US2860531A - Pneumatic drill construction - Google Patents

Pneumatic drill construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2860531A
US2860531A US495386A US49538655A US2860531A US 2860531 A US2860531 A US 2860531A US 495386 A US495386 A US 495386A US 49538655 A US49538655 A US 49538655A US 2860531 A US2860531 A US 2860531A
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United States
Prior art keywords
air
piston
oil
housing
drill
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Expired - Lifetime
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US495386A
Inventor
Groff William B De
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ARO EQUIPMENT Corp
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ARO EQUIPMENT CORP
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Priority to US495386A priority Critical patent/US2860531A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B45/00Hand-held or like portable drilling machines, e.g. drill guns; Equipment therefor
    • B23B45/04Hand-held or like portable drilling machines, e.g. drill guns; Equipment therefor driven by fluid-pressure or pneumatic power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10S408/702Cutting by use of penumatic drive means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/55Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool with work-engaging structure other than Tool or tool-support
    • Y10T408/564Movable relative to Tool along tool-axis
    • Y10T408/5647Movable relative to Tool along tool-axis including means to move Tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/65Means to drive tool
    • Y10T408/675Means to drive tool including means to move Tool along tool-axis
    • Y10T408/6757Fluid means

Description

Nov. 18, 1958 w. B. DE GROEP PNEUMATIC DRILL CONSTRUCTION Filed March 21, 1955 ATTORNEYS.
United States Patent O PNEUMATIC DRILL `CONSTRUCTION William B. De Groff, Bryan, Ohio, assignor to Aro Equipment Corporation, Bryan, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application March 21, 195s, serial No. 495,386 z claims. (ci. 77-33.5)
The present invention relates generally to a portable automatic drill of the pneumatically operated type, and more particularly to a novel mounting location of an air-feed motor within the drill.
It is a primary object of this invention to provide an improved drill construction of the character disclosed, wherein the gearing assembly, oil dash-pot speed regulating means, air piston reciprocation means, and the air motor are compactly and efficiently arranged in novel longitudinally coaxial relation.
It is another object to provide an air motor particularly mounted in a novel manner within the rear portion of a drill of the pneumatically operated type, wherein said air motor is concentrically disposed for reciprocatory movement through longitudinally co-axial air piston and'oil `dash-pot chambers.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize this invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming part of this specification.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a portable automatic drill of the air operated type constructed in accordance with the present invention; and
2,860,531 Patented Nov. 18, 1958 ice piston 22, and a one way slide valve 34 is disposed therein. The valve 34 is arranged so that oil pressure during forward movement of the piston 22 through the oil chamber 30 will effect closure of the passageway 32, while rearward movement will effect valve opening to permit free flow therethrough. A by-pass passageway 36 is formed in the oil chamber housing 12 and terminates 'at its rear end in a cross port 38 closely adjacent the abutment surface of a rear end wall 40 of the housing 12. A plurality of rapid traverse ports 42 are provided between the Y oil chamber 30 and the by-pass passageway 36 forwardly a guide slot 48 formed within the housing 12.
Figure 2 is a transverse cross-sectional view taken sub- K stantially as indicated by the line 2-2 on Figure 1.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing 1 have shown a portable pneumatic drill 10 comprising longitudinally co-axial oil chamber and air piston sections. Drills of this general type and character are disclosed in my co-pending applications, Serial Numbers 486,495, which issued as Patent No. 2,811,877, November 5, 1957, and 476,317. The drill 10 of the present invention represents an improved constructional arrangement over the drills disclosed in my said co-pending applications, wherein the air motor is particularly located in a novel manner adjacent the rear end of the drill at a remote distance from the gearing assembly and drilling tool. l
My drill co-nstruction comprises a generally cylindrical oil chamber casing or housing 12 and an air piston casing or housing 14, screW-threadedly secured to each other in longitudinally co-axial relation. The forward end of the housing 12 screw-threadedly receives in internally concentric relation an oil retaining sleeve 16. The forward end of the sleeve 16 screw-threadedly mounts an elongated nose housing 18.
An oil piston sleeve 20 is concentrically positioned within the housing 12, and provides a dash-pot piston 22 which slidingly engages the inner wall of the housing 12. A suitable O-ring seal 24 is provided at the interface between piston 22 and housing 12 to effect an oil-tight sliding seal. The piston 22 provides a forward acting face 26 and a reverse acting face 28 for reciprocating movement through a longitudinally elongated oil chamber 30 defined between the sleeve 20 and the housing 12.
A passageway 32 is provided through the dash-pot of the piston 22 when in its rear position of abutment against the end wall 40. A slidable pin 44 is received within the passageway 36, and is of suicient length to effect closure of all of the ports 42. An adjustment and lock knob 46 is provided for positioning the pin 44 along In this way, rapid traverse adjusting means is provided to permit the drill tool to be initially moved forwardly toward the work at a relatively high rate of speed, and thereafter fed forwardly during the drilling operation at a substantially lower rate of speed, as described in detail in my co-pending application Serial Number 486,495 (Patent No. 2,811,877).
The oil retaining sleeve 16 provides a rear end wall 50 disposed between the oil piston sleeve 20 and the oil chamber housing 12. An O-ring seal 51 and a wiping seal 52 are provided at the interface between sleeve 20 and end wall 50 to effect an oil-tight sliding seal. An O-ring seal 53 is provided at the xed interface between end wall 50 and housing 12 to effect a further oil-tight seal. The oil piston sleeve 20 provides aforwardly extending portion 54 which is adapted in this way to be reciprocably movable in oil-tight manner through the end wall 50.
An inner air piston sleeve 56 is screw-threadedly telescoped onto the rear end of the oil piston sleeve 20, and serves to define an air motor housing. An air piston 58 is screw-threadedly carried by the sleeve 56 at its rear end. A pneumatic actuator or air piston chamber 60 is defined by the sleeve 56 and the surrounding air piston housing 14 through which the air piston 58 is adapted to be rfeciprocatedV The air piston 58 effects sliding engagement with theinner wall of the housing 14, and an O-ring seal 61 is provided to effect an air-tight sliding seal at the interface. O-ring seals 62 are also provided at the interface between sleeve 5.6 and housing end wall 40 to Veffect an air-tight sliding seal. An additional O-ring seal 63 is provided at the fixed interface Vbetween end wall 40 and housing 14.
A control valve housing 64 defines the rear end of air piston chamber 60. A hollow air feed tube 66 extends forwardly from the valve housing 64 through the air piston 58 to an air motor 68 rotatably mounted within the sleeve 56. The tube 66 is slidably movable through housing 64, and serves to deliver a controlled air supply to the air motor 68 to effect rotating drive thereof. The air motor 68 provides a drive shaft 70 which is coupled at its forward end to a drive shaft extension 72. The shaft extension 72 is rotatably mounted within a bearing support 74 carried internally of the -ol piston sleeve 20, and extends forwardly to a gearing assembly 76 rotatably supported within the forward sleeve portion 54.
A suitable drill chuck 7S is carried by the forward driving end of the gearing assembly 76, and supports a drilling tool 80 in forwardly extending relation therefrom.
An air feed passageway 82 extends axially within the air piston housing 14, and serves to supply actuating air pressure selectively to the forward end of the air piston chamber 60 from the control valve housing 64. In addition, air pressure is also selectively transmitted to the chamber 60 adjacent its rear end from the control valve housing 64. In this way, regulated reciprocation of the air piston 58 within the chamber V60 may be effected, as in the manner set forth in detail in my co-pending application, Serial Number 476,317.
An axially extending roil jflow passageway '84 is formed within the oil chamberghousing 12, and communicates througha cross passage' 86 with the oil chamber 30 adjacent its Iforward end, andrthrough a cross passage 88 with a by-pass control passage 90. A passage V92 provides a iiow communication from the by-pass passage 90 to the oil chamber 3 0 adjacent its rear end. Suitable needle valve means 94 -serves to regulate oil ow in an adjustabletmanner through theby-pass 9i). In this way, the forward rate of drilling speedmay be regulated, yas in the manner set Yforth in detail in my said co-pending application Serial Number 486,495 (Patent No. 2,811,877).
The drill construction which I have ,described defines a compact and eliicient longitudinal arrangement of drill components in a co-axial and concentrically disposed manner, wherein the lgearing assembly is reciprocably mounted at the forward end of the drill and is operatively coupled to an air vmotor reciprocably mounted at the rear end of the drill. Intermediate the gearing assembly and the air motor, oil dash-pot means are provided for eectng controlled speed regulation. YConcentrically surrounding the air motor, air piston means are provided for effecting forward and reverse reciprocation of the drilling'tool. The air motor is particularly arranged to permit reciprocatory movement through both the air piston and oil dash-pot means. Rear positioning of the air motor remote from the forward end of the drill permits a compact, concentrically co-axial arrangement of longitudinally disposed drill elements,to provide a drill of novel elongated construction.
Changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of the parts of my pneumatic drill construction without departing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and it is my intention to cover by the claims any modified forms of structure or use of mechanical improvements which may be reasonably included within their scope.
What I claim as new and desire rto obtain by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A portable automatic drillcomprising an elongated tubular casing, first transverse wall means separating said casing into forward andrear compartments, a rotary lair motor of elongated form slidably extending through said transverse Wall means in Huid-tight relation therewith so as to eiect uid isolation of said compartments within said casing, said air motor ,being of substantially smaller diameter than the inner wall of said casing to define therewith an oil dash-pot chamber in said forward compartment and an air actuator chamber in said rear compartment, a pair of pistons secured to the opposite ends of said air motor and slidably reciprocable within said oil dash-pot and air actuator chambers respectively, second transverse wall means at the forward end of said casing, a gearing assembly slidably reciprocable through said second wall means in fluid-tight relation therewith and adapted to mount a drilling tool for driving rotation, elongated shaft means operatively interconnecting said air motor and said gearing assembly, and means for alternately admitting and exhausting air under pressure to the opposite sides of said air actuator piston to effect unitary reciprocation of saidvair motor, dash-pot piston, and gearing assembly.
2. A portable automatic drill comprising an elongated tubular casing, iirst transverse wall means separating said casing into forward and rear compartments, a rotary air motor of elongated form slidably extending through said transverse wall means, sealing means at the interface between said air motor and tirst wall means serving to effect fluid isolation of said compartments within said casing, said air motor being of substantially smaller diameter than the inner wall of said casing to define therewith an oil dash-pot chamber in said forward compartment and an air actuator chamber in said rear compartment, a pair of pistons secured to the opposite ends of saidv air motor and slidably reciprocable in sealing engagement with the inner wall of said casing Within said oil dash-pot and air actuator chambers respectively, second transverse vwall means at the forward end of said casing, a gearing assembly slidably reciprocable through said second wall means in fluid-tight relation therewith and adapted to operatively mount a drilling tool, sealing means at the interface between said gearing assembly and second wall means, elongated shaft means operatively interconnecting said air motor and said gearing assembly, and means forv alternately admitting and exhausting air under pressure to the opposite sides of said air actuator piston to effect unitary reciprocation of said air motor, dash-pot piston, and gearing assembly.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS
US495386A 1955-03-21 1955-03-21 Pneumatic drill construction Expired - Lifetime US2860531A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3318391A (en) * 1965-03-15 1967-05-09 Rockwell Mfg Co Machine tool
US3726348A (en) * 1971-06-01 1973-04-10 A Seegan Portable hydraulic power tool unit
US4540319A (en) * 1982-08-27 1985-09-10 Tsukai Michiharu Drilling device for removing a spot-welded portion
US5340243A (en) * 1987-10-30 1994-08-23 Cooper Industries, Inc. Airfeed peck drill configuration
US5374143A (en) * 1987-10-30 1994-12-20 Cooper Industries, Inc. Air feed peck drive configuration
US5533842A (en) * 1992-02-21 1996-07-09 Cooper Industries, Inc. Portable peck feed drilling system
US5947657A (en) * 1998-08-14 1999-09-07 Kennametal Inc. Drill jig assembly having hydraulic chuck and drill guide with pilot bore
US20040191017A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 The Boeing Company Re-configurable bushing and drill incorporating same
US20050053435A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2005-03-10 Krause Gus E. Pneumatic drill
US20080232914A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 The Boeing Company Drill Spindles with Inline Direct Drive Feed
CN101844242A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-09-29 速技能机械有限公司 Pneumatic drilling device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2127003A (en) * 1936-12-31 1938-08-16 Independent Pneumatic Tool Co Antistall clutch for rotary tools
US2406482A (en) * 1942-04-27 1946-08-27 Hydraulic Dev Corp Inc Hydraulically controlled machine tool
US2604759A (en) * 1951-03-20 1952-07-29 Neil V Smith Fluid pressure actuated tool driving and feeding equipment
US2657595A (en) * 1949-08-17 1953-11-03 Keller Tool Co Pressure fluid operated tool with pressure fluid control feed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2127003A (en) * 1936-12-31 1938-08-16 Independent Pneumatic Tool Co Antistall clutch for rotary tools
US2406482A (en) * 1942-04-27 1946-08-27 Hydraulic Dev Corp Inc Hydraulically controlled machine tool
US2657595A (en) * 1949-08-17 1953-11-03 Keller Tool Co Pressure fluid operated tool with pressure fluid control feed
US2604759A (en) * 1951-03-20 1952-07-29 Neil V Smith Fluid pressure actuated tool driving and feeding equipment

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3318391A (en) * 1965-03-15 1967-05-09 Rockwell Mfg Co Machine tool
US3726348A (en) * 1971-06-01 1973-04-10 A Seegan Portable hydraulic power tool unit
US4540319A (en) * 1982-08-27 1985-09-10 Tsukai Michiharu Drilling device for removing a spot-welded portion
US5340243A (en) * 1987-10-30 1994-08-23 Cooper Industries, Inc. Airfeed peck drill configuration
US5374143A (en) * 1987-10-30 1994-12-20 Cooper Industries, Inc. Air feed peck drive configuration
US5348427A (en) * 1987-10-30 1994-09-20 Cooper Industries, Inc. Airfeed peck drill configuration
US5533842A (en) * 1992-02-21 1996-07-09 Cooper Industries, Inc. Portable peck feed drilling system
US5833404A (en) * 1992-02-21 1998-11-10 Cooper Industries, Inc. Portable peck feed drilling system
US5947657A (en) * 1998-08-14 1999-09-07 Kennametal Inc. Drill jig assembly having hydraulic chuck and drill guide with pilot bore
US7073989B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2006-07-11 The Boeing Company Re-configurable bushing and drill incorporating same
US20040191017A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 The Boeing Company Re-configurable bushing and drill incorporating same
US20050053435A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2005-03-10 Krause Gus E. Pneumatic drill
EP1522362A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2005-04-13 Lockheed Martin Corporation Pneumatic drill
US7303363B2 (en) 2003-09-10 2007-12-04 Lockheed Martin Corporation Pneumatic drill
US20080075544A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2008-03-27 Lockheed Martin Corporation Pneumatic drill
US7798751B2 (en) * 2003-09-10 2010-09-21 Lockheed Martin Corporation Pneumatic drill
US20080232914A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 The Boeing Company Drill Spindles with Inline Direct Drive Feed
US7887268B2 (en) * 2007-03-23 2011-02-15 The Boeing Company Drill spindles with inline direct drive feed
CN101844242A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-09-29 速技能机械有限公司 Pneumatic drilling device
CN101844242B (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-07-04 速技能机械有限公司 Pneumatic drilling device

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