US2814053A - Inflatable mattress - Google Patents

Inflatable mattress Download PDF

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Publication number
US2814053A
US2814053A US453790A US45379054A US2814053A US 2814053 A US2814053 A US 2814053A US 453790 A US453790 A US 453790A US 45379054 A US45379054 A US 45379054A US 2814053 A US2814053 A US 2814053A
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mattress
envelope
occupants
sections
sleeping
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Expired - Lifetime
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US453790A
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John G Sevcik
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BURTON DIXIE CORP
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BURTON DIXIE CORP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C23/00Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
    • A47C23/04Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases using springs in compression, e.g. coiled
    • A47C23/047Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases using springs in compression, e.g. coiled incorporating inflatable elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S297/00Chairs and seats
    • Y10S297/03Pneumatic

Description

NOV- 26, 1957 J. G. sEvclK 2,814,053
INFLATABLE MATTRESS Filed Sept. 2, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l Nov. 26, 1957 J. G. sl-:vclK 2,814,053
INFLATABLE MATTRESS Filed sept. 2,' 1954 2 Sheets-'Sheet 2 nited States Patent a INFLATABLE MATTRESS John G. Sevcik, Berwyn, Ill., assigner to Burton-Dixie Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Application September 2, 1954, Serial No. 453,790 Y l 3 Claims. (Cl. 5348) The present invention relates to a mattress and more` particularly to anovel mattress construction having means -for iniiating said mattress to conform the upper reclining or sleeping surface to the contour desired to give maximum sleeping :comfort and to compensate for any sagging or unevenness developed in its upper or sleeping surface affecting the sleeping comfort of the occupant or occupants.
Although mattresses are originally constructed with their sleeping surface substantially liat or level, it is found that such surface may not properly conform to or adjust itself to the weight or bodily contour of the occupant of the bed. This is particularly true of an occupant who may have some physical condition Vor deformity that prevents such occupant from a restful and healthful sleep upon the present commercial mattress without altering its surface conformation.
It is also true that in many mattresses after they have been in use for a period of time the contour of the upper or sleeping surface may-sag or become depressed or compacted over certain areas. Such sagging or unevenness may arise from the weight of an occupant or occupants, the position assumed in sleeping, frequent sitting upon the edge of the bed and for other reasons, but, regardless of its cause, any failure of the mattress to return to its original or intended surface contour nec-v essarily detracts from the sleeping comfort and results in improper sleeping posture so essential to proper restful and healthful sleep.
It is, therefore, an important object of the presentinvention to provide a novel means andY manner of inflating a mattress whereby its upper reclining or sleeping surface is capable of being selectively `adjusted to assure `its `,occupant or occupants of optimurnsleeping comfort. lAnother important object of thepresent invention is the provision of a novel mattress assembly in which the surface contour .of the mattress may be readily and selectively alterednto conformV to `the ,bodily contour or 4vr/eightofthe occupantorloccupantspr to theg'ruequire- 'ments for bodily comfort and restful and healthful sleep of such occupant or occupants.
The invention further compresends the provision of a novel mattress construction having incorporated therein one or more inflatable sections capable of being readily inflated in any area where the upper reclining or sleeping surface of the mattress does not conform to or adjust itself to the bodily contour, weight or physical requirements of the occupant or occupants. Where the bed is occupied by two persons, either side of the mattress is separately inflated to thereby selectively compensate for the individual requirements of the occupants at the opposite sides of the mattress.
Another and important object of the present invention is to provide a novel inflatable envelope for mattresses, the envelope being longitudinally or transversely divided into multiple sections each capable of being separately inflated to permit selective adjustment of different areas of the mattress and to selectively compensate for any Ice Patented Nov. 24-6, 1957 portion of the mattress. ,A i t A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel mattress construction capable of compensating for any sagging or unevenness that may develop after a period of use and thereby greatly prolonging effective life and use of the mattress and assuring the occupant or occupants of a restful sleep and renewed vitality.
Further objects are to provide a construction of maximum simplicity, eiciency, economy and ease of assembly and operation, and such further objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and are inherently possessed thereby.
In the drawings :V
Figure 1 is a plan view of an innerspr'ing mattress incorporating therein the novel means for inating the mattress to-selectively adjust its upper reclining or sleeping surface and to compensate for any sag or unevenness that may develop. v t
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view of one corner of the novel mattress assembly, portions ofthe top and intermediate sections .or layers being broken away to more completely disclose the internal construction.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view in vertical cross section taken transversely through the mattress assembly of Fig. l in a plane representedby the line 3-3 and viewed in the direction of the arrows. j
Fig. 4 is a plan view of a novel mattress assembly adapted for use on a double bed and in which the intlatable envelope is divided longitudinally for selective adjustment of each side of the mattress.
Fig. 5 is a view in perspective of one of the inatable sections of the envelope when collapsed.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view, part in plan and part in v horizontal cross section, of another embodiment of the novel mattressA assembly in which the present invention is disclosed in a mattress of the type employing a core or body of natural or compounded synthetic rubber and provided with the novel inatable envelope divided longitudinally into` multiple sections adapted to be selectively adjusted to assure its occupant or occupants of optimum sleeping comfort.
Fig.7 is a view in vertical cross section taken transversely through the mattress assembly of Fig. 6, the view being taken `in a plane represented by the line 47--7 of Fig.-6 and viewedin the direction ofthe arrows.
t Fig.4 Sis a view in vertical crossv section taken transi versely through a further alternateV form of rubber mattress assembly in which the inflatable envelope is disposed `between upper and lower layers of compressible `rubber or rubber-like material, this envelope being preferably,I divided transversely rather than longitudinally as in @and 7- Referring more particularly to the disclosure in the drawings and to the novel embodiment selected to illustrate the present invention, in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, the novel innerspring mattress assembly therein disclosed comprises a mattress A including a plurality of rows of innerspring coils 10 with the outer or encompassing springs preferably connected or tied at their upper and lower convolutions or ends 11 to an encompassing substantiallyV rectangular wire frame 12 by a spiral border wire 13. The convolutions 11 at the opposite ends of the innerspring coils are shown abutting or embedded in a pad 14 of fibrous material, such as sisal, felt, hair, or the like (Fig. 3), over which may be provided a layer 15 of suitable fibrous material and a ticking 16 forming a covering for the mattress.
The present invention incorporates a novel inflatable envelope 17 which is shown in Fig. 3 as embodied between the layer 15 at the bottom and the pad 14. This envelope 17 is preferably formed as a unit that is divided into as v22 to provide multiple sections 23 as shown in Fig. 4
and particularly adapted for a mattress for a double i Each section 19 or V23 is provided with an air valve 24 which may be readily inated by any suitable pump ffor selective inflationeand adjustment of any section or portion of the mattress.
n The opposite ends of each of these sections are preferably pleated or folded at 25 to permit these ends to be expanded and thus permit selective expansion and contraction of the resilient or flexible ',envelope preferably constructed of natural or com-- pounded synthetic rubber.
In the embodiment of Figs. 6 and 7, in place of a mattress having an inner construction or body part containing'innerspring coils, the disclosed mattress C employs Yan inner construction of a relatively thick natural orcompounded rubber layer 26 provided with the usual recesses or spaced openings 27. Below the lower face of die rubber layer 26 is provided an inatable and expandable, resilient or flexible envelope or relatively at Abag 28 which is provided with a substantially centrally arranged and longitudinally extending division 21, and also preferably provided with transverse or laterally extending divisions 22 to provide multiple, separately invatable resilient sections 23 as in Fig. 4.
An alternate construction of mattress D is shown in Fig. 8, where the inner construction or body part com- .prises spaced-layers 29 and 31 of recessed rubber or rubber-like material divided by means of an intermediate inflatable, resilient envelope 32 that may be divided by transverse divisions 18 as-in Fig. 1 to provide multiple sections 19, or for a mattress suitable for a double bed the envelope may be divided longitudinally at 21 and furl ther divided laterally at 22 to provide multiple, separately inflatable sections 23 as in Fig. 4.
Both of Vthefmattresses shown in Figs. 6, 7 and 8,
linV each of which the inner construction or body part is of compressible rubber or rubber-like resilient material, vare preferably covered with a suitable ticking or covering l' 33 to enclose-the mattress, except for the air valves 24 which remain exposed for ready attachment of an air pump to inate any section or sections of the inflatable `envelope to conform to the bodily requirements of the occupant or occupants or to compensate' for any sag dee' veloped in the upper or sleeping surface of the mattress.
The inflatable, sectional envelope is preferably incorporated in the mattress below the innerspring coils r(Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive), below-the single rubber layer or body part 26 (Figs. 6 and 7), or between the spaced -layers 29 and 31 (Fig. 8), but in each form the section of the envelope beneath a portion of the mattress that requires adjustment may be readily inflated and adjusted to conform to the bodily requirements, such as the body .means for selectively inilatlng each section for supporting `contour andweight Vof the occupant or occupants, or to compensate for any sag that has developed and thereby present a reclining or sleeping surface that effectively meets all requirements for sleeping comfort. Thus the occupant or occupants are assured of a healthful and restful sleep not obtainable with present commercial mattresses.
Having thus disclosed the invention, I claim:
l. In combination, a mattress having a compressible inner construction and a separate resilient inflatable envelope therebeneath of substantially the area of the inner construction disposed within the mattress and adapted to be inated, said envelope being divided longitudinally into separate inflatable sections, and means for selectively inilating each sectionto compensate for the physical requirements of the occupant or occupants, the opposite ends of said inatable sections being pleated to facilitate selective expansion and contraction of the inatable sections uniformly over their entire area.
2. Inucombination, `a mattress having a compressible Yinnerspring construction supporting one or more occupants, anda resilient ivnatable partembodied in the con- -ines of the mattress beneath the innerspring constructionvand divided into lmultiple inflatable sections, and
the body of the occupant or occupants in position for optimum sleeping comfort and for compensating for any lsagging that may occur in any portion of the mattress; r`the ends of said sections provided with folds which permit saidwsections Ytorbe yuniformly expanded and contracted over their entire area.
v3. In combination, a mattress having a compressible n innerspring construction vsubjected to the weight and body Vcontourof one or more occupants and to sagging after a period of use, one or more layers of fibrous rna`l lterial aboveandbelow the innersprings and against which the end convolutions of the springs abut, and a resilient p inflatableenvelopc beneath said innerspring construction and within the mattress of substantially the area of the innerspring construction, and means for dividing said envelope into separate inflatable sections each adapted to be selectively inflated to adjust the mattress to the I physical requirementsof the occupants and to compensate when sag occurs in any area of the mattress.
lReferences Citedl in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,733,034 Tufenkjian Oct. 22, 1929 1,772,310 f Hart Aug. 5, 1930 2,345,421 Perry Mar. 28, 1944 2,434,641 Burns Jan. 20, 1948 '2,672,183 Forsyth Mar. 16, 1954 .2,748,399 Rockoi June 5, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 164,077 -Austria Sept. 26, 1949 305.911 Great Britain Feb. 14, 1929
US453790A 1954-09-02 1954-09-02 Inflatable mattress Expired - Lifetime US2814053A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3251075A (en) * 1962-06-27 1966-05-17 Better Living Inv S Inflatable pillow
US3303518A (en) * 1962-03-05 1967-02-14 Ingram George Inflatable mattresses, pillows and cushions
US3428974A (en) * 1967-05-22 1969-02-25 James C Stuart Compartmented air mattress
US3533113A (en) * 1968-06-20 1970-10-13 Paul Stamberger Self-inflatable hollow bodies for use as cushions and for like purposes
US3578381A (en) * 1969-02-20 1971-05-11 Monsanto Co Controlled motion amusement device
US3784994A (en) * 1972-11-27 1974-01-15 E Kery Air bed
US3792501A (en) * 1973-06-18 1974-02-19 E Kery Air chairs and convertible sofas
US3829918A (en) * 1970-09-30 1974-08-20 P Stamberger Means for increasing the air pressure within self-inflated hollow bodies for use as cushions and for like purposes
US4134166A (en) * 1977-12-16 1979-01-16 Schuder Paul S Mattress construction
WO1980001036A1 (en) * 1978-11-22 1980-05-29 Jaerven Plast & Smide Ab Seat cushion or bed cushion
US4306322A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-12-22 Dial-A-Firm, Inc. Pneumatic bed assembly
US4357724A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-11-09 Guy Laforest Pneumatic core for adjustable firmness of mattresses, cushions and the like
US4679264A (en) * 1985-05-06 1987-07-14 Mollura Carlos A Airbed mattress including a regulated, controllable air reservoir therefor
US5113539A (en) * 1991-07-31 1992-05-19 Strell Brian M Adjustable firmness coil spring mattress with inflatable tubes
WO1993004654A1 (en) * 1991-09-06 1993-03-18 Jay Medical, Ltd. Anti-decubitus mattress pad
US5549743A (en) * 1993-06-22 1996-08-27 Genesis Composites, L.C. Composite microsphere and lubricant mixture
US5749111A (en) * 1996-02-14 1998-05-12 Teksource, Lc Gelatinous cushions with buckling columns
US5829081A (en) * 1993-11-09 1998-11-03 Teksource, Lc Cushioning device formed from separate reshapable cells
US5881409A (en) * 1993-06-22 1999-03-16 Teksource, Ll Puff-quilted bladders for containing flowable cushioning medium
US6098223A (en) * 1998-05-07 2000-08-08 Larson; Lynn D. Inner spring mattress with firmness adjusting air bladders
WO2001065978A2 (en) * 2000-03-08 2001-09-13 Graebe Kurtis F Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets
WO2002009554A1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-02-07 The Coleman Company, Inc. Multi-chamber airbed
US6401282B1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-06-11 Hai Shum Modular mattress system
US20060179566A1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-17 Keith James Combination air and spring mattress for a sofa sleeper
US20100183847A1 (en) * 2007-08-23 2010-07-22 Pearce Tony M Alternating pattern gel cushioning elements and related methods
US20100227091A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-09-09 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising deformable members and related methods
US20100223730A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-09-09 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising core structures having joiner ribs and related methods
US8424137B1 (en) 2007-11-27 2013-04-23 Edizone, Llc Ribbed gel
US8434748B1 (en) 2007-10-03 2013-05-07 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising gel springs
US20130152285A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-20 Drandalie, Llc. Lightweight and Flexible Protective Equipment System
US20140359912A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2014-12-11 Andrew Cameron Sutton Web and bladder suspension protection system
US20190082855A1 (en) * 2014-04-15 2019-03-21 Sleep Number Corporation Adjustable bed system
US11213139B2 (en) * 2020-02-13 2022-01-04 Purple Innovations, LLC Composite mattresses with air chambers

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB305911A (en) * 1928-08-20 1929-02-14 George William Tansley Leeson Improvements in or relating to cushions, seats, mattresses, or the like
US1733034A (en) * 1928-10-08 1929-10-22 Tufenkjian Philip Mattress
US1772310A (en) * 1926-12-16 1930-08-05 Julian D Hart Variable-pressure bed or mattress
US2345421A (en) * 1941-05-03 1944-03-28 Airtress Corp Pneumatic mattress
US2434641A (en) * 1946-02-20 1948-01-20 Henry L Burns Resilient seat cushion
AT164077B (en) * 1946-04-06 1949-09-26 Rudolf Ing Petschlin Pneumatic mattress
US2672183A (en) * 1949-02-24 1954-03-16 Albert E Forsyth Seat cushion
US2748399A (en) * 1950-05-25 1956-06-05 Dayton Rubber Company Light-weight foam rubber cushioning structure

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1772310A (en) * 1926-12-16 1930-08-05 Julian D Hart Variable-pressure bed or mattress
GB305911A (en) * 1928-08-20 1929-02-14 George William Tansley Leeson Improvements in or relating to cushions, seats, mattresses, or the like
US1733034A (en) * 1928-10-08 1929-10-22 Tufenkjian Philip Mattress
US2345421A (en) * 1941-05-03 1944-03-28 Airtress Corp Pneumatic mattress
US2434641A (en) * 1946-02-20 1948-01-20 Henry L Burns Resilient seat cushion
AT164077B (en) * 1946-04-06 1949-09-26 Rudolf Ing Petschlin Pneumatic mattress
US2672183A (en) * 1949-02-24 1954-03-16 Albert E Forsyth Seat cushion
US2748399A (en) * 1950-05-25 1956-06-05 Dayton Rubber Company Light-weight foam rubber cushioning structure

Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3303518A (en) * 1962-03-05 1967-02-14 Ingram George Inflatable mattresses, pillows and cushions
US3251075A (en) * 1962-06-27 1966-05-17 Better Living Inv S Inflatable pillow
US3428974A (en) * 1967-05-22 1969-02-25 James C Stuart Compartmented air mattress
US3533113A (en) * 1968-06-20 1970-10-13 Paul Stamberger Self-inflatable hollow bodies for use as cushions and for like purposes
US3578381A (en) * 1969-02-20 1971-05-11 Monsanto Co Controlled motion amusement device
US3829918A (en) * 1970-09-30 1974-08-20 P Stamberger Means for increasing the air pressure within self-inflated hollow bodies for use as cushions and for like purposes
US3784994A (en) * 1972-11-27 1974-01-15 E Kery Air bed
US3792501A (en) * 1973-06-18 1974-02-19 E Kery Air chairs and convertible sofas
US4134166A (en) * 1977-12-16 1979-01-16 Schuder Paul S Mattress construction
US4306322A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-12-22 Dial-A-Firm, Inc. Pneumatic bed assembly
WO1980001036A1 (en) * 1978-11-22 1980-05-29 Jaerven Plast & Smide Ab Seat cushion or bed cushion
US4357724A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-11-09 Guy Laforest Pneumatic core for adjustable firmness of mattresses, cushions and the like
US4679264A (en) * 1985-05-06 1987-07-14 Mollura Carlos A Airbed mattress including a regulated, controllable air reservoir therefor
US5113539A (en) * 1991-07-31 1992-05-19 Strell Brian M Adjustable firmness coil spring mattress with inflatable tubes
WO1993004654A1 (en) * 1991-09-06 1993-03-18 Jay Medical, Ltd. Anti-decubitus mattress pad
US5201780A (en) * 1991-09-06 1993-04-13 Jay Medical, Ltd. Anti-decubitus mattress pad
US5255404A (en) * 1991-09-06 1993-10-26 Jay Medical, Ltd. Anti-decubitus mattress pad
US5303436A (en) * 1991-09-06 1994-04-19 Jay Medical, Ltd. Anti-decubing mattress pad
US5511260A (en) * 1991-09-06 1996-04-30 Rik Medical Anti-decubitus mattress pad
US5549743A (en) * 1993-06-22 1996-08-27 Genesis Composites, L.C. Composite microsphere and lubricant mixture
US5881409A (en) * 1993-06-22 1999-03-16 Teksource, Ll Puff-quilted bladders for containing flowable cushioning medium
US6020055A (en) * 1993-06-22 2000-02-01 Teksource, Lc Cushioning media including lubricated spherical objects
US6197099B1 (en) 1993-06-22 2001-03-06 Tony M. Pearce Flowable cushioning media including lubricated spherical objects
US5829081A (en) * 1993-11-09 1998-11-03 Teksource, Lc Cushioning device formed from separate reshapable cells
US5749111A (en) * 1996-02-14 1998-05-12 Teksource, Lc Gelatinous cushions with buckling columns
US6026527A (en) * 1996-02-14 2000-02-22 Edizone, Lc Gelatinous cushions with buckling columns
US6098223A (en) * 1998-05-07 2000-08-08 Larson; Lynn D. Inner spring mattress with firmness adjusting air bladders
WO2001065978A2 (en) * 2000-03-08 2001-09-13 Graebe Kurtis F Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets
US6317912B1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2001-11-20 Kurtis F. Graebe Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets
WO2001065978A3 (en) * 2000-03-08 2002-02-07 Kurtis F Graebe Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets
WO2002009554A1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-02-07 The Coleman Company, Inc. Multi-chamber airbed
US6463610B1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-10-15 The Coleman Company, Inc. Multi-chamber airbed
GB2379872A (en) * 2000-07-28 2003-03-26 Coleman Co Multi-chamber airbed
US6401282B1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-06-11 Hai Shum Modular mattress system
US20060179566A1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-17 Keith James Combination air and spring mattress for a sofa sleeper
US7188379B2 (en) * 2005-02-15 2007-03-13 L & P Property Management Company Combination air and spring mattress for a sofa sleeper
US8075981B2 (en) 2007-08-23 2011-12-13 Edizone, Llc Alternating pattern gel cushioning elements and related methods
US20100183847A1 (en) * 2007-08-23 2010-07-22 Pearce Tony M Alternating pattern gel cushioning elements and related methods
US8434748B1 (en) 2007-10-03 2013-05-07 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising gel springs
US8424137B1 (en) 2007-11-27 2013-04-23 Edizone, Llc Ribbed gel
US8628067B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2014-01-14 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising core structures and related methods
US20100229308A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-09-16 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising core structures and related methods
US8932692B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2015-01-13 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising deformable members and related methods
US20100227091A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-09-09 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising deformable members and related methods
US20100223730A1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2010-09-09 Edizone, Llc Cushions comprising core structures having joiner ribs and related methods
US20140359912A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2014-12-11 Andrew Cameron Sutton Web and bladder suspension protection system
US8966668B2 (en) * 2011-12-20 2015-03-03 Andrew Cameron Sutton Web and bladder suspension protection system
US20130152285A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-20 Drandalie, Llc. Lightweight and Flexible Protective Equipment System
US20190082855A1 (en) * 2014-04-15 2019-03-21 Sleep Number Corporation Adjustable bed system
US11213139B2 (en) * 2020-02-13 2022-01-04 Purple Innovations, LLC Composite mattresses with air chambers

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