US2821850A - Wall facing construction - Google Patents

Wall facing construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2821850A
US2821850A US483296A US48329655A US2821850A US 2821850 A US2821850 A US 2821850A US 483296 A US483296 A US 483296A US 48329655 A US48329655 A US 48329655A US 2821850 A US2821850 A US 2821850A
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Prior art keywords
members
blocks
adjacent
flange
decking
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US483296A
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Carl W Adelt
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Carl W Adelt
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements

Description

Feb. 4, 1958 c. w. ADELT 2,821,350
v WALL FACING CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 21, 1955 s Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR- Arvaemsv Feb. 4, 1958 c. w. ADELT 2,821,350
WALL FACING CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 21, 1955 V INVENTOR. CARL. W- ADE L'T' BY v ATTOQNEYS Feb. 4, 1958 c. w. ADELT 2,821,850
WALL FACING- CONSTRUCTION 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Jan. 21, 1955 m mr m m v I- my c M m ofl wrm ATTO R N E-YS 2,s21,s50 WALL FACING censrnnerren Carl W. Adelt, Mays Landing; N. J. Application January 21-, 1935, Serial No. 483,296 (Jlainis. (c1. 72--'17 The present invention relates to wall facing construction.
The primary object of the present invention is to provide a wall facing construction having a finished appearance simulating a wall constructed of building blocks.
Another object of the present invention is-je provide A further object of the present invention is to provide a wall facingconstruction having a finished appearance of a brick Wall and one in which the insulating" properties of Wood and a filler o'f irisulating type of conerete will provide insulation to the building to which the wall facing construction is applied. 7
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will be fully apparent from the following description when taken in connection with the annexed drawings, in which: 7
Figure l is a View in perspective of the wall facing construction of the present invention, as applied to the exterior of a chimney,
Figure 2 is a view in cross section on line of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is a detailed view of the bottom portion of the framework and the flexible elements used in the present invention,
Figure 4 is a view similar to that of Figure l but showing how the present invention may be used to provide a wall facing for the side of a building,
Figure 5 is a detailed View in perspective of one of the decking blocks used in the present invention,
Figure 6 is another view in perspective showing the inner face of the decking block used in the present invention,
Figure 7 is another view in perspective showing a eorner decking block,
Figure 8 is a vertical view in cross-section on line 88 of Figure 5,
Figure 9 is an end view in cross-section on line 99 of Figure 5,
Figure 10 is a view in perspective showing the use of the present invention to construct a solid, poured concrete wall, and
Figure 11 is an end view of the form for the poured concrete wall using the elements of the present invention.
Referring to the drawings in greater detail, in Figures 1 and 2, reference numeral 1-2 indicates achimney liner of conventional fire-clay construction around the upper end of which is positioned a substructure including a sub stantially square frame member '13 forme'd frotn anan'gle te States aterit ice 2 iron with the vertical flange M on the outside and the horizontal flange 15 on the top. 7
Another frame member 16 is positioned around the base of theliner 12 and is also constructed from an angle iron with the vertical flange 17 also on the outside and with the horizontal flange 18 on the bottom.
An overhead support (not shown) is used to position the frame members 13 and 16 in superimposed relation, and an upstanding member 19 at opposite corners maintains the framed members in spaced relation with respect to each other.
A plurality of flexible elements 20, such as wires, steel straps, or steel bands, extend transversely of the frame members 13 and 16 in spaced relation with each other and around the sides of the liner enclosing the latter.
Each of the flexible elements 20 are secured by their lower ends to the frame member 16 and to the upper frame member 14 by their upper ends, and are spaced at their lower ends from the lower frame member 16 by means of spacer blocks 21 each of them having a groove 22 by means of which each of the spacer blocks is broken when the scaffolding or frame member are taken apart.
As will be seen most clearly in Figures 2 and 3, the flexible elements 20 extend down and under the spacer blocks 21 and then upwardly on the vertical flange 17 of the frame member 16 to Where they are formed with an eye-formation and secured by means of bolts 23 and nuts 24.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the upstanding support members 19 are detachably mounted or connected to the upper and lower frame members by means of the bolts and the wing nuts indicated by the reference numeral 25.
Referring to Figure 4, an upper frame member 26 is disposed in spaced, superimposed relation 'with respect to a lower frame member 27 adjacent to the substructure sheathing 255 of a building wall, the member 26 being attached to the sheathing 28 by means of a bracket 28.
The vertically extending support members 29 maintain the frame members 26 and 27 in their spaced position and permit the tight stretching of the flexible elements 30 between the frame members to which they are secured as shown in Figures 2 and 3.
In Figures 5, 6, 8 and 9, the decking block of the present invention is indicated by the reference numeral 31 and is seen to be formed on its inner face with a vertically extending groove 32 and a transversely arranged recess 33 within the latter of which is positioned and secured an attaching element in the form of a spring steel clip indicated by the reference numeral 3 in Figures 6 to 8, "inelusive, the spring clip 34 embracingly engaging the adjacent portion of a flexible element 20 to secure the block to the flexible element.
In Figure 7 is shown a corner decking block 35 having a long leg 36 and a short leg 37. I
Referring again to Figure 2, it will be seen that each of the decking blocks 31 or 35 is assembled in stacked relation interlocking one upon the other, the upper of each two adjacent blocks being formed with a groove on its lower edge, indicated by the reference numeral 38, and the lower one of each two adjacent blocks being formed with a tongue 39 received within the groove 33.
Each of the decking blocks 31 and 35 is formed also with a recess adjacent to its upper edge indicated by the reference numeral 3b which simulates the mortar strip when the blocks are arranged as illustrated to simulate a brick wall. 7
in Figures 10 and ll, a pair of upper frame members 41 and 42 are positioned in parallel spaced relation and superimposed over the pair of lower frame members 43 and 44, with vertically extending support members 45 and 46, maintaining them in position. Flexible elements 4 are stretched between adjacent upper and lower frame members and provide a support for the panel 48 on one side and a plurality of decking blocks 4'59 on the other.
It is intended that in this use of the present invention, concrete will be poured between the panel 4-8 and the blocks 49 when each side is completely blocked up. After the concrete has set, the frame members and support members will be removed, the spacer blocks 50 broken away and the ends of the flexible elements 47 trimmed, leaving the courses of blocks and their tightened flexible elements in the wall structure thus formed.
Ties or spacers 51 of wire or steel strap are used to hold the flexible elements 47 in their proper spaced relation while the concrete is being poured. After the concrete is set, the one end of the spacer 51 adjacent the panel 48 is trimmed away to release the one flexible element 47 on that side of the wall, the other flexible element 47 being embedded in the wall behind the decking blocks 48.
The same procedure is used for the chimney and wall construction shown in Figures 1, 2, and 4, the same members in each case being removed after the concrete 12' has been poured between the wall structure 28 and the chimney liner 12, as the case may be, and after the concrete has set.
It is to be noted that the decking blocks employed in this construction may be not only blocks simulating brick courses when assembled but may also be blocks simulating natural or artificial stone, asbestos shingles, or panels laid in courses.
Although the invention has been specifically described in connection with an exterior wall construction, it is to be understood that this wall facing construction can also be applied for either inner wall or ceiling construction.
What is claimed is:
l. A wall facing construction including a pair of members arranged in superimposed spaced relation, each member having a vertical flange and a horizontal flange, the upper one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal flange is on top with the vertical flange on the outside and the lower one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal is on the bottom with the vertical flange on the outside, an upstanding member extending between and detachably secured to the vertical flanges of said upper and lower members for holding said latter members in spaced superimposed relation, a plurality of spacer blocks arranged in spaced relation along and fixedly carried by the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, each of said blocks having a portion adjacent one end thereof being inwardly of and spaced from the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of flexible elements extending between said upper and lower members, each of said elements having a portion adjacent one end extending over the top flange of the upper one of said members with said one end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the upper one of said members and having a portion adjacent the other end extending over the adjacent spacer block one end portion and the bottom flange of the lower one of said members with said other end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of decking blocks mounted on said flexible element to form a facing simulating a building wall made up of courses of building blocks, and means individually connecting each decking block to an adjacent one of said flexible elements.
2. A wall facing construction including a pair of members arranged in superimposed spaced relation, each member having a vertical flange and a horizontal flange, the upper one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal flange is on top with the vertical flange on the outside and the lower one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal is on the bottom with the vertical flange on the outside, an upstanding member extending between and detachably secured to the vertical flanges of said upper and lower members for holding said latter members in spaced superimposed relation, a plurality of spacer blocks arranged in spaced relation along and fixedly carried by the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, each of said blocks having a portion adjacent one end thereof being inwardly of and spaced from the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of flexible elements extending between said upper and lower members, each of said elements having a portion adjacent one end extending over the top flange of the upper one of said members with said one end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the upper one of said members and having a portion adjacent the other end extending over the adjacent spacer block one end portion and the bottom flange of the lower one of said members with said other end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of decking blocks mounted on said flexible element to form a facing simulating a building wall made up of courses of building blocks, the decking blocks being arranged so that each decking block interlocks with the adjacent decking blocks, and means individually connecting each decking block to an adjacent one of said flexible elements.
3. A wall facing construction including a pair of members arranged in superimposed spaced relation, each member having a vertical flange and a horizontal flange, the upper one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal flange is on top with the vertical flange on the outside and the lower one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal is on the bottom with the vertical flange on the outside, an upstanding member extending between and detachably secured to the vertical flanges of said upper and lower members for holding said latter members in spaced superimposed relation, a plurality of spacer blocks arranged in spaced relation along and fixedly carried by the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, each of said blocks having a portion adjacent one end thereof being inwardly of and spaced from the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of flexible elements extending between said upper and lower members, each of said elements having a portion adjacent one end extending over the top flange of the upper one of said members with said one end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the upper one of said members and having a portion adjacent the other end extending over the adjacent spacer block one end portion and the bottom flange of the lower one of said members with said other end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of decking blocks mounted on said flexible element to form a facing simulating a-building wall made up of courses of building blocks, the decking blocks being arranged so that each decking block interlocks with the adjacent decking blocks, and an attaching element carried on the inner face of each decking block and connected to an adjacent one of said flexible elements.
4. A wall facing construction including a pair of members arranged in superimposed spaced relation, each member having a vertical flange and a horizontal flange, the upper one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal flange is on top with the vertical flange on the outside and the lower one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal is on the bottom with the vertical flange on the outside, an upstanding member extending between and detachably secured to the vertical flanges of said upper and lower members for holding said latter members in spaced superimposed relation, a plurality of spacer blocks arranged in spaced relation along and fixedly carried by the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, each of said blocks having a portion adjacent one end thereof being inwardly of and spaced from the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of flexible elements extending between said upper and lower members, each of said elements having a portion adjacent one end extending over the top flange of the upper one of said members with said one end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the upper one of said members and having a portion adjacent the other end extending over the adjacent spacer block one end portion and the bottom flange of the lower one of said members with said other end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of decking blocks mounted on said flexible element to form a facing simulating a building wall made up of courses of building blocks, the decking blocks being arranged so that each decking block interlocks with the adjacent decking blocks, and an attaching element carried on the inner face of each decking block unobstructed by the interlocking of adjacent decking blocks and connected to an adjacent one of said flexible elements.
5. A wall facing construction including a pair of members arranged in superimposed spaced relation. each member having a vertical flange and a horizontal flange, the upper one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal flange is on top with the vertical flange on the outside and the lower one of said members being arranged so that the horizontal is on the bottom with the vertical flange on the outside, an upstanding member extending between and detachably secured to the vertical flanges of said upper and lower members for holding said latter members in spaced superimposed relation, a plurality of spacer blocks arranged in spaced relation along and fixedly carried by the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, each of said blocks having a portion adjacent one end thereof being inwardly of and spaced from the horizontal flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of flexible elements extending between said upper and lower members, each of said elements having a portion adjacent one end extending over the top flange of the upper one of said members with said one end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the upper one of said members and having a portion adjacent the other end extending over the adjacent spacer block one end portion and the bottom flange of the lower one of said members with said other end detachably secured to the vertical flange of the lower one of said members, a plurality of decking blocks mounted on said flexible element to form a facing simulating a building wall made up of a course of building blocks, the decking blocks being arranged so that each decking block interlocks with the adjacent decking blocks, each of said decking blocks being provided on its inner face with a vertically disposed groove receiving an adjacent one of said flexible elements, and an attaching element carried in the groove of each decking block unobstructed by the interlocking of adjacent decking blocks and connected to an adjacent one of said flexible elements.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 648,869 Horn .l May 1, 1900 1,060,056 Anderson Apr. 29, 1913 1,193,484 Ellert Aug. 1, 1916 1,334,600 Eades Mar. 23, 1920 1,444,588 Copeland Feb. 6, 1923 2,022,363 Vertuno Nov. 26, 1935 2,130,911 Teunon Sept. 20, 1938 2,276,071 Scull Mar. 10, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS 77,268 Austria of 1919
US483296A 1955-01-21 1955-01-21 Wall facing construction Expired - Lifetime US2821850A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3112578A (en) * 1961-11-24 1963-12-03 Morton M Rosenfeld Wall structure
US3310924A (en) * 1964-08-04 1967-03-28 George V Boynton Partition construction with blocks supported by a wire lattice
US20070094968A1 (en) * 2005-11-03 2007-05-03 Sawaged Fuad D Lightweight concrete panel and method of building structural members
US20080236083A1 (en) * 2007-03-31 2008-10-02 Aldo Banova Modular Concrete Wall System

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US648869A (en) * 1900-02-05 1900-05-01 Theodore Horn Tile ceiling, wall &c.
US1060056A (en) * 1912-11-13 1913-04-29 Robert Anderson Method of and means for insulating walls, ceilings, decks, bulkheads, or the like against the conduction of heat.
US1193484A (en) * 1916-08-01 blleet
AT77268B (en) * 1916-05-26 1919-07-25 Rudolf Thrul Wall reinforced with iron inlays.
US1334600A (en) * 1914-04-25 1920-03-23 Charles V Eades Building construction
US1444588A (en) * 1921-08-26 1923-02-06 Harry L Copeland Building method and means
US2022363A (en) * 1931-03-14 1935-11-26 Anthony J Vertuno Wall facing and wall-facing anchoring means
US2130911A (en) * 1935-02-26 1938-09-20 Charles G Teunon Building unit
US2276071A (en) * 1939-01-25 1942-03-10 Johns Manville Panel construction

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1193484A (en) * 1916-08-01 blleet
US648869A (en) * 1900-02-05 1900-05-01 Theodore Horn Tile ceiling, wall &c.
US1060056A (en) * 1912-11-13 1913-04-29 Robert Anderson Method of and means for insulating walls, ceilings, decks, bulkheads, or the like against the conduction of heat.
US1334600A (en) * 1914-04-25 1920-03-23 Charles V Eades Building construction
AT77268B (en) * 1916-05-26 1919-07-25 Rudolf Thrul Wall reinforced with iron inlays.
US1444588A (en) * 1921-08-26 1923-02-06 Harry L Copeland Building method and means
US2022363A (en) * 1931-03-14 1935-11-26 Anthony J Vertuno Wall facing and wall-facing anchoring means
US2130911A (en) * 1935-02-26 1938-09-20 Charles G Teunon Building unit
US2276071A (en) * 1939-01-25 1942-03-10 Johns Manville Panel construction

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3112578A (en) * 1961-11-24 1963-12-03 Morton M Rosenfeld Wall structure
US3310924A (en) * 1964-08-04 1967-03-28 George V Boynton Partition construction with blocks supported by a wire lattice
US20070094968A1 (en) * 2005-11-03 2007-05-03 Sawaged Fuad D Lightweight concrete panel and method of building structural members
US20080236083A1 (en) * 2007-03-31 2008-10-02 Aldo Banova Modular Concrete Wall System

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