logsn Atoward :theadebarking `nraohine along the. feeding path.v
As a still more fspecic fobject"y there means :s for hinr-i-j zontallysdisplacing the logs-.toward .the debarking'machinei includescomponents participating in the movementrof; the lifting'means so that indepcndent'of-:the diameter of? any logqit-s axis-will substantially coincide fwithftheyaxis of-` the-"debarking Amachine withthe horizontal/1displace?,Y m-entofthe log towardthe debarking machine fcomrnenc-r.' ing-whenthe-log has reached the proper Vlevel :forzpresentation to the rotor ofthe debarkingmachineA A-further v object .of the invention-l is lto mountthe coa ordinated lifting t and. horizontal: displacing means;- for: return. to :an `initial position .following a ,predetermined-j movement yof the log throughth'e fdebarkingf, machine-f Itis;u astill more specific t object of fthe, inventionlto: provide a portable Y debarkngigmachineyoffthe type: in-;V cludingi a mobile frame;4 a. rotary hollow-headtypen dee barkingmachine 'carriedby; said framerfwith the. axis of; its rotor `transverse to the :line `of movement i of `vthe moe bile frarneand in whiclhf-infeed and foutfeed-- mechanisms; are fassociated, with they opposite-sides of the debarking-g machine for feeding logs `,therethrough 'and--rinf Which'; as loghand1ingfmechanism including-means for lifting' logs; from avlower level upto the level oft-the'feed patli'foffthef; debarking machine is combined with mechanism-forhori-`A zontally, displacing a flog to `be.` debarkecl-V when it g has f. reachedthe level ofvtthesaidfpath,v with bothfsaid means;` and' mechanism being carried bytheamobile frame-*ons the nfeed. sideof-,thedebarking mach-ine.v As azfurtherf4 specific-arrangement the invention-provides such-'li-fting@ andzhorizontal displacing t means Y mounted forswinging-a movement. between an `,operative position extendingztrans-t 'verse to theaxis of ,the mobile framei-andlaterally thereofw` to Ianfinoperative elevated position-vtoffacilitatermovef; ment of theportabledebarking machine "fromnoneaslogg pile -to another and along' nanrow'roadways;y
While the constructioni-ofzithe"present inventionfis par-- ticularlyfsuitable1for'assoCiationwith portable debarking:-
machines fsuchuuseV-is not restrictive,- sincerit obviously,- can beizusedtf. to advantage inaassociation withA stationary. machines forlifting. logsrfrom the'grofund or. fromwthewater particularly whereth'e spacefon` the infeed sidey of'thesmachinei is limited. In an'instancel Where logs are= liftedxfromxthe Water the compact structure of the -pres ent inventionl 'including a'liftingfork-means =is :ideally suitable 0since the bearing devices andrchain'wheels normally@` used'` on conveying means that :remove logs from Waterf ponds "arenot required.;
Further andrmore specicobjects will be. apparent. from-l the following de'scription'takenin .connection vvithuthe,l accompanying :drawings lin,l which:
Figure l illustratesone arrangement incorporating thekv teaching of `tl1e invention as mounted `Ion atractor, illustrated diagrammatically, and'witlh the direction oflogA feed being at right angles to` the line of,Y movement eof the tractor',-
Figure 2 illustrates-the arrangementof-Figure' las viewedfrom-*the-rear'of the tractor;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 1 but illustrating a modified form of the invention and Figure 4 illustrates the arrangement of Figure 3 as seen from the rear of the tractor. Y
The form illustrated in Figures l and 2 includes a cage like Vconstruction consisting of two large pipe rings 1, 2 and three connecting pipes 3. Within this cage construction is mounted a debarking machine 4, of the type disclosed in the aforementioned patents, particularly Patent No. 2,857,945, and including triangulanly arranged infeed and outfeed rollers 6 and 7, respectively resiliently actuated against the fed logs by means of spring means 5. The debarking machine 4 is bolted to the lower connecting pipes 3 and the Whole structure or cage is carried by two pipe frames 9 Xed to the tractor 10. The contour of the rear wheels of the tractor is indicated by 11. The drive for the debarking machine and the associated lifting and feed-in means includes the belt sheave 12 driven by the power take-olf of the tractor driving by means of V-belt 13 the intermediate shaft 14 which furnishes drive to the rotor of the debarking machine and the infeed and outfeed rollers 6 and 7. A V-belt 1S driven by belt sheave 12 also drives an oil pump 16. One of the frames 9 is provided in theinterior thereof with an oil reservoir 17 and also carries the oil cleaner 18.
In two large lugs 19, protruding rearwards from the pipe rings 1 and 2 is journalled a fork shaped lifting device or arm 24 illustrated in full llines in the uppermost conveying-in position 20 and also in dotted lines in the lowest picking-up position 21. The lifting movement of the fork shaped arm is effected by means of the hydraulic piston and cylinder means 22, which is controlled from a suitable hydraulic valve in a control box 23. rIihe piston and cylinder means 22 acts on the fork shaped arm 24 via the swingable intermediate piece 25 and the rubber spring 26. The outermost part 27 of each arm of fork shaped device 24 is tiltably journalled in the lugs 28 mounted on the respective arms. '[lhe purpose of tiltability is partly that the fork tips or parts 27, within certain limits, will be able to automatically adapt themselves along the ground level and partly that double conical rollers 29 carried by swingable parts 27 of the fork shaped arm or lifting device 24 will be able to adjust themselves about horizontally, independent of the log diameter, when they cooperate with the spiked feed-in roller 30 disposed above fork shaped device 24 and journalled in the outer end of a pipe arm 31. The arm 31 is swingable in the vertical direction and spiked roller 30 is driven by the feed mechanism of the debarking machine via the articulated shaft 32 and the worm gear 33. When the fork arm is lowered, the spiked roller arm 31 is lifted up by the rubber band spring means 34. When the fork arm is turned upwards to a certain position, and abutment 35 on the fork arm will act on one end of a double armed lever 36 mounted on the pipe ring 1. The other end of the lever 36 carries a loop 37 to which is attached a wire 38 that extends to a joint 39 on the spiked roller arm 31. The members included in this motion transmission means are so correlated that the roller 30 during the last part of the lifting movement of lche fork shaped arm moves the same distance downwards as the rollers 29 move upwards. For this reason a log will be pressed between the rollers 29 of the fork shaped arm and the upper roller 30 in a position well centered and defined for proper feeding into the debarking machine. Due to the hydraulic pressure prevailing in the lifting cylinder 22 the pressing force applied by and between the rollers might become very high if it was not limited by stretching of the rubber bands 26. When a log is pressed against the continually driven upper roller 30, the conveying or horizontal displacement of the log into the grasp of infeed rollers 6 on the debarking machine is immediately automatically started. The fork arm 24 will remain in its upper position until the log reaches the outfeed rolls 7 on` vthe dischargeY side of the machine, which rolls in their movement from the abutment stops in their inner position, will adjust the hydraulic control valve by means of the lever 40 and the wire 41, so that oil can ow backwards to the reservoir and the fork shaped arm will thus fall back down to the ground. Another log is then rolled on to tiltable fork parts and a control impulse for the hydraulic system to start a new lifting movement is initiated either manually by operation of lever 42 or, if desired, by means of a cam disc means, not shown, which receives drive from the feed mechanism and which acts on the control valve and is so adjusted that the distance, lifting and stop times will become in accordance with a suitable feeding program.
The above described and illustrated embodiment of the arrangement is swingable or foldable upwards, as indicated diagrammatically in Figure 2, via a pivot joint 43 and hinge means 44. A rubber band spring means 45 operates to facilitate the lifting movement by balancing the dead Weight of the fork shaped arm. The distance between the log-receiving arms of the fork means is adjustable by means of the bracket 46. The movement for the tiltable outer part of the forks is limited by the rubber stops 47 and 48, the latter one actuated by the pulling link 49. In certain cases it is advisable not to construct the base of the fork shaped arm straight, but to form the intermediate portion between the llog-receiving arms with a large bend downwards in order to facilitate applying logs to fork parts 27 with a timber hook manipulated by a person standing behind the fork shaped arm. On the discharge side of the machine there is provided a suitable receiving device, for instance a resilient roller 5G and a likewise resilient feed table 51, in the outer end of which is provided a double conical roller 52 and a stop 53, by which the receiver easily can handle the logs discharged from the machine. An entirely automatic laying down at right angles to the feeding out direction can be attained comparatively easily.
Thelifting movement of the forks can easily be made so fast that a log by its own weight does not properly roll down onto the conveying rollers 29 on the fork shaped arm, but gets jammed between the fork tip and the edge of the upper roller 30 against the worm gear. By arranging a side guiding arm 54 in the outer part of the arm 31 of the upper roller 30 to extend substantially at right angles to the longitudinal direction of arm 3l all logs are forced into a correct grasp between the upper and the lower rollers 29 and 30 even during the fastest ylifting speed. During upward movement of the lifting device, the side guiding arm 54 makes possible that lost time due to limited lifting speed can be considerably decreased.
If the conveying means during their lifting movement are given a lstraight lined path in the vertical direction, for instance by mounting them in a guide extending from the ground level up to the level of the feed or conveyingin path for the logs, the importance of the conveying-in arm will not come into consideration.
The embodiment illustrated in Figures 3 and 4 includes a frame 60 on which is mounted a debarking machine 61 of the hollow head type, provided with pivoted triangularly arranged feed rollers 62 and 63, which are resiliently actuated by means of pipe shaped tension springs 64 and 65 of rubber, acting on the uppermost of the feed roller arms on each side of the debarking machine, while the arms of the other two feed rollers are connected with the arm of the iirst mentioned feed roller by means of links V66, see our patent No. 2,857,945. The frame 60 is carried by a tractor, designated by 67, via a supporting construction 82, bolted to the chassis of the tractor. The drive for the debarking machine is effected by V-belt means 79 on a belt sheave on the power takeoif 80 of the tractor.A The frame 60 can be vertically adjusted by means of screws 83 in relation to the tractor,
'so that the tension in the V-belt means 79 'will become as desired.
For lifting logs from `ground level up to the level of the feed path and for conveying the same into the feed Works of the debarking machine there is provided an -arm 70 having fork shaped members 68 and 69. This arm is journalled on a pipe in the rear part of the frame 60 and can be turned by means of a single acting hydraulic cylinder and piston means 71 receiving oil from the hydraulic system of the tractor. The cylinder and piston means 71 is connected with the frame 60 via a pipe shaped tension spring 81 of rubber, similar to the pipe shaped springs 64 and 65. `The punpose of this spring 81 is to compensate for the lifting movement with respect to the varying diameter of the logs. Log-receiving rollers 72 and 73 are mounted on the forks 68 and 69, which after having been lifted up place the logs in contact with a fluted displacing roller 74, driven from a power take-olf 84 on the feed mechanism of the debarking machine, to bring the logs into engagement with the feed rollers 62. The roller 74 is journalled at the free end of a pipe shaped swingably journalled arm 75, within which rotational movement is transmitted to the roller 74 by means of a shaft provided with two universal joints. On the discharge side of the debarking machine there is provided an arm 76, swingable in vertical direction, at the outer end of which is provided a log- 4receiving hood or shield 77 open toward the rear of the tractor for discharging the debarked logs.
The control of the lifting movement is eifected by actuating a lever 85, which via a wire or a link acts on a hydraulic control valve placed in the frame 60. The control can also be made by means of a hydraulic pilot valve provided at the same place as the lever 85 or by a contact means, which when depressed will electrically actuate means :governing the position of the hydraulic valve.
In certain cases it can be advantageous to make the lifting movement entirely automatic in such a way, that the outer part of Veach of the forks 68 and 69 is provided with an impulse member actuated by the own weight of the log and that automatically starts the lifting movement first when the two impulse members are actuated. Thus all that is needed to be done is only to roll the log against the forks so that both impulse members are actuated at 12' the same time.
With the lever 86 is actuated the clutch for the drive to the debarking machine.
Since the last described embodiment of the invention operates substantially in conformity with the embodiment described substantially in conformity with the embodiment described in detail according to Figures l and 2 it has been considered that any more detailed detailed description of `this latter embodiment is not necessary.
Within the scope of the idea of the invention several different combinations of driven and undriven upper and lower rollers, belts, chains, hydraulic pushers, acting on the end of the log can be considered. There is also nothing to prevent that .the lower rollers or conveying members equivalent to same being continually driven, presupposing that the lifting movement is so fast that vthe log will not have time to move any great distanace during the lifting movement.
By the present invention a principle has been indicated for conveying-in of logs to debarking machines of the hollow head type in such cases, when the logs before the conveying have to' he moved from a lower to a higher level. By the indicated new principle for such devices the lifting and conveying-in movement can be made in one single operation, which also permits an accurate centering and a well defined position of the log and an automatic and strong conveying-in of the log to the feed mechanism of the debarking machine, which thereby can be made considerably less complicated than when devices for conveying-in are used, which give a ess deiined position of the log at least in debarking machines of the hollow head type.
Further, the arrangement can be made easily swingable upwards and foldable, which is of greatest importance for portable machines. Moreover, it is light and comparatively cheap to build in comparison with conventional devices incorporating chain conveyers and chain tables, respectively timber horse and roller table. The arrangement according to the invention requires less space than the conventional devices, since it can be placed closely adjacent the infeed mechanism of the debarking machine furthermore, since no additional guide mechanism is required, the arrangement functions as its own guide mechanism in such a way, that any troubles due to climbing of the guide rollers up on the end of the log cannot occur, because the log-receiving rollers first engage the log on its periphery.
What is claimed is:
l. A log handling mechanism for manipulating logs to be debarked relative to a debarking machine, said machine including feed mechanism operable to feed logs axially of their length while restrained against rotation and debarking means disposed in a plane at substantial right angles to the line of feed, said handling mechanism including means for lifting successive logs to be debarked from a lower log-receiving position to an upper log feeding position so that the logs are on a level approximately coinciding with the line of feed, said lifting means comprising at least two arms extending transversely of the line of feed and located adjacent the infeed side of 'said debarking machine, said arms including outer log-receiving portions adapted to Ireceive a log with its axis approximately parallel with the line of feed, and journalling Ameans located to one side of said line of feed and journailing said arms for simultaneous swinging movement between a lower log-receiving position and an upper logfeeding position to dispose successive logs in approximate coincidence with the line of feed, means facilitating horizontal displacement of a lifted log comprising freely rotatable rollers carried by said arms for rotation about axes transverse to the line of feed, and driven roll means mounted vabove the log-feeding position of said arms and rotatable about an axis transverse to the line of feed for yengagement with a lifted log responsive to lifting movement of said arms to displace the lifted logs longitudinally toward the debarking machine.
2. A log handling mechanism as claimed in claim l and arm means supporting said driven roll means and extending laterally of said debarking machine, resilient means normally biasing said last mentioned arm means to a raised inoperative position and motion transmitting means operatively connected to said last mentioned arm means and responsive to lifting movement of said first mentioned arms to draw said driven roll means' and its associated arm toward said first mentioned arms during the final phase of the lifting movement.
3. In a debarking machine, feeding mechanism includ- 1ng infeed and outfeed components operable to feed logs axially of their length while restrained against rotation and debarking means mounted between the infeed and outfeed components and disposed in a piane at substantial right angles to the line of feed, log handling mechanism mounted adjacent the infeed side of the debarking machine and including arm means mounted for swinging movement about an axis parallel to the line of feed and log lifting means carried by said arm means and extending transversely of the line of feed and movable between a lower log-receiving position and an upper position adapted to dispose a log in approximate coincidence with the line of feed, means for moving a lifted log into engagement with the infeed mechanism of a debarking machine, hydraulically actuated piston and cylinder means for swinging said arm means between the lower log-receiving position and the upper log-feeding position and control means for said hydraulically actuated means including mechanism operable in response to movement of the outfeed components of the debarking machine when a log being debarked reaches the same to actuate the control means so as to restore said arm means to logreceiving position.
4. In a portable debarking machine a mobile frame, a debarking machine carried by said frame including debarking means and infeed and outfeed mechanism for displacing logs past the debarking means while restrained against rotation along a line transversely of the line of movement of the mobile frame, arm means carried by said mobile frame on the infeed side of the debarking machine and journalled for swinging movement about an axis parallel to the line of feed, log-receiving arms carried by said arm means and extending transversely of the line of feed and including outer portions adapted to receive a log at a lower level with its axis approximately fparallel with the line of feed, means for swinging said arm means to lift a log carried by said log-receiving arms to an upper level in approximate coincidence with said line of feed, additional arm means carried by said mobile iframe on the infeed side of the debarking machine, said additional arm means extending laterally of the mobile frame and overlying the upper position of said logreceiving arms, driven roll means carried by said additional arm means for rotation about an axis perpendicular to the line of feed and adapted to be engaged by a lifted log and roll means mounted on said log-receiving arms and cooperable with said driven roll means in effecting horizontal longitudinal displacement of a lifted log into engagement with the infeed mechanism of the debarking machine.
5. A portable debarking machine as claimed in claim 4 and said additional arm means being movably mounted for displacement between the operative position extending laterally of said mobile frame and an inoperative approximately vertical position.
6. A portable log debarking machine as claimed in claim 4 in which said additional arm means is movable toward and away from the line of feed, and linkage means actuated in response to upward swinging movement of said rst mentioned arm means to displace said additional arm means toward said log-receiving arms.
7. A portable debarking machine as claimed in claim 4 in which the arm means carried by the mobile frame on the infeed side of the debarking machine and journalled for swinging movement about an axis parallel to the line of feed is located so that its axis is to one side of the line of feed, and a guide means depending from said additional arm means from a point above the line of feed and on the opposite side thereof from the location of the axis of said arm means and including a surface directed toward the line of feed shaped to be engaged by and guide a log being lifted by said log-receiving arms to ensure positioning of the lifted log in approximate coincidence with the line of feed.
8. A log handling mechanism for manipulating logs to be debarked relative to a debarking machine, said machine including feed mechanism operable to feed logs axially of their length while restrained against rotation, and debarking means disposed in a plane at substantial right angles to the line of feed, said handling mechanism comprising movable lifting means on the infeed side of said debarking machine and including at least two simultaneously movable components spaced axially of the line of feed, extending transversely thereof and having log receiving surfaces engageable beneath at least two axially spaced portions of a log, means for moving said lifting means from a lower log-receiving position to an upper log-feeding position, whereby successive logs to be debarked are lifted from a lower level up to a level approximately coinciding with the line of feed without affecting any `substantial displacement of the logs axially of their length, the simultaneous movement of said axially spaced components maintaining the logs in approximate parallelism with the line of feed during lifting and when said logs reach the log-feeding position, and rotatable means carried by the lifting means for rotation about an axis transverse to the line of feed for at least facilitating horizontal longitudinal displacement of a lifted log toward the feed mechanism of the debarking machine.
9. A log handling mechanism for manipulating logs to be debarked relative to a debarking machine, said machine including feed mechanism operable to feed logs axially of their length while restrained against rotation, and debarking means disposed in a plane at substantial right angles to the line of feed, said handling mechanism comprising movable lifting means on the infeed side of said debarking machine and including at least two simultaneously movable components spaced axially of the line of feed, extending transversely thereof and having logreceiving surfaces engageable beneath at least two axially spaced portions of a log, means for moving said lifting means from a lower log-receiving position to a upper logfeeding position whereby successive logs to be debarked are lifted from a lower level up to a level approximately coinciding with the line of feed without effecting any substantial displacement of the logs axially of their length, the simultaneous movement of said axially spaced components maintaining the logs in approximate parallelism with the line of feed during lifting and when said logs reach the log-feeding position, rotatable means carried by the lifting means for rotation about an axis transverse to the line of feed for at least facilitating horizontal longitudinal displacement of a lifted log toward the feed mechanism of the debarking machine, and driven rotatable means supported on the infeed side of the debarking machine above the upper position of said lifting means and engageable with the upper surface of a lifted log to effect horizontal displacement thereof toward the debarking machine.
l0. In a portable debarking machine, a mobile frame, a debarking mechanism including debarking means and infeed and outfeed components for displacing logs past the debarking means while they are restrained against rotation along a line that is transverse to the line of movement of the mobile frame, a lirst arm means, means mounting said first arm means on the infeed side of the debarking mechanism for folding movement between an upright inoperative position and an extended operative position in which said arm means is directed laterally of the mobile frame, means journalling said arm means when in the operative position for swinging movement about an axis parallel to the line of feed, log-receiving arms carried by said rst arm means at at least two axially spaced portions thereof, said log-receiving arms extending transversely of the line of feed and including outer portions adapted to receive a log at a level lower than the line of feed but with its axis approximately parallel to the line of feed, means for swingingsaid arm means upwardly to lift a log carried by the log-receiving arms to an upper level in approximate coincidence with said line of feed, additional arm means carried by said mobile frame and mounted for swinging movement about an axis transverse to the line of feed and located above the operative position of said first-mentioned arm means, said additional arm means being swingable to a position to extend laterally of the mobile frame and to overlie the upper operative position of said log-receiving arms, driven roll means carried by said additional arm means for rotation about an axis perpendicular to the line of feed, other roll means mounted on said log-receiving arms for rotation about an axis parallel to the axis of the driven roll means, whereby upward swinging movement of said rst arm means when in operative laterally extended position lifts a log carried by said log-receiving arms into engagement with said driven roll means so that a log supported onv said other roll means is automatically horizontally longitudinally displaced into engagement with the infeed components of the debarking mechanism, and further arm means carried by the mobile frame on the outfeed side of the debarking mechanism and movable between an inoperative raised position and an operative lower position extending laterally of the mobile frame and including log-receiving surfaces adapted to receive a debarked log that has passed through the debarking mechanism.
11. A log handling mechanism for lifting and then horizontally longitudinally displacing successive logs in approximate coincidence with a predetermined line of movement, said mechanism comprising log-lifting means including rotatable means mounted for rotation about an axis transverse to said line of movement, means mounting said log-lifting means for movement between a lower log-receiving position and an upper log-feeding position, and driven means supported above the upper position of said log-lifting means for movement in a direction along said line of movement and engageable by a log being lifted to effect horizontal longitudinal displacement thereof along said line of movement.
12. A log handling mechanism as claimed in claim 11 in which said log-lifting means are mounted for swinging movement about an axis parallel to the line of feed and located to one side of the line of feed, said log lifting means being adapted to support a log with its axis approximately parallel to the line of feed and guide means depending from a position above said line of feed and on the side of the line of feed opposite the axis of swinging movement of said log-lifting means and having a surface facing the line of feed adapted to guide a lifted log into approximate coincidence with said line of feed as such a log is being lifted.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 922,854 Cleveland May 25, 1909 2,310,152 Ronning Feb. 2, 1943 2,418,726 Rogers Apr. 8, 1947 2,448,689 Schnyder Sept. 7, 1948 2,625,968 Eklund et al. Ian. 20, 1953 2,704,160 Arvidsson Mar. 15, 1955 2,783,791 Link Mar. 5, 1957 2,785,715 Brundell et al Mar. 19, 1957 2,786,499 Brundell et al Mar. 26, 1957 2,787,304 Brundell et al. Apr. 2, 1957 2,794,466 Lefer June 4, 1957 2,803,272 Crosby Aug. 20, 1957 2,857,945 Brundell et al Oct. 28, 1958
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3098512A (en) * 1959-09-04 1963-07-23 Carl W Kendrick Debarking machine
US3568740A (en) * 1969-01-28 1971-03-09 Leroy M Speakman Stump cutter with a selectively positionable control console
US4506713A (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-03-26 Kockums Cancar, Corp. Debarking machine with feed rolls having elongated members accommodating lateral movement
US4509574A (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-04-09 Kockums Cancar, Corp. Feed roll spikes with plus-shaped cutting edges

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US2310152A (en) * 1940-03-11 1943-02-02 Ronning Adolph Power saw
US2418726A (en) * 1945-01-16 1947-04-08 Jr Robert S Rogers Log handling apparatus
US2448689A (en) * 1944-10-16 1948-09-07 Auxilius P Schnyder Debarking apparatus
US2625968A (en) * 1949-04-21 1953-01-20 Murray D J Mfg Co Mechanical log barker
US2704160A (en) * 1950-12-05 1955-03-15 Johan Elis Forslund Log loading device for trucks
US2783791A (en) * 1954-04-20 1957-03-05 Richard L Link Portable sawmill lifting and dogging apparatus
US2785715A (en) * 1952-09-24 1957-03-19 Soderhamns Verkst Ers Aktiebol Arrangement for feeding forward of logs and the like
US2786499A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-03-26 Soderhamns Verkst Ers Aktiebol Rotary debarker having pivotal barkremoving tools biased by elastic rubber
US2787304A (en) * 1950-05-27 1957-04-02 Brundell Per Gunnar Machine for removing bark from logs
US2794466A (en) * 1953-02-16 1957-06-04 Svenska Cellulosa Ab Log-centering feed mechanism for debarking machine
US2803272A (en) * 1953-11-23 1957-08-20 Yates Dowell A End dog and multiple saw sawmill
US2857945A (en) * 1956-03-22 1958-10-28 Soderhamns Verkst Er A B Machine for removing bark from logs

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US922854A (en) * 1908-04-27 1909-05-25 Charles E Cleveland Apparatus for handling lumber.
US2310152A (en) * 1940-03-11 1943-02-02 Ronning Adolph Power saw
US2448689A (en) * 1944-10-16 1948-09-07 Auxilius P Schnyder Debarking apparatus
US2418726A (en) * 1945-01-16 1947-04-08 Jr Robert S Rogers Log handling apparatus
US2625968A (en) * 1949-04-21 1953-01-20 Murray D J Mfg Co Mechanical log barker
US2787304A (en) * 1950-05-27 1957-04-02 Brundell Per Gunnar Machine for removing bark from logs
US2704160A (en) * 1950-12-05 1955-03-15 Johan Elis Forslund Log loading device for trucks
US2785715A (en) * 1952-09-24 1957-03-19 Soderhamns Verkst Ers Aktiebol Arrangement for feeding forward of logs and the like
US2794466A (en) * 1953-02-16 1957-06-04 Svenska Cellulosa Ab Log-centering feed mechanism for debarking machine
US2786499A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-03-26 Soderhamns Verkst Ers Aktiebol Rotary debarker having pivotal barkremoving tools biased by elastic rubber
US2803272A (en) * 1953-11-23 1957-08-20 Yates Dowell A End dog and multiple saw sawmill
US2783791A (en) * 1954-04-20 1957-03-05 Richard L Link Portable sawmill lifting and dogging apparatus
US2857945A (en) * 1956-03-22 1958-10-28 Soderhamns Verkst Er A B Machine for removing bark from logs

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3098512A (en) * 1959-09-04 1963-07-23 Carl W Kendrick Debarking machine
US3568740A (en) * 1969-01-28 1971-03-09 Leroy M Speakman Stump cutter with a selectively positionable control console
US4506713A (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-03-26 Kockums Cancar, Corp. Debarking machine with feed rolls having elongated members accommodating lateral movement
US4509574A (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-04-09 Kockums Cancar, Corp. Feed roll spikes with plus-shaped cutting edges

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