US285246A - James l - Google Patents

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US285246A
US285246A US285246DA US285246A US 285246 A US285246 A US 285246A US 285246D A US285246D A US 285246DA US 285246 A US285246 A US 285246A
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racks
drying
air
james
filkins
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B5/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat
    • F26B5/04Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat by evaporation or sublimation of moisture under reduced pressure, e.g. in a vacuum
    • F26B5/06Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat by evaporation or sublimation of moisture under reduced pressure, e.g. in a vacuum the process involving freezing

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  • the invention consists in certain novelties in the construction and arrangement of the parts of which the apparatus is composed, as will hereinafter more fully appear.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical transverse section of a drier embodying my im- 'provements
  • Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a portion of one of the racks employed in the drying-chamber.
  • Fig. 3 is a detail, showing two racks united by an ordinary metallic hinge.
  • e designates a portion of the outer wall of the drying-chamber, which wall may be of any approved construction.
  • b is the furnace room lor chamber, in which air is heated before being discharged into the drying-room.
  • d is one of a series of joists, across which, at any desired angle, are placed slats c, upon which may be placed a kiln-cloth, c.
  • a designates bars, to which are attached slats j, both these parts being preferably of wood, although other suitable material may be employed.
  • One of these racks may rest at any desired inclination against the wall of the drying-chamber, or against a partition therein, and form in connection therewith a vertical air-passage, g,- or two of these racks loosely connected together side to side by a hinge of metal, leather, or cloth, or by wire or twine, or
  • any other suitable means may, form a similar tapering air-passage, the base of the walls of whichbeing placed at any suitable distance apart, the spaces 71. between the outer surfaces of any two of these adjustable frames being adapted to receive the material which is to be dried.
  • This partial support of thematerial by the racks is of especial advantage in drying light substances-such as hops-for the treatment of which the drier is well adapted.
  • rIhe twin racks themselves being readily adjustable at ⁇ various distances from the wall, or from each other, and the two members of each being also adjustable at any desired distance asunder, depending on the nature of the material to be dried, such adjustment, whenever changed, effects simultaneously a corresponding change in the horizontal area of the air-flue and in the horizontal extent of the receptacle between each two of the flues.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Description

J. L. FILKINS."
HOP DRIBR.
No. 285,246. Patented Sept. 18, 1883.
Vu Iu l|| jl N4 PETERS4 Plmluumagnpher. wnsmngmn. D, C.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES L. FILKINS, OF VATERVILLE, NEV YORK.
HOP-D/RIER.
SPECIFICATION forming'part of Letters Patent No. 285,246, dated September 18, 1883.-
A-pplication filed December 9,1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, J AMES L. FILKINs, of the village of Vaterville, in the county of Oneida, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Driers for Hops and other Substances, of which the following is a complete description.
The invention consists in certain novelties in the construction and arrangement of the parts of which the apparatus is composed, as will hereinafter more fully appear.
In the drawings, in which like letters represent like parts, Figure 1 is a vertical transverse section of a drier embodying my im- 'provements Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a portion of one of the racks employed in the drying-chamber. Fig. 3 is a detail, showing two racks united by an ordinary metallic hinge. y
e designates a portion of the outer wall of the drying-chamber, which wall may be of any approved construction.
b is the furnace room lor chamber, in which air is heated before being discharged into the drying-room.
d is one of a series of joists, across which, at any desired angle, are placed slats c, upon which may be placed a kiln-cloth, c.
a designates bars, to which are attached slats j, both these parts being preferably of wood, although other suitable material may be employed. One of these racks may rest at any desired inclination against the wall of the drying-chamber, or against a partition therein, and form in connection therewith a vertical air-passage, g,- or two of these racks loosely connected together side to side by a hinge of metal, leather, or cloth, or by wire or twine, or
any other suitable means, may, form a similar tapering air-passage, the base of the walls of whichbeing placed at any suitable distance apart, the spaces 71. between the outer surfaces of any two of these adjustable frames being adapted to receive the material which is to be dried.
In practice it is found that in ordinary foraminous-floored drying -chambens many articles are imperfeetly and ununiformly dried because of their unequal exposure to heat, and it has been my purpose in making this vinvention to provide means which shall effectually remedy this imperfection, and by insuring equal exposure to the heated air-currents insure as a consequence uniform perfection in the dried product.
It is manifest lthat a portion of the weight of the article to be treated will be'sustained by each of the slats which compose the horizontal portion of the racks, whether a single rack or two racks attached together be used, and it follows that the tendency of such article to become compressed or matted together will in a corresponding degree be diminished.
This partial support of thematerial by the racks is of especial advantage in drying light substances-such as hops-for the treatment of which the drier is well adapted. rIhe twin racks themselves being readily adjustable at `various distances from the wall, or from each other, and the two members of each being also adjustable at any desired distance asunder, depending on the nature of the material to be dried, such adjustment, whenever changed, effects simultaneously a corresponding change in the horizontal area of the air-flue and in the horizontal extent of the receptacle between each two of the flues.
rlhe operation is clearly indicated in the drawings, the arrows showing the directin of the heated air-currents to be rst through the orifices in the drying-door, and next either directly into the material to be dried or indirectly after passing through the upwardlytapering air-passages. y
Having thus described my invention, what I desire to claim and secure by Letters Patent 1. In a drier, a tapering air flue or chainber consisting of two racks loosely connected at their tops, so that the intervening space may be widened or narrowed, substantially as described.
2. In a drier, the combination of a foraminous fioor and a foraminous tapering airflue, the latter resting upon the former, sub- JAMES L. FILKINS.
In presence of- ARTHUR D. FILKINs, MYRON J. FrLKrNs.
IOOv
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2439049A (en) * 1944-08-04 1948-04-06 John S Lesko Display rack
US4545137A (en) * 1982-09-04 1985-10-08 Buhlwe-Miag GmbH Hurdle for malthouses and other material-handling spaces

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2439049A (en) * 1944-08-04 1948-04-06 John S Lesko Display rack
US4667420A (en) * 1982-04-09 1987-05-26 B/u/ hler-Miag GmbH Hurdle for malthouses and other material-handling spaces
US4545137A (en) * 1982-09-04 1985-10-08 Buhlwe-Miag GmbH Hurdle for malthouses and other material-handling spaces

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