US2883993A - Hair clips - Google Patents

Hair clips Download PDF

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Publication number
US2883993A
US2883993A US648167A US64816757A US2883993A US 2883993 A US2883993 A US 2883993A US 648167 A US648167 A US 648167A US 64816757 A US64816757 A US 64816757A US 2883993 A US2883993 A US 2883993A
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Prior art keywords
lugs
limbs
limb
spring
extensions
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Expired - Lifetime
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US648167A
Inventor
Laughton George Abe
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Laughton George Abe
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Priority to GB9644/56A priority Critical patent/GB802494A/en
Application filed by Laughton George Abe filed Critical Laughton George Abe
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT FOR COSMETICS OR COSMETIC TREATMENTS, e.g. FOR MANICURING OR PEDICURING
    • A45D8/00Hair-holding devices; Accessories therefor
    • A45D8/20Hair clamps, i.e. elastic multi-part clamps, the parts of which are pivotally connected between their ends

Description

Ap 1959 G. A. LAUGHTON 2,88 3
HAIR CLIPS Filed March 25. 1957 United States Patent HAIR CLIPS George Abe Laughton, Henley-in-Arden, England Application March 25, 1957, Serial No. 648,167
Claims priority, application Great Britain March 28, 1956 4 Claims. (Cl. 132-46) This invention relates to hair clips of the kind comprising two metal limbs hinged together and having a spring urging them together for clipping and holding between them a curl or wave of hair and having finger extensions beyond their hinge connection, normally urged apart by the spring, by which the limbs may be opened or separated for placing the clip over a curl or wave of hair.
The metal limbs are commonly pressed from sheet metal, and lugs for forming the hinge connection are formed by lateral extensions on each limb of the clip. The lateral extensions are bent in a pressing or like operation so as to lie substantially at right angles to the limb for interengaging with those of the other limb. The interengaging lugs are then connected together by a hinge pin or by other means. For example, the lugs of one limb may be pierced to form hinge eyes, and the lugs of the other limb may be formed with upset pips or projections for rotatably engaging the hinge eyes of the other lugs. A torsion or blade spring may engage inside the finger extensions of the limbs beyond the hinge lugs for urging the finger pieces apart and thereby urging the limbs into the closed position,
An object of the present invention is a hair clip comprising two metal limbs hingedly connected together for pivotal movement relative to one another, finger extensions of the limbs beyond their hinge connection, a spring urging the finger extensions apart and the limbs together, a pair of lugs, inwardly directed towards each other, for forming the hinge connection being cut from each limb and being bent outwardly to lie in spaced side by side relation substantially parallel to the desired pivotal movement of the limbs, the lugs of the respective limbs being interengaged and pivotally connected together.
Another object of the present invention is a hair clip wherein projections are formed on the lugs of one limb, and complementary receiving parts are formed on the lugs of the other limb for receiving the said projections to effect the said pivotal connection between the limbs.
Further objects will appear from the following description of one embodiment of the invention and from the claims hereinafter appearing.
The embodiment is illustrated by way of example by the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure l is an inverted plan of a hair clip.
Figure 2 is a side elevation.
Figure '3 is a plan.
Figure 4 is a sectional side elevation of one limb.
Figure 5 is a section on the line A-A of Figure 2.
Figure 6 is a perspective view.
Figure 7 is a fragmentary view of a part of one limb, showing the method of formation of the hinge lugs.
-As shown in the drawings the clip is of the usual type comprising two substantially similar limbs 1, 2 hinged together near one end of each and having finger extensions 3, 4 beyond their hinge connection for manipulating the clip. The finger extensions are engaged on their "ice inner surfaces by transverse extensions 5, 6 at the end of a fairly closely-coiled spring 7 which, by its torsion loading urges the finger extensions apart and the limbs together for clipping and holding between them a curl or wave of hair.
Lugs for forming the hinge connection between the limbs are produced as shown in Figure 7, which shows a part of the limb 1 and its finger extension 3. A pair of lugs, such as 8, inwardly directed towards each other, is cut from the metal of each limb. Conveniently these lugs are formed as shown by making a substantially H-shaped incision in the clip. The lugs are then bent outwardly to lie in side-by-side spaced relation, as clearly seen in Figure 5, the lugs being parallel to the permitted direction of relative movement between the two limbs. That is perpendicular to the plane of the paper and upright, in Figure 5. Similar lugs 9 are formed in the same manner on the limb 2. The lugs 9 of the limb 2 are spaced apart a distance somewhat less than the spacing of the lugs 8 so that they may fit between the latter.
The lugs 8 and 9 are formed with inwardly projecting pips or projections 10, 11 respectively on their inner, confronting surfaces, and with corresponding depressions 12, 13 on their outer surfaces. When the lugs 9 of the limb 2 are placed between the lugs 8 of the limb 1, as mentioned above, the depressions 13 receive the pips or projections 10 as shown in Figure 5 and form a pivotal hinge connection between the limbs.
The spring 7 is fitted between the lugs 9 with its end coils fitting around the pips or projections 11. By its compressive loading, when so positioned, the spring locates itself in place and also retains the lugs 9 in the desired spaced relation and in working engagement with the lugs 8, acting in the manner of a distance tube between them.
When the clip is opened, by pressing together the finger extensions, there may be a tendency for the spring to be displaced in the direction of the arrows A of Figure 2. To prevent such displacement a guard tongue 14 is pressed from the limb 2 and is curled so as to lie close to the side of the spring.
By the formation of the hinge lugs in the manner described from inwardly directed tongues cut from the body of each limb, within its normal outline instead of from lateral extensions to the limbs in accordance with previous practice, limbs for the clips may be stamped out in closely spaced relation, or even in juxtaposition if the limbs themselves are conveniently shaped, without the necessity of considerable spacing to allow for the formation of lateral extensions. Considerable economy in the use of metal is thereby effected.
I claim:
1. A hair clip comprising a pair of elongated metal limbs having a pair of lugs cut out of the metal of each limb, within its normal outline, and bent outwardly so as to lie in spaced side-by-side relation substantially perpendicular to the adjacent surface of the limb and substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis thereof, upset conical projections on the confronting inner surfaces of each pair of lugs and corresponding depressions on their outer surfaces, the lugs of one limb being positioned between the lugs of the other so that the depressions of the inner lugs are pivotally engaged by the conical projections of the outer lugs, finger extensions of the limbs beyond the lugs and a helically coiled spring positioned under compression between the inner lugs so that its end coils surround the inward projections of the inner lugs, whereby the compressive loading of the spring will retain it securely in position and will maintain the inner lugs in pivotal engagement with the respective outer lugs, lateral extensions of the ends of the spring engaging respectively the finger extensions for urging them apart 3) and urging the limbs together by the torsional loading of the spring.
2. A hair clip comprising a pair of elongated metal limbs having a pair of lugs cut out of the metal of each limb, within the normal outline of the limb to form hinge lugs between the limbs, said lugs being formed by two spaced obtuse-angled and opposed incisions across each limb, an incision in each limb between the angles of the spaced incisions and the trapezoidal lugs thereby formed being pressed down into parallelism; upset projections on the confronting inner surfaces of each pair of iugs so formed and corresponding depressions on their outer surfaces, the lugs of one limb being positioned between the lugs of the other limb so that the depressions of the inner lugs are pivotally engaged by the conical projections of the outer lugs, finger extensions of the limbs beyond the lugs; a coiled spring positioned under compression between the inner lugs so that its end coils surround the inward projections of the respective lugs whereby the compressive loading of the spring will retain it securely in position and will maintain the inner lugs in pivotal engagement with the respective outer lugs, lateral extensions of the ends of the spring engaging respectively the finger extensions for urging them apart and urging the limbs together by the torsional loading of the spring.
3. A hair curl clip comprising two limbs for clipping the hair and finger extensions on the limbs for manipulating them, a helically coiled torsion spring between the finger extensions, 21 pair of lugs on each finger extension which lugs are perpendicular to the finger extensions of each limb, hollow conical projections formed on the inner surfaces of each pair of lugs and corresponding depressions on their outer surfaces, the lugs of one finger extension being positioned between the lugs of the other so that the conical projections on the outer lugs pivotally engage in the depressions in the outer surfaces of the inner lugs, and the projections of the inner lugs entering the ends of said helically coiled torsion spring, said spring being in compression when in position, whereby the compressive loading of the spring will retain it securely in position and will also maintain the respective lugs in pivotal engagement wtih each other; lateral extensions of the ends of the coiled torsion spring engaging respectively the finger extensions in order to urge them apart and thereby urge the clip parts of the limbs together under its torsional loading.
4. A hair clip comprising a pair of elongated metal limbs as claimed in claim 3, wherein a guard tongue is blanked from one finger extension of the clip and curled so as to lie close to the coiled spring but spaced therefrom whereby it will prevent bowing of the median part of the spring and retain it against accidental displacement when the finger extensions are closed together in the action of opening the limbs of the hair clip.
Webster May 4-, 1909 Hermsdorf Nov. 28, 1933
US648167A 1956-03-28 1957-03-25 Hair clips Expired - Lifetime US2883993A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9644/56A GB802494A (en) 1956-03-28 1956-03-28 Improvements in or relating to hair curl clips

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US2883993A true US2883993A (en) 1959-04-28

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DE (1) DE1750892U (en)
FR (1) FR1170365A (en)
GB (1) GB802494A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3183915A (en) * 1962-07-10 1965-05-18 Sta Rite Ginnie Lou Inc Hair ornament with a resilient attaching clip
US3242564A (en) * 1962-03-05 1966-03-29 Longhini Giovanni Method of making a hair curl-clip
US6378531B1 (en) * 2001-01-04 2002-04-30 Jacquelyn Marquis Method of providing body in hair using bent hair clip
US20050199258A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Yasuda Corporation Hair clip
US7021317B1 (en) * 2003-10-14 2006-04-04 Michele Nathaniel Hair clip assembly
US11272732B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2022-03-15 Philip Morris Products S.A. Rods for use in smoking articles

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US920227A (en) * 1908-03-14 1909-05-04 Daniel Webster Jr Automatic closer for powder-receptacles.
US1936838A (en) * 1933-03-02 1933-11-28 Hump Hairpin Mfg Company Hair clasp

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US920227A (en) * 1908-03-14 1909-05-04 Daniel Webster Jr Automatic closer for powder-receptacles.
US1936838A (en) * 1933-03-02 1933-11-28 Hump Hairpin Mfg Company Hair clasp

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3242564A (en) * 1962-03-05 1966-03-29 Longhini Giovanni Method of making a hair curl-clip
US3183915A (en) * 1962-07-10 1965-05-18 Sta Rite Ginnie Lou Inc Hair ornament with a resilient attaching clip
US6378531B1 (en) * 2001-01-04 2002-04-30 Jacquelyn Marquis Method of providing body in hair using bent hair clip
US7021317B1 (en) * 2003-10-14 2006-04-04 Michele Nathaniel Hair clip assembly
US20050199258A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Yasuda Corporation Hair clip
US7044141B2 (en) * 2004-03-09 2006-05-16 Kabushiki Kaisha Yasuda Corporation Hair clip
US11272732B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2022-03-15 Philip Morris Products S.A. Rods for use in smoking articles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB802494A (en) 1958-10-08
FR1170365A (en) 1959-01-14
DE1750892U (en) 1957-08-22

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