US2843050A - Diaphragm sludge or chemical pump - Google Patents

Diaphragm sludge or chemical pump Download PDF

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US2843050A
US2843050A US41018754A US2843050A US 2843050 A US2843050 A US 2843050A US 41018754 A US41018754 A US 41018754A US 2843050 A US2843050 A US 2843050A
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chamber
valve
means
conduit
operating
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Lyndus E Harper
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Lyndus E Harper
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L25/00Drive, or adjustment during the operation, or distribution or expansion valves by non-mechanical means
    • F01L25/08Drive, or adjustment during the operation, or distribution or expansion valves by non-mechanical means by electric or magnetic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T11/00Transmitting braking action from initiating means to ultimate brake actuator without power assistance or drive or where such assistance or drive is irrelevant
    • B60T11/10Transmitting braking action from initiating means to ultimate brake actuator without power assistance or drive or where such assistance or drive is irrelevant transmitting by fluid means, e.g. hydraulic
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/02Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having plate-like flexible members, e.g. diaphragms
    • F04B43/06Pumps having fluid drive
    • F04B43/073Pumps having fluid drive the actuating fluid being controlled by at least one valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/02Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having plate-like flexible members, e.g. diaphragms
    • F04B43/06Pumps having fluid drive
    • F04B43/073Pumps having fluid drive the actuating fluid being controlled by at least one valve
    • F04B43/0733Pumps having fluid drive the actuating fluid being controlled by at least one valve with fluid-actuated pump inlet or outlet valves; with two or more pumping chambers in series

Description

Filed Feb. 15, 1954 Jul 15, 1958 DIAPHRAGM SLUDGE OR CHEMICAL PUMP INVENTOR.

LYNDUS E. HARPER ATTORNEY L. E. HARPER 2,843,050-

' 4 Sheets-Sheet 1' July 15, 1958 L. E. HARPER DIAPHRAGM ISLUDGE OR CHEMICAL PUMP Filed eb. 15, 1954 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

LYNDUS E. HA RPER A TTORNEY Jul 15, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Feb. 15, 1954 INVENTOR.

LVNDUS E. HARPER ATTORNEY July 15, 1958 L. E. HARPER 2,843,050

' DIAPHRAGM SLUDGE OR CHEMICAL PUMP Filed Feb. 15, 1954 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 5 INVENTOR. g LVNDUS E. HARPER A TTORNEV v to.

St t

I 7 My invention relates to pumping apparatus, and more particularly to diaphragm pumps for sludge or chemicals.

,My improved pumping apparatus is adapted for use in pumping chemicals or sludge, and is particularly adapted for use where the material being pumped is to be introdueed into a pipe or other conduit in which liquid, such as water, for example, contained therein, is under relatively high pressure. In order'to accomplish this purpose without the use of pumps, of large capacity, that are expensive and require'considerable power to operate the same, I have provided a pumping apparatus in which a relatively small pump, which may be referred to as a booster pump, supplying operatin'gfluid to a diaphragm pump operating chamber at a relatively high pressure, is utilized te cause discharge of the sludge or chemical that is to be introduced into the conduit from the pumping chamber of the diaphragm pump at a pressure higher than that in the conduit or pipe into which it is introduced.

More specifically my pumping apparatus comprises a diaphragm chamber that has a free floating diaphragm therein dividing said diaphragm chamber intoja'n operating chamber and a pumping chamber, said pumping chamber being connected with the conduit or other container into which the chemical or sludge is to be pumped by suitable conduit means provided with means forpreventingv flow except in a predetermined direction in said conduit means, and said operating chamber being provided with means for alternately supplying operating fluid there- .to-andrwithdrawing operating fluid therefrom. I d

V The particular means for supplying to and withdrawing operating fluid from the operating chamber of the di aph'ragrn'pump comprises means for circulating the operating fluid and means for controlling flow between the circulating means and the operating chamber so as to alternately supply and withdraw the operating fluid.

' that supplies the material being pumped to the-conduit It isa further purpose of my invention to provide; in:

connection with pumping apparatus of the above mentioned character, means for controlling the rate of pump ing comprising conduit means having a valve therein con trolling the flow of operating 'fluid to the operating chamher and a by-pass around said valve provided with means, 7 such as a check valve, for providing more rapid flow of 7 operating fluid from the operating chamber during discharge therefrom. V V l It is another purpose'of my invention to provide means for determining unidirectional flow in the conduit means,

01 other container, which" is either in the form of check Preferably the means for controlling such flow 'comprises'valve means that has a position for supplying operating 'fluid to the operating chamber and a position for withdrawing operating fluid from the operating chamber, and means for alternately moving the valve means from- ,one position tothe other. 1 This can be accom-" plished by providing a four-wayrotary valve means'that' is constantly driven so as to alternately connect the operating chamber with the intake and discharge sideof a pump, which preferably, is a constantly'operating pump,

phragm actuated valve means maybe provided,'which While a pump may ably a pressure relief or by-pass valve 24 of a suitable l such as a vane type or gear type pump, or suitable diabe provided for circulating the -.operating fluid, other means may be provided for"cir'- I 1 culating said fluid -in .combination'with val'velme ans for' I controlling the supply of operating fluid to'the-operating 1 chamber or withdraw operating fluidfromthe'operating chamber A p valves or valves that are actuated in accordance with or controlled by'the fluid pressure in the operating'cham ber of the diaphragm pump, said valves being preferably diaphragm operated valves connected with the diaphragm operating chamber through suitable'co nduit means.

Other objects and advantages of my invention willappear as the description of the drawings proceeds. 7 sire to have it understood, however, that I do noting tend to limit myself to the particular details shown or described, except as defined bythe claims. Y

In the drawings: r

Fig. 1 is a view in side elevation of my improved pumping apparatus.

' Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic vertical sectional view through I the same.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary elevational view of a niodifica tion. I Y 7 Fig. 4is a diagrammatic sectional View; of the m'odifi-. cation shown in Fig. 3', and d p Fig. 5 is a fragmentary'dia'grammatic viewp'artly in section showing a pump diaphragm operated valve means for controlling the supply of operatingfluid to and dischargeof operating fluid from the operating chamber of the diaphragm pump. i'

'Refer'ring in detail to the drawings, in FigQl is shown shaft 12, which pump has 'an inlet'or suction conduit 13 and'a discharge pipe or conduit 14. Referring to Fig. 2, said pump is shown as having arotor provided with blades or vanes 15 operating within the casing 16. The particular type of 'r'otary pump may be varied as may be found 7 desirable. v p

A. reservoir 17 for operating fiuidpwhichis shown as being a tank, is provided, said operating fluid being a liquid shown at 18 in Fig. '2, and saidres'ervoir is provided with'a conduit 19 leading therefrom to a valve 20, which serves as means for controlling the flow of operating liquid to and from the operating chamber of the diaphragm pump. Also connected with said valve is a pipe or' conduit 21, which connects with a p'ipepr conduit 2;; leading'into the upper, portion of said reservoir 17, the

pipe 19 having a downwardfeiitension 23 opening at its 7 lower end ineairjthe' bottom of the reservoir 17. Y Prefer character is provided for establishing communication between the conduits 21 and 22, the same having ajvalve member 25" that is' held against its seat by a spring 26 I V V A pipe or conduit '27 al'soextends from the valve 20 and the pipe or conduit 13 is connectedwith 5 shown diagrammatically in Fig. 2.

The pumping apparatusfilrther comprises adiaphragm pump member that has a casing madeup of .ajpair of members 28 and -29, which" are flanged" as indicated at 30, said flanges 30 clamping a flexible diaphragm 31 between the same. The diaphragm divides the pump into a a pumping chamber 32 and" an operating ,fluid chamber or' entrance of the liquid f to be pumped: into and discharge {of said-liquid from the f pumpingchamber'lil-this being" sho n in' the drawings as 33,;v suitable means is-providedf Patented July 15, I958 I de-' aid valve, as

comprising an inlet conduit 34 and a discharge conduit 35, said discharge conduit 35 being connected with a suitable pipe, conduit or other container into which the liquid being pumped is fed and the conduit 34'extending from a. suitable container for said liquid. The liquid may beet any suitable character, such as a sludge or a chem.- ical in a liquid condition or in solution. In order to provide unidirectional flow in the conduit means comprising the conduits 34 and 35 a check valve 36 is provided which opens in the direction of the chamber 32, and a check valve 37 is provided, that opens in a direction away from the chamber 32.

Connected with the operating chamber 29 is a, conduit 38, which is connected with a conduit 39 that in turn is connected with the conduit 27. Interposed in the conduit 39. is a valve 40, which is provided with suitable means 41 for adjusting the same to control the flow of liquid through the conduit 39. Also connected with the conduit 38 is a conduit 42, which is provided with a check valve 43 therein permitting flow in the conduit 42 only, in the direction indicated by the dotted arrow appearing therein in Fig. 2, or in a direction away from thev operating fluid chamber 33. Flow through the conduit 39 occurs both in a direction toward the operating chamber 33, this being indicated by the full line arrow in Fig. 2, and inythe. opposite direction, as indicated by the dotted line arrow in Fig. 2. Thus the conduit 42 serves as a by-pass around the valve 40 during discharge of operating fluid from the chamber 33. In Fig. 1 of the drawings the conduit 38 is shown as comprising a pair of pipe lengths connected by means of a T 44 with each other and with the conduit 39, which is shown as being made up of suitable pipe lengths connected by means of a union 45, a T 46 being provided connecting the conduit 42, made up of a number of pipe lengths and elbows 47, with the conduit 27, and said T 46 also connecting said conduit27 with the conduit 39. The other conduits are made of suitable pipe lengths, elbows, Ts and unions, as is customary in pipe fitting practice, the particular arrangement of'connections between the various conduits being immaterial as long as the connections with the valve 20, with the reservoir 17, with the pump 11 and.

with the diaphragm chamber 33 are provided in the manner disclosed in the drawings, and the by-pass con nection around the valve 40 is provided as above described.

The valve 20 is shown as being provided with a rotor 48, which is provided with diametrically aligned vanes 49 operating in the housing; 59, with which the various conduits are connected, as shown in Fig. 2. The rotor 48 is mounted on a shaft 51, which is driven by the motor through the shaft 52 and a reduction gearing 53.

Assuming that the parts move in a clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 2, the rotor is shown in a full line position in which the conduit 19 is connected with the conduit 13, the conduit 19 thus acting as a suction or intake line for the pump 11. The conduit 14 is at the same time connected through the conduit 21 and the valve with the conduit 27 and the liquid pumped by the pump 11 thus will flow through the conduit 39 at a controlled rate determined by the valve to the operating fluid chamber 33 of the diaphragm pump. As the valve 40 will restrict flow to the operating fluid chamber 33 and the pump 11 would be operating at a constant rate, means is provided for relieving excess pressure or bypassing excess liquid back to the tank 17, this being accomplished by means of the valve 24. The flow while the valveltl is in the position shown in Fig. 2 is indicated in all of the various conduits by means of the full line arrows in Fig. 2.

As the valve member rotates in a clockwise direction it passes from. the full line position shown in Fig. 2 to; the dotted line position shown in Fig. 2. The connections between the conduits; existing for thedotted line nq ie Q themtqr- Q ...S' dly.alve.:taking placeajte'r the;

vanes 49 pass the openings into the valve casing 50 leading from the conduits 19 and 27. When this occurs the valve 20 connects the conduit 27 with the conduit 13 and the conduit 19 with the conduit 21 and thus with the conduit 14. The pump then operates to withdraw operating fluid from the operating chamber 33, returning it to the reservoir or tank 17. This continues until the vanes 49 pass the openings leading from the conduits 21 and 13. into the valve casing 50, whereupon the same connections, between the pump and the reservoir and operating fluid chamber 33, are restored, as shown for the full line position of the rotor in Fig. 2.

It will be thus obvious that alternately the pump 11 supplies operating fluid to the chamber 33 and withdraws operating fluid therefrom. It will also be noted that when the operating fluid is being withdrawn from the operating chamber 33 this takes place at a comparatively rapid rate, because not only is the operating fluid withdrawn through the conduit 39 and valve 40, but also through the by-pass conduit 42 and check valve conduit 43. The direction of flow for the dotted position of the rotor vanes 49 is shown by the dotted arrows appearing in Fig. 2. It will thus be apparent that the diaphragm 31 will be moved alternately toward and away from the wall 28 of the diaphragm pump, thus alternately decreasing and increasing the size of the pumping chamber 32 and thus causing flow of the liquid that is to be fed to a suitable body of liquid under pressure through the conduits 34 and 35 in the direction indicated by the arrows appearing in Fig. 2.

Instead of providing the check valves 36 and 37 for controlling the flow of the material being pumped through the conduits 34 and 35 the means for obtaining unidirectional flow through said conduits shown in Figs. 3 and 4 may be provided. In said figure the conduits leading to the valve 29 and to the diaphragm pump operating fluid chamber 33 are of the same character and similarly arranged to those described in connection with Figs. 1 and 2 and function in the same manner, the same reference numerals being applied to the corresponding parts in Figs; 3 and 4 as in Figs. 1 and 2. However, in order to provide suitable means for controlling the flow of liquid being pumped, a slight variation in the pipe connections is necessary, as the valve means for controlling the unidirectional flow of the material being pumped is diaphragm operated and the diaphragm means for operating said valvesis responsive to the pressure of the operating liquid in the operating fluid chamber of the diaphragm pump.

The pumping chamber 32 shown in Fig. 4 has the conduits 34 and 35' connected therewith in a similar manner to the conduits 34- and 35, previously described in connection with Figs. 1 and 2, and the valve means serves to provide unidirectional flow in the same direction as in Figs. 1 and 2. Said valve means comprises a valve 54 interposed in the conduit 34 and a valve 55 interposed in the conduit 35.

Each of said valves 54 and 55 is provided with a flexible diaphragrm 56, which is adapted to engage with a raised seat 57 to close off the passage through the valve. Each of the valves is also provided with a valve stem 58, which is provided with a head 59 that engages the flexible member 56 to move it into closing position. The valve 54 is provided with a suitable abutment 60 on the valve stem 58 between which and the valve casing a coil compression spring 61 is mounted, the valve stems 58 being slidable through suitable openings provided in the valve casings. The valve stem 58 of the valve 55 is provided with an abutment 62, between which and the housing portion 63 of a diaphragm chamber the compression coil spring 64 is mounted. The springs in actual practice are mounted within suitable tubular housings 65, the showing in. Fig. 4 being diagrammatic. Cooperating with the housing portion 63 is a housing portion 66, said housing portions 63 and 66 being flanged to clamp a flexivie through the housing portion 69 ofanother diaphragm chamber having the housing portion 70 cooperating therewithto clamp a diaphragm 71 therebetween. The valve stem 58 of the valve 54 is secured to the diaphragm 71 at 72 in any suitable manner so. as to move therewith.. I r

y W he diaphragm 67 divides the diaphragm-chamber in to a chamber 73 and a' chamber 74, the chamber 74 having an outlet 75 open to the atmosphere, while a conduit 76 connects with the chamber 73 in a suitable manner. The

diaphragm -71'similarly divides the diaphragm chamber having thewall-portio ns 69 and.70 into a chamber 77 and a chamber 78, said chamber :78 having an outlet connection 79 open to the atmosphere, and the chamber 77 having a conduit 80 openingin'to the same. The con- 76 and 80 are connected with the conduit 27 through a-' suitable;conduit means 81, as. shown diagrammaticaly in Fig; 4. The actual pipe connections for accomp lis hing this can be as shown in Fig. 3, in which a T .82 isfprovided connected ap'ipe 83 extending from the T 46 and having connected therewith the pipe 8 1, which is theconduit portion 81 shown in Fig. 4. Said conduitportion 81 is connected with the conduit 76 and conduit 80 by means of a 'T, said conduit 76 being madef up of a number of pipe fittings and pipes, as will be obvious from Fig. 3. V Referring to Fig. 4, it will benoted that the conduits 76 and 80'are connected with the chamber 33 through theconduit27, the valve, 40 andthe conduits 39 and 38, as, well as through-the by-pass 42 and the check valve Accordingly the diaphragms 67 and 71 will be responsive to the pressure in the chamber 33. As the pressure in the chamber 33 increases due to the position of, ,the'valve- 20, previously described, connecting the chamber 33 w'iththe discharge side of the pump or circnlating means for' the operating fluid, thediaphragm chambers 73 and 77 will be supplied with the operating flui d nnder acorresponding pressure and the-diaphragms 6,7 and 71 will be moved to the full line positions shown in FigE4 against-theyaction of the springs 61 and 64, air in the chamber 67 and in thechamber 78 beingdischarged throughuthevoutlets} 75 and 79., Upon, the valve 20 'as siumi n g its. alternativevposition which will cause flow,

of thef operating fluid out of the chamber 33 in the direction indicated by the dotted arrowsin Figs. 4, the

. operating fluid be withdrawn from the valve operating diaphragm chambers-73 and 77 ,and the springs 64 and-:61, will move the di ap'hragms67 and 71toward the i dottedline position shown in Fig. 4. I

It willbe obviousthat whenvthe diaphragm 31 is being movedin a position to decrease the size of the pump-. ing chamber" 32, the operating fluid moving in the direc-v tiou: oflitheffull line arrow shown in' Fig. 4 will cause the valve 54 tojbefclosed and thevalve 55 to be opened, and

' that when reversemovement of the' diaphragm 31 begins-the drop in the pressure of the operating fluid will. eaujsetheisprings 61 andu 64 to 'open the valve 54 and close 'the:- valve 55, permitting the liquidto be pumped to, enter through the conduit. 34' and PIeventing any reverse flow through :the conduit 35' beyond the valve 55,; I i p llnsteadiof providing a rotating valve means such as shownin Figs. 1 and 2, adiaphragm' actuated solenoid operated valve,havinggalternative positions may be prond are" connected with the various apparatus /i s n lmia iere scr d n a F s-i .1 1 4 Panda: 3.93s P de t a l 4 Re ea s Pre u l described, w le .as shown in Fig. 5.- The conduits 13, 21, 19 27,,

sispso the conduit 42 is provided with a check valve 43 for the same purpose aspreviouslyvdescribed. The. conduit Q34 and the conduit 35 arealso provided for'the same purpose as in the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2; and have check valves 36 and 37 for thesame purpose asprevious-f lydescribed. The'diaphra gm chamber is made up of wall portions 28'and29 that are flanged at 30' to clamp the diaphragm. 31 therebetween, said diaphragm 31' corresponding to the diaphragm 31 previously described, and dividing'the diaphragm. chamberinto an operating liquid chamber33" and a pumping chamber 32 corre-v sponding to the/chambers 33 and 32 previously described, and sirnilarly connected with theconduits 34, 35 vand 38.

Suitable meansis associated with the diaphragm cham her for controlling-the position of a valve to be described below, said meansrcomprising suitable plungers 8 4 and 85, which are slidably mounted in suitable'openings in the housing portions 28- and 29f, as shown in Fig. Slof' the drawings Said plungers may have, suitable mushroom heads 86 with which the diaphragm 31' engages; The housing portions 28' and 29 have sleeve-like pro jections 87 thereon concentric with'the openings through I which the plungers extend, Cooperating therewith are the packing glands 88 to provide a liquid tight seal around'said plungers by means of the packing material 89. The outer endsof the rods each have a rounded threaded end 90 thereon, suitable stop nuts 91 being proj vided foradjustment on the threaded portions of said plungers and these are held in adjusted position by lock nuts 92; The wall p0rtions .28' and 29' are preferably providedwith conical recesses 97 and plunger heads v86.

Cooperating-with the plunger 84 is a switching member 102, and cooperating with the plunger-85 is a switching member 103. The switching member 102 is normally urged or biased toward the dotted line position thereof shownin Fig. 5., by the coil spring 93 secured at one end to the member 102 and at the other end to the wall 28" by a securing element 94, while the switching member 103.is normallyur'ged, orrbiased toward the full line f position thereof shown in Fig. 5 this being accomplished by-the ;coil spring 95 secured at one end to :the switching element 103 and at theother end to the wall 29 by v the securing element 96. The-switching elements- 102 and 103 serve t9},control"suitable electrically operated valve means, thevalve means shown in Fig. 5 being by wayof example, being shown as being a solenoid-valve. Saidvalve means. comprisesv a valve casing'1 04, which V has ,avalve chamber ]1'05therein, in which the' valve which opens. into the same through an inlet 112, the

inlet 1 14.

members 106-and 107 are slidably mounted, said valve members being mounted on a common stem 108 to move in unison. The conduit 21 enters the valve Teasing 104 at 109 and passages 110, and 111 extend from the inlet.

10 9 to opposite ends of the valve chamber 105. Also" extending into the valve chamber is the conduit 19,

conduit 13, which enters. through an'inlet 113 and the conduit27,

Suitable windings 115 and 116 are provided for valve, with which the cores 117 and 118.cooperate to move the-va1ve assembly in opposite directions, Aconductor 119 extends fromlthe line .wire 120 and a con- "ductor .121 extends 'from the conductor 119 to one end of the winding 115, the other end of the winding 115 being connected through a conductor 122 with a stationary contact 123, with which .theswitching member 103 is adapted to engage, ,a conductor 124 extending from said switching member to a conductor 125 connected with the line wire 126. A conductor 127 extends from thersta tionary contact 128 with which the switching member 102 is adapted to engage to one'end-of the winding 116,

: the other end of the winding 116' being connected with thelconductor 1 19 and thus with the line wire 120'through 98 to receive the which enters the valve chamber through an 7 V r. switching element 102 to the eonductor 1 25 and is thus connected with theline wire 12 6. i

It- Will accordingly bejobvious that when the diaphragm 31"is in the position shown in Fig. the plunger 84 will have moved into such a position as to cause the switching element 102 to engage with the contact 128', thus closing the circuit energizing the winding 116,. said circuit being from .the line conductor 126 through the conductors 125 and 130, switching element 102, conductor 121 winding 116, conductor 129 and conductor 119 to the line wire 120. This will cause the solenoid valve members 106 and 107 to be moved to the left from the position shown in Fig. 5, the position of the parts being that just before movement of the valve has taken place under the action of the solenoid 116. In the position shown in Fig. 5 the valve means connects the conduits 19 and-13 and the conduits 27 and 21 corresponding to the full line position of the rotary valve shown in Fig. 2. However, when the circuit is closed toenergize the winding- 116 the valve means moves to the left so that the valve member 106 is in engagement with the left end wall of the valve casing, as shown in Fig. 5, whereupon the passage 110 will be closed and the passage 111 will be opened and the valve member 106 will be out of a blocking position between the inlets 113 and 114, while the valve member 107 will be interposed between the inlets 112 and 113. Thus the conduits 21 and 19 will thereupon be connected by the valve member 104 and the conduits 13 and 27 will be connected, the position of the valve then corresponding to the dotted position of the rotary valve shown in Fig. 2. The flow t l 1en will be in the direction, of the, dotted arrows in Fig. 5. However, when the movement of the diaphragm 31 toward the wall 29' is sufficient for the switching member 103 to engage the contact 123, the winding 115 will be energized, the circuit being completed from the line wire 126 through the conductors 125, 124, switching element 103, contact 123, winding 115, conductor 121 and conductor 119 to the line wire 120. The switching elements 102 and 103 are provided with the stop lugs or dead contacts 131 and 132 toward which the same are biased. Accordingly when the valve 104 has moved to the alternative position to that shown in Fig. 5, due tovenergization of the solenoid 116 and the diaphragm 31' moves toward the dotted line position thereof shown in Fig. 5, the switching member 102 moves toward its dotted line position and into engagement with the dead contact 131. The circuit to both solenoids re-, mains open until the switching element 103 is moved into contact with the stationary contact 123 to close the circuit to the winding 115. The circuit to the winding 115 will again be opened after the diaphragm moves away from the wall 29, upon engagement of the switching element with the dead contact 132. The circuit to both solenoids will then remain open again until the diaphragm again reaches the position shown in full lines in Fig. 5, whereupon the winding 116 will again be energized. Thus the windings 115 and 116 will be alternately energized to alternately move the valve 104 from the, one to the other position thereof.

What I claim is:

1. Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit means connected with said pumping chamber having means determining unidirectional flow therein, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating fluid chamber comprising circulating means for said fluid, valve means controlling flow between said circulating means and said operating fluid chamber, said valve means comprising a valve member having anoperating fluid supplying position and an operating fluidwithdrawing position, means for alternately moving said valve member into eachof said positions, and conduitmeans, between said valve means and said operating fluid chamber having an adjustable valve between said valve means andsaid operating fluid chamber and a bypass aroundisaid valve having a check valve therein opening in a direction away from said fluid operating chamber.

2. Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit means connected with said pumping chamber having means determining unidirectional flow therein, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating fluid chamber comprising circulating means for said fluid, valve means controlling flow between said circulating means and said operating fluid chamber, said valve means comprising a valve member having an operating fluid supplying position and an operating fluid withdrawing position, means for alternately moving said valve member into each of said positions, and means between said operating fluid chamber and said valve means providing more rapid discharge of fluid from than supply to said operating chamber, comprising a conduit between said valve means and operating chamber having a valve therein and a by-pass around said valve having means therein determining unidirectional flow through said by-pass in a direction away from said operating chamber.

3. Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit meansconnected with said pumping chamber having means determining unidirectional flow therein, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating fluid chamber comprising circulating means for said fluid, valve means controlling flow between said circulating means and said operating fluid chamber, said valve means comprising a valve member having an operating fluid supplying position and an operating fluid withdrawing position, means for alternately moving said valve member into. said supplying and withdrawing positions, and conduit means between said valve means and said operating fluid chamber having an adjustable valve therein controlling flow of fluid toward said operating fluid chamber and a bypass around said valve having means therein determining unidirectional flow of fluid in. said by-pass away from said operating fluid chamber.

7 4, Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit means connected with said pumping chamber, fluid, pressure controlled valves therein determining unidirectional flow in said conduit means, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating chamber comprising operating fluid circulating means, an operating fluid reservoir .connected therewith, conduit means connecting said operating chamber with said circulating means and valve means in said operating fluid conduit means between said circulating means and said operating chamber, said last mentioned valve means comprising a valve member having an operating fluid supplying position and an operating fluid withdrawing position, and means for alternately moving said last mentioned valve member into supplying and withdrawing positions, said fluid pressure controlled valves being con nected with said operating fluid conduit means between said valve member having said supplying and withdrawing positions and said operating chamber.

5. Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit means connected with said, pumping chamber, fluid pressure controlled dia phragm actuated valves determining unidirectional flow fluid conduit means between said circulating means and,

said operating chamber, valve means therein between said circulating means and said operating chamber and between said circulating means and said valve operating fluid conduits controlling flow between said circulating means and said operating chamber and said valve optherein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber,.conduit means connected with said pumping chamber having means determining unidirectional flow therein comprising inlet and outlet valves in said conduit means, diaphragm means controlling the position of said inlet and outlet valves, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating chamber comprising circulating means for said fluid, operating fluid conduit means between said circulating means and said operating chamber, valve means in said operating conduit means controlling flow between said circulating means and said operating chamber, said last mentioned valve means comprising a valve member having an operating fluid supplying position and an operating fluid withdrawing position, and means for alternately moving said valve member into said supplying and withdrawing positions, said' means for controlling the position of said inlet and outlet valves being connected with said operating fluid conduit means between said operating chamber and said valve means 1 a controlling flow between said operating chamber and said circulating means.-

7. Pumping apparatus of the character described comprising walls forming a diaphragm chamber, a diaphragm therein dividing said chamber into a pumping chamber and an operating chamber, conduit means connected with said pumping chamber having means determining unidirectional flow therein, and means for supplying operating fluid to and withdrawing operating fluid from said operating chamber, comprising a rotary pump, means for supplying operating fluid to said pump, operating fluid conduit means connecting said pump and operating chamber, a valve in said operating fluid conduit means between said pump and said operating chamber, a movable valve member in said valve having alternate positions in one of which said operating chamber is connected with the outlet of said pump and in the other of which said operating chamber is connected with the inlet of said pump, electrical actuating means for saidvalve member, means for energizing said actuating means to move said valve member alternately into a position to connect said operating chamber with the inlet and with the outlet of said pump, comprising an operating circuit having diaphragm actuated contact members therein controlling the condition of said circuit, and an adjustable valve in said operating fluid conduit means controlling flow of operating fluid to said operating chamber.

References Cited in the file of this patent

US2843050A 1954-02-15 1954-02-15 Diaphragm sludge or chemical pump Expired - Lifetime US2843050A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048121A (en) * 1960-04-14 1962-08-07 John M Sheesley Hydraulic actuated pump
US3101058A (en) * 1961-06-16 1963-08-20 Jr William H Carr Diaphragm pumping system
US3198171A (en) * 1964-06-30 1965-08-03 James A Westphal Artificial habitat and method for the growth and study of deep sea marine organisms
US3256825A (en) * 1964-09-04 1966-06-21 Alexander S Limpert Slurry pump
US3286840A (en) * 1964-01-08 1966-11-22 Culligan Inc Pulsating fluid pump
US3368495A (en) * 1966-02-07 1968-02-13 Tillotson Mfg Co Fuel feed system and fuel pump
US3386388A (en) * 1966-06-22 1968-06-04 Rosenberg David Hydraulically actuated pump
US3653784A (en) * 1969-06-18 1972-04-04 Audi Ag Proportionating feed pump
US3994626A (en) * 1971-09-20 1976-11-30 Stock Equipment Company Pump apparatus
US4065230A (en) * 1975-01-17 1977-12-27 Hart Associates, Inc. Reciprocating infusion pump and directional adapter set for use therewith
US4181615A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-01-01 Hans Wilms Filter apparatus
FR2480395A1 (en) * 1979-12-13 1981-10-16 Krueger Wallace viscous material transfer circuit equipped ASSISTED of check valves
US4439112A (en) * 1977-09-09 1984-03-27 Hk-Engineering Ab Method and apparatus for pumping viscous and/or abrasive fluids
US4634351A (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-01-06 General Electric Company Diaphragm pump
US4828464A (en) * 1987-02-27 1989-05-09 J. Wagner Gmbh Diaphragm pump device
EP0627555A1 (en) * 1993-04-16 1994-12-07 Enea Ente Per Le Nuove Tecnologie, L'energia E L'ambiente Device for pumping by a diaphragm pump operated by a hydraulic circuit
US6382923B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2002-05-07 Deka Products Ltd. Partnership Pump chamber having at least one spacer for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US20070258837A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2007-11-08 Katsuya Okumura Pump Unit for Supplying Chemical Liquids
US20080089794A1 (en) * 2004-11-01 2008-04-17 Octec Inc. Pump for Supplying Chemical Liquids
US20100296953A1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2010-11-25 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump chamber configured to contain a residual fluid volume for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US9358332B2 (en) 2008-01-23 2016-06-07 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette and methods for use in medical treatment system using a plurality of fluid lines

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US2151057A (en) * 1936-10-07 1939-03-21 Suth Jack Well drilling machine
US2260306A (en) * 1938-04-16 1941-10-28 Sullivan Machinery Co Pump
US2308974A (en) * 1939-11-01 1943-01-19 Lyndus E Harper Positive displacement pump
US2321423A (en) * 1940-03-11 1943-06-08 Henry T Rogers Fluid motor
GB681139A (en) * 1950-02-22 1952-10-15 Maurice Monoyer An improved hydraulic drive
US2653552A (en) * 1951-08-15 1953-09-29 Geeraert Corp High-pressure pump

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US491116A (en) * 1893-02-07 System and device for elevating water by pneumatic pressured
US2151057A (en) * 1936-10-07 1939-03-21 Suth Jack Well drilling machine
US2260306A (en) * 1938-04-16 1941-10-28 Sullivan Machinery Co Pump
US2308974A (en) * 1939-11-01 1943-01-19 Lyndus E Harper Positive displacement pump
US2321423A (en) * 1940-03-11 1943-06-08 Henry T Rogers Fluid motor
GB681139A (en) * 1950-02-22 1952-10-15 Maurice Monoyer An improved hydraulic drive
US2653552A (en) * 1951-08-15 1953-09-29 Geeraert Corp High-pressure pump

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048121A (en) * 1960-04-14 1962-08-07 John M Sheesley Hydraulic actuated pump
US3101058A (en) * 1961-06-16 1963-08-20 Jr William H Carr Diaphragm pumping system
US3286840A (en) * 1964-01-08 1966-11-22 Culligan Inc Pulsating fluid pump
US3198171A (en) * 1964-06-30 1965-08-03 James A Westphal Artificial habitat and method for the growth and study of deep sea marine organisms
US3256825A (en) * 1964-09-04 1966-06-21 Alexander S Limpert Slurry pump
US3368495A (en) * 1966-02-07 1968-02-13 Tillotson Mfg Co Fuel feed system and fuel pump
US3386388A (en) * 1966-06-22 1968-06-04 Rosenberg David Hydraulically actuated pump
US3653784A (en) * 1969-06-18 1972-04-04 Audi Ag Proportionating feed pump
US3994626A (en) * 1971-09-20 1976-11-30 Stock Equipment Company Pump apparatus
US4065230A (en) * 1975-01-17 1977-12-27 Hart Associates, Inc. Reciprocating infusion pump and directional adapter set for use therewith
US4439112A (en) * 1977-09-09 1984-03-27 Hk-Engineering Ab Method and apparatus for pumping viscous and/or abrasive fluids
US4181615A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-01-01 Hans Wilms Filter apparatus
FR2480395A1 (en) * 1979-12-13 1981-10-16 Krueger Wallace viscous material transfer circuit equipped ASSISTED of check valves
US4339233A (en) * 1979-12-13 1982-07-13 Krueger Wallace F Power-assisted valve
US4634351A (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-01-06 General Electric Company Diaphragm pump
US4828464A (en) * 1987-02-27 1989-05-09 J. Wagner Gmbh Diaphragm pump device
EP0627555A1 (en) * 1993-04-16 1994-12-07 Enea Ente Per Le Nuove Tecnologie, L'energia E L'ambiente Device for pumping by a diaphragm pump operated by a hydraulic circuit
US9039395B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2015-05-26 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, method, and apparatus for utilizing a pumping cassette
US6382923B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2002-05-07 Deka Products Ltd. Partnership Pump chamber having at least one spacer for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US9494151B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2016-11-15 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, method, and apparatus for utilizing a pumping cassette
US9494150B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2016-11-15 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump chamber configured to contain a residual fluid volume for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US20100296953A1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2010-11-25 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump chamber configured to contain a residual fluid volume for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US9488167B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2016-11-08 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, method, and apparatus for utilizing a pumping cassette
US8556225B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2013-10-15 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump chamber configured to contain a residual fluid volume for inhibiting the pumping of a gas
US9593678B2 (en) 1999-07-20 2017-03-14 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, method, and apparatus for utilizing a pumping cassette
US20070258837A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2007-11-08 Katsuya Okumura Pump Unit for Supplying Chemical Liquids
US7942647B2 (en) * 2004-11-01 2011-05-17 Octec Inc. Pump for supplying chemical liquids
US20080089794A1 (en) * 2004-11-01 2008-04-17 Octec Inc. Pump for Supplying Chemical Liquids
US9358332B2 (en) 2008-01-23 2016-06-07 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette and methods for use in medical treatment system using a plurality of fluid lines

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