US2833139A - Wall construction - Google Patents

Wall construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2833139A
US2833139A US521579A US52157955A US2833139A US 2833139 A US2833139 A US 2833139A US 521579 A US521579 A US 521579A US 52157955 A US52157955 A US 52157955A US 2833139 A US2833139 A US 2833139A
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plates
web
recesses
construction
vertical
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US521579A
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Bosshard Victor Euge Alexander
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DURISOL A G fur LEICHTBAUSOFFE
Durisol A-G fur Leichtbausoffe
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DURISOL A G fur LEICHTBAUSOFFE
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls

Description

May 6, 1958 v. E. A. BOSSHARD 2,833,139
WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed July 12, 1955 WALL CoNSTRUCTIoN Victor-Eugen Alexander Bosshard, Zurich, Switzerland, assignor to Durisol A.G. fr Leichthausoie, Dietikon, Switzerland t Application July 12, 1955, Serial No. 521,579
3 Claims. (Cl. 72-16) The present invention relates to a wall construction.
It is well known in the art to make the outer walls of buildings of plates whereby the separating joints on the outer sides of the plates are vclosed by covering boards. It is a prime object of the present invention to provide a wall construction the outer surface of which is evenly plane and not interrupted by any projecting parts.
For this purpose the wall construction according to the invention is characterized in that pre-fabricated Wall plates of heat insulating, light material with water-tight outer covering are secured separately over horizontal elements to a skeleton in such a way that a plane outer surface is obtained which is free from outwardly projecting construction parts and in that the vertical joints of the plates are filled with an elastic tightening material.
Preferablyy the plates which may be rectangular or square may be made of light concrete and may be covered yon their inside also A'by a protecting layer.
By the arrangement of elastic tightening material in the vertical joints small movements of the plates due to heat extension of the skeleton are possible without danger for the tight plate arrangement. Other features and advantages of the invention will bey United States Patent O come apparent from the description now to follow of a preferred embodimentthereof given by way of example and in which reference will be made to the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a vertical cross-section through two superposed plates, and
Fig. 2 is a horizontal' cross-section through two plates of the wall construction laid side by side.
The core 1 `of the pre-fabricated plates of rectangular plan is made of heat insulating light concrete and is provided on its front side with a Water-tight plaster 2, e. g..
a covering of cement mortar, and on its rear side with a hard covering 3 of any suitable .plaster material. The plaster 2 could also be replaced by a water-tight plate or" natural or artificial stone material glued to the light concrete core while the hard covering 3 may be omitted. The upper and lower side of the plates is also covered by a plaster 4. On the lower side of the plates the plaster 2 forms an inwardly chamfered projection 2a while the upper side of the plates is provided at its front portion with a chamfering surface 2b (Fig. l). Moreover the lower and the upper side of the plates are provided with a groove 5. The skeleton of the wall construction has supports 6a which may be made of metal, concrete, reinforced concrete or wood. Horizontal T- beams 6, 9 are secured in spaced relationship from the plates to the supports 6a. The plates are removably secured to the web 9 of said T-bearns For this purpose hook screws 7 are provided, the hooks of which extend vertically and engage the grooves 5 of the plates while their thread portions are inserted through borings in the flange of the beam and grooves in the front faces of the plates. By screwing on the nuts 8 the plates are separately fastened between the vertical hooks of the screws 7 and the'ange of the beam 6. By this separate fastenice ing of each plate the position thereof may subsequently be changed so that the outer surfaces of the plates lie exactly in one plane.
An even simpler manner of fastening the plates to the horizontal T-beams 6, 9 of the skeleton is obtained by welding onto the upper side of the web 9 of T-beam 6, 9 a ledge fitting into the groove 5 at the base of the pltae. Upon mounting of the wall the upper plate is put'with its lower groove 5 onto this ledge, the upper portion of the plate is slipped under the web 9 of the next upper T-beam and is secured there by means of pins or screws. Preadjustment of the plates is rendered possible by inserting into the upper groove 4 of the same plate a further ledge provided With horizontal screw borings and adapted to receive the web 9 of the next upper T-beam Instead of the hook screws 7 use may be made in this case of straight screws traversing the flange of the beam 6, 9 and screwed into the said ledges.
In order to tighten the horizontal joint between the superposed plates tightening strips 10, 11 of elastic material such as felt are glued or otherwise secured on both sides of the Web 9 of T-beam 6, while the forward portion of the joint is filled with a mastic remaining plastic such as artificial resin putty. Fig. 2 illustrates by way ot' example the tightening of the vertical joint between two adjacent plates. In the vertical narrow sides of the plates opposite horizontal recesses 13 are provided as well as vertical rills 14. In the recesses 13 anchor irons 15 serving to connect theplates are secured Iby means of mortar while in the rounded rills 14 paraflinel or tar irnpregnated tightening ropes 16 are arranged. The outer somewhat wider joint portion is filled with a mastic 12 remaining plastic.
By the described mounting of the plates into the wall skeleton 6a, 6, 9 there is obtained a plane outer face of the wall without any constructional portions projecting beyond the plane. The use of elastic tightening material such as the aforementioned mastic for tightening the joints permits small relative displacement of the plates without danger for the tight plate arrangement.
The lateral anchoring of the plates by means of the irons 15 may also be omitted, in which case the separate plates are easily removable from the skeleton. The inner portions of the joints may be lled with elastic filling material such as waste, vegetable 'bers or the like.
The described Wall construction is particularly suitable for use in connection with the manufacture of the outer walls of buildings.
I claim:
l. A wall construction comprising a supporting surface detined by a plurality of vertical support members, a T-beam having its cross flange secured to said supporting surface and having its web extending outwardly therefrom, a pair of wall plates disposed in juxtaposed relationship in front of said supporting surface with the exposed surfaces of said plates being in coplanar relationship, said plates being of substantially rectangular cross section and being formed from a heat insulating light concrete provided With a waterproof surface on the exposed 'side away from said supporting surface, the side walls of said plates dening between them a space for reception of said web in parallel relationship lthereto and having recesses communicating with said space, iirst tadjustable fastening means having a portion extending into one of said recesses ou one side of said web, second adjustable fastening means having a portion extending into the other of said recesses on the opposite side of said web, said rst and said second fastening means being rigidly connected to said cross flange of said T-beam, and strips of elastic material disposed on both sides of said web and in engagement with said side walls, a joint being visible between the exposed sides of said plates and said joint being filled with an elastic sealing composition, the side walls of said plates defining the vertical joints therebetween :being formed with matched vertical recesses, and a sealing strip disposed partly in each of said recesses to seal said joints. y
2. A wall construction comprising a supporting surface defined -by a plurality of vertical support members, a T- beam having its cross flange secured to said supporting surface and having its web extending outwardly therefrom, a plurality of wall plates `disposed in vertically and horizontally juxtaposed relationship in front of` said supporting surface with the exposed surfaces of said plates being in coplanar relationship, said plates being of substantially rectangular cross section and being formed from a heat insulating light concrete provided with a waterproof surface on the exposed side away from said supporting surface, the upper and lower side walls of said plates defining between them a horizontally-extending space for reception of said web in parallel relationship thereto and having recesses communicating with said space, first adjustable fastening means having a portion extending into one of said recesses on one side of said web, second adjustable fastening means having a portion extending into the other of said recesses on the opposite side of said web, said first and said second fastening means being rigidly connected to said cross flange of said T-beam, the side walls of said plates defining the vertical joints therebetween being formed with matched vertical recesses, and a sealing strip disposed partly in each of said recesses to seal said joints, joints being visible between the exposed sides of said plates and said joints being filled with an elastic sealing composition.
3. A wall construction comprising a supporting surface defined by a plurality of vertical support members, a T- beam having its cross flange secured to said supporting surface and having its web extending outwardly therefrom, a pair of wall plates disposed in vertically juxtaposed relationship in front of said supporting surface, said plates being of substantially rectangular cross section and being formed from a heat insulating light concrete provided with a waterproof surface on the exposed side away from said supporting surface, the side walls of said plates defining between them a space for reception of said web in parallel relationship thereto `and having recesses communicating with said space, `first adjustable fastening means having a portion extending into one of said recesses on one side of said web, second `adjustable fastening means having a portion extending into the other of said recesses on the opposite side of said web, said first and said second fastening means being rigidly connected to said cross flange of said T-beam, the exposed sides of said plates being in coplanar relationship, and the joint between said plates visible on said exposed sides being filled with an elastic sealing composition, said first and said second fastening means being in the form of L- shaped bolts` and said recesses receiving the shank and the head of said bolts, the side walls of said plates defining the vertical joints therebetween being formed with matched vertical recesses, and a sealing strip disposed partly in each of said recesses to seal said joints.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,870,721 Foltz Aug. 9, 1932 1,936,151 Allen et al Nov. 21, 1933 1,954,954 Shugart Apr. 17, 1934 1,986,690 Thomson Ian. 1, 1935 2,032,852 Powell Mar. 3, 1936 2,296,391 Marchant Sept. 22, 1942
US521579A 1955-07-12 1955-07-12 Wall construction Expired - Lifetime US2833139A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3952471A (en) * 1974-08-05 1976-04-27 Mooney Edward L Precast wall panel and building erected on site therefrom
US20030084633A1 (en) * 1995-06-30 2003-05-08 Francois Zuber Method, assembly and additional coat for the construction of interior works
US20040154264A1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-08-12 Colbert Elizabeth A. Coated gypsum board products and method of manufacture
US20050227013A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-10-13 Lafarge Platres Coating spray apparatus and method of using same
US20050234174A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-10-20 Elizabeth Colbert Coating for wall construction
US20050229519A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-10-20 Elizabeth Colbert System using a drywall board and a jointing compound
US20050246993A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-11-10 Elizabeth Colbert System using a drywall board and a jointing compound
US20050252128A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-11-17 Elizabeth Colbert Coating for wall construction
US20060048684A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2006-03-09 Lafarge Platres Joint coating composition for construction elements and method for producing a structure

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1870721A (en) * 1931-09-03 1932-08-09 Detrick M H Co Furnace construction
US1936151A (en) * 1930-02-28 1933-11-21 George Allen & Son Furnace setting
US1954954A (en) * 1931-06-01 1934-04-17 Harold E Shugart Ceiling
US1986690A (en) * 1933-05-22 1935-01-01 Modern Wall Construction Inc Wall and joint construction
US2032852A (en) * 1933-02-04 1936-03-03 Edward R Powell Insulated wall
US2296391A (en) * 1940-02-28 1942-09-22 William H Marchant Suspended furnace wall

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1936151A (en) * 1930-02-28 1933-11-21 George Allen & Son Furnace setting
US1954954A (en) * 1931-06-01 1934-04-17 Harold E Shugart Ceiling
US1870721A (en) * 1931-09-03 1932-08-09 Detrick M H Co Furnace construction
US2032852A (en) * 1933-02-04 1936-03-03 Edward R Powell Insulated wall
US1986690A (en) * 1933-05-22 1935-01-01 Modern Wall Construction Inc Wall and joint construction
US2296391A (en) * 1940-02-28 1942-09-22 William H Marchant Suspended furnace wall

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3952471A (en) * 1974-08-05 1976-04-27 Mooney Edward L Precast wall panel and building erected on site therefrom
US20030084633A1 (en) * 1995-06-30 2003-05-08 Francois Zuber Method, assembly and additional coat for the construction of interior works
US7337587B2 (en) 1995-06-30 2008-03-04 Lafarge Platres Construction assembly of plaster boards and a method of assembling a plurality of plaster boards
US20040216424A1 (en) * 1995-06-30 2004-11-04 Lafarge Platres Construction assembly of plaster boards and a method of assembling a plurality of plaster boards
US7208225B2 (en) 1995-06-30 2007-04-24 Lafarge Platres Prefabricated plaster board
US8151532B2 (en) 1995-06-30 2012-04-10 Lafarge Platres Construction assembly of skim coated prefabricated elements and jointing material, a kit therefor, and method of assembling the same
US20040154264A1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-08-12 Colbert Elizabeth A. Coated gypsum board products and method of manufacture
US20090229736A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2009-09-17 Lafarge Platres Joint compound composition for building elements and method of producing a structure
US7594963B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2009-09-29 Lafarge Platres Joint compound composition for building elements and method of producing a structure
US20060048684A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2006-03-09 Lafarge Platres Joint coating composition for construction elements and method for producing a structure
US7842218B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2010-11-30 Lafarge Platres Method of producing a structure
US20050227013A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-10-13 Lafarge Platres Coating spray apparatus and method of using same
US7214411B2 (en) 2004-04-13 2007-05-08 Lafarge Platres Coating spray apparatus and method of using same
US20050246993A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-11-10 Elizabeth Colbert System using a drywall board and a jointing compound
US20050252128A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-11-17 Elizabeth Colbert Coating for wall construction
US7414085B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2008-08-19 Lafarge Platres Coating for wall construction
US7469510B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2008-12-30 Lafarge Platres System using a drywall board and a jointing compound
US20080275167A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2008-11-06 Lafarge Platres Coating for wall construction
US20050229519A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-10-20 Elizabeth Colbert System using a drywall board and a jointing compound
US20050234174A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-10-20 Elizabeth Colbert Coating for wall construction

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