US2823693A - Automatic vent valve - Google Patents

Automatic vent valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US2823693A
US2823693A US45650554A US2823693A US 2823693 A US2823693 A US 2823693A US 45650554 A US45650554 A US 45650554A US 2823693 A US2823693 A US 2823693A
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Prior art keywords
washers
valve
chamber
fibrous
steam
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Expired - Lifetime
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Balter Joseph
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TACO HEATERS Inc
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TACO HEATERS Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/08Arrangements for drainage, venting or aerating
    • F24D19/082Arrangements for drainage, venting or aerating for water heating systems
    • F24D19/083Venting arrangements
    • F24D19/085Arrangement of venting valves for central heating radiators
    • F24D19/087Arrangement of venting valves for central heating radiators automatic
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2931Diverse fluid containing pressure systems
    • Y10T137/3003Fluid separating traps or vents
    • Y10T137/3084Discriminating outlet for gas

Description

Feb. 18, 1958 J. BALTER 2,823,693

AUTOMATIC VENT VALVE Fil ed Sept. 16, 1954 T T M Z 25 I7 2 l9 FIG. 2.

' INVENTOR. Jase-P0 \594 72?? BY M R 4%@ nited States Patent Office 2,823,693 Patented Feb. 18, 1958 AUTOMATIC VENT VALVE Joseph Balter, Cranston, R. L, assignor to Taco Heaters, Incorporated, Cranston, R. I., a corporation of New York Application September 16, 1954, Serial No. 456,505

2 Claims. (Cl. 137-197) This invention relates to an automatically operating vent valve permitting the passage of air or other dry gases therethrough and closing off the passage of steam or other moist vapors when the latter reaches the valve, the steam or moist vapor condensing so as to cause the valve to shut off, such a valve being especially adaptable for use in a steam heating system, or other system requiring venting of air or gas.

In a steam heating system having radiators, such: as in well-known domestic heating arrangements, it is necessary to vent air or other gases therefrom so that the heating medium or vapor can completely fill the radiator or heat exchanger. In the case of steam heating systems, the boiler, when activated, furnishes steam to the various radiators, and in order for steam to fill each radiator, the air or gas contained in the radiator must be removed or vented. The failure to vent the air from the radiator results in incomplete filling of the latter with steam, and, as a result, in improper functioning of the radiator.

Heretofore, an automatic vent valve has been provided wherein a fibrous means capable of passing air, when dry or substantially dry, is interposed between the inlet and outlet passageways in the body of a steam vent valve. While the fibrous means is normally pervious to air, it becomes substantially impervious to water upon becoming wet. It is intended that a vent valve of the described character will initially vent air through the fibrous means to permit filling of an associated radiator with steam, and that, when steam reaches the valve, the steam condenses on or in the fibrous means to wet the latter which then prevents the escape of liquid or moist steam from the outlet passageway. One of the difficulties has been that if slugs or droplets of water come into contact with the fibrous body before the air is completely vented the valve may close prematurely.

Accordingly, one of the principal objects of the present invention is to provide a vent valve of the described character, for use in steam heating systems and the like, which will vent air or substantially dry gas from the associated radiator or the like, but will not close prematurely.

In one aspect of the invention, moisture absorbent means is interposed between the fibrous means and the inlet passageway of the valve body so that, when slugs or droplets of water in the air reach the valve body such moisture absorbent means takes up a substantial quantity of the water or droplets in the air before steam reaches the fibrous body.

The fibrous means, in a vent valve embodying the invention, peferably consists of a stack of individual discs or washers disposed within a chamber of the valve body interposed between the inlet and outlet passageways of the body and having clearance within the related chamber when the discs or washers are in dry condition, but with the individual discs or washers being made of fibers capable, upon wetting by water or the like, of swelling a major amount to cause said discs or washers to close the passage between said inlet and outlet. passageways through said chamber. For example, the fibers employed for the discs or washers can be cellulose fibers normally used in the manufacture of paper or paper board and which has not been subsequently treated so as to reduce the swelling characteristics, such as, by vulcanizing. Such a fiber will be termed herein as untreated" cellulose fiber, and normally is made from wood pulp or cotton.

An example of a suitable fiber having unreduced swelling characteristics is a kraft process fiber.

The dimensions of the fibrous discs or washers should be selected so that the swelling thereof, when wet and under unrestrained conditions, will exceed the normal clearance of the discs or washers in the related chamber, whereby the swelling causes the discs or washers to more than fill the chamber, at least in the direction across the outlet passageway. in order to prevent premature closure, a moisture absorbent means is disposed within a chamber apart from the chamber containing the fibrous discs or washers but communicating with the last mentioned chamber between the latter and the inlet passageway of the valve body. The moisture absorbent means can be formed of any suitably absorbent material which, after absorbing water or condenses steam, will not interfere with the passage through the related chamber of additional water or condensed steam. For example, the moisture absorbent means may be formed of discs or washers of the same fibers employed for the discs or washers of the fibrous means, but with such discs or washers of the moisture absorbent means having sufificient normal clearance within the related chamber so that, even after swelling thereof has been completed, the absorbent discs or washers will not completely fill the related chamber to obstruct the passage of liquid therethrough. Preferably, the moisture absorbent discs have aperture means therethrough.

These and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings which are merely exemplary.

in the drawings:

Fig. 1 is an axial, sectional view of a vent valve embodying the present invention, with the valve shown in venting condition; and

Fig. 2 is a transverse, sectional view taken along the line 2--2 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings in detail, one form of the invention is there illustrated and generally identified by the reference numeral 10. Vent valve 10 includes a valve body 11 which may be made of any suitable material, such as brass and the like. Valve body 11 includes a screwthreaded, hollow portion 12 at one end defining an inlet passageway 13 and adapted to be inserted into the radiator to be controlled or the portion of a system to be vented.

Inlet passageway 13 opens, as at 14, into a cavity or chamber 15 for moisture absorbent means and which preferably has a diameter greater than that of the opening 14. The end of cavity 15 remote from the inlet passageway is defined by a partition or wall 16 having a central opening 17 which establishes communication between cavity 15 and a main cavity or chamber 18 for accommodating fibrous means controlling the venting. As seen in Fig. 1, body 11 is formed with ports 19 opening laterally from chamber 18 and defining the outlet passageway of the valve body, while the end of the valve body remote from portion 12 is internally threaded, as at 20, to receive a threaded cap 21 which defines the end wall of chamber 18 opposite wall or partition 16. Preferably, the end edge of body 11 is turned inwardly, as at 22, after cap 21 has been inserted thereby to prevent removal of the cap from the valve body, while the top surface of cap 21 has a slot 23 therein engageable by a tool for rotating the cap to adjust the axial extent of chamber 18 between the confronting surfaces of cap 21 and wall 16.

It is apparent that flow through valve body 11 follows a path defined by inlet passageway 13, opening 14, cavity or chamber 15, opening 17, chamber 18 and ports 19 which represent 'an outlet passageway.

The moisture absorbent body may comprise a plurality of fibrous elements 24, preferably in the form of annular discs or washers having central openings arranged in an axially extending stack in chamber 18 between the confronting surfaces of cap 21 and wall 16. A stem 26 projects from cap 21 into chamber 18 and passes loosely through the openings 25 of the fibrous washers with an annular space being defined between that stem and the fibrous washers.

The fibrous washers 24 preferably are made from a kraft process fiber although other similar fibers can be employed. As an example of one type of satisfactory fibrous washer, the fiber thereof in its manufacture can be medium well-cooked and beaten and the fiber board made on a conventional wet machine. Preferably, the fibers are arranged in parallel layers, with the fibers in each layer being randomly oriented therein.

As an example of the characteristics of a satisfactory fibrous washer, one can be used having an apparent density of from 0.80 to 1.40 with an initial swell rate, that is, the percentage increase in thickness of the normally dry fibrous element per specified unit of time as it becomes wet, of more than for the first minute when exposed to water with the washer unrestrained. In one suitable fiber, the initial swell rate is 20% for the first minute and 70% for the first five minutes, such fiber being a kraft process fiber manufactured as described above. The swell rate is not necessarily a straight line relationship, but must be rapid or quick for the first minute. The particular swell rate of the fibrous element or washer also is related to the real volume of the fibers. Another example is a wood fiber having some chemical treatment, a fibrous element formed thereof having a swell rate of 5% in the first minute and 21% during five minutes.

The real volume of the fibers of the fibrous element or washer preferably should be a certain predetermined volume of the active space of the washer, that is, of the actual space occupied by the fibrous washer after the latter is wet by the steam or condensed steam. 1f the real volume of the fibers is at least of the volume of the active space thereof, it has been found that the fibrous elements or washers will, under most operating conditions, satisfactorily close off and prevent the flow of steam or of condensed steam or water from the outlet ports 19 of the valve.

As seen in Fig. 1, the axial distance between the confronting surfaces of cap 21 and wall 16 is greater than the axial dimension of the stack of washers 24, when the latter are in a dry condition, while under the same conditions, the diameter of chamber 18 is greater than the outer diameters of the fibrous washers. Thus, so long as dry air or other gas is supplied to the inlet passageway 13 from the associated radiator or the like, such air will pass radially through and between the washers 24 and be vented to the atmosphere at the ports 19.

However, when the fibrous washers are confronted by steam which condenses on or in the washers or by water, the fibrous Washers are wet and swell in the manner described above to more than fill or take up the axial space between the confronting surfaces of cap 21 and wall 16, whereby the fibrous washers seal off the ports 19 and prevent the escape of the steam or moisture.

The washers 24 are effective to operate in the above described manner for preventing the escape of water or vapor from the valve, only if the water or condensed steam is deposited on or in the washers at a rate which does not exceed that at which the washers can absorb moisture to efitect the swelling thereof and the eventual sealing off of ports 19.

In accordance with the present invention, the premature closing is prevented by providing moisture absorbent material in the cavity or chamber 15. As seen in Fig. 1, such moisture absorbent material may be in the form of annular discs or washers 27 having central openings 28 and arranged in a stack within cavity 15. The washers 27 may be formed of the same material described above as being suitable for the washers 24, that is, of kraft process fibers, and the axial dimension of cavity 15 is greater than the height of the stack of washers 27 when the latter are saturated and the swelling thereof is completed so that the washers 27 are always loosely disposed in cavity 15 thereby to avoid any interference with the flow of gas or liquid from inlet passageway 13 to chamber 18.

After a period of venting of air or relatively dry gas, the washers 24 and 27 are all in dry condition. When water or steam first reaches valve 10 and passes through cavity 15, the fibrous washers 27 absorb sufiicient quantities of the moisture so that water or condensed steam is deposited on or in fibrous washers 24 at a rate which the latter can completely absorb to cause the swelling of the washers 24 and sealing off of ports 19 forming the outlet passageway. By the time washers 27 are saturated and no longer capable of absorbing moisture, washers 24 have absorbed sutficient water or condensed steam to create a pressure therein capable of preventing passage of steam or water therethrough, thus, within certain limits, the valve will then function independent of the pressure in the associated radiator or system. Further, as mentioned above, the washers 27, when saturated, do not close 0E or restrict the flow of gas or liquid through cavity 15 so that liquid or condensed steam evaporating from the outer surfaces of washers 24 is replaced in the latter by condensed steam from the inlet passageway of the valve thereby to keep the ports 19 sealed off against the passage of moisture therethrough.

While the moisture absorbent material in cavity 15 of the above described and illustrated embodiment of the invention is in the form of a stack of fibrous washers, it is to be understood that the latter may be replaced by any other suitably absorbent body, for example, a cylinder of absorbent cotton, which, when dry or saturated, does not close-off or obstruct the flow through cavity 15. It is also apparent that other and further modifications can be made in the details of the described construction without departing from the spirit of the invention except as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In an automatic steam vent valve; the combination comprising a valve body having inlet and outlet passageways, a chamber communicating with said outlet passageway and a cavity between said inlet passageway and said chamber, said cavity communicating with said chamber, fibrous means in said chamber between said cavity and said outlet passageway and directly controlling flow through said chamber, said fibrous means, when dry, passing air to said outlet passageway and, when wet, being impervious to the passage of steam and liquid therethrough, and moisture absorbent means in said cavity defining a continuously open passage through the latter between said inlet passageway and said chamber, said moisture absorbent means being operative to absorb moisture in and thereon from air passing through said cavity to said chamber so that premature closing of the valve is inhibited prior to the time air is exhausted.

2. In an automatic steam vent valve the combination comprising a valve body having an annular chamber with outlet passages in the side wall thereof, a cavity communicating with said chamber through an opening at one end thereof, a closing cap at the other end of said chamber and an inlet passage opening into said cavity at the end of the latter remote from said chamber, a

plurality of fibrous wafers in said chamber between said cap and said one end of the latter, said wafers, when dry, being pervious to air to permit venting of the latter through said outlet passages and, when wet, swelling to fill the space between said cap and one end of the chamber and become impervious to steam and liquid for sea]- ing oil said outlet passages, and moisture absorbent fibrous washers in said cavity defining a continuously open passage through the latter between said inlet passageway and said opening to the chamber and operative to absorb water from the flow through said cavity to said chamber so that premature closing of the valve is inhibited, said References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,331,431 Simoneau Oct. 12, 1943 2,601,216 White et a1. June 17, 1952 2,722,942 Hencken Nov. 8, 1955

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1550554B1 (en) * 1965-04-07 1970-12-17 Taco Heizungen Ag Selbsttaetiges, controlled by Quellkoerper Air Release Valve
US4446869A (en) * 1983-03-07 1984-05-08 Trimed, Inc. Water absorbing trap to protect an infrared exhaled carbon dioxide apnea monitor of a patient's respiration
US5131387A (en) * 1990-05-09 1992-07-21 Marquette Gas Analysis Corp. Moisture trap
US20100236640A1 (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-09-23 Eaton Corporation Liquid discriminating fuel vent valve
EP1906070A3 (en) * 2006-08-25 2011-04-27 John Francis Steeple Heffernan Automatic venting apparatus
US20110215565A1 (en) * 2010-03-06 2011-09-08 Norma Germany Gmbh Coupling element for connecting two pipe ends

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2331431A (en) * 1941-02-26 1943-10-12 Charles B Simoneau Automatic air vent valve for hot water systems
US2601216A (en) * 1948-12-18 1952-06-17 Taco Heaters Inc Automatic air valve
US2722942A (en) * 1952-01-17 1955-11-08 Taco Heaters Inc Automatic vent valve

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2331431A (en) * 1941-02-26 1943-10-12 Charles B Simoneau Automatic air vent valve for hot water systems
US2601216A (en) * 1948-12-18 1952-06-17 Taco Heaters Inc Automatic air valve
US2722942A (en) * 1952-01-17 1955-11-08 Taco Heaters Inc Automatic vent valve

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1550554B1 (en) * 1965-04-07 1970-12-17 Taco Heizungen Ag Selbsttaetiges, controlled by Quellkoerper Air Release Valve
US4446869A (en) * 1983-03-07 1984-05-08 Trimed, Inc. Water absorbing trap to protect an infrared exhaled carbon dioxide apnea monitor of a patient's respiration
US5131387A (en) * 1990-05-09 1992-07-21 Marquette Gas Analysis Corp. Moisture trap
EP1906070A3 (en) * 2006-08-25 2011-04-27 John Francis Steeple Heffernan Automatic venting apparatus
US20100236640A1 (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-09-23 Eaton Corporation Liquid discriminating fuel vent valve
US8272398B2 (en) * 2009-03-18 2012-09-25 Eaton Corporation Liquid discriminating vent valve
US20110215565A1 (en) * 2010-03-06 2011-09-08 Norma Germany Gmbh Coupling element for connecting two pipe ends

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