US2833548A - Implement driving device - Google Patents

Implement driving device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2833548A
US2833548A US598950A US59895056A US2833548A US 2833548 A US2833548 A US 2833548A US 598950 A US598950 A US 598950A US 59895056 A US59895056 A US 59895056A US 2833548 A US2833548 A US 2833548A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
bit
socket
holder
driving
annular
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US598950A
Inventor
Frederick G Clark
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WADE STEVENSON
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WADE STEVENSON
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Publication date
Application filed by WADE STEVENSON filed Critical WADE STEVENSON
Priority to US598950A priority Critical patent/US2833548A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2833548A publication Critical patent/US2833548A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/0007Connections or joints between tool parts
    • B25B23/0035Connection means between socket or screwdriver bit and tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10S279/906Self grasping socket
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17957Friction grip

Description

y 6. 1958 F. 6.. CLARK 2,833,548 v IMPLEMENT DRIVING DEVICE Filed July 19. 1956 A INVENTOR.- v

2,833,548 IMPLEMENT DRIVING DEVICE Frederick G. Clark, Buffalo, N. Y., assignor of one-half to. Wade Stevenson This invention relates to an implement driving device such as is used with power driven drivers and hand braces.

In recent years the use of recesed head screws and bolts has grown, The great number of instances and large quantities of recessed head screws and boltswhich are used has led to the Widespreadu'se of electric power drivers as well as to the use of these bits with hand screw drivers and braces. One bit of the type referred to is the well known Phillips bit. The Phillips bit, in the past, has been made of a single piece of a special shock resisting steel treated to have a high degree of toughness and hardness. Despite the use of these bits of'very carefully selected and treated alloys, they tend to wear out rapidly under normal conditions. Theirinitial cost is substantial, because of the special alloys'and' the machine operations necessary in their manufacture. In order to avoid the expense of reconditioning or replacement of the entire assembly, there has been developed a small bit for use with a separate driving part or bit holder. In the twopart construction the actual bit is readily'removable so that insertion of bits of a desired size and configuration will give flexibility between the drive or holder and bit part, in addition to affording economy in replacing the bit when worn.

One of the inherent problems in the two-part bit construction is retaining the bit in the drive part with reasonable security so that it will not be removed in ordinary operations, but which is removable for replacement. One way this has been accomplished in the past is illustrated in the patent to Fischer No. 2,522,217. As illustrated in the Fischer patent the drive part or bit holder is provided with a socket recess having a snap ring therein adapted to engage grooves formed in the shank of a bit.

Use of a snap ring provides the difiiculty of maintain ing a uniform spring tension. In some cases'the ring is so tight that it is diflicult to insert the bit and diflicult to remove it, and in other instances it has just about the right grip on the ring to start the operation, but after a short period of use fails to retain the bit. Also, where a snap ring is employed in the socket of a bit holder, the bit holder is larger in diameter than is necessary if it is eliminated, which, in some instances, results in problems of clearance.

It is, therefore, an object of the invention to provide an implement driving device of such design and construction that the above difficulties are substantially overcome.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a twopart construction in which the actual bit portion may be readily removed and replaced.

It is yet a further object of the invention to provide an implement driving device in which not all the parts need to be replaced when a new hit is substituted.

It is another object of the invention to provide a bit holder which is inexpensively manufactured.

Further objects and advantages of this invention will become evident as the description proceeds and from an examination of the accompanying drawing which illustrates one embodiment of the invention and in which 2,833,548 Patented May 6, 1958 similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is an enlarged view in elevation partly broken away to illustrate the implement driving device embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of the device shown in Fig. l with the bit-removed from the bit holder.

- Fig. 3 is a view in section taken substantially along line 33 of Fig. 1. p

Fig. 4 is a view in section taken substantially along line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Fig. Sis a view in section taken substantially along line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

Referring now to the drawings, the driving implement of the present invention has a bit holder 10 provided with a polygonal driven portion 11 at one end adapted to fit in the chuck of a driving tool such as a brace or power driven machine. An annular portion 12 at the other end is provided with a socket 14 to receive a bit 20.

'The socket 14 in the bit holder is of a polygonal shape in cross section, such as hexagonal, in order to receive the shank 21 of bit 20. As shown, the hexagonal shank 21 is removably received in the socket 14 of the bit holder 10. The bit is provided with driving wings 23 that are tapered and grooved to the dimensions and inclinations to fit the recess of the particular screw or bolt with which it is intended to be used.

The end 29 of bit holder 10 has in tandem arrangement a frictional sleeve 30 encompassing the mouth of the socket 14. The friction sleeve is formed with an opening coincident to the longitudinal axis of socket 14, the inside dimensions of which are somewhat smaller than the socket when the bit is removed. However, the friction sleeve is capable of being deformed to approximately the same dimensions as the shank of the bit when the latter is inserted in the socket. The friction sleeve may have one end engage the end 29 of holder 10. The friction sleeve may be chamfered at 31 to receive the shank of the bit.

The composition of the frictional sleeve is of a suitable material having a high coeflicient of friction with the shank of the bit, usually an organic composition such as a plastic, for example, rubber, neoprene, and the like.

A tubular holder sleeve 34 has a portion 35 adapted to be mounted on the annular portion of bit holder 10 with a portion 36 projecting over the end of the bit holder containing the friction sleeve 30. The outside end of the holder sleeve has a stop 37 which may be formed by bend ing the ends of the holder sleeve inwardly to contain a friction sleeve 30.

The friction sleeve 30 may be cemented in the portion 36 of the holder sleeve. Alternatively it may be molded directly therein.

The friction sleeve is normally maintained only lightly against the end 29 of the holder 10. However, if a greater gripping action is desired on the bit, the only adjustment necessary is to press the sleeve holder slightly farther on the bit holder which will compress the resilient friction sleeve against the end 29 of the holder and tighten the grip on the shank of the bit.

In the drawing and specification there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention, and al though specific terms are employed, these are used in a generic and descriptive sense only, and not for purposes of limitation. Changes in form and the proportion of parts, as well as the substitution of equivalents are contemplated, as circumstances may suggest or render expedient, without departing from the spirit or scope of this invention as further defined in the following claims.

I claim:

1. A driving implement comprising a bit holderformed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section complementary tosaid sockethfor removable reception therein, an annular member of a material having ahi-gh coeificient of friction with the shank of the bit member atrthe end of said bit holder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit is inserted in said socket, and a holder member for said annular member removably mounted on said bit holder.

- 2. A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member :having a ,shank ot-polygonal cross section complementary to said-socket for removable reception therein, an annular member of a plastic material having a high coefficientoftriction with the shank of the bit member at the end of said bitholder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted-when the bit is inserted in said socket, and aholdermember rforsaid annular member remova'bly mounted on said bit holder.

- 3. 'A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed atsone end 'for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal crosssection, said socket portion adapted-to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section com- 'plem'entary to said socket for removable reception therein, an annular member of a material having a high coefficient of friction with the shank of said bit member at the end of said bit holder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit is inserted in said socket, and a holder member in the form of a tubular annular member for said sleeve removably mounted on said bit holder. 7, l V

4. A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section complementary to said socket for removable reception therein, an annular friction member mounted at the end of said socket portion zof polygonal cross section for trictionally engaging the shank of the bit member, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socketwhen th: bill is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit ;is inserted in said socket, and a holder member removably mounted on said bit holder with a portion extending over the end of said bit holder containing said friction annular member.

Referencesicited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,366,778 Feichter Jan. 9, 1945 2,484,027 Hafiey L. Oct. 11, 1949 2,522;2l7 Fischer et a1. Sept. 12, 1950 2,641,478 Sigg June 9, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No, 2,833,548 May 6, 1958 Frederick Ga Clark It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 1, line 17, for "rec'eeed read me recessed column 4, lines 9 and 10, for "annular member" read sleeve line 10, for "sleeve" read annular member e o Signed and sealed this 21st day of October 1958.

XSEAL) ttest:

KARL H, AXLINE ROBERT C. WATSON Attesting Oflicer Commissioner of Patents

US598950A 1956-07-19 1956-07-19 Implement driving device Expired - Lifetime US2833548A (en)

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2917829A (en) * 1958-02-24 1959-12-22 Chayes Dental Instr Corp Drilling instrument
US2931661A (en) * 1958-02-07 1960-04-05 Joseph N Harris Apparatus for cleaning brushes
US2989317A (en) * 1960-04-28 1961-06-20 Staunt Martin Chucks for dental handpieces
US3117797A (en) * 1962-05-02 1964-01-14 Buck Tool Co Expandable or contractible workpiece holder
US3153434A (en) * 1962-01-16 1964-10-20 Shimokawa Kiyoshi Screwdriver with releasable blade
US3288002A (en) * 1963-11-12 1966-11-29 Mankovitz Robert Combination polygonal wrench with adjustably positioned socket and ratchet wrench
US3312260A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-04-04 Arden B Macneill Socket type adapter for torquetransmitting tools
US3356117A (en) * 1964-10-19 1967-12-05 Theodore R Wagner Torque-applying tool device
US3631837A (en) * 1969-11-24 1972-01-04 Owens Illinois Inc Device for masking the closable area of a container during the coating of the container
US3911722A (en) * 1974-07-01 1975-10-14 Barry Levine Device for fastening ornamentation to flexible material
US4127063A (en) * 1975-09-15 1978-11-28 R.D.R. Company Leather marking tool
US4290328A (en) * 1980-02-15 1981-09-22 Vermont American Corp. Ratchet handle
DE3016932A1 (en) * 1980-05-02 1981-11-05 Werner Gmbh & Co Hermann Screwdriver with interchangeable blade
US4509887A (en) * 1980-11-13 1985-04-09 Santrade Ltd. Means for connecting a male part to a female part
US4661009A (en) * 1986-03-12 1987-04-28 Grentek, Inc. Quick change coupling for machine tool arbors and the like
DE3538675A1 (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-05-07 Werner Hermann Wera Werke Screwdriver insert
US5182973A (en) * 1988-10-13 1993-02-02 Martindell J Richard Depth locator apparatus for insert bit holders
US5360304A (en) * 1993-05-11 1994-11-01 Mcgard, Inc. Fastener construction
US20030079581A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-05-01 Fern Beauchamp Combination screw driver & bit holder
US20030079580A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-05-01 Fern Beauchamp Stationary bit holder
US6634261B1 (en) * 2000-11-03 2003-10-21 Wendell Griffin Socket magazine
EP1424166A1 (en) * 2002-11-28 2004-06-02 Ho-Tien Chen Socket bit holder
US6761095B2 (en) * 2000-10-30 2004-07-13 Fern Beauchamp Bit holder
US20060150778A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US20070044602A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2007-03-01 Sk Hand Tool Corporation Drive bit holder and method of manufacturing
US20080217870A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Makita Corporation Bit mounting devices
USD623036S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2010-09-07 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Insert bit
US20110197721A1 (en) * 2008-11-07 2011-08-18 Debaker Joseph M Tool bit
USD711719S1 (en) 2009-11-06 2014-08-26 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US10022845B2 (en) 2014-01-16 2018-07-17 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2366778A (en) * 1942-06-18 1945-01-09 Us Quarry Tile Company Arbor chuck
US2484027A (en) * 1946-04-04 1949-10-11 Bernard A Herren Toolholder
US2522217A (en) * 1946-11-06 1950-09-12 Apex Machine & Tool Company Composite bit device for screw drivers and the like
US2641478A (en) * 1947-10-18 1953-06-09 Joseph A Sigg Screw driver

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2366778A (en) * 1942-06-18 1945-01-09 Us Quarry Tile Company Arbor chuck
US2484027A (en) * 1946-04-04 1949-10-11 Bernard A Herren Toolholder
US2522217A (en) * 1946-11-06 1950-09-12 Apex Machine & Tool Company Composite bit device for screw drivers and the like
US2641478A (en) * 1947-10-18 1953-06-09 Joseph A Sigg Screw driver

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2931661A (en) * 1958-02-07 1960-04-05 Joseph N Harris Apparatus for cleaning brushes
US2917829A (en) * 1958-02-24 1959-12-22 Chayes Dental Instr Corp Drilling instrument
US2989317A (en) * 1960-04-28 1961-06-20 Staunt Martin Chucks for dental handpieces
US3153434A (en) * 1962-01-16 1964-10-20 Shimokawa Kiyoshi Screwdriver with releasable blade
US3117797A (en) * 1962-05-02 1964-01-14 Buck Tool Co Expandable or contractible workpiece holder
US3288002A (en) * 1963-11-12 1966-11-29 Mankovitz Robert Combination polygonal wrench with adjustably positioned socket and ratchet wrench
US3356117A (en) * 1964-10-19 1967-12-05 Theodore R Wagner Torque-applying tool device
US3312260A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-04-04 Arden B Macneill Socket type adapter for torquetransmitting tools
US3631837A (en) * 1969-11-24 1972-01-04 Owens Illinois Inc Device for masking the closable area of a container during the coating of the container
US3911722A (en) * 1974-07-01 1975-10-14 Barry Levine Device for fastening ornamentation to flexible material
US4127063A (en) * 1975-09-15 1978-11-28 R.D.R. Company Leather marking tool
US4290328A (en) * 1980-02-15 1981-09-22 Vermont American Corp. Ratchet handle
DE3016932A1 (en) * 1980-05-02 1981-11-05 Werner Gmbh & Co Hermann Screwdriver with interchangeable blade
US4404874A (en) * 1980-05-02 1983-09-20 Firma Hermann Werner Gmbh & Co. Screwdriver with replaceable blade
US4509887A (en) * 1980-11-13 1985-04-09 Santrade Ltd. Means for connecting a male part to a female part
DE3538675A1 (en) * 1985-10-31 1987-05-07 Werner Hermann Wera Werke Screwdriver insert
US4661009A (en) * 1986-03-12 1987-04-28 Grentek, Inc. Quick change coupling for machine tool arbors and the like
US5182973A (en) * 1988-10-13 1993-02-02 Martindell J Richard Depth locator apparatus for insert bit holders
US5360304A (en) * 1993-05-11 1994-11-01 Mcgard, Inc. Fastener construction
US6761095B2 (en) * 2000-10-30 2004-07-13 Fern Beauchamp Bit holder
US6634261B1 (en) * 2000-11-03 2003-10-21 Wendell Griffin Socket magazine
US20030079580A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-05-01 Fern Beauchamp Stationary bit holder
US20030079581A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-05-01 Fern Beauchamp Combination screw driver & bit holder
US7073417B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2006-07-11 Fern Beauchamp Combination screw driver and bit holder
US6739226B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2004-05-25 Fern Beauchamp Stationary bit holder
EP1424166A1 (en) * 2002-11-28 2004-06-02 Ho-Tien Chen Socket bit holder
US20060150778A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US7243579B2 (en) * 2005-01-12 2007-07-17 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US20070044602A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2007-03-01 Sk Hand Tool Corporation Drive bit holder and method of manufacturing
US7331262B2 (en) * 2005-08-30 2008-02-19 Sk Hand Tool Corporation Drive bit holder and method of manufacturing
US20080217870A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Makita Corporation Bit mounting devices
US8172236B2 (en) * 2007-03-07 2012-05-08 Makita Corporation Bit mounting devices
USD646547S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2011-10-11 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US20110197721A1 (en) * 2008-11-07 2011-08-18 Debaker Joseph M Tool bit
USD631723S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2011-02-01 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Insert bit
USD623036S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2010-09-07 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Insert bit
USD662802S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2012-07-03 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
USD663187S1 (en) 2008-11-07 2012-07-10 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US8418587B2 (en) 2008-11-07 2013-04-16 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US8800407B2 (en) 2008-11-07 2014-08-12 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Method of manufacturing a tool bit
US9849570B2 (en) 2008-11-07 2017-12-26 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US10065294B2 (en) 2008-11-07 2018-09-04 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
USD711719S1 (en) 2009-11-06 2014-08-26 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit
US10022845B2 (en) 2014-01-16 2018-07-17 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Tool bit

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