US2873627A - Multiple punch and die sets - Google Patents

Multiple punch and die sets Download PDF

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Publication number
US2873627A
US2873627A US569142A US56914256A US2873627A US 2873627 A US2873627 A US 2873627A US 569142 A US569142 A US 569142A US 56914256 A US56914256 A US 56914256A US 2873627 A US2873627 A US 2873627A
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die
plate
holes
punch
plates
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US569142A
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William J Smith
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AT&T Corp
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Western Electric Co Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/10Die sets; Pillar guides

Description

I Feb. 17, 1959 w. J. SMITH MULTIPLE PUNCH AND DIE sE'rs 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 2, 1956 lllllIll|Ill]Illlllllllllllllflllllllllllllllllllllllfl] a! 12, as, 35
FIG?
Feb. 17, 1959 W. J. SMITH MULTIPLE PUNCH AND DIE SETS Filed March 2, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lNVENTOR W J. SMITH ETTURNEV UnitedStates Patent 2,873,627 MULTIPLE PUNCH AND DIE SETS William J. Smith, Lavallette, N. J., assignor to Western Electric Company, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application March 2, 1956, Serial No. 569,142
4 Claims. (Cl. 76-107) not warranted. To produce these perforated plates and panels without the costly conventional punch and die sets, commercially known individual punch and die units may be employed. it is-possible to set up successive groups of these units but, due to the physical size of the punch and die holders and their hold-down extension members,
numerous successive arrangements of the units are often required to make a single plate or panel. In one instance, the number of holes required in a panel made ,it necessary to use seventeen different settings of the individual punch and die units. This required considerable time for the setting up operations and either .a large number of presses; if one is provided for each setting or the added dismantling time if fewer presses are available; The numerous settings multiplied not only the time required for perforating each plate or panel, but also thepossibility of inaccuracies in the locations of the holes.
Objects of the present invention are a punch and die set, including a novel die, which is simple and economical in structure and readily and accurately manufacturable, and a highly efiicient method of making the same.
One of the greatest problems in making punch and die sets, particularly when a multiplicity of punches and dies are to be employed, is the keeping of the dimensional changes in the die structure during the hardening process Within tolerable limits. tion, according to the object,;this problem is solved by cutting the die. plate containing a multiplicity of die cavities inv sections to divide the die cavities into groups and to minimize the possibility of variations in the die segments, particularly the respective positions of. the die cavities during the hardening process.
In following the method in this embodimentof the invention, the punch and die sets for the multiplicityof dif-C ferently arranged punches and dies may be made readily at low cost. More, specifically, the method comprises initially connecting a punch plate, a stripper plate, a die plate and a back-up plate for the die, in their respective positions by two dowel pins extendingthrough all of the plates. Spacers are disposed in'out-of-way positions between the stripper plate and the die plate to receive another plate to serve as a stop for tools used for enlarging the holes inthepunch plate and the stripper plate and protect the die plate. The drilling, boring and reaming operations may-be performed in a jig boring machineto produce the holes inthe various plates of the desiredsizes and, in this manner, assuring accurate positioning and aligning of the various groups of holes in the plates. Subsequently, after the holes in the die plate have been completed and while the die plate is connected through the initial locating pins on the back-up plate, the die In'one'embodiment of the inven.
J sdesired materials.
plate is marked to divide it into sections. .After marking the die plate two additional sets of holes for dowel pins are drilled in the marked sections of the die plate where selected groups of die holes are to be included in predetermined sections of the die. Also, holes are drilled and counter-sunk in the different sections of the die plate for mounting screws and aligned drilled holes are tapped in the back-up plate. The die plate is now ready to be cut along the marked lines by, for example, a band saw, to divide the die plate into its plurality of sections. The various sections are heat-treated to produce the necemary hardness and returned to the backing plate where, through the aid of the additional pairs of dowel pins, the die sec tions may be disposed in their respective positions on the back-up plate and secured in place by the mounting screws. After mounting the back-up plate on a die shoe which has been provided with the necessary larger holes for the die openings the shoe may be mounted in the conventional manner on the bed of a press. The punch plate, *after receiving a. series ofpunches in the holes thereof, is fixedly mounted on the punch holder which is following detailed description when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is an isometric view of the upper portion of the punch and die set mounted on a punch holder of a punch press;
Fig. 2 is an isometric view of the lower portion of the punch and die set mounted on a die shoe which in turn is mounted on a bed of the press;
Fig. 3 is a front elevational view illustrating a group of plates in position for producing the necessary holes therein;
Fig. 4 is an isometric view of a jig boring machine wherein the numerous holes of the plates may be processed, and
Fig. 5 is a top plan view of a plate produced by the present embodiment of the punch and die set.
Referring now to the drawings, the species of punch and die sets selected to illustrate the invention begins with fourv plates of suitable sizes and thicknesses and produced from These plates include a punch plate 10, a stripper plate 11, a die plate 12 and a backup plate 14. In carrying out the steps of the method, these plates are initially clamped together for the drilling and reaming of aligned holes 15, 16, 17 and 18 respectively therein at desired positions away from where subsequentholes are. to be processed in the plates to receive dowel pins 19 to secure ,the plates in their respective positions. Through the aid of a jig boring machine 20 (Fig. 4) of a commercially known type wherein a work support 21 may be moved forwardly, rearwardly. or to either side, calibrated distances through the actuation of hand cranks 23 and 24, the connected plates 14 11, 12 and 14 may be moved relative to the axis of the tool holding chuck 25 forcarrying out successive drilling, boring and reaming operations 1, to produce the necessary holes in the plates. It is to be understood that the holes in the die plate 12 are smaller than the other aligned holes. For example, the holes in the back-up plate 14 arelarger than their die holes to allow'escapement of the punch parts, the holes the punch *plate' 10 are to be of the desired size to ire mov ably receive their respective punches and the holes in the stripper plate 11 are to be of desired sizes for free movement of the smaller sizes required for the dies or die holes, after which the holes in the plates and 11 may be enlarged by. changing. the tools 27 of the jig boring machine 20. To make possible an eflicient carrying out of several method steps in the production of the various holes in the plates, spacing bars 28 are positioned adjacent the ends of the plates between plates 11 and 12 and, during subsequent boring and reaming operations performed on plates 10 and 11, an'auxiliary plate 29 may be positioned to rest. on the die plate 12 serving to stop movementof. the various tools 27 used'in subsequently boring the holes in the plates iii and 11 and thereby protect the dieholes.
After all the drilling, boring and reaming operations have been completed on the four plates, plates 10, 11 and 12 areremoved from the dowel-pins 19 and the dowelpins are'employed in mounting the back-up plate 14 on a die Shoe 30. When these two members 14 and 30' are mounted in the jig boringv machine, the back-up plate acts as a'guide for drilling the necessary holes in the die'shoe. At the same time: the holes in the back-up plate are enlarged.
The punch plate 10 is ready to receive the necessary punches in thevarious holes thereof and for mounting in the conventional manner on a punch plate 32' which is fixed to a ram of a press and provided with conventional bushings 33 for guide rods 34 of the die shoe 30. The stripper plate may be mova'bly connected to the punch plate in a conventional 'manner and spaced from the punch plate by suitably known spring means causing the stripper plate to function in the conventional manner during the operating cycles of the press.
The die plate 12 is returned to the back-up plate 14 and l'ocated in its proper position thereon through the aid of the dowel pins 19. The next step of the method includes marking the upper surface of the die plate in any suitable manner to divide all of the die holes-into selected groups so that the die plate 12 subsequently may be divided into a plurality of smaller plates to reduce thenumber of dieholes or cavities as equally as possible in smaller areas. After the die plate is marked, through the aid of the jig boring machine 20, a pair of holes 36 is drilled in each marked section of the die plate, continuing the drilled holes into the'b ack-up plate to receive dowelpins 37. Following this step and before mounting the dowel-pins 37 in place, additional holes are drilled and counter-sunk in the different sections for mounting screws 38 andcorresponding holes are drilled and tapped in the backup. platel ifor the mounting screws.
When these steps of the method are completed, the die plate 12 isremoved from the back-up plate 14, the back-up plate is provided with the various dowel-pins 37 and, through the aid of suitable means such as a band saw, the die plate is cut along the marked linesto divide the die plate into the plurality of section 12. These sections pass through a hardening step of the method wherein they are heat-treated to produce a Rockwell hardness R. C. 62-63. After the hardening step of the method has been completed, the various sections 12? are returned to their respective positions and, through the aid ofthe dowel-pins 37, they are located accurately on the backup plate 14 where they are firmly secured in place by the mounting screws 38. The back-up plate 14 is secured in place on the die shoe which is then mounted on the bed; of the press. The method is completed and this specie of the punch and'die set is'complete, installed, and ready for operation. 7
It is apparent, by following the steps of the method, that the cost of producing the punch and die set is, low, particularly when considering the numerous perforating operations which are performed simultaneously, enabling the-production of plates or panelswithmany perforations-- therein regardless of how closely they are positioned with respect to each other. Furthermore, by reducing the single die plate to a plurality of smaller sections containing smaller groups of die holes, prior to carrying out the hardening step of the method,- keeps the dimensional changes which may take place during this step within tolerable limits. Furthermore, should damage occur to any portion of the overall die, only that section of the die wherein the damage occurs need be replaced, leaving all of the other sections to continue their usefulness throughout the life of the die and reducing maintenance of the punch and die structure to a minimum. Also, should changes be made, such as the removal or the addition of other punches and dies, these changes may be made readily.
It is to be understood that the above described arrangements are simply illustrative of the application of the principles of the invention; Numerous other arrangements may be readily devised by those skilled in the art which will embody the principles of the invention and fall within the spirit and scope thereof.
What is claimed is:
l. The method of forming a multiple die comprising securing a die plate and a back-up plate together, drilling a plurality of aligned pairs of holes in the plates, dividing the die plate into a plurality of individual members, heattreating the die members to harden them, and securing the die members in their respective positions to the 'backup plate.
2. The method of forming a multiple die comprising securing a die plate and a back-up plate together, drilling a plurality of aligned pairs of holes in the plates, marking the die plate to divide the holes of the die plate into smaller groups, cutting the die plate along the markings to divide the die plate into a plurality of individual die,
members, heat-treating the die members to harden them and'securing the die members in their respective positions to the back-up plate.
3. The method of forming a multiple die comprising securing a die plate and a backup plate together, drilling a plurality of aligned pairs of holes in the plates, marking the dieplateinto areas for groups ofthe holes therein,
drilling holes through the die plate'and into the back-up plate for securing means for each area, cutting the die plate along-the markings to divide the die plate into individual members for the areas, heat-treating the die members to harden them, and securing the die members in their'respective positions-on the'back-up plate.
4; The methodof forming a multiple punch and die set from a punch plate, a stripper plate, a die plate and a back-up plate for the die platecomprising securing the plates "against displacement relative to each other in stacked formation with space between the stripper plate and the die plate, drilling a plurality of aligned: sets of holes in the plates, boring the holes'in' the punch plate'and the stripper plate to enlarge them fortheir respective punches, andinserting a stop plate between the stripper plate and the die plate prior to the boring step.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,070,889 Hartog' Aug. 19, 1913 2,186,799 Boker Jan. 9, 1940' 2,275,706 Wales Mar; 10, 1942 2,543,527 Gyuris Feb. 27, 1951' 2,553,615 Wales May 22,. 1951 24 .21 .2 6
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2913049A (en) * 1959-05-25 1959-11-17 Vip Inc Card punching device
US3059506A (en) * 1959-10-13 1962-10-23 Lee L Linzell Method of making cutting dies
US3269011A (en) * 1964-01-20 1966-08-30 Greenlee Bros & Co Metal punch and die
US6233809B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2001-05-22 Ontario Die Company Limited Flexible cutting knives and method of mounting cutting knife cavities with mounting braces on a non metallic mounting board
US20040211303A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-10-28 Horning Marty Paul Steel rule cutting die and method of mounting cutting knife cavities for improved scrap material removal

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1070889A (en) * 1912-07-03 1913-08-19 Stephen D Hartog Process of making punches and dies.
US2186799A (en) * 1938-02-02 1940-01-09 Vitus A Boker Method of producing die sets
US2275706A (en) * 1939-10-23 1942-03-10 George F Wales Die set and template mounting
US2543527A (en) * 1946-11-01 1951-02-27 Gyuris John Punch machine for punching electrical heater elements
US2553615A (en) * 1943-03-19 1951-05-22 George F Wales Method and apparatus for perforating sheet material
US2622456A (en) * 1946-11-01 1952-12-23 Gyuris John Method of making dies

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1070889A (en) * 1912-07-03 1913-08-19 Stephen D Hartog Process of making punches and dies.
US2186799A (en) * 1938-02-02 1940-01-09 Vitus A Boker Method of producing die sets
US2275706A (en) * 1939-10-23 1942-03-10 George F Wales Die set and template mounting
US2553615A (en) * 1943-03-19 1951-05-22 George F Wales Method and apparatus for perforating sheet material
US2543527A (en) * 1946-11-01 1951-02-27 Gyuris John Punch machine for punching electrical heater elements
US2622456A (en) * 1946-11-01 1952-12-23 Gyuris John Method of making dies

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2913049A (en) * 1959-05-25 1959-11-17 Vip Inc Card punching device
US3059506A (en) * 1959-10-13 1962-10-23 Lee L Linzell Method of making cutting dies
US3269011A (en) * 1964-01-20 1966-08-30 Greenlee Bros & Co Metal punch and die
US6233809B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2001-05-22 Ontario Die Company Limited Flexible cutting knives and method of mounting cutting knife cavities with mounting braces on a non metallic mounting board
US20040211303A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-10-28 Horning Marty Paul Steel rule cutting die and method of mounting cutting knife cavities for improved scrap material removal

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