US2853659A - Solenoid arrangements - Google Patents

Solenoid arrangements Download PDF

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Publication number
US2853659A
US2853659A US341483A US34148353A US2853659A US 2853659 A US2853659 A US 2853659A US 341483 A US341483 A US 341483A US 34148353 A US34148353 A US 34148353A US 2853659 A US2853659 A US 2853659A
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core
solenoid
guidance tube
tube
force
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US341483A
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Herion Erich
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Herion Erich
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0675Electromagnet aspects, e.g. electric supply therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F7/00Magnets
    • H01F7/06Electromagnets; Actuators including electromagnets
    • H01F7/08Electromagnets; Actuators including electromagnets with armatures
    • H01F7/16Rectilinearly-movable armatures
    • H01F7/1607Armatures entering the winding

Description

Se t. 23, 1958 E. HERION 2,853,659

SOLENOID ARRANGEMENTS Filed March 10, 1953 FIG.2

FIG.1

United States @iiice 2,853,659 Patented Sept. 23, 1958 2,853,659 SOLENOID ARRANGEMENT Erich Herion, Stuttgart, Germany Application March 10, 1953, Serial No. 3 ll,483 Claims priority, application Germany March 1952 10 1 Claim. (Cl. 317-llt) The present invention relates to solenoid arrangements.

Many solenoid arrangements are known, wh' rrangements, have associated with them various dnlicuities. For example, two of the most prevalent difiicuities experienced with solenoid arrangements are: (l) the sticking of the core when the eiectromagnet 1S energized; and

(2) the random nature of the operation of many of these solenoid arrangements.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a solenoid arangement which avoids the previously mentioned disadvantage of sticking of the core when t e electromagnet is energized.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a solenoid arrangement which operates consistently and without difliculty.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide solenoid arrangement which operates efiicieutly and yet which is simple to manufacture.

An additional object of this invention is to provide a solenoid arrangement wherein the movable core may be easily energized by a minimum magnetic field strength.

With the above objects in view the present inven"cn mainly consists of a solenoid arrangement comprising an elongated tubular magnet coil adapted to be excited by an external current source, a hollow guidance in e arranged in the tubular magnet coil coaxially ther and adjacent to the inner wall thereof, the hollow guidance tube being formed with an annular recess in the outer wall thereof so that in the region of the annular recess the wall thickness of the hollow guidance tube is substantially reduced, the annular recess being spaced from one end of the hollow guidance tube, a magnetizable cylindrical core member arranged slidably in the tubular guidance tube with one end of the core member located in the region of the annular recess in the guidance tube, and the core member extending direction toward the one end or" the guidance t. spring means permanently tending to slide the able cylindrical core member outwardly through end of the hollow guidance tube.

The novel features which are considered as cha istic for the invention are set forth in particle: appended claim. The invention itself, however, to its construction and its method of opera with additional objects and advantages the the one accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a solenoid arrange in an unenergized condition; and

Fig. 2 is a sectional View of the same solenoi rangement in an energized condition.

Referring now to the drawing, a tubular ma magnet housing 1 is shown inside which an elec net coil 2 is arranged. The magnet coil 2 is adapt to be connected to an external current source {not shown). Within the magnet coil there is arranged a hollow guidance tube 3, this tube being permanently fixed to the magnet coil housing 1. Arranged within the tubular guidance tube 3, is a slidable core 4. A spring 5 permanently urges the magnetizable core 4 into a rest position thereof.

Fig. 1 illustrates the unbiassed condition of the spring the magnet coil is not energized.

Fig. 2 on the other hand shows the energized condition, wherein with the attraction of the core 4, the spring 5 becomes biassed.

The guidance tube is provided with an annular recess 6 in the region of the end portion of the magnetizable core bounded in axial direction by two annular end faces. This recess is preferably dimensioned so that the depth thereof is equal to from one quarter to one half of the wall thickness of the guidance tube 3. The length of the recess is determined by the length of the desired stroke or the core so that in the positions of Figs. 1 and 2, the end face of the core is located within transverse planes passing through the annular end faces of recess Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate the operation or the solenoid arr. gement in conjunction with a valve 6. As is clearly shown, the inlet '7 is isolated from the outlet 8 when the magnet coil 2 is not energized. Pig. 2, on the other hand, illustrates the inlet 7 in communication with the outlet 8, Wl ereby a liquid or a gas may readily flow there between.

it is of course understood that the solenoid arrangement need not be used with the valve arrangement shown. it may equally well be used for other purposes, Examples of some other possible applications of this solenoid arrangement are:

(l) Arrangements involving the operation of a switch, such as a relay switch.

(2) Bell arrangements involving the ringing of a bell, in which case the core acts as a hammer or (3) Any other arrangement requiring means.

in order to avoid a transverse magnetic field component a non-magnetizable plate 11 is used, which plate will space the core from the stop 8' in the energized condition of the coil It is of course obvious that the stop 8 may be changed in form and need not be placed as shown, but may be arranged and suitably placed at the opposite end of the guidance tube so that when the core 1 is moved upon energization of the electromagnet 2, the flange 9 of the core will butt against the stop. Although a spring has been shown in this arrangement for returning the core to its rest position when the magnet coil is not energilzed, such spring is not absolutely necessary since in some cases it may be possible to return the core to its rest position by means of its own weight.

The solenoid arrangement operates as follows:

Upon energizing the magnet coil 2, magnetic lines of force'ltl will begin to flow about the path shown in Fig. 1. The illustrated lines of force in Fig. 1 is intended to indicate the path of the lines of force initially and immediately after the magnet coil 2 is energized. In the region of the annular recess 6 the magnetic lines of force stray outwardly of the guidance tube 3. The straying of the magnetic lines of force in this region is due to the annular recess 6 formed in the guidance tube 3 which results in the saturation of the reduced wall portion by the magnetic lines of force passing therethrough, and for this reason all the magnetic lines of force cannot entirely pass through the reduced wall portion. As a result, part of the flux path will be formed in the air gap defined by the recess 6 and part of the path will include the magnetizable core 4 and the gap between the end face of the core and the inner face of stop 8'. The magnetizable core percussion as a consequence becomes magnetized and is attracted toward the stop 8' which is likewise magnitized. Due to the plate 11, which is made of a non-magnetizable member having a high reluctance to the passage of the magnetic lines of force, the magnetizable core 4 when attracted will be spaced from the stop 8. This spacing between the core 4- and the stop 8 prevents a transverse component of magnetic field thereby preventing any sticking of the core.

Fig. 2 illustrates the core in a fully attracted position, the core 4 being spaced by the non-mt izable plate 11 from the stop 8'. In order to appreciate the operation of the solenoid arrangement the magnetic lines of force have again been illustrated, it becoming apparent that in the fully attracted position of the core the magnetic lines of force will take the path of least reluctance, therefore pass almost entirely through the core member.

Due to the efficient operation of this arrangement greater core movements can be used with a smaller In netic field than in known arrangements, thus pcrmittii r a reduction in the number of windings necessary for magnet coil and also the magnitude of the current source which is used to excite the coil. The north and south poles have been marked to indicate the polarity of the magnetic field, which of course depends on the direction of current flow. It is to be understood that the netic lines of force Ell bound the entire coil structure, The magnetic lines of force in Figs. 1 and 2 are shown passing through one section of the arrangement only in order to simplify the figures.

It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of solenoid arrangements differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in a magnetic valve, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are inoss,

tended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claim.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

A solenoid arrangement, comprising, in combination, an elongated tubular magnet coil adapted to be energized by an external current source; a magnetizable housing including an outer tubular part surrounding said coil, and two inner annular flanges at the ends of said coil, 2. magnetizablc hollow guidance tube fixedly mounted in said tubular magnet coil coaxial therewith and adjacent to the inner wall thereof and abutting on said inner flanges so that a closed path for a magnetic flux is formed by said magnetizable housing and a part of said guidance tube, said elongated guidance tube having an integral closed end portion whereby a closed recess is formed said guidance tube being formed with an annular recess in the outer wall of said guidance tube so that in the region of said annular recess the wall thickness of said hollow guidance tube is substantially reduced, said annular recess extending in a direction parallel to the axis of said tube for a distance substantially less than the length of said tube, said annular recess being bounded by two annular end faces, one of said end faces being located substantially in a transverse plane passing through said transverse inner face; and a magnetizable cylindrical core arranged slidably in said recess of said guidance tube, said magnet core having a transverse end face located opposite said inner face, said magnet core being axially movable between two positions and having in both said positions said end face thereof located in transverse planes passing through said annular recess so that tne magnetic flux in the region of reduced wall thickness of said tube passes through the gap between said end face and said inner face for moving said core toward said end portion when said magnet coil is energized.

References Ute-l in the file of this patent

US341483A 1952-03-10 1953-03-10 Solenoid arrangements Expired - Lifetime US2853659A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2999192A (en) * 1958-06-16 1961-09-05 White Rodgers Company Solenoid actuator and control means therefor
US3082359A (en) * 1960-01-26 1963-03-19 Peter Paul Electronics Company Solenoid and valve assembly
US3109126A (en) * 1959-12-09 1963-10-29 Gen Signal Corp Magnetic stick type relay
US3232312A (en) * 1961-12-20 1966-02-01 Parker Hannifin Corp Solenoid operated valve assembly
DE1234131B (en) * 1962-08-23 1967-02-09 Applied Power Ind Inc Remote-controlled hydraulic system
US3348178A (en) * 1966-09-20 1967-10-17 Dole Valve Co Solenoid actuated device
US3647177A (en) * 1969-06-04 1972-03-07 Gregor L Lang Alternating current solenoids
US3665963A (en) * 1969-02-21 1972-05-30 Voith Getriebe Kg Magnetic valve
US3860894A (en) * 1974-05-17 1975-01-14 Wico Corp Solenoid
US3943476A (en) * 1973-12-11 1976-03-09 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Plunger damping means for an electromagnetic solenoid
US3982554A (en) * 1974-04-25 1976-09-28 Tekyo Keiki Company Limited Electromagnetic flapper valve
US3987385A (en) * 1975-05-23 1976-10-19 Technar Incorporated Constant force solenoid
US4004258A (en) * 1974-11-20 1977-01-18 Valcor Engineering Corporation Position indicating pulse latching solenoid
US4046351A (en) * 1972-01-03 1977-09-06 Lang Gregor L Solenoid fluid valves
US4262877A (en) * 1975-05-09 1981-04-21 Lang Gregor L Solenoid fluid valves
US4304391A (en) * 1975-12-24 1981-12-08 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. Electromagnetically operated valve assembly
US4339109A (en) * 1979-04-04 1982-07-13 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Electromagnetically operated valve unit
US4390158A (en) * 1979-10-24 1983-06-28 Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen, Ag. Electro hydraulic servo valve
US4486053A (en) * 1980-11-04 1984-12-04 Clayton Dewandre Company Limited Solenoid operated valves
US4676478A (en) * 1984-12-26 1987-06-30 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electromagnetically-operated fuel injection valve
EP0233166A2 (en) * 1986-02-05 1987-08-19 Thomas Technik Gmbh A combined electromagnet and fluid pressure gauge
US5937884A (en) * 1996-02-15 1999-08-17 Ranco Of Delaware Solenoid valve for regulating the flow of fluids in circuits, with special application to gas circuits
DE19801529C2 (en) * 1998-01-16 2001-02-08 Hans Ulrich Bus Electromagnetic drive
US6279843B1 (en) 2000-03-21 2001-08-28 Caterpillar Inc. Single pole solenoid assembly and fuel injector using same
EP1134471A2 (en) * 2000-03-17 2001-09-19 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic driving device for a fluid control valve
US6498416B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-12-24 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic actuator permanent magnet
US6520600B1 (en) 2000-09-09 2003-02-18 Kelsey-Hayes Company Control valve with single piece sleeve for a hydraulic control unit of vehicular brake systems
US20050205820A1 (en) * 2001-12-29 2005-09-22 Nikolai Babich Direct action electromagnetic valve, and a method of operating the same
US20140246615A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-09-04 Emerson Electric Co. Systems and Apparatuses for a Simplified Solenoid Valve Assembly
DE102014011088B3 (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-01-28 Hilite Germany Gmbh Hydraulic valve for a Schwenkmotorversteller
CN109073107A (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-12-21 Eto电磁有限责任公司 The valve equipment of Electromagnetically activatable
US10208870B1 (en) * 2017-08-09 2019-02-19 Hydrotek Corporation Solenoid valve
US20190316704A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-17 Mac Valves, Inc. Modular valve with o-ring valve seat

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1298966A (en) * 1915-06-16 1919-04-01 Electro Magnetic Tool Company Electrically-operated tool.
US2279243A (en) * 1940-07-23 1942-04-07 John B Parsons Solenoid actuated valve
US2381075A (en) * 1942-04-16 1945-08-07 Guardian Electric Mfg Co Solenoid contactor
US2523020A (en) * 1947-01-14 1950-09-19 Gen Electric Magnetic starting system for electric discharge devices
US2616955A (en) * 1945-01-01 1952-11-04 Alco Valve Co Solenoid

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1298966A (en) * 1915-06-16 1919-04-01 Electro Magnetic Tool Company Electrically-operated tool.
US2279243A (en) * 1940-07-23 1942-04-07 John B Parsons Solenoid actuated valve
US2381075A (en) * 1942-04-16 1945-08-07 Guardian Electric Mfg Co Solenoid contactor
US2616955A (en) * 1945-01-01 1952-11-04 Alco Valve Co Solenoid
US2523020A (en) * 1947-01-14 1950-09-19 Gen Electric Magnetic starting system for electric discharge devices

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2999192A (en) * 1958-06-16 1961-09-05 White Rodgers Company Solenoid actuator and control means therefor
US3109126A (en) * 1959-12-09 1963-10-29 Gen Signal Corp Magnetic stick type relay
US3082359A (en) * 1960-01-26 1963-03-19 Peter Paul Electronics Company Solenoid and valve assembly
US3232312A (en) * 1961-12-20 1966-02-01 Parker Hannifin Corp Solenoid operated valve assembly
DE1234131B (en) * 1962-08-23 1967-02-09 Applied Power Ind Inc Remote-controlled hydraulic system
US3348178A (en) * 1966-09-20 1967-10-17 Dole Valve Co Solenoid actuated device
US3665963A (en) * 1969-02-21 1972-05-30 Voith Getriebe Kg Magnetic valve
US3647177A (en) * 1969-06-04 1972-03-07 Gregor L Lang Alternating current solenoids
US4046351A (en) * 1972-01-03 1977-09-06 Lang Gregor L Solenoid fluid valves
US3943476A (en) * 1973-12-11 1976-03-09 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Plunger damping means for an electromagnetic solenoid
US3982554A (en) * 1974-04-25 1976-09-28 Tekyo Keiki Company Limited Electromagnetic flapper valve
US3860894A (en) * 1974-05-17 1975-01-14 Wico Corp Solenoid
US4004258A (en) * 1974-11-20 1977-01-18 Valcor Engineering Corporation Position indicating pulse latching solenoid
US4262877A (en) * 1975-05-09 1981-04-21 Lang Gregor L Solenoid fluid valves
US3987385A (en) * 1975-05-23 1976-10-19 Technar Incorporated Constant force solenoid
US4304391A (en) * 1975-12-24 1981-12-08 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. Electromagnetically operated valve assembly
US4339109A (en) * 1979-04-04 1982-07-13 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Electromagnetically operated valve unit
US4390158A (en) * 1979-10-24 1983-06-28 Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen, Ag. Electro hydraulic servo valve
US4486053A (en) * 1980-11-04 1984-12-04 Clayton Dewandre Company Limited Solenoid operated valves
US4676478A (en) * 1984-12-26 1987-06-30 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electromagnetically-operated fuel injection valve
EP0233166A3 (en) * 1986-02-05 1988-11-30 Thomas Technik Gmbh A combined electromagnet and fluid pressure gauge
EP0233166A2 (en) * 1986-02-05 1987-08-19 Thomas Technik Gmbh A combined electromagnet and fluid pressure gauge
US5937884A (en) * 1996-02-15 1999-08-17 Ranco Of Delaware Solenoid valve for regulating the flow of fluids in circuits, with special application to gas circuits
DE19801529C2 (en) * 1998-01-16 2001-02-08 Hans Ulrich Bus Electromagnetic drive
US6498416B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-12-24 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic actuator permanent magnet
EP1134471A2 (en) * 2000-03-17 2001-09-19 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic driving device for a fluid control valve
EP1134471A3 (en) * 2000-03-17 2002-12-11 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic driving device for a fluid control valve
US6601822B2 (en) 2000-03-17 2003-08-05 Denso Corporation Electromagnetic driving device, fluid control valve having same and method of manufacturing same
US6279843B1 (en) 2000-03-21 2001-08-28 Caterpillar Inc. Single pole solenoid assembly and fuel injector using same
US6520600B1 (en) 2000-09-09 2003-02-18 Kelsey-Hayes Company Control valve with single piece sleeve for a hydraulic control unit of vehicular brake systems
US20050205820A1 (en) * 2001-12-29 2005-09-22 Nikolai Babich Direct action electromagnetic valve, and a method of operating the same
US20140246615A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-09-04 Emerson Electric Co. Systems and Apparatuses for a Simplified Solenoid Valve Assembly
DE102014011088B3 (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-01-28 Hilite Germany Gmbh Hydraulic valve for a Schwenkmotorversteller
US10024205B2 (en) 2014-07-30 2018-07-17 ECO Holding 1 GmbH Hydraulic valve for the cam phaser
CN109073107A (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-12-21 Eto电磁有限责任公司 The valve equipment of Electromagnetically activatable
US10837573B2 (en) 2016-04-21 2020-11-17 Eto Magnetic Gmbh Electromagnetically operable valve device
US10208870B1 (en) * 2017-08-09 2019-02-19 Hydrotek Corporation Solenoid valve
US20190316704A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-17 Mac Valves, Inc. Modular valve with o-ring valve seat
US10774943B2 (en) * 2018-04-17 2020-09-15 Mac Valves, Inc. Modular valve with O-ring valve set

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