US2816065A - Vapor degreaser - Google Patents

Vapor degreaser Download PDF

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US2816065A
US2816065A US501945A US50194555A US2816065A US 2816065 A US2816065 A US 2816065A US 501945 A US501945 A US 501945A US 50194555 A US50194555 A US 50194555A US 2816065 A US2816065 A US 2816065A
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tank
trough
duct
portion
refrigeration
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US501945A
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Raymond W Legler
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Raymond W Legler
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G5/00Cleaning or de-greasing metallic material by other methods; Apparatus for cleaning or de-greasing metallic material with organic solvents
    • C23G5/02Cleaning or de-greasing metallic material by other methods; Apparatus for cleaning or de-greasing metallic material with organic solvents using organic solvents
    • C23G5/04Apparatus

Description

Dec. 10, 1 957 R. WI L EGLER 2,816,065

VAPOR DEGREASOR I Fil'e'd-April 18, 1955 Fla.

' 'c'Q M (Ittorneg Zmnentoi:

United Sttes Patent VAPOR. DEGREASERl:

Raymond W. Legl'er, Erie, Pa.

Application April" 18, 1955, Serial No. 501,945

2 Claims. (Cl. 202-170) This invention relates to degreasers and more particularly to degreasers for removing foreign substances from articles of manufacture.

in degreasers made according to previous designs, the vapor used in the degreaser was heated and the vapor passed up over the work and through cooling coils which were cooled by water which flowed through the cooling coils and then wasted. This condensed the vapor and caused it to fall back into the tank. It is difficult to obtain low temperature cooling water in some localities. In other localities, water shortages prevail and it is desirable to conserve water. In the present invention, a refrigerated jacket is provided around the outside of the upper edge of the tank which cools the inside surface of the tank and as vapor flows up from the heated reservoir, it engages the refrigerated surface and is condensed and falls back into a trough which conveys the condensate through a refrigerated pipe and thence into a reservoir tank from which it spills over into a heated tank.

It is, accordingly, an object of this invention to provide a degreaser which overcomes the defects in prior degreasers and, further, to provide a degreaser which is simple in construction, economical to manufacture, and simple and efficient to use.

Another object of this invention is to provide a degreaser wherein the vapor is condensed by means of a refrigeration system which enables a higher temperature to be used in boiling the solvent without any greater resulting loss of solvent than is ordinarily used in degreasers.

Another obect of the invention is to provide a degreaser wherein the vapor is condensed by a refrigeration device and a novel type of bafile is disposed above the refrigeration device whereby the vapor is directed onto the refrigerated walls.

With the above and other objects in view, the present invention consists of the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the form, size, proportions, and minor details of construction without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

In the drawing:

Fig. l is a top view of a degreaser; and

Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Now with more specific reference to the drawing, a degreaser 1 is disclosed wherein a tank 2 has a partition or bafile 3 intermediate the length thereof. The partition 3 extends upward to a point just below a trough 4 and approximately midway of the height of the degreaser 1. The trough 4 forms a channel around the inner periphery of the degreaser tank 2 and has a side wall 5 and a bottom wall 6. The trough 4 is connected to a reservoir 8 through a pipe 10 which is connected to the bottom of the trough 4 and flows through the pipe 10 and discharges through an opening 111. A jacket 12 surrounds Z ,8 l 6 ,06 5 Patented. Dec. 10, 1957 the: pipe-10 at a: point thereon: outside the tank; 2 and is. connected toa refrigeratiomsystem;1-1- through pipes 9 and- 40;. The condensate flowing; from; the trough.4:to the. pipe 11).: is] cooled. before; it. discharges; through. the opening; 1 1 1: into the. reservoin 8.. l ftth'emeservoin portion 8 fills up}. the: liquid-.1 therein: willspill"v overdthe: top; edge 14*of. baflie 3- andi into; a: heatingjportioni 16. Electrical heating elements 17 are disposedrin the: heatingmortion 16--to.'heatthe.- liquid toz boil the-liquid;18 in the: lower portion thereof.

A duct 20 havingasiderporti'om211,-an-uppenportionr22, and a lower portion 23 is welded to the outside edge of the tank 2 so that the portion 24 of the inside of the tank 2 is constantly cooled to a low temperature. A plate like shelf 26 is welded to the side walls along the inner surface at 27 and forms a shelf around the inner periphery thereof just above the refrigerated portion 24. Vapor boiled off of the heating portion 16 in the direction of the arrows engages the cooled portion 24 and is condensed and falls down into the trough 4. The convection currents due to the condensing of the fluids will be in the direction of the arrows and, therefore, little or no vapor will escape from the tank 2. The shelf 26 forms a belt along the inner periphery of the tank 2 and, therefore, directs the fluid 18 into engagement with the cold wall downward into the trough 4. A container 30 of parts to be degreased can be supported at one end thereof on the upper edge 14 and the other end can be supported on the edge of a bracket 29.

The refrigeration coils 41 are disposed in the duct 20 and are connected to the pipe 40 which is the gas line from the refrigeration system 11. The refrigeration system 11 is made up of a conventional motor driven compressor, liquid line 9, and gas line 40. The coils 41 connected between the line 40 and the line 9 constitute the evaporator of the refrigeration system 11 and the compressor has associated therewith the usual expansion valves.

In operation, the reservoir 8 is filled to overflowing with solvent such as trichloroethylene. The solvent from the reservoir portion 8 spills over into the heating portion 16 and is heated by the heating coil 17 and vapors are boiled off.

Parts to be degreased are put in the basket 30 and the vapors pass up through the basket 30, condensing thereon and washing the grease and other foreign materials there from. Any vapors which escape past the basket 30 of parts will blow upward and the vapors along the edge of the container 3!) will pass by the cooled edge 24 and be cooled, causing them to condense and fall back into the trough 4. This will set up convection currents which will draw the vapor down below in the direction of the arrows. The shelf 26 will help direct the vapors into engagement with the cold surface 24. As pointed out above, the refrigeration unit 11 will be operatively connected to the duct 20 by means of the refrigeration coils and the duct 20 itself will be filled with some low freezing liquid such as ethylene glycol. The refrigeration pipes are likewise connected to the units which help to further condense the liquid 18 as it returns to the reservoir 8.

The foregoing specification sets forth the invention in its preferred practical forms but the structure shown is capable of modification within a range of equivalent-s without departing from the invention which is to be understood is broadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. A vapor degreaser comprising a tank, the lower portion of said tank having a partition therein extending upward from the bottom thereof and terminating between the top and bottom and dividing said tank into a heated coil, a trough attached to the inside of the wall of said tank disposed at a height intermediate the height of said partition and said duct, conduit means connecting said trough to said reservoir portion, and refrigeration means :adapted to cool condensate flowing through said conduit from said trough to a container.

2. The degreaser recited in claim 1 wherein a narrow plate shaped shelf is disposed around the inside of 'said tank at a greater height than said refrigeration duct.

UNITED STATES PATENTS Savage Nov. 12, 1935 Dinley Apr. 7, 1936 Woifi Oct. 13, 1936 Savage Aug. 24, 1937 Seaton Nov. 5, 1940 Biakeslee Dec. 3, 1940 Helfenstein Q. Feb. 6, 1945 Boss Aug. 24, 1948 OTHER REFERENCES 15 page 16797.

Claims (1)

1. A VAPOR DEGREASED COMPRISING A TANK, THE LOWER PORTION OF SAID TANK HAVING A PARTITION THEREIN EXTENDING UPWARD FROM THE BOTTOM THEREOF AND TERMINATING BETWEENEN THE TOP AND BOTTOM AND DIVIDING SAID TANK INTO A HEATED PORTION AND A RESERVIOR PORTION, A DUCT FORMED AROUND THE UPPER EDGE OF SAID TANK AROUND THE OUTSIDE THEREOF, SAID DUCT ADAPTED TO CONTAIN A LIQUID HAVING A LOW FREEZING POINT, REFRIGERATING COIL IN SAID DUCT, A REFRIGERATION COMPRESSOR OPERATIVELY CONNECTED TO SAID REFRIGERATION COIL, A TROUGH ATTACHED TO THE INSIDE OF THE WALL OF SAIDD TANK DISPOSED AT A HEIGHT INTERMEDIATE THE HEIGHT OF SAID PARTITION AND SAID DUCT, CONDUIT MEANS CONNECTING SAID TROUGH TO SAID RESERVIOR PORTION, AND REFRIGERATION MEANS ADAPTED TO COOL CONDENSATE FLOWING THROUGH SAID CONDUIT FROM SAID TROUGH TO SID CONTAINER.
US501945A 1955-04-18 1955-04-18 Vapor degreaser Expired - Lifetime US2816065A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3232594A (en) * 1961-11-16 1966-02-01 Du Pont Corrosion resistant apparatus for conversion coating of metals
US3329581A (en) * 1964-09-28 1967-07-04 Macnabb Engineering Co Inc Portable degreaser and distillation apparatus
US3375177A (en) * 1967-05-05 1968-03-26 Autosonics Inc Vapor degreasing with solvent distillation and condensation recovery
DE2624345A1 (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-12-23 Elektrokemiska Ab A process for the waermezufuhr to a solvent bath a degreasing
US4003798A (en) * 1975-06-13 1977-01-18 Mccord James W Vapor generating and recovering apparatus
US4055196A (en) * 1974-11-11 1977-10-25 Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. Immersion type metal degreaser with compression-expansion system for heating and cooling of liquid solvent and solvent vapors
US4210461A (en) * 1975-06-02 1980-07-01 Elecktrokemiska AB Method for recovering heat in a vapor degreasing apparatus
US4537660A (en) * 1978-06-28 1985-08-27 Mccord James W Vapor generating and recovering apparatus
US4973387A (en) * 1982-12-28 1990-11-27 Allied-Signal Inc. Apparatus and method for reducing solvent losses
US5048548A (en) * 1990-02-15 1991-09-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Vapor control system for vapor degreasing/defluxing equipment
US5142873A (en) * 1990-02-15 1992-09-01 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Vapor control system for vapor degreasing/defluxing equipment

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2020335A (en) * 1932-05-06 1935-11-12 Ici Ltd Degreasing
US2036261A (en) * 1932-10-01 1936-04-07 James H Bell Apparatus for treatment with solvents
US2057177A (en) * 1932-08-01 1936-10-13 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Apparatus for cleaning and degreasing metal articles and the like
US2091187A (en) * 1933-03-30 1937-08-24 Ici Ltd Degreasing apparatus
US2220124A (en) * 1938-07-20 1940-11-05 Westvaco Chlorine Products Cor Degreasing
US2223595A (en) * 1939-07-31 1940-12-03 Blakeslee & Co G S Degreasing means
US2369050A (en) * 1942-03-18 1945-02-06 Swiss Firm Of Fr Sauter A G Fa Plant for cleaning articles smeared with oil, greases, or the like
US2447840A (en) * 1938-11-19 1948-08-24 Mabor Company Inc Vapor phase degreasing apparatus, including temperature control of vapor condensers

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2020335A (en) * 1932-05-06 1935-11-12 Ici Ltd Degreasing
US2057177A (en) * 1932-08-01 1936-10-13 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Apparatus for cleaning and degreasing metal articles and the like
US2036261A (en) * 1932-10-01 1936-04-07 James H Bell Apparatus for treatment with solvents
US2091187A (en) * 1933-03-30 1937-08-24 Ici Ltd Degreasing apparatus
US2220124A (en) * 1938-07-20 1940-11-05 Westvaco Chlorine Products Cor Degreasing
US2447840A (en) * 1938-11-19 1948-08-24 Mabor Company Inc Vapor phase degreasing apparatus, including temperature control of vapor condensers
US2223595A (en) * 1939-07-31 1940-12-03 Blakeslee & Co G S Degreasing means
US2369050A (en) * 1942-03-18 1945-02-06 Swiss Firm Of Fr Sauter A G Fa Plant for cleaning articles smeared with oil, greases, or the like

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3232594A (en) * 1961-11-16 1966-02-01 Du Pont Corrosion resistant apparatus for conversion coating of metals
US3329581A (en) * 1964-09-28 1967-07-04 Macnabb Engineering Co Inc Portable degreaser and distillation apparatus
US3375177A (en) * 1967-05-05 1968-03-26 Autosonics Inc Vapor degreasing with solvent distillation and condensation recovery
US4055196A (en) * 1974-11-11 1977-10-25 Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. Immersion type metal degreaser with compression-expansion system for heating and cooling of liquid solvent and solvent vapors
DE2624345A1 (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-12-23 Elektrokemiska Ab A process for the waermezufuhr to a solvent bath a degreasing
FR2313136A1 (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-12-31 Elektrokemiska Ab Process for the heat supply to the solvent bath of a degreasing apparatus
US4210461A (en) * 1975-06-02 1980-07-01 Elecktrokemiska AB Method for recovering heat in a vapor degreasing apparatus
US4003798A (en) * 1975-06-13 1977-01-18 Mccord James W Vapor generating and recovering apparatus
US4537660A (en) * 1978-06-28 1985-08-27 Mccord James W Vapor generating and recovering apparatus
US4973387A (en) * 1982-12-28 1990-11-27 Allied-Signal Inc. Apparatus and method for reducing solvent losses
US5048548A (en) * 1990-02-15 1991-09-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Vapor control system for vapor degreasing/defluxing equipment
US5142873A (en) * 1990-02-15 1992-09-01 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Vapor control system for vapor degreasing/defluxing equipment

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