US2837090A - Universal aviators oxygen breathing mask - Google Patents

Universal aviators oxygen breathing mask Download PDF

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Publication number
US2837090A
US2837090A US520388A US52038855A US2837090A US 2837090 A US2837090 A US 2837090A US 520388 A US520388 A US 520388A US 52038855 A US52038855 A US 52038855A US 2837090 A US2837090 A US 2837090A
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body member
edge
mask
face
piece
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Expired - Lifetime
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US520388A
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Bloom Aaron
Edward L Michel
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Bloom Aaron
Edward L Michel
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/02Masks
    • A62B18/025Halfmasks

Description

June -3, 1958 A. BLOOM ETAL- UNIVERSAL AVIATORS OXYGEN BREATHING MASK Filed July 6, 1955 INVENTOR. 64?

United States Patent ce UNIVERSAL AVIATOVIRS OXYGEN BREATHING a ASK 7 The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

The present invention relates to an improved oxygen breathing mask.

The various types of breathing masks generally available have been found to be bulky, cumbersome, and uncomfortable on a wearers face. Usually a molded rubber face piece of considerable extent is provided for fitting various facial configurations. In practice, prior art masks require considerabletensioning in order to provide a leak proof seal. This condition induces pressure points on the face such that after prolonged use extreme discomfort is evidenced. Further, in applying suspension members to prior art devices, the nature of distorting rubber makes it impossible to predict the distribution of the suspension forces to the sealing surface thereby inducing an improper seal.

Accordingly, it is a primary object of the instant invention to provide a more comfortable oxygen breathing mask for prolonged periods of use.

Another object of this invention is to provide a mask which is suitable for universal sizing.

A further object of this invention is to provide a mask having improved visibility characteristics.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a simplified, light, inexpensive mask.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein:

Figure l is an illustration in perspective of the mask, and

Figure 2 is a sectional view of the mask.

As viewed in the drawing, the mask is constructed of a rigid plastic body member 1. The lower central portion 2 of body member 1 is substantially flat for the reception of a valve piece 3. The remaining portion 4 of body member 1 is generally frustro conical in shape; however, the upper forward surface 5 of said remaining portion 4 has a relatively small radius in order to accommodate the nose of the wearer. Truncated edge 6 of the remaining portion merges with the integrally formed lower central fiat portion 2. Base edge 7 of the remaining portion is shaped in accordance with the current anthropometric dimensions of the 90 percentile man. Rigid body member 1 is formed as a single size for all subjects.

A sized face piece 8 is provided to suit the individual. Face piece laminate 8 is molded from a unicellular sponge material. One edge 9 of face piece 8 is shaped in accordance with the anthropometric data of variations from the 90 percentile. In practice, edge 9 is formed in approximately twenty difierent sizes. Each individual may select the face piece which most nearly fits his face. Or, if desired, a custom made face piece 8 may be manuface piece 8 is formed in-accordance with the anthropometric dimensions of the percentile man. Edge portion 10 matches edge 7 of body member 1, and is attached thereto by a suitable adhesive. It is to be appreciated that'the size of face piece 8 is relatively thin and small ascompared with those of prior art devices. This decrease in size is achieved because rigid portion 4 is formed in accordance with the current anthropometric dimensions of the 90 percentile.

A combination inhalation exhalation valve 11 is fixed to body member 1. As viewed in Figure l, rigid support projections 12 and 13 extend from valve piece 11. Flexible support members 14 and 15 are connected to projection 12 and 13, respectively for supporting the mask on the face of an individual.

As Worn, the upper portion of the mask face piece seal will contact approximately the middle of the wearers nose, the face piece will curve gently into sealing contact with the wearers cheeks, and the lower portion of the mask will be approximately centrally located between the chin andlips of the wearer.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It. is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

l. A mask comprising a relatively rigid molded plastic body member, the lower central portion of said body member being substantially flat for the reception of a valve piece and the remaining portion of said body member partaking the general curved shape of a truncated cone having a truncated edge and a base edge, the truncated edge being generally flat so as to merge with the integrally formed lower central flat portion, a sized relatively flexible face piece having first and second edge portions, said first edge portion of said face piece being attached to the base edge of said body member by an adhesive, said second edge portion of said face piece being sized to fit the face of a particular individual, a valve piece fixed to said fiat lower central portion of said body member, two rigid support projections fixed to said valve memher, and flexible support and tensioning members fixed to each of said projections for supporting said mask on the individuals face.

2. A mask comprising a relatively rigid molded plastic body member, the lower central portion of said body member being substantially flat for the reception of a valve piece and the remaining portion of said body member partaking the general curved shape of a truncated cone having a truncated edge and a base edge, a sized relatively flexible face piece having edge portions thereon, one said edge portion of said face piece being attached to the base edge of said body member by an adhesive, another edge portion of said face piece being sized to fit the face of a particular individual, a valve piece fixed to said flat lower central portion of said body member, and two rigid support projections fixed to said valve member.

3. A mask comprising a relatively rigid molded plastic body member, the lower central portion of said body member being substantially flat for the reception of a valve piece and the remaining portion of said body member partaking the general curved shape of a truncated cone having a truncated edge and a base edge, a sized relatively flexible face piece provided with a plurality of edge portions, one edge portion of said face piece being attached to the base edge of said body member by an adhesive, another edge portion of said face piece being sized to fit the face of a particular individual, a valve piece fixed to said flat lower central portion of said body member, two rigid support projections fixed to said valve 3 member, and flexible support and tensioning members fixed to each of said projections for supporting said mask on the individuals face. i.

4. A mask comprising a relatively rigid molded plastic body member, the lower central portion of said body member being substantially flat for the reception of a valve piece and the remaining portion of said body member partaking the general curved shape of a-truncated cone having a truncated edge and a base edge, a sized relatively flexible face piece having edge portions thereon, one said edge portion of said face piece being attached 5 two rigid support projections fixed to said valve member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Bierman f July 6, 1948 2,540,567 Bennett Feb. 6, 1951

US520388A 1955-07-06 1955-07-06 Universal aviators oxygen breathing mask Expired - Lifetime US2837090A (en)

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Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3262447A (en) * 1961-12-01 1966-07-26 Edward P Burke Respirator for laryngectomies
US4624656A (en) * 1983-07-25 1986-11-25 Hospitak, Inc. Hyperbaric gas treatment device
US4677977A (en) * 1984-08-03 1987-07-07 Gentex Corporation Mask for pressure breathing
US4960121A (en) * 1987-03-18 1990-10-02 Figgie International, Inc. Half-face mask assembly
US5647357A (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-07-15 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory mask facial seal
US5662101A (en) * 1995-12-07 1997-09-02 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory facial mask
US5676133A (en) * 1995-06-14 1997-10-14 Apotheus Laboratories, Inc. Expiratory scavenging method and apparatus and oxygen control system for post anesthesia care patients
US6019101A (en) * 1996-10-31 2000-02-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nasal air mask
EP1163924A2 (en) * 2000-06-14 2001-12-19 Fisher & Paykel Limited A nasal mask
US6397847B1 (en) 1995-09-08 2002-06-04 Respironics, Inc. Customizable seal, mask with customizable seal and method of using such a seal
US6412485B1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2002-07-02 Carl J. Saieva Surface breathing vent for breathing apparatus
US6467483B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2002-10-22 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory mask
US20030047185A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 Olsen Gregory James Breathing assistance apparatus
US6631718B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2003-10-14 Sleepnet Corporation Air mask with seal
US20030196655A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-10-23 Ging Anthony M. Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly
US20030196658A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-10-23 Ging Anthony M. Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame
US20040025882A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2004-02-12 Stefan Madaus Holding device for a respiratory mask
US20040035428A1 (en) * 2000-06-14 2004-02-26 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US6701926B2 (en) 2000-06-14 2004-03-09 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US20050028820A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2005-02-10 Smith Nicholas Charles Alan Nasal masks
US20050098183A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2005-05-12 John Nash Face masks
US20050199241A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2005-09-15 Resmed Limited Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly
US20050199246A1 (en) * 2003-06-30 2005-09-15 Simon Frank Medical device for overcoming airway obstruction
US20060137690A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2006-06-29 Gunaratnam Michael K Nasal assembly
US20060213521A1 (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-09-28 Ric Investments, Llc. Headgear assembly for a respiratory support system
US7210481B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US20090101141A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2009-04-23 Resmed Limited Respiratory Mask Assembly with Magnetic Coupling to Headgear Assembly
US20090126739A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2009-05-21 Resmed Limited Interchangeable Mask Assembly
US20090277452A1 (en) * 2005-06-06 2009-11-12 Steven John Lubke Mask System
US8371301B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2013-02-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US8402972B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2013-03-26 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US8479738B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2013-07-09 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US8505535B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2013-08-13 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522784B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-03 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8550083B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US9539403B2 (en) 2009-08-26 2017-01-10 Resmed Limited Mask system
US10137273B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2018-11-27 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interfaces

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2444417A (en) * 1945-02-27 1948-07-06 Howard R Bierman Oxygen mask
US2540567A (en) * 1948-05-03 1951-02-06 Bennett V Ray Respiratory facial mask

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2444417A (en) * 1945-02-27 1948-07-06 Howard R Bierman Oxygen mask
US2540567A (en) * 1948-05-03 1951-02-06 Bennett V Ray Respiratory facial mask

Cited By (135)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3262447A (en) * 1961-12-01 1966-07-26 Edward P Burke Respirator for laryngectomies
US4624656A (en) * 1983-07-25 1986-11-25 Hospitak, Inc. Hyperbaric gas treatment device
US4677977A (en) * 1984-08-03 1987-07-07 Gentex Corporation Mask for pressure breathing
US4960121A (en) * 1987-03-18 1990-10-02 Figgie International, Inc. Half-face mask assembly
US5676133A (en) * 1995-06-14 1997-10-14 Apotheus Laboratories, Inc. Expiratory scavenging method and apparatus and oxygen control system for post anesthesia care patients
US5647357A (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-07-15 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory mask facial seal
US20110088698A1 (en) * 1995-09-08 2011-04-21 Ric Investments, Llc Patient contacting seal and mask using same
US20060076018A1 (en) * 1995-09-08 2006-04-13 Respironics, Inc. Patient contacting seal and mask using same
US5884624A (en) * 1995-09-08 1999-03-23 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory mask facial seal
US20020100479A1 (en) * 1995-09-08 2002-08-01 Respironics, Inc. Customizable seal, mask with customizable seal and method of using such a seal
US6397847B1 (en) 1995-09-08 2002-06-04 Respironics, Inc. Customizable seal, mask with customizable seal and method of using such a seal
US6895965B2 (en) 1995-09-08 2005-05-24 Respironics, Inc. Customizable seal, mask with customizable seal and method of using such a seal
US7870859B2 (en) 1995-09-08 2011-01-18 Ric Investments, Llc Patient contacting seal and mask using same
US8485190B2 (en) 1995-09-08 2013-07-16 Ric Investments, Llc Patient contacting seal and mask using same
US5662101A (en) * 1995-12-07 1997-09-02 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory facial mask
US6019101A (en) * 1996-10-31 2000-02-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nasal air mask
US6412485B1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2002-07-02 Carl J. Saieva Surface breathing vent for breathing apparatus
US7210481B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US7219669B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-22 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US6631718B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2003-10-14 Sleepnet Corporation Air mask with seal
US7665464B2 (en) * 1999-07-28 2010-02-23 Ric Investments, Llc Respiratory mask
US6467483B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2002-10-22 Respironics, Inc. Respiratory mask
US6701926B2 (en) 2000-06-14 2004-03-09 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
EP1905475A3 (en) * 2000-06-14 2008-04-16 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited A nasal mask
US6789541B2 (en) 2000-06-14 2004-09-14 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
EP1163924A3 (en) * 2000-06-14 2002-06-19 Fisher & Paykel Limited A nasal mask
EP1163924A2 (en) * 2000-06-14 2001-12-19 Fisher & Paykel Limited A nasal mask
US7017576B2 (en) 2000-06-14 2006-03-28 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US20040035428A1 (en) * 2000-06-14 2004-02-26 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US7562658B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2009-07-21 Map Medizin Technologie Gmbh Holding device for a respiratory mask
US20040025882A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2004-02-12 Stefan Madaus Holding device for a respiratory mask
US8746250B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2014-06-10 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US9662467B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2017-05-30 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US8371301B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2013-02-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US10195385B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2019-02-05 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US20030047185A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 Olsen Gregory James Breathing assistance apparatus
US7905232B2 (en) 2001-09-13 2011-03-15 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US8479738B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2013-07-09 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9144656B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-09-29 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US10058671B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-08-28 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US10245403B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2019-04-02 RedMed R&D Germany GmbH Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9757534B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2017-09-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9889266B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-02-13 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US7096867B2 (en) 2001-11-05 2006-08-29 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal masks
US20050028820A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2005-02-10 Smith Nicholas Charles Alan Nasal masks
US20060266362A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2006-11-30 Smith Nicholas C A Nasal masks
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US9259549B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2016-02-16 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US8402972B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2013-03-26 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US9802018B2 (en) 2002-04-23 2017-10-31 Resmed Limited Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame
US20090101141A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2009-04-23 Resmed Limited Respiratory Mask Assembly with Magnetic Coupling to Headgear Assembly
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US9757533B2 (en) * 2008-03-04 2017-09-12 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US8528561B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-10 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9119931B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-09-01 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9027556B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-05-12 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8550084B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Mask system
US20140373847A2 (en) * 2008-03-04 2014-12-25 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9539403B2 (en) 2009-08-26 2017-01-10 Resmed Limited Mask system

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