US2875447A - Hat construction - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2875447A
US2875447A US634036A US63403657A US2875447A US 2875447 A US2875447 A US 2875447A US 634036 A US634036 A US 634036A US 63403657 A US63403657 A US 63403657A US 2875447 A US2875447 A US 2875447A
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Prior art keywords
band
cooling
member
inner
intermediate
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Expired - Lifetime
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US634036A
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Goldmerstein Isaac
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ISAAC GOLDMERSTEIN
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ISAAC GOLDMERSTEIN
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Priority to US634036A priority Critical patent/US2875447A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42CMANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HATS OR OTHER HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42C5/00Fittings or trimmings for hats, e.g. hat-bands
    • A42C5/04Ventilating arrangements for head coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42CMANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HATS OR OTHER HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42C5/00Fittings or trimmings for hats, e.g. hat-bands
    • A42C5/02Sweat-bands

Description

March 3, 1959 I. GOLDMERSTEIN 2,375,447

- HAT CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 14, 1957 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INI ENTOR. ISAAC GOLDMERSTEIN ATTORNEY March 3, 1959 l. GOLDMERSTEIN 2,875,447 HAT CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 14; 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 75 k 7.3 I 7 7 7: 74

75 fzgui 4 w INVENTOR.

lSAAC GOLDME RST EIN United States Patent I HAT CONSTRUCTION Isaac Goldmerstein, New York, N. Y. Application January 14, 1957, Serial No. 634,036

2 Claims. (Cl. 2-171.2

l This invention relates to new and useful improvements in headbands, sunshades, hats, caps and other summer headwear for keeping a wearers head coo More particularly, the present invention proposes the construction of an improved cooling band for headwear which can be easily attached to or made a part of any headwear Without excessive weight or bulk for comfortable wearing and which will cool the, headwear and the wearers head in inverse ratio to the weather: temperature so that the better the weather, the cooler the band. Still further, the present invention proposes forming the cooling band with an outer absorbent evaporator member of thick porous fabric material which can be soaked with water or other cooling fluid for evaporation cooling and with an inner headband conductive strip "of metallic foil or material of like properties adapted to encircle a wearers head and to contact the evaporator member for cooling of the conductive strip as the cooling fluid evaporates from the evaporator member." For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and-accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth. In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure: 6

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a sunshade having. a

2,875,447 Patented Mar. 3, 1959 Conductive strip 19 has an inner broad surface and a similar outer surface and is adapted to be disposed around a wearers head.

An absorbent evaporator member 22, preferably of wick-like porous fabric material, is provided on the outside of the conductive strip in contact with the outer surface of the strip. Edging 23 binds peripherally the evaporator member 22 and conductive strip 19 together, stitches 24 being provided through the edging, member and strip.

The evaporator member 22 has spaced openings 25 and stitches 26 intermediate the periphery to aid in securing together the member 22- and strip 19' as well as to assist in evaporation of water or other cooling fluid with which the evaporator member is dampened orfsoaked.

The rear ends 27 and 28 of the cooling band 15'haye connector loops 29 and 30 secured to them, as by rivets 31, and an elastic band 32 removably and adjustably extends through the loops 29 and 30 to complete the headband. H y y, y

Operation of the cooling band is as follows. The outer evaporator member 22 is moistened or wetted to the degree desired with water or other cooling fluid. As the temperature of the weather and of the head of the sun shade wearer increases the rate of evaporation of the cooling fluid increases. The cooling is directly transferred to the conductive strip 19, which is in contact with the wearers head, and by the strip to the head. Likewise heat from the wearers head is transferred by the conductive strip to the evaporator member for evaporation of the cooling fluid. Substantial cooling of the cooling band constructed and arranged in accordance with the present invention.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary rear view of the back portion of the structure shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4--4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a cap embodying a modification of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. l but showing a hat embodying another modification of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken on line 7-7 of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 5 showing a further modification of the invention.

'Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig. 5 but showing a still further modification of the invention.

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary detail view showing the liquid reservoir of Fig. 9.

Fig. 11 is a detail view showing an end of the reservoir of Fig. 10.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the cooling band in accordance with the first form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, is designated generally by the reference numeral 15 and shown as incorporated in a sunshade 16.

Sunshade 16 has a visor 17 which is connected to the cooling band 15 as by stitches 18. The visor may be of plastic, cloth or other material.

Cooling band 15 has an inner headband conductive strip 19 preferably of thin metallic foil or similar reflective and highly heat and cold conductive material.

conductive strip takes place and over a substantial length or period of time.

The modification illustrated in Fig. 5 is characterized by the provision of a cap 40 having a cooling band 41 formed as a part of the cap. A visor or bill 42 is provided on the cap and in the crown of the cap are ventilator openings 43. In place of the usual sweatband, the cooling band 41 is mounted in the cap at the bottom of the crown. t

Cooling band 41 has an absorbent evaporator member or band 44 of thick porous fabric material and an inner conductive member or band 45 of metallic foil disposed in contact with the member 44 and adapted to be disposed around the cap wearers head. A porous cover 46 preferably of the same material as the body of the cap, extends over the evaporator member 44 and over the side edges of the conductive strip 45 to hold the two together and secure them in the cap. The conductive strip 45 is a multi-ply strip preferably being a folded or double piece of metal foil.

The modification of the invention illustrated in Figs. 6. and 7 is characterized by the provision of a hat 50 having a cooling band 51 forming part of the crown of the hat. Cooling band 51 has an outer band or strip 52 of porous material such as perforated plastic or the like, an intermediate layer 53 of absorbent material such as cotton, and an inner conductive strip 54 of metallic foil or the like. Stitches 55 secure the brim 56 and top 57 of the hat to the cooling band.

In Fig. 8, a modified form of cap is shown wherein the edge of the crown 60 is bent upwardly and secured to an outer band 61 by a line of stitching 62. The band is provided with a plurality of holes 63 for air or moisture. An intermediate band 64 of fabric is fastened to the upper edge of an inner imperforate strip or band 65 of aluminum by a line of stitching 66. Edging 67 binds peripherally the lower edges of the bands 64 and 65, stitches 68 being provided through the edging, bands 64 and 65 and outer band 61 for fastening said parts. In place of stitching, the bands 64 and 65 may be fastened together by an adhesive such as glue and then fastened The front of the cap 74 by stitching 75. An intermediate band 76 of fabric such as absorbent cotton wadding, is secured to an inner band 77 of aluminum foil or other heat conductive material by adhesive such as glue, and the bands 76 and 77 are secured as a unit to the inner surface of the outer band 71 at the bottom thereof by glue or the like. The intermediate band 76 extends below the bottom edge of the inner band 77 and for aportion of the length of said extending lower edge, a channel-shaped member 78 of rubber or other waterproof material, is secured thereto on both sides thereof by glue or the like with the base of member 78 spaced from the bottom edge of band 76 to provide a reservoir for water thereat. This channelshaped member constitutes piping which is formed with a cross wall 80 at each end thereof and serves as a reservoir for liquid supplied thereinto through a rubber tube 79 extending outwardly from one end of the piping. The cross walls hold the liquid in the channel-shaped member. When liquid is suplied, it is absorbed by the intermediate strip or band 76 for cooling off the inner band 77. Air passing through the holes 73 of the outer band 71 also cools off the bands 76 and 77.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed and that various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent 1s:

1. A hat comprising a crown, an outer band offabric material having its upper edge underlapping the edge of the crown, stitching securing the lapped edges of the crown and band, said outer band having air vents therein, an intermediate band of cotton wadding, an inner band of metallic foil, said intermediate and inner bands being secured together by adhesive and being secured to the bottom edge of the outer band as a unit by adhesive, 2. brim secured to the bottom edge of the outer band, a channel-shaped member of waterproof material secured to the intermediate band along its bottom edge, said member being formed with a cross wall at each end thereof, said member having its base spaced from the bottom edge of the intermediate band to provide a reservoir for liquid thereat, said channel-shaped member constituting piping and serving to hold liquid in said reservoir for saturating said intermediate band, and means for supplying liquid to the reservoir in the channel-shaped member.

2. A hat comprising a crown, a brim and a band construction interposed between the crown and brim, said band construction including an outer band of fabric material having its upper edge underlappingthe edge of the crown, the lower edge of said outer band extending laterally over the inner periphery of the brim, said outer band having air vents therethrough, an inner band of metallic foil and an intermediate band of. cotton wadding between the outer and inner bands, the bottom edge of said intermediate band extending below the inner band, said inner and intermediate bands being secured together by adhesive and being secured to the bottom edge'of the outer band as a unit by adhesive, the lower laterally extending edge of the outer band being secured to the inner periphery-of the brim by stitching, a channel-shapedmember of waterproof material secured to the intermediate band along its bottom edge, said member being formed with a cross wall at each end thereof, said member having its base spaced from the bottom edge of the intermediate band to provide a reservoir for liquid thereat, said channel-shaped member constituting piping and sewing to hold liquid in said reservoir for saturating said intermediate band, said channel-shaped member having an inlet opening to receive liquid therein, and a tube connected to said opening for supplying said liquid to said reservoir.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US634036A 1957-01-14 1957-01-14 Hat construction Expired - Lifetime US2875447A (en)

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2984839A (en) * 1959-08-24 1961-05-23 Raymond L Conrad Body cooling and protecting apparel
US3029438A (en) * 1957-09-26 1962-04-17 Joseph W Henschel Water-cooled headwear
US3168748A (en) * 1961-06-08 1965-02-09 Limberg Wayne Hat with power cooling
US3287738A (en) * 1965-10-22 1966-11-29 Frielich Brothers Corp Frame element for unform caps
US3466664A (en) * 1967-06-22 1969-09-16 American Allsafe Co Sweatband
US3696814A (en) * 1971-06-14 1972-10-10 Samuel Junji Umemoto Cooling head gear
US3746015A (en) * 1971-07-02 1973-07-17 S Schulman Natural heat cap
US3780382A (en) * 1971-08-02 1973-12-25 O Boden Hat or cap constructed for air circulation therethrough
US4249269A (en) * 1977-12-05 1981-02-10 Adver-Togs, Inc. Cap visor
US4274157A (en) * 1978-02-21 1981-06-23 Boden Ogden W Hat or cap with adjustable band
US4484363A (en) * 1983-11-25 1984-11-27 Varanese Teresa E Combination hat and cooling device
US4580408A (en) * 1984-03-12 1986-04-08 Stuebner Patricia A Water vest for motocross riders
US4606077A (en) * 1985-05-01 1986-08-19 Phillips Robert F Sun visor
US4896375A (en) * 1987-10-26 1990-01-30 Colucci Donald E Golf hat or cap having visor with marking means
USRE33286E (en) * 1973-08-13 1990-08-07 Personal air conditioner
US5058207A (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-10-22 Winfried Altinger Viewing window for heat protective clothing
US5327585A (en) * 1993-05-05 1994-07-12 Karlan Edward J Cool cap
US5572745A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-11-12 Cool Wear Works, Inc. Wearing apparel including a cooling material
US5630230A (en) * 1994-06-20 1997-05-20 Kure Grinding Wheel Co., Ltd. Cooling cap element
US5897582A (en) * 1997-11-13 1999-04-27 Agnatovech; Stephen Migraine relief pressure cap
US20090025113A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Bison Designs, Llc Visor
US20090241243A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-10-01 Michael Larry Ritter Light emitting head accessory
US20100071107A1 (en) * 2008-09-23 2010-03-25 Melvin Pharis Visor Hat
US7721349B1 (en) * 2005-06-25 2010-05-25 Ted Nathan Strauss Flexible personal evaporative cooling system with warming potential
JP2010222761A (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-10-07 Katsushige Yamanaka Cap
US20120174293A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2012-07-12 Intellectual Property Holdings, LLC. Helmet moisture removal system
US20130025026A1 (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-31 Andrea Warnick Smith System and Method for maintaining a user's hair in at least one ponytail
US20150020292A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 Juan I Diaz Headgear having insulated ventilation channels and perspiration and moisture drainage channel
US9265654B2 (en) 2009-05-11 2016-02-23 Steven H. Gallaher Cooling article of clothing and method of use for same
USD781533S1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2017-03-21 Corie Kasoun Blount Visor with headband

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US703531A (en) * 1901-10-31 1902-07-01 Strobel & Brown Eye-guard.
US2357851A (en) * 1940-12-11 1944-09-12 Scheyer Emanuel Heat reflective material
US2627072A (en) * 1951-05-29 1953-02-03 Horace A Frommelt Heat-resistant garment

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US703531A (en) * 1901-10-31 1902-07-01 Strobel & Brown Eye-guard.
US2357851A (en) * 1940-12-11 1944-09-12 Scheyer Emanuel Heat reflective material
US2627072A (en) * 1951-05-29 1953-02-03 Horace A Frommelt Heat-resistant garment

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3029438A (en) * 1957-09-26 1962-04-17 Joseph W Henschel Water-cooled headwear
US2984839A (en) * 1959-08-24 1961-05-23 Raymond L Conrad Body cooling and protecting apparel
US3168748A (en) * 1961-06-08 1965-02-09 Limberg Wayne Hat with power cooling
US3287738A (en) * 1965-10-22 1966-11-29 Frielich Brothers Corp Frame element for unform caps
US3466664A (en) * 1967-06-22 1969-09-16 American Allsafe Co Sweatband
US3696814A (en) * 1971-06-14 1972-10-10 Samuel Junji Umemoto Cooling head gear
US3746015A (en) * 1971-07-02 1973-07-17 S Schulman Natural heat cap
US3780382A (en) * 1971-08-02 1973-12-25 O Boden Hat or cap constructed for air circulation therethrough
USRE33286E (en) * 1973-08-13 1990-08-07 Personal air conditioner
US4249269A (en) * 1977-12-05 1981-02-10 Adver-Togs, Inc. Cap visor
US4274157A (en) * 1978-02-21 1981-06-23 Boden Ogden W Hat or cap with adjustable band
US4484363A (en) * 1983-11-25 1984-11-27 Varanese Teresa E Combination hat and cooling device
US4580408A (en) * 1984-03-12 1986-04-08 Stuebner Patricia A Water vest for motocross riders
US4606077A (en) * 1985-05-01 1986-08-19 Phillips Robert F Sun visor
US4896375A (en) * 1987-10-26 1990-01-30 Colucci Donald E Golf hat or cap having visor with marking means
US5058207A (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-10-22 Winfried Altinger Viewing window for heat protective clothing
US5327585A (en) * 1993-05-05 1994-07-12 Karlan Edward J Cool cap
US5630230A (en) * 1994-06-20 1997-05-20 Kure Grinding Wheel Co., Ltd. Cooling cap element
US5572745A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-11-12 Cool Wear Works, Inc. Wearing apparel including a cooling material
US5897582A (en) * 1997-11-13 1999-04-27 Agnatovech; Stephen Migraine relief pressure cap
US7721349B1 (en) * 2005-06-25 2010-05-25 Ted Nathan Strauss Flexible personal evaporative cooling system with warming potential
US20120174293A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2012-07-12 Intellectual Property Holdings, LLC. Helmet moisture removal system
US20090025113A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Bison Designs, Llc Visor
US20090241243A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-10-01 Michael Larry Ritter Light emitting head accessory
US7942543B2 (en) 2008-03-25 2011-05-17 Michael Larry Ritter Light emitting head accessory
US20100071107A1 (en) * 2008-09-23 2010-03-25 Melvin Pharis Visor Hat
JP2010222761A (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-10-07 Katsushige Yamanaka Cap
US9265654B2 (en) 2009-05-11 2016-02-23 Steven H. Gallaher Cooling article of clothing and method of use for same
US20130025026A1 (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-31 Andrea Warnick Smith System and Method for maintaining a user's hair in at least one ponytail
US20150020292A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 Juan I Diaz Headgear having insulated ventilation channels and perspiration and moisture drainage channel
USD781533S1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2017-03-21 Corie Kasoun Blount Visor with headband

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