US2801696A - Punch and die - Google Patents

Punch and die Download PDF

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Publication number
US2801696A
US2801696A US407961A US40796154A US2801696A US 2801696 A US2801696 A US 2801696A US 407961 A US407961 A US 407961A US 40796154 A US40796154 A US 40796154A US 2801696 A US2801696 A US 2801696A
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Prior art keywords
die
segments
tungsten carbide
plug
segment
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US407961A
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Banko George
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Banko George
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/02Punching blanks or articles with or without obtaining scrap; Notching
    • B21D28/14Dies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9411Cutting couple type
    • Y10T83/9423Punching tool
    • Y10T83/9425Tool pair
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9411Cutting couple type
    • Y10T83/9423Punching tool
    • Y10T83/9437Shear-type female tool

Description

Original Filed March 12,
a. BANKO 2,801,696
PWCHAND DIE 1947 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN V EN TOR.
' ATTORNEY Aug. 6, 1957 Original Filed March 12, 1947 G. BANKO PUNCH AND DIE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEVTOR. 550266 ANKO ATTORNEY Aug. 6, 1957 a BANKO 2,801,696
PUNCH AND DIE Original Filed March 12, 1947 3 Sheets-Sheet S fi 50 i 30 y ATTOQMEY IN V EN TOR. 650266 BAN/ 0 United States Patent" i PUNCH AND DIE George Bauko, Euclid, Ohio Continuation of abandoned application Serial No. 734,167, March 12, 1947. This application February 3, 1954, Serial No. 407361 3 Claims. (Cl. 164-118) This invention relates to blanking dies and particularly to segmented blanking dies made of tungsten carbide and is acontinuation of the application filed by me March 12, 1947, Serial No. 734,167, for Punch .and Die, now abandoned.
Conducive to a better understanding of this invention, it may be well to point out that steel blanking dies have long been used in the art of forming blanks having complex outlines. However, the friction and abrasive action between the blank and the die incident to the cutting action causes such a die to require frequent sharpening and as a result it has a relatively short life span.
The introduction of tungsten carbide to the tool making art immediately. suggested its use as a punch and die material due to its physical characteristics of hardness and high resistance to abrasion.
However, it was found that its costrnade its use, except in the smallest dies, almost prohibitive. If the ,die were made in segments with only the cutting edges made of tungsten carbide, the slightest tilting of the segment under the shock of the cutting impact would cause the die to"crack and chip due to the extreme brittleness of tungsten carbide. In order to hold the segments firmly in place, it would be necessary to hold them from the back or bottom side for, in the case of a progressive die such as described hereinafter, the top or cutting surface of the die must be kept clear of all obstructions. Again the use of tungsten carbide for this purpose was found.
impractical due to the fact that it could. not be easily bored or threaded due to its hardness. Furthermore, any shearing stress on the threads due to the drawing up of a bolt would be likely to strip the threadsdue to the brittleness of the material.
The primary objectof this invention, therefore, is to provide a progressive die comprising a plurality of interlocking segments of tungsten carbide, the contiguous inner surfaces of which segments, when assembled, form the die shape.
Another object is to provide a blanking and piercing segmented die made of tungsten carbide segments mount ed on a soft metal base.
A furtherobject isto provide a blanking and-piercing segmented progressive die of the type defined, each of whose tungsten carbide segments has a vertical hole therein and a plug member of relatively softer metal in 2,801,696 Patented Aug. 6, 1957 ICC apparent from a reading of the following specification and claims, together with the accompanying drawings, in which the same parts are referred to and indicated by the same reference characters and wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a die set having a die set base and segmented die shown in the Figure 1;
said. hole bonded tothe respective die segmentto be completely inside thereof, the horizontal transverse cross sectional area of said hole and the, corresponding outside diameter of said plug being unsymmetrical to vary inthe vertical plane of the hole to decrease toward the lowerextremity thereof; the plug being bored and threaded through its bottom face to receive. securing means carried by the soft metal die base to hold said segment securely in place against upward displacement.
These and other objects-of the invention will become Figure 3 is an exploded top view of a portion of the progressive die showing the individual die segmentswhich are fitted together to form the die illustrated in the Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line and in the direction of the arrows 4-4 of the Figure 3; y
: Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line and in the direction of the arrows 5-5 of the Figure 2;
Figure 6 is an enlarged top view of one of the tungsten carbide segments made in accordance with this invention;
Figure 7 is a cross sectional view of the segment illustrated in the Figure 6, taken along thelline and in. the
direction of the arrows 7--7;
Figure 8 is an exploded view, partly in section, of the segment and plugs;
Figure 9 illustrates. a modified form of the segment ,in which the plug is frusto-conical in shape with a central tapered hole therethrough;
, Figure 10 shows a modified form of the segment in which the plug is frusto-conical in shape with a threaded Referring to the drawings, there is shown a tungsten. carbide progressive blanking and piercing die made in:
accordance with the invention;
The Figure 1 shows a die-set having a punch plate 20 and a die base 30. The die base has slots 33 and 34 andbolt holes 36 through which bolts may be passed to secure the die base to the bolster of a conventional press. The punch plate 20 has an integral shank, not shown on the drawings, which fits the press ram; Reference characters 21 and 22 indicate guide pins which slide in bushings 31 and 32 respectively. 6 r
The punch and die arrangement shown in the Figure l is intended for use in progressively blanking the individual sheet iron rotor and field plates which are subsequently riveted together to form the: laminated rotor and field cores of a small electric motor such as is used in electric vacuum cleaners. It is, of course, to be. understoodthat the progressive segmented die shown here typifiesonly one of the many forms of dies that can be made in accordancewith theinvention.
The sheet iron striptobe blanked enters the progressive die from the right end and, at the firststation, two guide holes are formed therein by the guide hole punch and those skilled in the art of die cutting. The accuracy of the feed is further checked at each station by the guide pins 47 which pass through the guide holes inthe metal strip and enter the guide pin holes 57 at each stroke of the c press. The. rotor is formed bythe punches it 40 and 41 and the dies 50 and 51. The field piece is formed by the punches 42, 43, 44 and 45 which cooperate with the dies 52, 53, 54 and 55, as shown in the Figure l. The rivet holes needed in assembling the laminated field core are formed by the punch 'and' dies indicated by reference characters 48 and 58 respectively.
The progressive die shown is made of individual segments of tungsten carbide which are shaped to the contours of the blank to be cut. The faces of the noncutting edges of each segment are ground to fit, match and lock with those of adjacent segments. The segments are positioned in the die channel 35 of the base 30 and.
together form the die; The individual'segments, which are identified by the reference characters 69a to- 600 inclusive in the Figures 2 and 3, are bolted to the base 30 by means of bolts 86 which engage the threaded steel plugs 80, as shown in the Figures 4 and 5. The shape of individual segment is calculated to cause it to interlock with adjacent segments so that any tendency to tilt or move sideways is prevented by the inter-action of the assembled segments.
Technique in its vertical plane to decrease toward the lower ex tremity thereof. A typical core shape would be such as to provide the holes 61 and 61a shown in Figure 8. The briquet is roughly shaped to conform to the outline of the finished segment. It is then heated in a hydrogen atmosphere to a temperature high enough for the cobalt to sinter the tungsten carbide particles firmly together.
After cooling, the cores are removed from the tungsten carbide segment, leaving two holes 61 and 61a. Each hole has an upper section 62, a lower section 63 of smaller diameter, and a shoulder 64 at the junction of the. two sections. The extreme hardness of the tungsten carbide segments makes it necessary to use inserts or plugs of a softer metal, such as cold rolled steel, that can be more easily drilled and threaded, for the purpose of engaging the anchor bolts 86.
Cold rolled steel plugs 80 and 81 are fitted into the segment holes 61 and 61a. The shape and dimensions of the plugs correspond to those of their respective holes. Each plug has an upper cylindrical section 82, a lower cylindrical section 83 of smaller diameter, and a shoulder 85 at the junction of the two sections. The holes are usually deformed by the expansion and contraction of the briquet during the sintering process so that only an approximate fit between the hole and plug is possible. The plugs are inserted in the holes 61 and 61a and brazed or otherwise bonded to the tungsten carbide segment. The braze metal fills the space between the plug and hole and takes care of any inequality in fit as shown in the Figure 7.
The plugs are then ground flush with the upper and lower surfaces of the segment. The cutting edges 65 and the abutting surfaces 66 of the segment are then formed in the conventional manner. Threaded bolt holes 84 are then located and drilled in their proper position in the lower face of each segment plug 80 and 81. The segment is then bolted to the'die-set base 30 by means of fillister head socket screws or bolts 86 which engage the threaded plug 80, as shown in the Figure 5. The plug 80, being of soft steel, acts as a cushioning clamp which bears against the tungsten carbide segment and absorbs the shock of the stamping impact.
If the bolt hole 84 should be drilled in the wrong position, the plug can be replaced by a new plug, thus preventing the loss of an expensive tungsten carbide segment.
By the use of tungsten carbide die segments made in accordance with this invention, the cost of the die can be kept down by using tungsten carbide segments only in cutting positions. Ordinary soft steel segments 70a, 70b, 70c and 70d are used to fill in between the tungsten carbide segments, as shown in the Figure 1. Circular tungsten carbide dies such as those designated by reference characters 50, 51 and 58 are inserted into the steel segment 70d by press fits in the manner well known to those skilled in the art of die making. The steel segments, being relatively soft, can be directly drilled and tapped in the conventional manner.
Modified ways of securing the segments to a die set are indicated in Figures 9, l0, l1, l2 and 13.
In the Figure 9, a frusto-conical hole is formed in the segment and a similarlyshaped soft steel plug 100, having a tapered hole therethrough, is brazed into the hole of the tungsten carbide segment. The fillister head bolt 87 is inserted in the plug hole with its threaded end engaged with a threaded hole in the base 30. The bolt is then secured down until its head engages the tapered hole of the plug and draws the segment into firm contact with the base 30.
In the Figure 10, a solid frusto-conical soft steel plug 101 is used. The plug is drilled and threaded to receive the threaded end of a bolt 86 which passes through a hole in the base 30, as shown.
Figure 11 shows a modified form of holding means in which the plug 102 has a square upper section and a cylindrical lower section. The plug also has a counter-bored central hole in which thefillister head socket bolt 87 is seated. The threaded end of the bolt engages a threaded hole in the" base 30.
In the Figure 12, a slot or keyway that is wedge shaped in cross section is formed in thesegment and an insert The last two types of segments shown in the Figures 12 and 13 are intended for use where the upper surface of the die isto be unbroken.
Tungsten carbide punches can also be held in place on the punch plate of a die set by the use of these steel plugs or inserts, as shown in the Figure 1, in which the punches designated by reference characters 42, 43, 44 and 45 are so held.
A die made in accordance with this invention can be sharpened in the usual manner, since the tops of the plugs are ground down along with the tungsten carbide die sur-' faces. The number, location and size of the plugs is determined by the size and shape of the individual segment. It will now be clear that there is provided a tungsten carbide diesegment that can be securely anchored in place on a die set to form a die that will have a useful life ten to twenty times that of a conventional steel die, in addition to the fact that the number of impressions per sharpening is proportionately greater. While the invention has been disclosed in its preferred form, together with several modifications thereof; it is to be understood that the specific embodiments thereof as'described and illustrated herein are not to be considered in a limiting sense, as there may be other. forms or modifications of the invention which, should: also be construed to come within the scope of, the appended claims,
I claim:
1. In a punch and die set, a punch plate, a base having a channel, "a die holder of relatively soft metal having outer surfacesfitted in said channel, a die comprising a plurality ofinterlocking segments of relatively hard metal of tungsten carbide, the outer surfaces of which match inner surfaces of said die holder and the contiguous inner surfaces Of which die segments, when assembled, form the die shape, each of said tungsten carbide die segments having a vertical hole therein, a plug member of relatively softer metal in each of said holes and bonded to the respective die segment to be completely inside thereof, the horizontal transverse cross sectional area of each hole, and the corresponding outside diameter of the plug, being unsymmetrical to vary in the vertical plane of the hole to decrease toward the lower extremities thereof, securing means located wholly within the confines of said plugs, securing means carried by said base, said two securing means in cooperation with the unsymmetrical plugs in said unsymmetrical holes, inherently increasingly resisting upward displacement of said die segments upon upward withdrawal of said puunch from said die, and, in cooperation with said die holder and the confines of said channel, securing said segments to said base and to form said die and prevent relative movement among said interlocking segments.
2. In a punch and die set, a punch plate, a base having a channel, a die holder of relatively soft metal having outer surfaces fitted in said channel, a die comprising a plurality of interlocking die segments of relatively hard metal of tungsten carbide, the outer surfaces of which match inner surfaces of said die holder and the contiguous inner surfaces of which segments, when assembled, form the die shape, each of said tungsten carbide die segments having a counter-bored hole therein, an unsymmetrical plug member of relatively softer metal in each of said holes and bonded to the respective die segment to be completely inside thereof, securing means located wholly within the confines of said plugs, the horizontal transverse cross sectional area of each counterbored hole, and the corresponding outside diameter of the plug varying in the vertical plane of the holes to decrease toward the lower extremities thereof, securing means carried by said base, said two securing means, in cooperation with the plugs in the counterbored holes, inherently increasingly resisting upward displacement of said die segments upon upward withdrawal of said punch from said die, and in cooperation with said die holder and the confines of the channel in said base, securing said die segments to said base and forming said die and preventing relative movement among said interlocking die segments.
3. In a punch and die set, a punch plate, a base having a channel, a hollow die holder of relatively soft metal having its outer surfaces fitted in said channel, a die comprising a plurality of interlocking segments of relatively hard metal of tungsten carbide, the outer surfaces of which match the inner surfaces of said die holder, the contiguous inner surfaces of which segments, when assembled, form the die shape, each of said tungsten carbide segments having a vertical tapered hole therein, a plug member of relatively softer metal in each of said holes and bonded to the respective die segment to be completely inside thereof, the horizontal transverse cross sectional area of each tapered hole, and the corresponding outside diameter of the plug, tapering in the vertical plane of the hole to decrease toward the lower extremities thereof, securing means located wholly within the confines of said plugs, securing means carried by said base, said two securing means, in cooperation with the tapered plugs in the tapered holes inherently increasingly resisting upward displacement of said die segments upon upward withdrawal of said punch from said die, and in cooperation with said die holder and the confines of said channel, securing said segments to said base and to form said die and prevent relative movement among said interlocking die segments.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 22,091 Rippen May 5, 1942 1,334,102 Laird Mar. 16, 1920 1,919,552 Hasselquist July 25, 1933 1,922,110 Schultz Aug. 15, 1933 2,061,403 Janiszewski Nov. 17, 1936 2,163,229 Knebel June 20, 1939 2,407,501 Kraus Sept. 10, 1946
US407961A 1954-02-03 1954-02-03 Punch and die Expired - Lifetime US2801696A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3020785A (en) * 1958-04-07 1962-02-13 Budd Co Dual steel rule blanking die and method of making it
US3178984A (en) * 1963-02-01 1965-04-20 Charles F Barothy Screw dowel
US3285715A (en) * 1963-06-11 1966-11-15 Jr William H Burkhart Strip of flexible material having a plurality of separate metal elements mounted thereon in adjacent parallel relationship
US3334809A (en) * 1964-07-13 1967-08-08 Vyzk Ustav Matemat Stroju High-speed operated apparatus for punching recording tape
US3389619A (en) * 1966-04-25 1968-06-25 Gordon P. Del Faro Adjustable jig or die bushing
US3785236A (en) * 1972-05-30 1974-01-15 Hager & Sons Hinge Mfg Impact die and carbide insert therefor
NL1025080C2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2005-06-21 Bosch Gmbh Robert Shared mold with at least two mold components.
JP2016153131A (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 株式会社三井ハイテック Mold device and metal product manufacturing method using same

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1334102A (en) * 1918-10-28 1920-03-16 Gen Electric Double die for making l-punchings
US1919552A (en) * 1930-06-26 1933-07-25 Smith Corp A O Attaching grommets to metal plates
US1922110A (en) * 1932-01-27 1933-08-15 Firth Sterling Steel Co Die structure
US2061403A (en) * 1935-01-14 1936-11-17 Janiszewski Kasimir Die
US2163229A (en) * 1936-12-04 1939-06-20 Daniel J Williams Method of making die units and component parts thereof
USRE22091E (en) * 1942-05-05 Sheathing system
US2407501A (en) * 1944-09-11 1946-09-10 Charles E Kraus Cutter

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE22091E (en) * 1942-05-05 Sheathing system
US1334102A (en) * 1918-10-28 1920-03-16 Gen Electric Double die for making l-punchings
US1919552A (en) * 1930-06-26 1933-07-25 Smith Corp A O Attaching grommets to metal plates
US1922110A (en) * 1932-01-27 1933-08-15 Firth Sterling Steel Co Die structure
US2061403A (en) * 1935-01-14 1936-11-17 Janiszewski Kasimir Die
US2163229A (en) * 1936-12-04 1939-06-20 Daniel J Williams Method of making die units and component parts thereof
US2407501A (en) * 1944-09-11 1946-09-10 Charles E Kraus Cutter

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3020785A (en) * 1958-04-07 1962-02-13 Budd Co Dual steel rule blanking die and method of making it
US3178984A (en) * 1963-02-01 1965-04-20 Charles F Barothy Screw dowel
US3285715A (en) * 1963-06-11 1966-11-15 Jr William H Burkhart Strip of flexible material having a plurality of separate metal elements mounted thereon in adjacent parallel relationship
US3334809A (en) * 1964-07-13 1967-08-08 Vyzk Ustav Matemat Stroju High-speed operated apparatus for punching recording tape
US3389619A (en) * 1966-04-25 1968-06-25 Gordon P. Del Faro Adjustable jig or die bushing
US3785236A (en) * 1972-05-30 1974-01-15 Hager & Sons Hinge Mfg Impact die and carbide insert therefor
NL1025080C2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2005-06-21 Bosch Gmbh Robert Shared mold with at least two mold components.
WO2005072889A1 (en) * 2003-12-19 2005-08-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Divided mould having at least two mould components
JP2016153131A (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 株式会社三井ハイテック Mold device and metal product manufacturing method using same

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