US2825099A - Panel door joint and method of construction - Google Patents

Panel door joint and method of construction Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2825099A
US2825099A US46318654A US2825099A US 2825099 A US2825099 A US 2825099A US 46318654 A US46318654 A US 46318654A US 2825099 A US2825099 A US 2825099A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
groove
panel
construction
tongue
door
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Edward B Simmons
Original Assignee
Edward B Simmons
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/72Door leaves consisting of frame and panels, e.g. of raised panel type
    • E06B3/74Door leaves consisting of frame and panels, e.g. of raised panel type with wooden panels or frame

Description

'March 4, 1958 O E. B. SIMMONS 2,825,099

PANEL DOOR JOINT AND METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION Filed Oct. 19, 1954 IN VEN TOR. Eawneo B. .fi mal f AT foe/vs v5 r r 2,825,099 I Ice Patented Mar. 4', 1958 PANEL DOOR JOINT AND METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION This invention relates to improvements in panelled joiner work. In panelled joiner work, particularly the manufacture of panelled doors, rails, stiles and muntins have been provided with joints shaped so that the sides or ends of the members are provided with dowels or with tongue and groove connections. The particular joint which is suited to this invention is a tongue and groove joint which permits manufacture of the various components of the door in standardized sizes which may be kept in inventory in readiness to fill orders either standard or special; at the same time providing for economy as to the required area of panel material.

The object of the invention is to facilitate the manufacture of panelled doors and other joiner work, to provide a strong and improved tongue and groove joint, to force the assembler of the component parts to use the materials in the most advantageous manner for accuracy and appearance, and to reduce the number of component parts required for a complete panelled product.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is an elevation of a multi-panelled door such as a garage door; portions of the front face of the rails and muntins being broken away to exhibit the joiner construction.

Fig. 2 is an exploded assembly view in perspective showing the parts of a section of a sectionalized panel door.

Fig. 3 is a perspective of a lower left hand corner of a panel door made in accord with this invention, a portion I of the lower rail and a portion of adjacent panel being broken away to show the assembled relationship of panel and rail.

The drawings show the incorporation of the invention in a sectionalized door for garage door purposes. The lowermost section 10 terminates along an upper margin 11 and extends as a unit across the bottom of the door. Immediately above the section 10 is a similar section 12, the upper margin of which is shown at 13. Additional sections 14 may be joined successively to fabricate a door of the required size and along the lines of separation at 1113 hinges may be provided for in a manner well known in this art, but which need not been shown here, since the invention may be incorporated in sectionalized doors or in one piece doors.

Fundamentally, the construction of the joiner work in accord with this invention calls for a lower rail 15, stiles as exemplified at 16 and top rail 17. There are as many mullions 18 as are needed to demark the required number of panel areas to be occupied, by panels 19.

An important feature of the invention is the tongue and groove construction which, as to the rails 15 and 17, includes a continuous routed channel 20. having one straight wall 21 at one side thereof and an opposite wall 22 stepped at 23. There is thus provided a groove for the substantially complementary tenon 24 of the stiles and mullions which has one straight wall 25 and one stepped wall 26. When the tongue or tenon 24 is properly glued in position as shown in Figure 3, a decidedly strong tongue and groove connection between rail and stile or between rail and mullion is achieved.

A far greater depth of groove at 20 is required for a satisfactory joint between rail and stile or between rail and mullion than is required for the reception of the margins of a panel 19. Therefore, if the groove 20 had straight side walls 22 instead of the stepped side wall as shown, the panel 19 would necessarily be received to the bottomor to the full depth of channel 20, but because of the stepped configuration of wall 22 and 23, this invention makes possible a long tongue joint with deep channel 20, but with a shoulder or step at 23 against which panel 19 may abut to limit the extent to which the panel is received in the channel. The result is a considerable economy in panel material requirements and at the same time a stepped tongue and groove joint which is superior to a tongue and groove joint which has unstepped walls.

lvIullions 13 need only be grooved with a straight wall shallow groove at 27 and 28, since it is not necessary to provide the deep narrow extension of the groove as at 29, because tongue 24 is to be received in such a groove 27 or 28.

As shown in Figure 3, panel 19 is only received into groove 20 as far as the step 23.

It will be apparent to those skilled in this art that because of the step at 23 there is a front and a back side to a stile or rail or mullion and it is possible for the skilled Workman selecting the materials for the milling operations to mill the step for the tongue 24 or to mill the step 23 for the groove 2%} so as to present the best quality of material on the front face and thus force the assembler of a door or door section 10-12 to so assemble the parts as to exhibit the best face at the front of the product. The joint can be assembled in only one way since the stepped tongue must face the stepped, grooved wall.

It will also be observed that rails 15 or 17 may be manufactured in quantity in the approximately finished lengths which, because of general standardization, are suited to particular sizes of doors. There is no need to mill accurately for a given dimension of a door since no dowels are needed and the tongue 24 is receivable anywhere along groove 20. Likewise, the panel is received anywhere along its wider portion of the groove, and the assembly operation may be rapid and accurate in accord with the precut sizes of panels.

Another feature of the invention is the provision of an unfilled channel lying beyond the margin of each .of the plywood panels 19. This unfilled portion of the channel 20 in the rails and the mullions provides what is known as aeration in the completed door sections. This is of importance where the door divides spaces having different temperatures. In this industry such variation in temperature is known to cause condensation with resulting warpage. It has been found that joiner work made up in accord with this invention is sutliciently aerated because of the unfilled channel portions at 20, that warpage is substantially reduced. V

I claim:

1. A panelled joiner construction including rails and styles adapted to be joined in a plane frame by an interengaging movement parallel with said plane and having tongue and groove connection between the rails and styles,

, the axis of the tongues being disposed in said plane and 3 a ma Wall's of the tongues and the walls of the grooves bein Complementarily stepped,the extremity of the tongue being substantially bottomedin said groove, the rails and styles are provided with intervening panels receivable in the grooves, and the panel is of a thickness receivable in the groove only to the depth of the step.

3. A joiner work eonstructon having rails continuously grooved with a deep narrow groove having one straight wall and one stepped wall whereby to provide a shallow portion of the'groove presenting greater width shaped to receive successive stiles, panels, mullions and additional panels in contiguity, the stiles and mullions being pro- 'vided with stepped tongues extending axially thereof and having walls eornplementarily receivable against the walls of the stepped grooves, and the panels being receivable in the wider portions of said grooves whereby to be in abutment against said steps.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US2825099A 1954-10-19 1954-10-19 Panel door joint and method of construction Expired - Lifetime US2825099A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2825099A US2825099A (en) 1954-10-19 1954-10-19 Panel door joint and method of construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2825099A US2825099A (en) 1954-10-19 1954-10-19 Panel door joint and method of construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2825099A true US2825099A (en) 1958-03-04

Family

ID=23839184

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2825099A Expired - Lifetime US2825099A (en) 1954-10-19 1954-10-19 Panel door joint and method of construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2825099A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3299270A (en) * 1965-11-18 1967-01-17 Avella Benjamin A D Radiation-proof strip for wall and ceiling panel having a groove formed by two bifurcations
US3490188A (en) * 1967-12-26 1970-01-20 Arthur L Troutner Web-type wooden truss with pressurized,adhesive joints
EP0023807A1 (en) * 1979-07-26 1981-02-11 J.T. Kern (Design Products) Limited A method of constructing a panel assembly
US4367614A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-01-11 Tyre Mfg. Co., Inc. Fire endurance door
EP0468888A1 (en) * 1990-07-27 1992-01-29 Nergeco S.A. Industrial door with rigid panels
US5585054A (en) * 1995-03-08 1996-12-17 Evans; Daniel W. Method of making a composite fiber reinforced polyethylene
US5743057A (en) * 1995-03-09 1998-04-28 Martin Door Manufacturing, Inc. Auxiliary door and method for matching a sectional door
US5771656A (en) * 1996-06-05 1998-06-30 Connoisseur Doors Fiberboard doors
US5776281A (en) * 1995-03-08 1998-07-07 Evans; Daniel W. Method of manufacturing a pallet made of composite fiber reinforced polyolefin
US6067699A (en) * 1995-04-19 2000-05-30 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Method for assembling a multi-panel door
US6185894B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2001-02-13 Simpson Door Company Wood doors and methods for fabricating wood doors
US6684590B2 (en) 2000-07-25 2004-02-03 Gregory Frumkin Panel door construction and method of making same
US20040177583A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-16 Gary Schaffeld Modular raised wall paneling system and method of manufacture
US20040206033A1 (en) * 1996-03-08 2004-10-21 Burns, Morris & Stewart Limited Partnership Method for repairing a construction component
US20040221523A1 (en) * 1996-03-08 2004-11-11 Burns, Morris & Stewart Limited Partnership Garage door system with integral environment resistant members
US20050204678A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2005-09-22 L.I.C.A.R. S.P.A. Matchboarding system
US20050210797A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2005-09-29 Hees David G Door assembly
US20070224885A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-27 Borrowed Spaces Inc. Modular panel assembly
US20090282770A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2009-11-19 Frederick Rieber Partition system and method of assembling same
US8028481B2 (en) 2008-09-06 2011-10-04 Herman Deschenes Caisson ceiling system
US20130239505A1 (en) * 2012-03-16 2013-09-19 Marlite, Inc. Wainscoting system
US20130312351A1 (en) * 2010-11-26 2013-11-28 Systemes Nuco Inc/Nuco Systems Inc Novel assembly key, door kits and methods of using the same
US8696958B1 (en) 2006-08-21 2014-04-15 Flowery Branch Molded composite manufacturing process and products thereof
US8925203B2 (en) 2008-07-14 2015-01-06 Robert Scott Systems and methods for manufacturing a carriage style sectional door

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US555097A (en) * 1896-02-25 Ceiling
US637212A (en) * 1899-03-18 1899-11-14 Eugene F Harris Timber lock-joint.
US643552A (en) * 1899-04-27 1900-02-13 Charles E Haydon Framing-joint.
US1863231A (en) * 1930-10-11 1932-06-14 Thune Anton Weather stripping for freight car sidings
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US555097A (en) * 1896-02-25 Ceiling
US637212A (en) * 1899-03-18 1899-11-14 Eugene F Harris Timber lock-joint.
US643552A (en) * 1899-04-27 1900-02-13 Charles E Haydon Framing-joint.
US1863231A (en) * 1930-10-11 1932-06-14 Thune Anton Weather stripping for freight car sidings
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3299270A (en) * 1965-11-18 1967-01-17 Avella Benjamin A D Radiation-proof strip for wall and ceiling panel having a groove formed by two bifurcations
US3490188A (en) * 1967-12-26 1970-01-20 Arthur L Troutner Web-type wooden truss with pressurized,adhesive joints
EP0023807A1 (en) * 1979-07-26 1981-02-11 J.T. Kern (Design Products) Limited A method of constructing a panel assembly
US4367614A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-01-11 Tyre Mfg. Co., Inc. Fire endurance door
EP0468888A1 (en) * 1990-07-27 1992-01-29 Nergeco S.A. Industrial door with rigid panels
US5709933A (en) * 1995-03-08 1998-01-20 Evans; Daniel W. Composite fiber reinforced polyolefin
US5585054A (en) * 1995-03-08 1996-12-17 Evans; Daniel W. Method of making a composite fiber reinforced polyethylene
US5776281A (en) * 1995-03-08 1998-07-07 Evans; Daniel W. Method of manufacturing a pallet made of composite fiber reinforced polyolefin
US5743057A (en) * 1995-03-09 1998-04-28 Martin Door Manufacturing, Inc. Auxiliary door and method for matching a sectional door
US6067699A (en) * 1995-04-19 2000-05-30 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Method for assembling a multi-panel door
US20040221523A1 (en) * 1996-03-08 2004-11-11 Burns, Morris & Stewart Limited Partnership Garage door system with integral environment resistant members
US20040206033A1 (en) * 1996-03-08 2004-10-21 Burns, Morris & Stewart Limited Partnership Method for repairing a construction component
US7100339B2 (en) 1996-03-08 2006-09-05 Framesaver, Lp Garage door system with integral environment resistant members
US5771656A (en) * 1996-06-05 1998-06-30 Connoisseur Doors Fiberboard doors
US6185894B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2001-02-13 Simpson Door Company Wood doors and methods for fabricating wood doors
US6684590B2 (en) 2000-07-25 2004-02-03 Gregory Frumkin Panel door construction and method of making same
US20080060318A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2008-03-13 Gary Schaffeld Modular raised wall paneling system and method of manufacture
US7185469B2 (en) * 2003-03-14 2007-03-06 Advantage Architectural Products, Ltd. Modular raised wall paneling system
US20040177583A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-16 Gary Schaffeld Modular raised wall paneling system and method of manufacture
US7913730B2 (en) * 2003-03-14 2011-03-29 Advantage Architectural Products, Ltd. Modular raised wall paneling system and method of manufacture
US20050210797A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2005-09-29 Hees David G Door assembly
US20050204678A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2005-09-22 L.I.C.A.R. S.P.A. Matchboarding system
US20090282770A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2009-11-19 Frederick Rieber Partition system and method of assembling same
US20070224885A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-27 Borrowed Spaces Inc. Modular panel assembly
US8046965B2 (en) * 2006-03-10 2011-11-01 Yardistry Limited Partition system and method of assembling same
US9056444B1 (en) 2006-08-21 2015-06-16 David William Moeller Molded composite products, including solid doors
US8696958B1 (en) 2006-08-21 2014-04-15 Flowery Branch Molded composite manufacturing process and products thereof
US8925203B2 (en) 2008-07-14 2015-01-06 Robert Scott Systems and methods for manufacturing a carriage style sectional door
US8028481B2 (en) 2008-09-06 2011-10-04 Herman Deschenes Caisson ceiling system
US20130312351A1 (en) * 2010-11-26 2013-11-28 Systemes Nuco Inc/Nuco Systems Inc Novel assembly key, door kits and methods of using the same
US8991125B2 (en) * 2010-11-26 2015-03-31 Nuco Systems inc. Assembly key, door kits and methods of using the same
US8763335B2 (en) * 2012-03-16 2014-07-01 Marlite, Inc. Wainscoting system
US20130239505A1 (en) * 2012-03-16 2013-09-19 Marlite, Inc. Wainscoting system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3547472A (en) Connector means and like elements for juncture purposes
US3130455A (en) Door frame of plastics for room doors
US3750358A (en) Self locking door light molding
US2220606A (en) Wood panel
US3440786A (en) Frame with decorator panel
US3975875A (en) Decorative exterior trim system for windows
US4481701A (en) Cored plastics profiles and manufacture of frames for windows and the like therefrom
US4167088A (en) Doors for patios and the like
US5974745A (en) Self-aligning prefabricated door frame assembly
US4982530A (en) Extruded core sections for wood fenestration mounting frames and sashes
US4782630A (en) Closure frame assemblies
US2116584A (en) T-lock joint
US5105597A (en) Door construction
US4608800A (en) Corner piece for vinyl siding retainers
US5010701A (en) Corner system for log cabin siding
US4341048A (en) Method and assembly for cladding a window frame
US4286716A (en) Building kit for vertical or horizontal sliding windows
US3345780A (en) Molded jamb-frame combination and method of manufacture
US4237665A (en) Structural elements for building construction and assemblies incorporating these elements
US4555869A (en) Replacement windows with preformed corners
US2787812A (en) Interlocking wall structure
US3990196A (en) Fabricated window construction
US3491584A (en) Door with metal outer facing and/or frame assembly therefor
US4034527A (en) Log cabin construction
US2976969A (en) Curtain wall mullion