US2814043A - Nape strap - Google Patents

Nape strap Download PDF

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Publication number
US2814043A
US2814043A US46932154A US2814043A US 2814043 A US2814043 A US 2814043A US 46932154 A US46932154 A US 46932154A US 2814043 A US2814043 A US 2814043A
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Prior art keywords
nape
head
member
engaging
strap
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Anthony L Alesi
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Anthony L Alesi
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/08Chin straps or similar retention devices
    • A42B3/085Occipital retention systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • A42B3/14Suspension devices

Description

Nov. 26, 1957 A. L. ALESI NAPE STRAP Filed Nov. 16, 1954 A TTUR/VLY BY (yaw United States Patent NAPE STRAP Anthony L. Alesi, Natick, Mass., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army Application November 16, 1954, Serial No. 469,321

3 Claims. (Cl. 2-3) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein, if patented, may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

The invention relates to means for connecting a head covering to the head so as to prevent forward tilting of the head covering on the head. Such devices usually comprise an elongated flexible member having opposite ends connected to opposite sides of the head covering and a central portion which engages the nape of the neck at the point where the same merges with the base of the head. Such devices may be adjustable as to length but uniformly lack any means for raising or lowering the nape engaging portion relative to the head covering to position the same properly. Likewise, prototype nape straps make no provision for shaping the nape portions to fit properly the base of the head-nape area. This last can be accomplished by making the nape engaging portion of elastic as in the copending application of Grancsay et al. Serial No. 458,297, filed September 24, 1954. However, while such structure has certain advantages as enumerated in the application, it is more expensive and is not usable where an inelastic connection is desired.

With the foregoing in view, it is an object of my invention to provide an improved nape engaging means for a head covering.

A further object is to provide an improved nape engaging means which includes means for adjusting the same vertically relative to the head covering.

A further object is to provide an improved nape engaging means which includes a nape engaging portion shaped to be form fitting.

Other objects and advantages reside in the particular structure, shape or design of the device; the structure of the several elements thereof; combinations and subcombinations of the same with each other and with a head covering, all of which will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art upon reference to the attached drawing in connection with the following specification wherein the invention is shown, described and claimed.

In the drawing:

Fig. l is a side elevational view of a helmet suspension embodying the invention the helmet being shown in longitudinal vertical section;

Fig. 2 is a rear view of the invention, the helmet being shown in transverse vertical section;

Fig. 3 is a rear view of a preferred form of nape engaging portion of the invention; and

Fig. 4 is a like view of a modified nape engaging portion.

Referring specifically to the drawing wherein like characters designate like parts in all views, designates generally any suitable head covering such as a helmet shell which includes a chin strap 8 and any suitable helmet suspension generally indicated at 11 and which corresponds to that illustrated, described and claimed in the copeuding application of Grancsay et al., Serial No. 458,298, filed ice September 24, 1954, now Patent No. 2,758,306, dated August 14, 1956. Obviously, the invention is applicable to other forms of head coverings having other types of suspensions. In the simplest form of the invention, my nape strap comprises an elongated flexible member having opposite ends secured to the helmet shell 10 and wherein at least one of such opposite ends is adjustably secured whereby the length of the strap can be varied. Also, a vertically directed strap or the like is secured to the flexible member centrally thereof and has its upper end adjustably secured to the helmet in any suitable manner. In the particular embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, the nape strap comprises a nape engaging member 12 which is formed of any suitable flexible fabric or like material such as duck which is preferably inelastic. Preferably, the member 12 is formed with upwardly diverging side edges 9 which connect a relatively long upper edge 20 to a relatively shorter lower edge 21. In the embodiment illustrated, the edges 9, 20 and 21 are straight and are so constructed and arranged that they define an inverted isosceles trapezoid. However, the essential features are the provision of a long top edge and upwardly diverging side edges. The edges are not necessarily straight. The nape engaging member 12 has integral therewith or fixedly secured thereto as by stitching, a pair of flexible members such as straps 13 which preferably extend upwardly in diverging directions on lines comprising substantial extensions of the side edges 9 of the member 12. The upper ends of the straps 13 are adjustably secured to the helmet by means of buckles 14 carried by buckle straps 15 which are pivotally secured to the helmet shell 10 in any suitablemanner as by the rivets 16. It is preferable that both straps 13 be adjustable as to length in order that the nape-engaging member 12 can be maintained centrally of the wearers neck. It is obvious from the foregoing that the buckles 14 and straps 13 comprise means for adjusting the length of the nape strap. However, such adjustment makes no provision for adjusting the member 12 vertically toward and away from the helmet shell 10. To accomplish this last purpose, there has been provided a third flexible strap or the like 17 which is secured to the member 12 centrally thereof and which extends upwardly therefrom. The upper end of the strap 17 is adjustably secured to the helmet 10 by a buckle 18 which is fixed to the helmet 10 in any suitable manner as by the rivet 19.

It is apparent from the foregoing, that the strap 17 when adjustably secured to the helmet 10 by the buckle 18 not only prevents sagging of the nape engaging portion 12 but also provides means which cooperate with the straps 13 to retard forward tilting of the head covering 10 on the head of the wearer. Chin strap 8, of course, prevents rearward tilting of the shell 10. Obviously, the vertical adjusting means 17 and 18 enable the nape engaging member 12 to be located at the most desirable position on the wearers neck, irrespective of the particular head and neck shapes involved. Likewise, it should be noted that by forming the nape engaging member 12 with a relatively long top edge 20 from which the straps 13 extend and a relatively short bottom edge 21, the same readily adapts itself to the shape of the wearers head and neck in the nape region. Thus, at the area where the neck is enlarged in upwardly diverging lines and merges with the head, there is provided an area of substantially the same shape as the member 12. Clearly then a member 12, shaped as described above, will have a form fit with such area of the neck and head.

While the nape engaging member 12 just described is considered to be the preferred shape of this portion of the nape strap it is obviously not my intention to limit myself to that particular shape. In the form of invention of Fig. 4, there has been provided a nape strap which comprises the relatively narrow strap ends 30 and 31 and the relatively wide nape engaging portion 32 to which is secured the height adjusting flexible member 33 which corresponds to the strap 17 of the first described form of the invention. It has been found that the nape engaging portion 32 may be of rectangular shape but preferably has the corners thereof eliminated by being bent over and secured by lines of stitching 34 which secures the strap ends 30 and 31 to the portion 32.

Although I have shown and described what is now thought to be preferred embodiments of the invention, it should be understood that the same is susceptible to other forms and expressions. Consequently, I do not limit myself to the precise structures shown and described hereinabove except as hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

1. The combination with a helmet shell including a helmet suspension and a head band for spacing said shell from the head of a wearer; of a nape engaging member below said head band, a pair of flexible elements secured to said member in laterally spaced relation, said elements extending forwardly of said member in upwardly diverging directions, a third flexible element extending upwardly and rearwardly of said member intermediate said pair of elements, and means securing all of said elements to said shell to provide a three point suspension for said member.

2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said nape engaging member is in the form of an inverted isosceles trapezoid, and wherein said pair of flexible elements are disposed in the planes defining the sides of the trapezoid.

3. The combination of claim 2, there being means below said head band for adjusting the length of at least said third flexible element.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,231,766 Mahan July 3, 1917 1,419,924 Hammond et a1 June 20, 1922 2,151,458 Allen Mar. 21, 1939 FOREIGN PATENTS 544,383 Great Britain Apr. 10, 1942

US2814043A 1954-11-16 1954-11-16 Nape strap Expired - Lifetime US2814043A (en)

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US2814043A US2814043A (en) 1954-11-16 1954-11-16 Nape strap

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2814043A US2814043A (en) 1954-11-16 1954-11-16 Nape strap

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US2814043A true US2814043A (en) 1957-11-26

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3100896A (en) * 1961-07-18 1963-08-20 Harry N Khanbegian Hood over-all
US3387304A (en) * 1965-03-10 1968-06-11 Esb Inc Safety cap suspension
US3388405A (en) * 1966-06-08 1968-06-18 Esb Inc Suspension for safety headgear
US3852821A (en) * 1973-06-11 1974-12-10 L Mickel Impact absorbent pad for helmet shell
US3935044A (en) * 1971-12-23 1976-01-27 Noel Daly Method of manufacturing improved protective headgear
US4000520A (en) * 1975-03-21 1977-01-04 Arthur D. Little, Inc. Headgear support system
FR2584899A1 (en) * 1985-07-17 1987-01-23 Nava & C Spa helmet held on the back of the head of the wearer
US4641382A (en) * 1983-08-19 1987-02-10 Jean Gessalin Helmet fastening device
US4686712A (en) * 1986-09-11 1987-08-18 Spiva Lowell E Goggle mounting system
US4745637A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-05-24 Steele Richard J Head protector
EP0302211A1 (en) * 1987-08-01 1989-02-08 RÖMER HELME UND SCHUTZAUSRÜSTUNGEN GmbH Chin strap for a protective helmet, such as for professional or sport use
US4884301A (en) * 1988-06-13 1989-12-05 Gentex Corporation Combination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
US5079780A (en) * 1988-10-24 1992-01-14 Cairns & Brother, Inc. Chinstrap activated head adjustment assembly for a protective helmet assembly
EP0470746A2 (en) * 1990-08-08 1992-02-12 Helmets Limited Protective helmet with adjustable headband
US5351341A (en) * 1992-08-24 1994-10-04 Bell Sports Inc. Multiple density helmet body compositions to strengthen helmet
WO1996014768A1 (en) * 1994-11-16 1996-05-23 Kenneth David Phillips Protective headgear and protective armour and a method of modifying protective headgear and protective armour
US5581819A (en) * 1995-10-18 1996-12-10 Garneau; Louis Protective headgear and abutment plate thereof
US5638551A (en) * 1994-05-10 1997-06-17 Societe A Responsabilite Limitee Dite Overforing Helmet including a device for fixing the helmet to the occipital portion of a user's head
WO1998005229A1 (en) * 1996-08-07 1998-02-12 Krauter Guenter Fixing device for a helmet
US5794272A (en) * 1995-07-14 1998-08-18 Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc. Protective helmet with improved retention system having a rear stabilizer
US5946735A (en) * 1998-09-09 1999-09-07 Bayes; James E. Quick-release football helmet chin strap
US6401261B1 (en) 1995-10-19 2002-06-11 Bell Sports, Inc. Sizing and stabilizing apparatus for bicycle helmets
US20040255370A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-23 Moeller Thomas Andrew Helmet fit element
US20050010992A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2005-01-20 Conrad Klotz Head gear apparatus
US20050217006A1 (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-10-06 Brad Sutter Protective helmet assembly having lightweight suspension system
US20060195974A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Burkhart Richard L Helmet adjustment system
US20100229286A1 (en) * 2007-10-10 2010-09-16 Lars-Olov Ahlgren Head Suspension Having Transition Arms and Rear Support
US8438668B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2013-05-14 Louis Garneau Sports Inc. Occipital stabilization strap for helmets
US20130205478A1 (en) * 2010-07-13 2013-08-15 Anton Pfanner Tensioning unit for a supporting band of a protective helmet, in particular for forestry workers
US20140109301A1 (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-04-24 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Helmet suspension system
US20140157472A1 (en) * 2006-03-02 2014-06-12 Lineweight Llc Helmet with Ballistic Nape Protector
US20160128414A1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2016-05-12 KASK S.p.A. Anti-release protective helmet, in particular for sporting use
US9427040B2 (en) 2010-05-11 2016-08-30 Scott Health & Safety Limited Headgear support device having front-back adjustment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1231766A (en) * 1916-07-27 1917-07-03 Richard B Boyle Helmet.
US1419924A (en) * 1921-10-29 1922-06-20 Thomas P Taylor Co Man's garter
US2151458A (en) * 1938-02-16 1939-03-21 Charles H Allen Traction fixation appliance for facial bones
GB544383A (en) * 1941-01-15 1942-04-10 Lastex Yarn And Lactron Thread Improvements in and relating to a chin strap for a helmet or the like

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1231766A (en) * 1916-07-27 1917-07-03 Richard B Boyle Helmet.
US1419924A (en) * 1921-10-29 1922-06-20 Thomas P Taylor Co Man's garter
US2151458A (en) * 1938-02-16 1939-03-21 Charles H Allen Traction fixation appliance for facial bones
GB544383A (en) * 1941-01-15 1942-04-10 Lastex Yarn And Lactron Thread Improvements in and relating to a chin strap for a helmet or the like

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3100896A (en) * 1961-07-18 1963-08-20 Harry N Khanbegian Hood over-all
US3387304A (en) * 1965-03-10 1968-06-11 Esb Inc Safety cap suspension
US3388405A (en) * 1966-06-08 1968-06-18 Esb Inc Suspension for safety headgear
US3935044A (en) * 1971-12-23 1976-01-27 Noel Daly Method of manufacturing improved protective headgear
US3852821A (en) * 1973-06-11 1974-12-10 L Mickel Impact absorbent pad for helmet shell
US4000520A (en) * 1975-03-21 1977-01-04 Arthur D. Little, Inc. Headgear support system
US4641382A (en) * 1983-08-19 1987-02-10 Jean Gessalin Helmet fastening device
FR2584899A1 (en) * 1985-07-17 1987-01-23 Nava & C Spa helmet held on the back of the head of the wearer
US4686712A (en) * 1986-09-11 1987-08-18 Spiva Lowell E Goggle mounting system
US4745637A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-05-24 Steele Richard J Head protector
EP0302211A1 (en) * 1987-08-01 1989-02-08 RÖMER HELME UND SCHUTZAUSRÜSTUNGEN GmbH Chin strap for a protective helmet, such as for professional or sport use
EP0346618A3 (en) * 1988-06-13 1991-02-20 Gentex Corporation Combination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
EP0346618A2 (en) * 1988-06-13 1989-12-20 Gentex Corporation Combination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
US4884301A (en) * 1988-06-13 1989-12-05 Gentex Corporation Combination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
US5079780A (en) * 1988-10-24 1992-01-14 Cairns & Brother, Inc. Chinstrap activated head adjustment assembly for a protective helmet assembly
EP0470746A2 (en) * 1990-08-08 1992-02-12 Helmets Limited Protective helmet with adjustable headband
EP0470746A3 (en) * 1990-08-08 1992-04-01 Helmets Limited Protective helmet with adjustable headband
US5351341A (en) * 1992-08-24 1994-10-04 Bell Sports Inc. Multiple density helmet body compositions to strengthen helmet
US5638551A (en) * 1994-05-10 1997-06-17 Societe A Responsabilite Limitee Dite Overforing Helmet including a device for fixing the helmet to the occipital portion of a user's head
WO1996014768A1 (en) * 1994-11-16 1996-05-23 Kenneth David Phillips Protective headgear and protective armour and a method of modifying protective headgear and protective armour
US5794272A (en) * 1995-07-14 1998-08-18 Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc. Protective helmet with improved retention system having a rear stabilizer
US5581819A (en) * 1995-10-18 1996-12-10 Garneau; Louis Protective headgear and abutment plate thereof
EP0769256A1 (en) * 1995-10-18 1997-04-23 9001 6262 Quebec Inc Protective headgear and abutment plate thereof
US6401261B1 (en) 1995-10-19 2002-06-11 Bell Sports, Inc. Sizing and stabilizing apparatus for bicycle helmets
WO1998005229A1 (en) * 1996-08-07 1998-02-12 Krauter Guenter Fixing device for a helmet
US5946735A (en) * 1998-09-09 1999-09-07 Bayes; James E. Quick-release football helmet chin strap
US20040255370A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-23 Moeller Thomas Andrew Helmet fit element
WO2005000056A3 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-05-19 Vans Inc Helmet fit element
US6912736B2 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-07-05 Vans, Inc. Helmet fit element
US7937779B2 (en) 2003-07-18 2011-05-10 Depuy Products Head gear apparatus having improved air flow arrangement
US20050010992A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2005-01-20 Conrad Klotz Head gear apparatus
US6990691B2 (en) * 2003-07-18 2006-01-31 Depuy Products, Inc. Head gear apparatus
US7200873B2 (en) 2003-07-18 2007-04-10 Depuy Products, Inc. Head gear apparatus having improved air flow arrangement
US20050217006A1 (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-10-06 Brad Sutter Protective helmet assembly having lightweight suspension system
US7124449B2 (en) * 2004-03-30 2006-10-24 Gentex Corporation Protective helmet assembly having lightweight suspension system
US20060195974A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Burkhart Richard L Helmet adjustment system
US20140157472A1 (en) * 2006-03-02 2014-06-12 Lineweight Llc Helmet with Ballistic Nape Protector
US9243872B2 (en) * 2006-03-02 2016-01-26 Lineweight Llc Helmet with ballistic nape protector
US9846012B2 (en) 2006-03-02 2017-12-19 Lineweight Llc Ballistic nape protector for ballistic helmet
US20100229286A1 (en) * 2007-10-10 2010-09-16 Lars-Olov Ahlgren Head Suspension Having Transition Arms and Rear Support
US9066552B2 (en) * 2007-10-10 2015-06-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Head suspension having transition arms and rear support
US8745770B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2014-06-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Head suspension having transition arms and rear support
US8505121B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2013-08-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Head suspension having transition arms and rear support
US9427040B2 (en) 2010-05-11 2016-08-30 Scott Health & Safety Limited Headgear support device having front-back adjustment
US8438668B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2013-05-14 Louis Garneau Sports Inc. Occipital stabilization strap for helmets
US9480293B2 (en) * 2010-07-13 2016-11-01 Pfanner Schutzbekleidung Gmbh Tensioning unit for a supporting band of a protective helmet, in particular for forestry workers
US20130205478A1 (en) * 2010-07-13 2013-08-15 Anton Pfanner Tensioning unit for a supporting band of a protective helmet, in particular for forestry workers
US20140109301A1 (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-04-24 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Helmet suspension system
US9307802B2 (en) * 2012-10-22 2016-04-12 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Helmet suspension system
US20160128414A1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2016-05-12 KASK S.p.A. Anti-release protective helmet, in particular for sporting use
US9974349B2 (en) * 2013-06-18 2018-05-22 KASK S.p.A. Anti-release protective helmet, in particular for sporting use

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