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US2809665A - Water hammer cushioning device - Google Patents

Water hammer cushioning device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2809665A
US2809665A US48542955A US2809665A US 2809665 A US2809665 A US 2809665A US 48542955 A US48542955 A US 48542955A US 2809665 A US2809665 A US 2809665A
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water
chamber
air
member
closed
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Matthew R Crowe
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Matthew R Crowe
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • F16L55/04Devices damping pulsations or vibrations in fluids
    • F16L55/045Devices damping pulsations or vibrations in fluids specially adapted to prevent or minimise the effects of water hammer
    • F16L55/05Buffers therefor
    • F16L55/052Pneumatic reservoirs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • F16L55/04Devices damping pulsations or vibrations in fluids
    • F16L55/045Devices damping pulsations or vibrations in fluids specially adapted to prevent or minimise the effects of water hammer
    • F16L55/05Buffers therefor
    • F16L55/052Pneumatic reservoirs
    • F16L55/053Pneumatic reservoirs the gas in the reservoir being separated from the fluid in the pipe

Description

Oct. 15, 1957 M. R. CROWE 2,809,665

- WATER HAW/[ER CUSHIONING DEVICE Filed Feb. 1, 1955 5) m c M Armin [y United. dtates Patent ice WATER HAMMER CUSHIONTNG DEVICE Matthew R. Crowe, Winthrop, Mass.

Application February 1, 1955, Serial No. 485,429

3 Claims. (Cl. 138-30) This invention relates to a water hammer cushioning device such as is commonly connected with water pipes for cushioning the water hammer shock produced when a shut-off valve in the pipe is instantly closed.

One object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which is relatively simple in construction and inexpensive to manufacture, but which is very effective in preventing damage resulting from water hammer shock.

A further object of the invention is to provide a water hammer cushioning device which includes in its construction a water receiving chamber that is constantly in communication with the water pipe and which is formed with an expansible and contractible wall portion, so that when the water pressure increases such expansible and contractible wall portion will expand in response to the increased pressure, and which is also provided with a closed expansible and contractible air chamber so connected to the expansible and contractible wall of the water receiving chamber that when the water chamber expands the closed air chamber will be contracted in volume, thereby increasing the air pressure therein and providing an increased resistance to the expanding movement of the water chamber. An advantage of this construction is that since the closed air chamber is entirely separate from the water receiving chamber, there is no possibility that the air in the air chamber will become absorbed by the water, thereby reducing the cushioning eflect or" the air chamber.

A device embodying my invention may also include a spring acting against the expansible and contractible wall of the water chamber and tending to resist the expansion thereof so that the expanding movement of the water chamber occasioned by an increase of pressure in the water pipe is resisted or cushioned by the combined action of the air in the air chamber and the spring.

The drawing shows a sectional view of a water hammer cushioning device embodying my invention.

in the drawings, 1 indicates a water pipe which will be provided with the usual shut-off valve (not shown) by which the flow of water through the pipe can be controlled.

The water hammer cushioning device herein shown comprises a housing member 2 which is illustrated as being comprised of inner section 3 and the outer section 4, said sections being detachably secured together. The inner section 3 is connected to the water pipe 1 in any suitable or usual way, so that the interior chamber 5 of said section is in constant communication with the interior of the water pipe 1. As herein shown, the section 3 is connected to the water pipe through the medium of the T- coupling 6, the section 3 having the neck portion 7 which is screw threaded into the branch 8 of the T-coupling.

The inner 'section 3 is shown as exteriorly screwthreaded at its outer end and the inner end of the outer section 4 is shown as being interiorly screw-threaded, so that the two sections can be screw-threaded together. The housing 2 encloses a partition member 9 which has an opening 10 therethrough, and as herein shown the peripheral portion of the partition 9 is clamped between the inner and outer sections of the housing member 2, said partition resting on the end of the inner section 3 and being engaged by the shoulder 11 of the outer section 4.

Secured to the outer face of the partition 9 is an expansible and contractible member 12, preferably in the form of a corrugated expansible bellows-like element, said member 12 forming an expansible and contractible wall portion for a water chamber which includes the interior chamber 5 of the inner section 3 and the space within the bellows-like element 12, and which is permanently in communication with the interior of the water pipe 1. The interior of the expansible member 12 communicates with the chamber 5 through the opening 10 in partition 9, and normally the chamber 5 of the inner section 3 and the expansible member 12 are filled with water which has a pressure corresponding to the water pressure in the water pipe 1. The device also includes a closed air chamber which is connected to the expansible member 12 in such a way that when the member 12 expands due to an increase in the water pressure in the pipe 1, the closed air chamber will be compressed.

This closed air chamber is formed by two tubular members 13, 14 having a telescopic relation. The member 13 extends through the expansible member 12 and .the opening 16 in the partition 9, and has at its outer end a flange 15 which is welded or otherwise permanently secured to the outer end of the bellows-like member 12, it being understood that the inner end 26 of said bellowslike member is welded or otherwise permanently secured to the partition 9. The tubular member 14 is shown as telescoping within the tubular member 13, and both of these telescoping tubular members are open at their inner ends and closed at their outer ends, as shown at 16 and 17. Said tubes, therefore, encloses an air space 18 which constitutes a closed air chamber.

The outer end 17 of the inner tubular member 14 engages the top end 19 of the body member 2 and is thus held from movement.

With this construction, the expanding movement of the member 12 due to increased pressure of the water in the Water chamber moves the tubular member 13 upwardly, thereby reducing the volume of the air in said closed chamber 18 and consequently increasing its pressure. The air in the closed air chamber thereby resists the expanding movement of the bellows-like member.

My improved device also includes a spring which acts against the bellows-like member 12, and also resists its expanding movement. This spring is shown at 26) and is in the form of an expanding coil spring located within the closed air chamber 18, the ends of the spring engaging the ends 16 and 17 of said chamber.

If the fiow of water through the pipe 1 is suddenly checked by a quick closing of the shut-off valve, the inertia of the moving body of water will build up a pressure in the pipe 1 which would result in water hammer unless the shock of the building up of such pressure were properly cushioned. With the device herein shown the quick rise of pressure in the water chamber will tend to expand the bellows-like member 12, and consequently reduce the volume of the closed expansible and contractable air chamber 18, thus increasing the pressure of the air therein, and will also compress the spring 20. The combined action of the air in the closed air chamber and that of the spring 29 serves to cushion this shock and prevent Water hammer damage. As the normal pressure in the pipe 1 is restored, the increased air pressure within the air chamber 18 cooperating with the compressed spring 29 returns the parts to their normal position as shown in the drawing, in which position the normal pressure the water pipe and the water chamber 5 Patented Oct. 15, 1957.

is balanced by the combined action of the air pressure in the closed air chamber and the spring 20.

An advantage of applicants construction is that since the air chamber 18 is a closed chamber there is no danger that any of the air in said chamber will come in contact with and be absorbed bytthe water in the bellowslike member 12 or in the water chamber 5, and thus the efiiciency' of the device remains unimpaired for long periods of time.

I laim:.

1. Awater hammer cushioning device for a water pipe comprising a housing member having means for mounting it on said pipe, said member having an interior water chamber communicating at all times with the interior of the pipe and provided with an expansible and contractible wall portion, a closed expansible and contractible air chamber separate from the housing and located therein, means connecting a wall of the closed air chamber to the expansible andcontractible wall portion of said water chamber whereby the closed air chamber is contracted and the air therein compressed by the expanding movement of said expansible and contractible wall portion due to an increase in water pressure in said pipe and Water chamber, and a spring acting against said expansible and contractible Wall portion and tending to resist the expansion thereof, whereby the spring and the air in the closed air chamber jointly resist and cushion the expansion of said water chamber resulting from an increase of pressure in the water pipe.

2. A Water hammer cushioning device for a water pipe comprising a housing member having means for mounting it on said pipe, said member having an interior water chamber communicating at all times with the interior of the pipe and provided with an expansible and contractible wall portion having a bellows-like structure, a closed expansible and contractible air chamber separate from the housing and extending axially through the bellows-like portion of the water chamber, means connecting a wall of said closed air chamber to the expansible and contractible wall of the water chamber, whereby the closed 'air chamber is contracted and the air therein is compressed by the expanding of the water chamber, and a spring located within the closed air chamber and tending to resist the contraction thereof, whereby the springand the air in the closed air chamber jointly resist and cushion the expansion of said water chamber resulting from an increase of pressure in the Water pipe.

3. In a device of the class described, a water pipe, a water hammer cushioning device mounted on said pipe and comprising a housing having an interior water chamber communicating with the interior of the water pipe, which chamber has an expansible and contractible wall portion presenting a bellows-like structure, an expansible and 'contractible closed air chamber separate from the housing but located therein, said closed air chamber presenting two tubular members, one telescoping within the References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,950,107 Guinn et al. a Mar. 6, 1934 Hyatt Oct. 31, 1933

US2809665A 1955-02-01 1955-02-01 Water hammer cushioning device Expired - Lifetime US2809665A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3028881A (en) * 1960-11-17 1962-04-10 Stewart And Stevenson Distribu Pressure accumulator apparatus
US3174660A (en) * 1962-08-27 1965-03-23 Ind Fumigant Co Fluid dispensing gun
DE1197702B (en) * 1962-09-29 1965-07-29 Daimler Benz Ag Druckstossdaempfer for motor vehicles moved in pipelines of a hydraulic control system
US3468742A (en) * 1965-08-06 1969-09-23 Loveshaw Corp Tape applying mechanism
US4537216A (en) * 1984-07-13 1985-08-27 Edwin Schwartz Anti-knock liquid flow control valve
US5934329A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-08-10 Perrone, Jr.; Jerome F. Peeling diaphragm fluid release device
US6012491A (en) * 1996-05-30 2000-01-11 Lucas Industries Public Limted Company Pressure accumulator
US6076558A (en) * 1996-05-30 2000-06-20 Lucas Industries Public Limited Company Electronically controllable vehicle braking system for a motor vehicle
WO2002040911A1 (en) * 2000-10-09 2002-05-23 National Oilwell Norway As Damper device for a hydraulic system, where a piston provided with an electric coil and a permanent magnet which propagate a magnetic field, cooperate
US20030136123A1 (en) * 2002-01-24 2003-07-24 Carl Seguin Variable volume reservoir
US20040129325A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-07-08 Hydraulik-Ring Gmbh Compensation Device for Compensating Volumetric Expansion of Media, Especially of a Urea-Water Solution During Freezing
US20090050211A1 (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-02-26 Howard Heil Method and Apparatus For Water Surge Protection
USD644731S1 (en) 2010-03-23 2011-09-06 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8105314B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2012-01-31 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8444628B2 (en) 2000-07-11 2013-05-21 Icu Medical, Inc. Needleless medical connector
US8454579B2 (en) 2009-03-25 2013-06-04 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector with automatic valves and volume regulator
US8758306B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2014-06-24 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
US9186494B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2015-11-17 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
USD786427S1 (en) 2014-12-03 2017-05-09 Icu Medical, Inc. Fluid manifold
USD793551S1 (en) 2014-12-03 2017-08-01 Icu Medical, Inc. Fluid manifold

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1932666A (en) * 1931-02-07 1933-10-31 Cons Car Heating Co Inc Steam-heater regulator
US1950107A (en) * 1932-07-30 1934-03-06 Welford P Guinn Pressure alleviator

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1932666A (en) * 1931-02-07 1933-10-31 Cons Car Heating Co Inc Steam-heater regulator
US1950107A (en) * 1932-07-30 1934-03-06 Welford P Guinn Pressure alleviator

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3028881A (en) * 1960-11-17 1962-04-10 Stewart And Stevenson Distribu Pressure accumulator apparatus
US3174660A (en) * 1962-08-27 1965-03-23 Ind Fumigant Co Fluid dispensing gun
DE1197702B (en) * 1962-09-29 1965-07-29 Daimler Benz Ag Druckstossdaempfer for motor vehicles moved in pipelines of a hydraulic control system
US3468742A (en) * 1965-08-06 1969-09-23 Loveshaw Corp Tape applying mechanism
US4537216A (en) * 1984-07-13 1985-08-27 Edwin Schwartz Anti-knock liquid flow control valve
US6012491A (en) * 1996-05-30 2000-01-11 Lucas Industries Public Limted Company Pressure accumulator
US6076558A (en) * 1996-05-30 2000-06-20 Lucas Industries Public Limited Company Electronically controllable vehicle braking system for a motor vehicle
US6209583B1 (en) 1996-05-30 2001-04-03 Lucas Industries Public Limited Company Pressure accumulator
US5934329A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-08-10 Perrone, Jr.; Jerome F. Peeling diaphragm fluid release device
US9238129B2 (en) 2000-07-11 2016-01-19 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8870850B2 (en) 2000-07-11 2014-10-28 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8444628B2 (en) 2000-07-11 2013-05-21 Icu Medical, Inc. Needleless medical connector
WO2002040911A1 (en) * 2000-10-09 2002-05-23 National Oilwell Norway As Damper device for a hydraulic system, where a piston provided with an electric coil and a permanent magnet which propagate a magnetic field, cooperate
US6772794B2 (en) * 2002-01-24 2004-08-10 Seguin Carl Variable volume reservoir
US6981523B2 (en) * 2002-01-24 2006-01-03 Sobacor Variable volume reservoir
US20050011565A1 (en) * 2002-01-24 2005-01-20 Carl Seguin Variable volume reservoir
US20030136123A1 (en) * 2002-01-24 2003-07-24 Carl Seguin Variable volume reservoir
US7089962B2 (en) * 2002-10-25 2006-08-15 Hydraulik-Ring Gmbh Compensation device for compensating volumetric expansion of media, especially of a urea-water solution during freezing
US20040129325A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-07-08 Hydraulik-Ring Gmbh Compensation Device for Compensating Volumetric Expansion of Media, Especially of a Urea-Water Solution During Freezing
US9415200B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2016-08-16 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US9186494B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2015-11-17 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US9884176B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2018-02-06 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8398607B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2013-03-19 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8628515B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2014-01-14 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US9533137B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2017-01-03 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US8105314B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2012-01-31 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US20090050211A1 (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-02-26 Howard Heil Method and Apparatus For Water Surge Protection
US8555911B2 (en) * 2007-08-24 2013-10-15 Howard Heil Method and apparatus for water surge protection
US8454579B2 (en) 2009-03-25 2013-06-04 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector with automatic valves and volume regulator
US9440060B2 (en) 2009-03-25 2016-09-13 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
US9278206B2 (en) 2009-03-25 2016-03-08 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
USD644731S1 (en) 2010-03-23 2011-09-06 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connector
US9205243B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2015-12-08 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
US9192753B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2015-11-24 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
US8758306B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2014-06-24 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
US9750926B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2017-09-05 Icu Medical, Inc. Medical connectors and methods of use
USD786427S1 (en) 2014-12-03 2017-05-09 Icu Medical, Inc. Fluid manifold
USD793551S1 (en) 2014-12-03 2017-08-01 Icu Medical, Inc. Fluid manifold

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