New! View global litigation for patent families

US285212A - Screw-propeller - Google Patents

Screw-propeller Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US285212A
US285212A US285212DA US285212A US 285212 A US285212 A US 285212A US 285212D A US285212D A US 285212DA US 285212 A US285212 A US 285212A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
blades
propeller
cross
blade
pitch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J43/00Miscellaneous implements for preparing or holding food
    • A47J43/04Machines for domestic use not covered elsewhere, e.g. for grinding, mixing, stirring, kneading, emulsifying, whipping or beating foodstuffs, e.g. power-driven
    • A47J43/07Parts or details, e.g. mixing tools, whipping tools
    • A47J43/0705Parts or details, e.g. mixing tools, whipping tools for machines with tools driven from the upper side
    • A47J43/0711Parts or details, e.g. mixing tools, whipping tools for machines with tools driven from the upper side mixing, whipping or cutting tools
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MACHINES OR ENGINES OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, TO WIND MOTORS, TO NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS, AND TO GENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY
    • F05B2210/00Working fluid
    • F05B2210/16Air or water being indistinctly used as working fluid, i.e. the machine can work equally with air or water without any modification

Description

(No Model.) Y

R. BELL 8a' D. SELKIRK.

SCREW PROPBLLER.

No. 285,212. Patented Sept. 18, 1 883.

'n usw asn N. PETERS. Mumguplw. wam'mgmn D. C.

NITED STATES PATENT @Erica RICHARD BELL, OE LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND, AND DAviD sELKiRK, OE BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

SCREW-PROPELLER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 285,212, dated September 18, 1883.

Application filed September 16, 1852.

of America, respectively, have invented a new and useful Improvement in ScrewPropellers, of which the following is a speciiication.

The object of our invention is to provide a screw-prop eller ofan improved construction by which the water acted on by the blades as theV .propeller revolves will be thrown backward and toward the center of the propeller-shaft, and which will obviate the tendency usual in propellers as hitherto constructed to carry the water around with the blades, and thus will act with greater efficiency ofpropulsion and produce less commotion in the water than propellers of former construction.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents an end elevation, showing the rear surface of a screw-propeller constructed according to our present invention. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the same, (seen in the direction of arrow 1 of Fig. 1,) showing the form of one of the compound blades, Fig. 3 is a vertical section of the same, taken on the line x x of Fig. l, and seen in the direction of arrow 2.

Avis the propeller-hub. B are the blades, or, as we will. here call them, compound blades.77 Each bladeB is composed of asmaller blade, C, forming the forward or cutting edge of the blade B, alarger blade, D, forming the rear or main surface, and one or more or. a series of cross-blades, E, uniting the front and rear portion, C D, of the compound blade B, and leaving openings F between each other and the said portion C D. The terms front 7 and rear are here used relative to the motion ofthe propeller, which,whenworking, revolves in the direction indicated by arrow?) in Fig. 1. The blades D C have the same pitch and are constructed in the manner as ordinary propellers; but the cross-blades E have, in addition to the helical pitch common to the vblades D C,

a pitch or inclinati-on toward the axis of the propeller'shaft, or, in other words, they are so placed, as shown in Fig. 8, that their workingsurface at any cross-section (e) will lie in a line parallel with the side surface of a cone,

(No model.)

a. b c, having its apex c situated in the axis of the propeller-shaft at a point forward of the propeller. By this construction it is evident that the water cut during the revolution of the propeller by the cross-blades E will be thrown back toward the extended axial line of the propeller-shaft in rear of the propeller, or in the direction of line fg, forming about a right angle with the working-surface of the cross-blades E-at the cross-section c. ln order not to cut through the water in the same plane at the same time, the outer cross-blades are set alit tle in rear of the inner ones, or so that the line and shaft of the propeller, but are spiral or eccentric thereto; or, in other words, they are circle arcs whose center M lies outside of the center of the propeller in such a position that the radial distance from the center of the propeller-shaft to the forward end of each cross blade is greater than the radial distance from the same center to the rear end of the saine cross-blades. This causes the cross-blades to make a slantin g cut through the water, and allows the large blade D to act upon a column of water glancing off from the cross-blades, centralized or solidied, as it were, by them. Vith reference to Fig. l this will be clear.

For instance, the curve m a of a cross-blade,

and as the propeller revolves in direction of 9o arrow 3, a portion of the outer end, d, of the large blade D, at a distance radially beyond the rear end of the cross-blade, intercepts the said arcjk. The combined action ofthe helical cut of the bladeD and the additional conically helical and spiral cut of the cross-blades E not only prevents the water from moving around with and from being thrown out laterally by the blades, but compresses it centrally rearward, thereby increasing the effect of propul IOO 2 v essere sion ofthe vessel, or, as it is technically termed, the propeller makes solid Water,77 and consequently more thrust XVe depend for effect on the cross-blades E and the large blade D, the smaller blade C serving the purpose, mainly, of strengthening the cross-blades, which otherwise might be broken by striking against accidental obstruction. In the absence of any obstructions the blade Gmight just aswell be entirely dispensed with. Any number of blades and cross-blades may be used, and the whole propeller may be either cast in one solid piece or composed of separate pieces.

Having thus described our invention, We claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- Y l. A propeller-blade formed of a radial blade, D, having helical pitch, and of one or more cross-blades, E, having a helical and also a conical pitch, and emanating from the radial blades, substantially as speciiied.

2. A propeller-blade formed oi" a radial blade, D, having helical pitch, and of one or more crossblades, E, emanating from the ra- 25 dial blades, said cross-blades having a helical and also a conical pitch and a spiral location by being curved on a center, M, situated outside of the propeller center, substantially as specified.

8. A propeller-blade formed of a radial blade, D, having helical pitch, and of crossblades E, having a helical and also a conical pitch, and emanating from the radial blades, said cross-blades being situated in different planes of axial cross-sections, as Well as at different radial distances from the propeller center, substantially as hereinbefore set forth,

In testimony that We claim the foregoing as our invention We have signed'our names, in Y4o presence of two Witnesses, this 21st day of August, 1882.

RICHARD BELL.

DAVID SELKIRK.

X'Vitnesses:

A. W. ALMQvIs'r, FRaNers C. BOWEN.

US285212A Screw-propeller Expired - Lifetime US285212A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US285212A true US285212A (en) 1883-09-18

Family

ID=2354413

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US285212A Expired - Lifetime US285212A (en) Screw-propeller

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US285212A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2469919A (en) * 1944-10-18 1949-05-10 Fischer Joseph Propeller
US3180424A (en) * 1963-03-25 1965-04-27 Constantine A Serrindes Propeller structure
US5112192A (en) * 1990-07-26 1992-05-12 General Signal Corporation Mixing impellers and impeller systems for mixing and blending liquids and liquid suspensions having a wide range of viscosities
US6250797B1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2001-06-26 General Signal Corporation Mixing impeller system having blades with slots extending essentially all the way between tip and hub ends thereof which facilitate mass transfer
US20040174769A1 (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-09-09 Spx Corporation Aeration apparatus and method
US20050060920A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-03-24 Michael Sharon Rotational filing system for compact disks
US7396208B1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2008-07-08 Hussain Mahmood H Divided blade rotor
EP1998049A2 (en) * 2007-05-29 2008-12-03 Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG Flow processing machine blade with multi-profile configuration
US20120102789A1 (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-03 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Snow thrower impeller
US20130272891A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2013-10-17 Lm Glasfiber A/S Blade for a wind turbine rotor

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2469919A (en) * 1944-10-18 1949-05-10 Fischer Joseph Propeller
US3180424A (en) * 1963-03-25 1965-04-27 Constantine A Serrindes Propeller structure
US5112192A (en) * 1990-07-26 1992-05-12 General Signal Corporation Mixing impellers and impeller systems for mixing and blending liquids and liquid suspensions having a wide range of viscosities
US6250797B1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2001-06-26 General Signal Corporation Mixing impeller system having blades with slots extending essentially all the way between tip and hub ends thereof which facilitate mass transfer
US20040174769A1 (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-09-09 Spx Corporation Aeration apparatus and method
US7114844B2 (en) * 2003-03-03 2006-10-03 Spx Corporation Aeration apparatus and method
US20050060920A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-03-24 Michael Sharon Rotational filing system for compact disks
US7396208B1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2008-07-08 Hussain Mahmood H Divided blade rotor
US8864473B2 (en) * 2005-10-17 2014-10-21 Lm Glasfiber A/S Blade for a wind turbine rotor
US20130272891A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2013-10-17 Lm Glasfiber A/S Blade for a wind turbine rotor
US20080298974A1 (en) * 2007-05-29 2008-12-04 Volker Guemmer Blade of a fluid-flow machine featuring a multi-profile design
EP1998049A3 (en) * 2007-05-29 2010-06-09 Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG Flow processing machine blade with multi-profile configuration
EP1998049A2 (en) * 2007-05-29 2008-12-03 Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG Flow processing machine blade with multi-profile configuration
US20120102789A1 (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-03 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Snow thrower impeller
US8402680B2 (en) * 2010-10-29 2013-03-26 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Snow thrower impeller

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3393862A (en) Bladed rotors
US1862827A (en) Steam turbine
US1454967A (en) Screw propeller and similar appliance
US3070061A (en) Progressive thrust propeller
US4479757A (en) Blade configurations for Francis-type turbine runners
US3951565A (en) High suction inducer
US4076179A (en) Centrifugal sewage pump
US1041913A (en) Aerial propeller.
JPH09175488A (en) Ship with stern duct
US3044559A (en) Propeller
US3514215A (en) Hydropropeller
US1531967A (en) Propeller
US3174681A (en) Reversible propeller
US1031180A (en) Centrifugal fan.
US2058361A (en) Propeller
US1758560A (en) Aircraft propeller
US3701611A (en) Marine propeller with resilient hub structure
US2022417A (en) Air impeller
US1062258A (en) Propeller.
JP2006306304A (en) Propulsion device and its manufacturing method
US6102661A (en) Propeller with annular connecting element interconnecting tips of blades
US1341882A (en) Centrifugal fan
US2272358A (en) Airplane propeller
US6390776B1 (en) Marine propeller
US2259247A (en) Propeller blade