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US2819196A - Method of transferring a picture - Google Patents

Method of transferring a picture Download PDF

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Publication number
US2819196A
US2819196A US43559654A US2819196A US 2819196 A US2819196 A US 2819196A US 43559654 A US43559654 A US 43559654A US 2819196 A US2819196 A US 2819196A
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Prior art keywords
tape
paper
picture
plate
printed
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Expired - Lifetime
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Munro James Milton
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Munro James Milton
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/16Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like
    • B44C1/165Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like for decalcomanias; sheet material therefor
    • B44C1/17Dry transfer
    • B44C1/1733Decalcomanias applied under pressure only, e.g. provided with a pressure sensitive adhesive
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1059Splitting sheet lamina in plane intermediate of faces

Description

Jan. 7, 1958 J. M. MUNRO 2,819,196

v METHOD OF TRANSFERRING A PICTURE Filed June 9, 1954 s Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. domes Mil'ron Munro Attorney, I

Jan. 7, 1958 J. M. MUNRO METHOD OF TRANSFERRING A PICTURE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 9, 1954 INVENTOR. domes Milron Munro BY Attorney Jan. 7, 1958 J. M. MUNRO METHOD OF TRANSFERRING A PICTURE 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed June 9, 1954 INVENTOR.

A Ho r n ey James Milton Munro [III llite J METHOD 9F TRANFERR1NG A PICTURE James Milton Munro, Philadelphia, la.

Application dune 9, 1954, Serial No. 435,5?6

3 Claims. (Cl. 154-lll3) This invention relates to a method of mounting pictures in scrapbooks, to a method of preserving pictures by mounting on a suitable surface, and to a method of transferring pictures from printed paper to another surface, and to a masking plate useful in said method.

Heretofore it has been known that a newspaper picture could be transferred to waxed paper by a method comprising the application of pressure to the waxed surface. The quality of the picture thus transferred has been sufii ciently poor that the method has been practiced to only a limited extent.

In accordance with the present invention, a picture is transferred from printed paper to a scrapbook, mounting board, or another surface by a method comprising the steps of: providing a thin masking plate having a central opening and marginal portions adjacent the edges of said central opening, said masking plate being constructed of metal or related smooth surface material to which pressure sensitive tape can be temporarily positioned with little adhesion; temporarily adhering to said marginal edges a strip of transparent pressure sensitive tape of suificient width to bridge said central opening of the masking plate; positioning the masking plate on the printed paper, the thickness of said paper comprising a base portion and a printed portion; applying pressure to the smooth surface of the transparent tape to push the pressure sensitive portion thereof onto the picture to be transferred, such pressure being applied only to the portion of the tape in said central opening of the masking plate, and not to the marginal portions guarded or protected by the masking plate; and rapidly snapping (i. e., applying a rapid movement to) the tape to peel away the tape from both the paper and the marginal portions of the masking plate, whereby the picture is transferred from the printed paper to the transparent tape and the thickness of the paper is split so that the printed portion adheres to the tape and the masking plate acts to cut the thus split-olf printed portion of the paper to provide smooth edges for the picture; and securing the transparent tape to a scrapbook, mounting board, or other surface by means of the marginal portions of the pressure sensitive tape. The picture is seen through the transparent tape, and appears glossy whether the picture Was transferred from a newspaper, or glossy magazine, or other fibrous printed paper. Ordinarily a portion of the thickness of the printed paper is removed as the pressure sensitive tape is rapidly peeled away, and the paper thus removed is the backing of the picture visible through the transparent tape secured to another surface by the marginal adhesive portions.

Because the method is operative without regard to the reasons therefore, no proof of the theory of operation has been obtained. Possibly the pressure sensitive tape forms a temporary bond with the paper which, as measured in the usual slow peeling test (e. one centimeter per second) has only a few ounces of adhesive strength. The process of delaminating the pressure sensitive tape from the printed paper may require a small but finite time. When the peeling is conducted at a speed greatly in excess of the deadhering capacity of the tape, advantage may be taken of the momentary adhesive strength between the pressure sensitive tape and the printed paper, and if this is greater than the delamination strength (related tothe tensile strength) of the printed paper, a layer of paper (comprising the printed picture) may be pulled from the body of the paper sheet as the tape is so rapidly peeled. The peeling speed necessary for effective transfer of pictures by said method appears to be dependent in part upon the tensile strength and smoothness of the printed paper. The very glossy paper of magazines provide a degree of momentary adherence which is very much smaller than for newspapers. In order to obtain good transfer from such glossy paper, it is necessary to employ greater pressure during the initial securing of the tape onto the picture to be transferred and it is also necessary to peel the tape with greater rapidity than would be necessary in transferring a picture from a printed paper having a lower tensile strength, delarninating strength, and/or surface roughness (e. g. a newspaper). Altho the average person who is trained to practice the method of the present invention readily learns the differences between excessively slow and sufliciently rapid removal of the tape from the combination of the masking plate and the printed paper, certain advantages are attained by attaining a speed of lineal peeling in excess of one foot per second. In order to accelerate to such a high speed quickly, the movement is desirably started so that the tape peels from a portion of the masking plate at an end of the central opening before the commencement of the peeling of the tape and picture. Thus it is possible to achieve the high speed peeling of the picture throughout the entire length of the central opening in the masking plate.

In the accompanying drawings, Figures l-5 represent various stages of the method of the present invention. Figure 6 is a plan view of the masking plate suitable for use in said method. Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the lines 77-of Figure 6. Figure 8 is a sectional view taken on the lines 3-8 of Figure 6.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, there is shown amethod of transferring a picture, represented by the numeral 8, from a printed paper it) to a scrapbook, display card or other surface. A thin masking plate 11 is constructed of metal or similar smooth surface having little adhesion for pressure sensitive adhesives. The

.masking plate is characterized by a central opening 12 around which are marginal surfaces 13. Transparent pressure sensitive adhesive tape 14, of a width slightly greater than the Widest portion of the central opening 12, can be withdrawn from a dispenser 15. The dispenser 15 may be of the conventional type having a cutting blade 16. The operator can hold the dispenser 15 in a right hand 17, and with a left thumb 18 temporarily afiix an end of the transparent tape 14 to a terminal marginal portion 13 of the metallic masking plate ll, as shown in Fig. l. The tape can be temporarily secured to a sufficient portion of the masking plate 11 to bridge the central opening 12, and the combination of the tape and masking plate can be placed over the printed picture to be transferred. Pressure can be applied to the smooth surface of that portion of the tape 14 bridging the central opening 32, thereby forcing the pressure sensitive adhesive surface of the tape 14 into firm adhesion with the printed picture to be transferred, as shown in Figure 2. Such pressure can be applied, for instance, by the left thumb 18.

Before the rapid peeling of the tape is commenced, the masking plate 11 is securely positioned to withstand a strong force without being moved, and may be held against the printed paper 10 and a supporting surface by the left thumb 18, as shown in Figure 3. Then the tape 14 is unpeeled with great rapidity, and at a rate of at least one foot per second. Because of the great rapidity of the unpeeling action, the printed picture is transferred from the printed paper 10 to the transparent tape 14. If the printed paper 10 is similar to newspaper stock, some delamination of the paper 10 will result, leaving a thin layer 19 of paper on the tape 14, and leaving a middle layer 20 of the paper exposed, as shown in Figure 4.

After the printed picture has thus been transferred to the transparent tape, the combination of the tape and picture can be mounted in a scrapbook, on a display card, or on some other suitable surface 21. The portions of the tape previously engaged with the marginal surfaces 13 of the masking plate have the active pressure sensitive adhesive surface by which the combination is thus mounted to the surface 2.1, as shown in Figure 5.

The masking plate 11 may be constructed of thin smooth plastic, thin smooth metal, or other material of minimized tendency to adhere to pressure sensitive tape. The central opening 12 must be of an artistic and aesthetically pleasing shape, such as a rectangle, rounded rectangle, heart shaped or the like.

As shown in Figures 68, a masking plate 111 can be provided with a slidable cover 122 for an elongated slot 123. The cover can be shifted so that a round-ended opening 1 4 can be shortened or lengthened, and so that a square ended opening 125 can also be shortened or lengthened. Handles 126 can be provided to make it easier to shift the slide 123 in slots 127.

Ordinarily it is desirable to provide a masking plate adapted for a transparent tape of a predetermined width, and adjustable merely for the length of tape to be employed. However, a masking plate with lateral adjustability could be provided. It should be especially noted that the masking plate 111 and slide .123 are provided with guide lines 128 indicating the correct location of the edges of the tape, whereby the tape can be positioned to bridge either the opening 124 or the opening 125 with adhesion to substantially equal lateral marginal surfaces 113.

In other modifications of masking plates in which the central opening is heart shaped, circular, or of other artistic design, the provision of guide lines on the masking plate greatly simplifies the task of positioning the tape symmetrically.

Although certain embodiments have been given by way of example and illustration, it is obvious that various modifications of the structures and/or method may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

The invention claimed is:

l. The method of transferring a picture from a conventional sheet of printed paper, said paper having an upper printed portion and a lower base portion, onto a different surface which includes the steps of temporarily adhering a transparent pressure sensitive tape to the marginal portions around a central opening of a masking plate, said marginal portions of the plate having little adhension to such tape, positioning the combination of masking plate and tape on the picture to be transferred, applying pressure to the smooth non-adherent surface of the transparent tape for firmly pressing the pressure-sensitive portion of the tape onto the picture to be transferred, whereby the tape adheres to the paper much more tenaciously than to the marginal portions of the plate, applying a rapid movement to the tape to peel away the tape from both the paper and the marginal portions of the masking plate, whereby the printed picture, together with said upper printed portion of the paper is transferred from said lower base portion of the paper to the transparent tape, said rapid movement splitting the thickness of the paper between said lower base portion and said upper printed portion, and securing said picture onto a different surface by means of said marginal portions of the pressure sensitive tape.

2. The method of transferring a picture from a printed paper to a dillerent surface which includes the steps of applying a strip of transparent pressure sensitive tape across an opening of a masking plate, adhering the tape bridging said opening to the picture, and rapidly snapping the tape to peel the tape away from the combination of the paper and masking plate, whereby the thickness of the paper is split so that from a base portion there is removed the printed portion of the paper, whereby the picture is transferred from the base portion of the paper to the transparent tape and the masking plate acts to cut the split-oil printed portion of the thickness of the paper to provide smooth edges for the picture, and adhering the combination of the picture and transparent tape to a different surface in such a manner that said picture can be seen through the transparent tape.

3. The method of transferring a picture from a printed paper to a different surface, said paper having an upper printed surface and a lower base portion, which method includes the step of unpeehng transparent pressure sens1- tive tape at a rate in excess of one foot per second from the combination of a masking plate having a central opening framing the picture to be transferred and said picture, thereby transferring the picture from the paper to the transparent tape while splitting the thickness of the paper to remove the printed portion from the base portion of the paper, and employing the portions of the pressure sensitive adhesive previously temporarily adhered to the masking plate to secure the tape to another surface in such a manner that the transparent tape protects the picture.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,323,021 CrOWell et al. NOV. 25, 1919 2,101,876 Scott Dec. 14, 1937 2,191,704 Bennett Feb. 27, 1940 2,286,458 Bowman et al June 16, 1942 2,290,365 Wynne July 21, 1942 2,515,423 Ptasnik July 18, 1950 2,627,485 Smith Feb. 3, 1953 2,627,486 Smith Feb. 3, 1953 2,681,877 Seymour June 22, 1954 2,754,023 Sheridan July 10, 1956

Claims (1)

1. THE METHOD OF TRANSFERRING A PICTURE FROM A CONVENTIONAL SHEET OF PRINTED PAPER, SAID PAPER HAVING AN UPPER PRINTED PORTION AND A LOWER BASE PORTION, ONTO A DIFFERENT SURFACE WHICH INCLUDES THE STEPS OF TEMPORARILY ADHERING A TRANSPARENT PRESSURE SENSITIVE TAPE TO THE MARGINAL PORTIONS AROUND A CENTRAL OPENING OF A MASKING PLATE, SAID MARGINAL PORTIONS OF THE PLATE HAVING LITTLE ADHENSION TO SUCH TAPE, POSITIONING THE COMBINATION OF MASKING PLATE AND TAPE ON THE PICTURE TO BE TRANSFERRED, APPLYING PRESSURE TO THE SMOOTH NON-ADHERENT SURFACE OF THE TRANSPARENT TAPE FOR FIRMLY PRESSING THE PRESSURE-SENSITIVE PORTION OF THE TAPE ONTO THE PICTURE TO BE TRANSFERRED, WHEREBY THE TAPE ADHERES TO THE PAPER MUCH MORE TENACIOUSLY THAN TO THE MARGINAL PORTIONS OF THE PLATE, APPLYING A RAPID MOVEMENT TO THE TAPE TO PEEL AWAY THE TAPE FROM BOTH THE PAPER AND THE MARGINAL PORTIONS OF THE MASKING PLATE, WHEREBY THE PRINTED PICTURE, TOGETHER WITH SAID UPPER PRINTED PORTION OF THE PAPER IS TRANSFERRED FROM SAID LOWER BASE PORTION OF THE PAPER TO THE TRANSPARENT TAPE, SAID RAPID MOVEMENT SPLITTING THE THICKNESS OF THE PAPER BETWEEN SAID LOWER BASE PORTION AND SAID UPPER PRINTED PORTION, AND SECURING SAID PICTURE ONTO A DIFFERENT SURFACE BY MEANS OF SAID MARGINAL PORTIONS OF THE PRESSURE SENSITIVE TAPE.
US2819196A 1954-06-09 1954-06-09 Method of transferring a picture Expired - Lifetime US2819196A (en)

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US2819196A US2819196A (en) 1954-06-09 1954-06-09 Method of transferring a picture
US2996104A US2996104A (en) 1954-06-09 1957-10-28 Masking plate for transferring a picture

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2899658A (en) * 1959-08-11 Leaf-type electrical resistance strain gage
US2934467A (en) * 1957-02-07 1960-04-26 Bergstein Packaging Trust Dry gloss pre-cast clay laminated paper and method of making it
US2986831A (en) * 1958-09-10 1961-06-06 Atlantic Res Corp Process for lifting skin imprints
US3032458A (en) * 1956-03-08 1962-05-01 Dufaylite Dev Ltd Cellular structures made from sheet materials
US3082135A (en) * 1958-12-22 1963-03-19 William J Lane Ornamentation materials
US3146144A (en) * 1960-06-23 1964-08-25 Jerome H Lemelson Printing process
US3258381A (en) * 1962-08-02 1966-06-28 Olin Mathieson Process for multi-coloring metal oxide surfaces
US3365321A (en) * 1963-10-25 1968-01-23 Kent Plastics Corp Method of decorating a plastic article utilizing resist and decorative layers portions of which are removed by an adhesive film
US3376182A (en) * 1965-06-25 1968-04-02 Marvin C. Borell Method and device for transferring and retaining printed matter
US4145244A (en) * 1977-07-21 1979-03-20 Covey Leylan V Portable transfer toy
US4383878A (en) * 1980-05-20 1983-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Transfer process
US20100181380A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-22 Trotter Douglas H Methods and systems for fabricating a transaction card incorporating a memory

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1323021A (en) * 1919-11-25 crowell
US2101876A (en) * 1933-04-14 1937-12-14 Scott Clyde Composite film and method of making
US2191704A (en) * 1935-03-26 1940-02-27 Bennett Arthur Transfer adhesive process and product
US2286458A (en) * 1941-03-13 1942-06-16 Wade V Bowman Transfer applying apparatus
US2290365A (en) * 1940-04-30 1942-07-21 Eugene M Wynne Mechanical means to transfer decalcomanias to receiving surfaces
US2515423A (en) * 1945-07-31 1950-07-18 Ptasnik Kelman Josef Tape with adhesive and nonadhesive areas
US2627485A (en) * 1949-08-06 1953-02-03 Arthur L Smith Process of applying inked indicia to a rubber article using an image reproducing film
US2627486A (en) * 1949-08-15 1953-02-03 Arthur L Smith Process of applying inked indicia to a rubber balloon
US2681877A (en) * 1950-02-14 1954-06-22 B B Chem Co Supported adhesive strip material
US2754023A (en) * 1953-03-02 1956-07-10 Vincent J Sheridan Tape dispenser

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1323021A (en) * 1919-11-25 crowell
US2101876A (en) * 1933-04-14 1937-12-14 Scott Clyde Composite film and method of making
US2191704A (en) * 1935-03-26 1940-02-27 Bennett Arthur Transfer adhesive process and product
US2290365A (en) * 1940-04-30 1942-07-21 Eugene M Wynne Mechanical means to transfer decalcomanias to receiving surfaces
US2286458A (en) * 1941-03-13 1942-06-16 Wade V Bowman Transfer applying apparatus
US2515423A (en) * 1945-07-31 1950-07-18 Ptasnik Kelman Josef Tape with adhesive and nonadhesive areas
US2627485A (en) * 1949-08-06 1953-02-03 Arthur L Smith Process of applying inked indicia to a rubber article using an image reproducing film
US2627486A (en) * 1949-08-15 1953-02-03 Arthur L Smith Process of applying inked indicia to a rubber balloon
US2681877A (en) * 1950-02-14 1954-06-22 B B Chem Co Supported adhesive strip material
US2754023A (en) * 1953-03-02 1956-07-10 Vincent J Sheridan Tape dispenser

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2899658A (en) * 1959-08-11 Leaf-type electrical resistance strain gage
US3032458A (en) * 1956-03-08 1962-05-01 Dufaylite Dev Ltd Cellular structures made from sheet materials
US2934467A (en) * 1957-02-07 1960-04-26 Bergstein Packaging Trust Dry gloss pre-cast clay laminated paper and method of making it
US2986831A (en) * 1958-09-10 1961-06-06 Atlantic Res Corp Process for lifting skin imprints
US3082135A (en) * 1958-12-22 1963-03-19 William J Lane Ornamentation materials
US3146144A (en) * 1960-06-23 1964-08-25 Jerome H Lemelson Printing process
US3258381A (en) * 1962-08-02 1966-06-28 Olin Mathieson Process for multi-coloring metal oxide surfaces
US3365321A (en) * 1963-10-25 1968-01-23 Kent Plastics Corp Method of decorating a plastic article utilizing resist and decorative layers portions of which are removed by an adhesive film
US3376182A (en) * 1965-06-25 1968-04-02 Marvin C. Borell Method and device for transferring and retaining printed matter
US4145244A (en) * 1977-07-21 1979-03-20 Covey Leylan V Portable transfer toy
US4383878A (en) * 1980-05-20 1983-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Transfer process
US20100181380A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-22 Trotter Douglas H Methods and systems for fabricating a transaction card incorporating a memory
US8387870B2 (en) * 2009-01-16 2013-03-05 Secure Exchange Solutions, Llc Methods and systems for fabricating a transaction card incorporating a memory

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