US2820990A - Demountable building - Google Patents

Demountable building Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2820990A
US2820990A US50765055A US2820990A US 2820990 A US2820990 A US 2820990A US 50765055 A US50765055 A US 50765055A US 2820990 A US2820990 A US 2820990A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
panels
figure
building
together
edge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Robert F Johnson
Original Assignee
Robert F Johnson
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • E04B1/34321Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts mainly constituted by panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3211Structures with a vertical rotation axis or the like, e.g. semi-spherical structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B2001/327Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures comprised of a number of panels or blocs connected together forming a self-supporting structure
    • E04B2001/3276Panel connection details
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/35Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block
    • E04B2001/3583Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block using permanent tensioning means, e.g. cables or rods, to assemble or rigidify structures (not pre- or poststressing concrete), e.g. by tying them around the structure

Description

1m28, 195s R. F. JOHNSON 2,820,990

DEMOUNTABLE BUILDING Filed May 1l, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. ROBERT F. JOHNSON ATTORNEY S Jan. 28,- 1958 R. F. JOHNSON DEMOUNTABLE BUILDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 11, 1955 K INVENTOR.

ATTORNEYS DEMOUNTABLE BUEDING Robert F. Johnson, Portland, Greg. Application May 11, 1955, Serial No. 507,650

4 Claims. (Cl. 20-2) The present invention relates to demountable buildings, and particularly to such buildings which may be collapsed for packaging for shipment.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a demountable building, constructed from pre-cut material, that can be erected with a minimum of skill.

Another object of the yinvention is to provide a demountable building wherein the building panels are selfsustaining with no frame being required.

A still further object of the invention is to'provide a demountable building of the class described that can be erected and demounted in a minimum amount of time and with a minimum amount of equipment.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent in the following specification when read in the light of the attached drawings, in which:

Figure l is a plan View of the erected building, with parts broken away.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of the demountable building with parts broken away.

Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of the upper portion of the building, illustrating the panel attachment and air ventilator application, taken on line 3 3 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view illustrating the attachment of the side walls to the base, taken on line 4 4 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view of the device, taken on line 5 5 of Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view, taken on line 6 6 of Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 7 is a fragmentary vertical section taken on line 7 7 of Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 8 is a side elevation of the device, which illustrates how the walls of the building are connected to the base of the building before the top of the building is brought together.

Figure 9 is a fragmentary sectional view of the base of the building, illustrating how the same is connected together, taken on line 9 9 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 10 is a vertical sectional view of the door of the building, taken on line 10-10 of Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 1l is a transverse sectional view of the door of the building, taken on the line Il l of Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 12 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view of the air ventilator, taken on line 12-12 of Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 13 is a perspective View of one of the connecting clamps for connecting the panels of the building together.

Figure 14 is an exploded perspective view of one of tate tent C the connecting units for holding the tops of the panels together.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, wherein like referencenumerals indicate like parts throughout the several figures, the reference numeral 20 indicates, Vgenerally, the oor or foundation of the instant demountable building. The oor 20 is formed from sheet material such as plywood or the like, formed into sections 21 which may be either solid or hollow, as desired. The door 20 is formed of sections 21 to permit the oor 20 to be collapsed to facilitate packing for shipment. In assembling the sections 21, splines 22 are extended between the sections 21 for maintaining them in alignment. It should be noted that the iioor 20 may also be formed fromconcrete when it is desired to give the building a semi-permanent location.

The walls of the building are formed from sheet material such as the panels 23, which are cut as illustrated in Figure 8, and secured to the floor 20, as illustrated in Figure 4, by the securing elements 24. I'he panels 23 are further supported by battens 25 which bridge the joints of the iloor Zi, giving greater strength thereto. The panels 23 are additionally secured to the edge of the oor 20 by a band 26. The band 26 is split, and may be tightened by any suitable means, such as bolts 2'7 extending between the ends of the band26.

After the panels 23 are secured together and to the iioor 20 of the building, they will appear as illustrated in Figure'S. Positioned intermediate the ends of the panels 23, along the Vvertical edges thereof, are connecting members23, which are generally H-shaped and have avdivider 23 Vrunning' longitudinally thereof, providing pockets `30 on either side of the divider 29. The pockets 30 embrace the edge of the panels 23, as particularly illustrated in Figure 5, and may be secured to the panels 23 by securing elements 31 or, if desired, by friction alone. ln constructing the building, any number of connectors 28 may be interposed between the panels 23 as are required by the circumstances.

The units illustrated in Figure 14, which are shown in an exploded View, are used to connect the tops of the panels 23 together. These units consist of an outer clamping plate 32, an inner clamping plate 33, and a threaded eye-bolt 34. The inner clamping plate 33 is provided with an opening 35 and the outer clamping plate 32 is provided with a threaded opening 35, the eye-bolt 34 being adapted to pass through the inner plate 33 and be threaded into the outer plate 32. Referring to Figure 6, it should be noted that the plates 32 and 33 are applied to one edge of one of the panels 23 and held thereto by bolts 37 or any other suitable fastening means.

The opposite edges 33 of the plates 32 and 33 are flared to receive the oppositely disposed panel 23 when the panels 23 are assembled as described below.

A cable 39 is threaded through the eyes 40 of the eyebolts 34 and is then tightened so as to bring the tops 41 of the panels 23 together, as illustrated in Figures 3 and 6. The edges of the panels 23 enter between the plates 32 and 33 and then the edges of the panels 23 are drawn tightly together, with the cable 39 secured in its tightened position by cable clamp 42. The clamp 42 consists of plates 43 and 44, which are clamped against the ends 45 and 46 of the cable 39 by the bolts 47.

As the cable 39 is tightened, the edges of the panels 23 are entered into the connecting members 28 and also between the plates 32 and 33 of the upper unit, as described above. The eye-bolts 34 are provided with locking nuts 48 which clamp the plates 32 and 33 together against the edges of the panels 23 after they have been brought together in their final position as above described, a sealing tape 49 being applied over the joints of the panels 23, as illustrated in Figures l, 2, 4, 5 and 6.

spacing the ventilator 50 above the building top.

Window and door openings may be closed by a reinforced eXible sheet panel 53. This panel is attached to the upper edge 54 yof the door opening by any suitable means such as a batten 55 with cross rods 56 embedded within the panel 53 to assist in holding the same in position. The panel 53 maybe rolled up to the broken line position 57. t

From the above description and disclosure, it can be readily understood that this building can be shipped in packages and erected without a framework, the side panels 23 coming together in such a manner as to comp'letely support the building.

Having thus described a preferred embodiment of the invention, it should be understood that numerous modications and structural adaptations may be resorted t Without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A demountable building comprising a flat base, a plurality of panels with each of said panels having a bottom edge, a pair of arcuately inwardly and upwardly tapering side edges on each of said panels, an upper edge on each of said panels parallel to and substantially shorter than said bottom edge, means securing the bottom edge of each of said panels to the peripheral edge of said base with the side edge of adjacent panels abutting throughout their height, said panels each curving inwardly from its bottom edge `to its upper edge, a plurality of edge aligning members engaging adjacent edges of adjacent panels in vertically spaced relation, means cooperating with each of the uppermost of said aligning members for securing the upper edges of said panels together, and means overlying the adjacent edges of said panels for sealing the joint between adjacent panels.

2. A device as claimed in .claim 1 wherein said aligning members each comprises a pair 0f parallel angularly olset spaced apart plates, said plates having a pair of adjacent terminal side edges outwardly ared, and means connecting said plates.

3. A device as claimed in claim 2 wherein 'the uppermost of said members are each provided with an eye formed on said means connecting said plates, and said means cooperating with said members securing the upper edges of said panels together comprises a exible cable ythreaded through said eyes and having its terminal ends detachably secured together.

4. A device as claimed in claim l wherein all of said panels are clamped around a base rim by a band having means for tightening said band to clamp the bottoms of the panels against said base rim.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US2820990A 1955-05-11 1955-05-11 Demountable building Expired - Lifetime US2820990A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2820990A US2820990A (en) 1955-05-11 1955-05-11 Demountable building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2820990A US2820990A (en) 1955-05-11 1955-05-11 Demountable building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2820990A true US2820990A (en) 1958-01-28

Family

ID=24019555

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2820990A Expired - Lifetime US2820990A (en) 1955-05-11 1955-05-11 Demountable building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2820990A (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3085366A (en) * 1959-07-15 1963-04-16 William H Jamison Dome construction
US3284969A (en) * 1963-11-27 1966-11-15 Walters John William Prefabricated igloo
US3583112A (en) * 1970-01-29 1971-06-08 Samuel F Kennedy Adjustable roof assembly
US3660953A (en) * 1970-05-18 1972-05-09 Schenk Engineering Co Prestressed structure
US3675380A (en) * 1970-04-27 1972-07-11 Tension Structures Co Prefabricated dome-type shelter
US3949732A (en) * 1974-06-10 1976-04-13 Reines Robert G Solar heated building
US3953949A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-05-04 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular building structure
US3999337A (en) * 1972-04-03 1976-12-28 Tomassetti Jr Jerome Dome structures
US4439383A (en) * 1982-09-07 1984-03-27 Collins Billy J Method of constructing shell-formed structures
US4680901A (en) * 1985-11-05 1987-07-21 Genstar Structures Limited Precast concrete dome system
FR2600362A1 (en) * 1986-06-20 1987-12-24 Jezequel Olivier Novel dome-shaped building structure particularly for keeping poultry
US4873796A (en) * 1988-05-27 1989-10-17 Kemal Akmese Dome structure
US4876832A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-10-31 Wasserman Ervin W Walking power mower enclosure
US4904017A (en) * 1985-02-26 1990-02-27 Monon Corporation Trailer construction
US4904118A (en) * 1986-11-20 1990-02-27 Thiemann Iii Henry J Structure for viewing an underwater environment
DE3934847A1 (en) * 1989-10-19 1991-04-25 Harald Georg Mueller Transportable demountable cabin
US5791293A (en) * 1994-11-14 1998-08-11 Doskocil Manufacturing Company, Inc. Animal shelter formed in the shape of a natural object
US5918438A (en) * 1997-04-15 1999-07-06 South; David B. Dome type building and method of making same
US5930961A (en) * 1998-06-10 1999-08-03 Beaudet; Judith Holly Site assembled emergency shelter
US20040045227A1 (en) * 2002-09-11 2004-03-11 Dome Technology, Inc. Building with foam cored ribs and method
US7318446B1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2008-01-15 John Tarver Protective housing for pipeline
US20090025307A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2009-01-29 Crichlow Henry B Severe storm shelter
US7774992B2 (en) 2007-07-18 2010-08-17 Garofalo James C Tile and strut construction system for geodesic dome
US20110162310A1 (en) * 2007-07-18 2011-07-07 James Charles Garofalo Tile And Strut Construction System For Geodesic Dome
US9695585B1 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-07-04 Donald S. Seiford, Sr. Portable domed storm shelter

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1203019A (en) * 1915-04-05 1916-10-31 George A Leonard Silo-roof.
US1826378A (en) * 1928-06-15 1931-10-06 William D Bayley Silo top
US2092722A (en) * 1936-10-12 1937-09-07 Lamneck Products Inc Silo roof
US2256050A (en) * 1939-08-28 1941-09-16 Mand M Wood Working Company Building
FR899373A (en) * 1942-12-17 1945-05-29 Heinolan Faneritehdas Zacharia Improvements to be dismantled tents or shacks and portable
DE831305C (en) * 1951-03-02 1952-02-11 Hermann Stoya Portable Garage

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1203019A (en) * 1915-04-05 1916-10-31 George A Leonard Silo-roof.
US1826378A (en) * 1928-06-15 1931-10-06 William D Bayley Silo top
US2092722A (en) * 1936-10-12 1937-09-07 Lamneck Products Inc Silo roof
US2256050A (en) * 1939-08-28 1941-09-16 Mand M Wood Working Company Building
FR899373A (en) * 1942-12-17 1945-05-29 Heinolan Faneritehdas Zacharia Improvements to be dismantled tents or shacks and portable
DE831305C (en) * 1951-03-02 1952-02-11 Hermann Stoya Portable Garage

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3085366A (en) * 1959-07-15 1963-04-16 William H Jamison Dome construction
US3284969A (en) * 1963-11-27 1966-11-15 Walters John William Prefabricated igloo
US3583112A (en) * 1970-01-29 1971-06-08 Samuel F Kennedy Adjustable roof assembly
US3675380A (en) * 1970-04-27 1972-07-11 Tension Structures Co Prefabricated dome-type shelter
US3744205A (en) * 1970-04-27 1973-07-10 Tension Structures Co Method of erecting prefabricated shelter
US3818669A (en) * 1970-04-27 1974-06-25 Tension Structures Co Flexible joint
US3660953A (en) * 1970-05-18 1972-05-09 Schenk Engineering Co Prestressed structure
US3999337A (en) * 1972-04-03 1976-12-28 Tomassetti Jr Jerome Dome structures
US3949732A (en) * 1974-06-10 1976-04-13 Reines Robert G Solar heated building
US3953949A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-05-04 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular building structure
US4439383A (en) * 1982-09-07 1984-03-27 Collins Billy J Method of constructing shell-formed structures
US4904017A (en) * 1985-02-26 1990-02-27 Monon Corporation Trailer construction
US4680901A (en) * 1985-11-05 1987-07-21 Genstar Structures Limited Precast concrete dome system
FR2600362A1 (en) * 1986-06-20 1987-12-24 Jezequel Olivier Novel dome-shaped building structure particularly for keeping poultry
US4904118A (en) * 1986-11-20 1990-02-27 Thiemann Iii Henry J Structure for viewing an underwater environment
US4876832A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-10-31 Wasserman Ervin W Walking power mower enclosure
US4873796A (en) * 1988-05-27 1989-10-17 Kemal Akmese Dome structure
DE3934847C2 (en) * 1989-10-19 2002-10-31 Adco Umweltdienste Holding Gmb Portable collapsible cabin
DE3934847A1 (en) * 1989-10-19 1991-04-25 Harald Georg Mueller Transportable demountable cabin
EP0523753A1 (en) * 1989-10-19 1993-01-20 Harald Georg Müller Collapsible and transportable cubicle
US5791293A (en) * 1994-11-14 1998-08-11 Doskocil Manufacturing Company, Inc. Animal shelter formed in the shape of a natural object
US5918438A (en) * 1997-04-15 1999-07-06 South; David B. Dome type building and method of making same
US5930961A (en) * 1998-06-10 1999-08-03 Beaudet; Judith Holly Site assembled emergency shelter
US20040045227A1 (en) * 2002-09-11 2004-03-11 Dome Technology, Inc. Building with foam cored ribs and method
US6840013B2 (en) 2002-09-11 2005-01-11 Dome Technology, Inc. Building with foam cored ribs and method
US20050097830A1 (en) * 2002-09-11 2005-05-12 Dome Technology, Inc. Building with foam cored ribs and method
US7318446B1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2008-01-15 John Tarver Protective housing for pipeline
US20090025307A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2009-01-29 Crichlow Henry B Severe storm shelter
US7774992B2 (en) 2007-07-18 2010-08-17 Garofalo James C Tile and strut construction system for geodesic dome
US20110162310A1 (en) * 2007-07-18 2011-07-07 James Charles Garofalo Tile And Strut Construction System For Geodesic Dome
US9695585B1 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-07-04 Donald S. Seiford, Sr. Portable domed storm shelter

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3294034A (en) Cargo container for airplanes
US3240217A (en) Structural assembly
US3377755A (en) Prefabricated building units including prestressed floor panels with upstanding end members connected by tension means
US3513608A (en) Curvilinear prefabricated building with conical roof
US3457684A (en) Self-supporting inflatable shelter
US3312028A (en) Roofing, siding or ceiling structure of interlocked channel section panels
US3263692A (en) Tent
US2605064A (en) Cargo securing system
US1170188A (en) Folding frame for portable buildings.
US5447000A (en) Prefabricated building kit
US3955676A (en) Adjustable shipping rack and means for securing flat sheets thereto
US2950786A (en) Building system
US5000211A (en) Tent structure
US4075814A (en) Modular housing system with part of the module serving as a shipping container for the remainder of the module
US3999333A (en) Inflatable enclosure
US3871153A (en) Partition device
US4608066A (en) Clean room adapted for variable work area configurations
US5611449A (en) Foldable container
US1883376A (en) Building construction
US5638851A (en) Modular shelter
US3984948A (en) Collapsible building structure
US3156018A (en) Plant-manufactured building structure
US2701038A (en) Portable house
US2664740A (en) Panel wall joint
US3995843A (en) Apparatus for supporting a window buck frame